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Thesis on loneliness

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THESIS


In the early 1970s, Ph.D. students were encouraged to define their own thesis topic. Richard Sibson discusses his search for a

A Study of the Relationship Between Loneliness and Internet Use

Thesis on loneliness

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LONELINESS i THE PHENOMENON OF - CityU Repository

Ashleigh: The 3 leadership roles that enhanced my uni life. Ashleigh is a recent alumnus of on loneliness, a Bachelor of Science, majoring in environment and sustainability, who resided on literature review Concannon College for the final years of her degree. Besides being enthusiastic about the environment, she likes spending time with friends and her Labrador, Diesel. Leadership positions and opportunities surround us at university, but it’s why we take them and thesis, what we do with them that is important. To me, the on economics reason behind taking up leadership opportunities is simple: it’s about giving back.

Throughout my personal and professional life, I have had a lot of mentors who have helped me get to where I am today. Thesis? In particular, they encouraged me to enrol into university when I didn’t believe I was capable of doing so, and are there for fisher movie, me when I feel like giving up. On Loneliness? Leadership opportunities allow you to give back what you have received by supporting others when times get tough and making a difference in their life. There is no better way to show your #usqpride, give back to gutless wonder essay, and be involved with the university than by being a Student Ambassador. Being a Student Ambassador has allowed me to increase my professional network throughout the university, gain knowledge, and attend amazing events on-campus like Student Experience Days, Open Days and thesis, Career Expos as well as visiting local schools. Imagine having a conversation with someone that completely changes their life. By talking to people of all ages and letting them know that university is an option for them because there are so many different pathways and support services available, this is what a Student Ambassador does. Inspiring people to go to university is something I am very proud of, and for this reason, the Student Ambassador role is one I hold close to my heart. Being a Student Ambassador gave me the antwone skills and confidence to take on my most challenging yet rewarding role at USQ, the thesis role of literature review, Resident Advisor (RA) on Res Colleges. Resident Advisor is on loneliness a unique position that allowed me to live with residents and deadly gutless wonder essay, help them with academic, social and welfare issues they may experience while living on-college. Thesis? Being a Residential Advisor has allowed me to gain a professional relationship with 6 other RAs and 3 Senior Residential Advisors.

I look at the RA role as if we are helping all college residents climb a mountain. Our goal is to reach the top (graduation) and while some may fall and reading thesis, stumble, it’s the RA who will reach out their hand to help those people back up. It is an incredible role that has taught me so much about myself. This experience allowed me to open my eyes to the importance of peer mentoring. Being a Meet-Up Student Community (MUSC) leader and a Murri Meet-Up Leader allowed me to share my knowledge and experiences at USQ with other students. These roles helped me brush up on thesis on loneliness all my professional skills while also allowing me to andrew gospel of wealth, reach out to others who needed support. I have always been told you only get out what you put in and the on loneliness same goes with leadership positions. I’ll be honest throughout my journey, there have been ups and downs, but I believe it is what you decide to do in the tough times that helps you develop into the young professional you want to be.

Entering these leadership positions with the hope of helping people has allowed me to gain an incredible amount of confidence within myself. Phd Thesis? I have also been able to develop strong communication skills, which are essential for life during and after university. I took on a lot of thesis on loneliness, responsibility in fisher essay these leadership positions, but was able to do so within a supportive environment, with mentors who have been there for me every step of the way. Thesis? I now have a diverse network within the USQ community, which wouldn’t have been possible without these roles. The knowledge I gained from the different leadership positions I’ve held, along with my personal goals and aspirations, have shaped what I want to do when I graduate university and helped determine the direction I want my career path to literature review, take. The leadership positions I held at university also led to my greatest achievement: securing a graduate positon prior to completing my degree! I can easily say that it is thesis on loneliness because of deadly unna wonder essay, all the leadership positions I’ve had throughout my university years that I have the confidence and skillset I need for the workforce. These leadership positions allowed me to grow as a young professional, gain valuable experience, and get my resume noticed in on loneliness between everyone else who applied for the same job.

Despite having had my fair share of leadership positions during my time at USQ, no position could ever cure my thirst for knowledge or wanting to of research, help people become their best selves. Looking into the future, I hope to continue to take up leadership positions within my prospective career pathway, as I believe it’s the thesis on loneliness only way to constantly challenge yourself as well as learn about yourself and others. To find out more about being a Student Ambassador, RA or Meet-Up Leader, head to the leadership opportunities page, which also highlights other great ways to get involved as a leader at USQ. Iain: What it’s like being on the Academic Student Representative Committee. Iain shares what it's really like being involved behind-the-scenes as an academic student representative and phd thesis, contributing to the future of your University. Thesis? Meg: The pros and cons of College life. Phd Thesis? Living in thesis on loneliness a Residential College can be a unique and incomparable experience that you will carry with you for essay, life, but as with any aspect of existence, there are both pros and on loneliness, cons.

ABN: 40 234 732 081 CRICOS: QLD 00244B, NSW 02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Right to review, Information Disclaimer Privacy Feedback Contact us. © University of Southern Queensland USQ is on loneliness a Member of the Regional Universities Network.

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If I were to use the theme of loneliness as part of a thesis statement for

Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. If you read enough IELTS books (or take the exam too often!), you’ll soon realise that there are very definite IELTS topics. There is a good reason for this: IELTS is thesis, a very international exam and the topics have to be suitable for all countries and all cultures. Accordingly, (nice word that) the people who set the exam tend to choose relatively everyday topics – the thesis, sort of the structure essay, topics all educated people should be able to thesis on loneliness speak and write about in literature review, their own language. So one obvious way to thesis prepare for the exam is to practise writing and speaking about deadly gutless essay these topics. They are: While the topics are predictable enough, the thesis on loneliness, actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Again, there is also a good reason for this: the examiners do not want you to learn an essay, they want to test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to the structure of research a general topic. Remember that in the exam these words are always included: Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. This is no small point because it tells you that whatever the form of the question, you need to be able to explain and exemplify your answer ( see coherence).

How to like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 108 Responses to Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. if the task or question is “to what extent do you argree or disagree” should i still present both sides of the , argument and on my conclusion i? will sight my opinion? or at the first part of the essay (introduction), should i give my side already? and on thesis the body would be the evidences or reasons why i chose such side of the argument? Another good question. There is no definite right or wrong answer here. But let me give you a few guidelines. One of the things the examiner is looking for is a clear point of andrew gospel, view sustained throughout the thesis on loneliness, essay. Deadly Gutless Wonder. Accordingly, it makes sense to state your point of view clearly in the introduction.

This way it makes it easy for the examiner to thesis on loneliness see what you are doing. The one problem with this approach is that it makes your conclusion slightly harder to write, as you have already given your answer in the introduction. That much said, you can still wait until the conclusion to unna gutless wonder essay give your own personal opinion after looking at on loneliness both sides of the literature review define, argument. This is thesis, perhaps the slightly more academic approach and makes for a better balanced essay normally. Andrew Carnegie-the. If you do take this approach, my advice would be to state clearly in the introduction that you are going to look at both sides of the thesis on loneliness, issue first before giving your personal opinion. would there be a difference in carnegie-the gospel essay, the essay outline or format if the question is “do you agree or disagree” and “to what extent do you agree or disagree”? or same approach could be used? thanks so much! God bless? you!

This is a good question and I apologise for not answering sooner. The short answer is that there is no major difference of approach required. Of Research Essay. If the question was “Do you agree or disagree?” Then you can still answer in your conclusion that “There are strong arguments on thesis on loneliness both sides of the issue, but I tend to think that…” ie you can always agree to some extent. Likewise, if the question is “To what extent…” then you can still fully agree or fully disagree. Are there any sample question papers of writing? What about a discussion? Is the another format to write it or it can also be considered as a for and against deadly unna gutless essay, essay? “To What Extent” should be answered by choosing arguments to on loneliness support one of 3 major stances: to a great extent, to a certain extent / to some extent, or to a lesser extent. The Structure Of Research Essay. The question is asking for a measurement. I have been experienced some issues about on loneliness how to understand the movie, “main” question whenever I come accross “to what extent do you agree or disagree?” For example: “Creative artists should always be given the freedom to express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish.

There should be no government restrictions on what they do. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(Cambridge IELTS 4)” Is it OK if I say that the main question is ” Does government restrict freedom of speech?” As you said before, what’s the thesis on loneliness, use of writting a good essay if you are not answering the question, but, how are we going to be sure that we have understood the “hidden” argument? Thanks in advance! A really good question. . One possible problem is on loneliness, that the the structure of research, question comes in 2 parts. This is really quite common in IELTS. If you do get a question like this, you need to make certain that you answer both parts of the question. in your example. That is not really the case as the “they” in thesis on loneliness, “There should be no government restrictions on fisher movie what they do” clearly links to the creative artists in the first sentence. So your reformulation does not work as it does not relate to “creative artists”.

In practical terms, my best suggestion is to underline key words in the question to make sure that you do not miss them out. one thing that why ielts exam performance sheet is not provided to candidate after result . beacuse if a candidate is not scoring the bands more than 5 or 5.5 then after knowing mistakes a person will able to correct it in next exam. How do we respond an essay that asks for thesis on loneliness, our opinion ? Do we simply give our views all the way through? No one answer to this. All I would say is that you should make sure that any opinions are backed up with reasons/examples. If you do this, your essay will not just be all opinion even if every paragraph contains opinion. Can I please ask you two questions? Many people told me that I am not suppose to thesis on loneliness use ” I ” , “we” and ” you ” things like that in my writting. But I noticed you actually use them quite often. Reading As A Thesis. does that mean I could use these words in thesis, my writting? Also, how to overcome umfamiliar topics?

I feel one of the most frustrate thing is to think out essay, ideas. On Loneliness. I never can produce an essay in a limited time. I guess the phd thesis on economics, problem for me is I do not have opinions at all. do you have any good suggestion about thesis on loneliness this? PS : I am going to have my IELTS exam this 29th, urgently need your advice! ;-))) There are no hard and fast rules here. But it would certainly be a mistake to overuse personal pronouns in your writing. However, given that that the essay task is frequently an opinion based task and asks you for to use your own experience, it would be strange if you avoided the gospel essay, “I” altogether. IELTS is not academic writing – it is its own genre, The best advice is to thesis on loneliness answer the question. plz suggest me some tips my exam is on 18 may ,2016 And i am very confused bcos i am going to give this test first time. Dear Dominic Cole, in this forum, Could I ask you an assessment of my essay relate to IELTS writing assessment ? Sorry, not for now.

I may start a grading service soon but sadly my time is too short. Hi What about if you are not familiar with asked essay topic. Can you answer the question with general writing? You should do your best to on economics answer the question as asked. You may get severely penalised if you write too generally and don’t answer the question. The idea is that the questions are designed for anyone to answer and if you can’t you have a language problem.

That sounds a little harsh, no? The trick is to use examples from phd thesis on economics, your experience and that way you should find enough to write. I do recognise the on loneliness, problem though and I am planning a series of postings giving ideas and language to deal with the most common topic areas. Thanks for the post, keep posting stuff. I was taking IELTS classes from a tutor. When she marked my Essay , because I gave example from my own experience she said I am subjective.She thinks in Academic Writing one should write on general ie effects on society. However, I argue and told her that question stated that you can give example from your own experience.Do you think if I give my own experience the examiner will mark me down? Absolutely not. I hate to contradict other teachers – a very bad habit – but in this case I will. The rubric to the essay question almost always contains these words: “include any relevant examples from phd thesis on economics, your own knowledge and experience”

This means that you actually ought to thesis on loneliness include examples from your own knowledge/experience. From this point of view, academic IELTS is not exactly the reading thesis, same as general academic writing where you typically don’t do this so much. The question remains though how you do it. I would suggest that you don’t want to use the first person “I” too much and that maybe is what your tutor is worried about. This is an extremely good point that you have raised and I will post a lesson on this in the next couple of days. It’s very true that it doesn’t matter if your writing is subjective or not. The way you express your ideas and construct your writing matter. IELTS is designed for the purpose of testing English capability so it shouldn’t take into account the level of your education. Feel free to express your ideas but on thesis on loneliness top of everything, keep it academic!

Sir, i have been teaching ielts for about four years with excellent results. The latest rubrics for wrtiing task 2 state that the essay has to be based on knowledge OR experience and NOT on on loneliness both. Please maintain contact with me for further details. Thank you for the correction on the exact wording. Unna Gutless Essay. I do take issue with your interpretation of it though. It is entirely possible for candidates to thesis on loneliness use one example based on their knowledge and another based on their experience: this satisfies both the rubric and the grading criteria. The Structure Essay. Candidates can choose between the two options and are not restricted to one or the other: if that were the case, the rubric would read “either knowledge or experience”. What has not happened is that the thesis on loneliness, new rubric has invented a new dichotomy between “knowledge-based” and “experience-based” essays.

Incidentally, the rubric was changed to put the reading thesis, emphasis on on loneliness the task itself and to delete “complicated” language such as “written argument”. The idea is literature, supposed to simple and the key to understanding the new rubric is that it explicitly asks candidates to be “relevant” in their examples and that these support the main points. Thesis. Read this report by the chief IELTS examiner in Australia: http://www.englishaustralia.com.au/index.cgi?E=hcatfuncs#038;PT=sl#038;X=getdoc#038;Lev1=pub_c06_07#038;Lev2=c05_hogan. i am from on economics, Iran (just wanted you to know that people from my country visit your website, too). I’ve been searching the on loneliness, net for ages to find a website that can help me with my ielts essay questions and i now i can say yours is one of the bestests #128521; i have some questions. will you help me with them please? 1. in your “The three different types of IELTS essay question” you have clearly mentioned in which type of of wealth essay, essay we should give our own opinion. can you see this page please: http://hubpages.com/hub/How-to-identify-the-type-of-essay-to-write-in-the-IELTS. i am confused a little. in thesis, which type should i reflect my opinion? and more importantly in which paragraph? 2. under which type does advantage/disadvantage, cause and effect/ problem/solution essays fall? discussion or argument? you seem to phd thesis on economics insist that all of them are argument type, but hubpages.com seems to differ. 3. what is explanatory essay? Except theses common essay topics that you’ve mentioned, are there any more to add to this list?in Iran it seems the thesis, recent ielts test have been exposing the examinees to some different topics (speaking:what qualities should a leader have?does your political one have?, etc) thanks an ocean for spending time for us.

hlo dominic i do not get the ideas while writing an essay,what would you like to suggest to do thats why my essay is always too short and to make it bigger i repeat some lines in diffent way. Typically, I advise my students to think of examples and reasons. It is very easy to get stuck when you are looking for ideas. Ask yourself the on loneliness, questions “Why is that true?”or “how can I explain that?” if a question says ‘agree’ or ‘disagree’,then what should i write in th body paragraphs. whether i have to as a stick to agree only thesis, through out the whole essay or also have to write something about why i diasgree please answer me correctly. hello mister Cole. In the ielts academic exam ( writing ) , I heard that there will only be an argumentative essay. is on economics, that true ? and if not what else ? Ah. Thesis. It depends what you mean by argumentative.

The problem is different teachers use different words to describe types of essay. I am guilty of this too. To try and answer your question, there are different types of essay you need to be able to write. These include: discussing both sides of an unna gutless wonder essay, issue. commenting on thesis a proposal to literature review solve a problem. looking at two different options and deciding which is better.

giving solutions to on loneliness a problem. I could go on. You should understand that you need to be able to answer different types of questions. The secret as ever is to read the question and think hard about it before writing. Andrew Of Wealth Essay. Think about what it is thesis on loneliness, asking you to do. The mistake is to learn one model essay and try and write the same essay all the time. Very helpful post for IELTS Students. (I am writing here since I could not find an email to write to) first of all I want to carnegie-the of wealth compliment you for your website. Thesis On Loneliness. It is a very usefull resource for the preparation of the IELTS Test, the deadly unna essay, information are presented in thesis on loneliness, a clear and nice way. They are structured very well and the user does not end up being overwhelmed by the amount of information.

This is antwone movie essay, a very important point -at least to me-, because reading your site had the result of calming me me and improve my self confidence for the exam. This is often not the case on the internet, where you mostly hand up panicking, which is higly counter-productive. Nevertheless I am writing you because I would like to on loneliness present to you my essay for the writing academic task 2. I would really like to deadly unna essay have a feedback from you, because unfortunately I can’t find no one to correct me one and I would like to thesis have an opinion before I take the exam (which is in reading thesis, 7 days: unfortunately I have found your website late #128577; ). I am not asking you to correct every mistake, just to read it once and give me your impression and maybe the main points that I have to be careful about in the test (the first being word number: by rewriting to the computer I have just seen a lot of mistakes that I could have corrected if I had the time, thing which I haven’t). If it possible can you say to me around band score I am? Or, is thesis on loneliness, this essay enough good for a minimum band score of 5.5? I am really looking forward to read an answer from you and I thank you in advance for your courtesy. Write about the following topic: In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour.

What do you think ar the review, causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? One of the most important problem in the schools is the student behaviour. In fact it is known that in many countries episodes of vandalism, disrespect or bullism are frequent in the schools. This issue should be handled particularly carefully, because we have not to forget that the school has to prepare the thesis, students to literature become responsible adult.

It is therefore very important to individuate the thesis, causes and the possible solutions to be applied, in order for the school to fullfill its educational role in the best way. We should take into account the basic fact that no one has a bad behaviour only for the reason to be “bad”. Often those behaviours are the of wealth essay, expressions of other, hidden problems. One of the main cause could be the stress that the thesis on loneliness, students frequently have to face in literature review define, the school. Thesis. Exams, homeworks, presentations for many subjects put an incredible pressure over the students, that sometimes will be incapable of handling the stress. . Bad behaviour thus manifests itself has a rebellion against the stress, a hidden “stop it” shout.

Nevertheless it is my opinion that the main source of thesis, bad behaviour of students is to be found outside the phd thesis, school, namely in the private life of the students. With both my parents being teachers, I know with certainity that an instable family environment is very often the cause of arrogant and generally bad behaviour. Where the kids are left alone or treated bad by , their family members, they can end up manifesting their anger at the school, during the lessons or in the corridors. Those problems suggest their solutions. The amount of stress to which the students are underponed should be carefull analyzed by the teachers and accurately be revised and adjusted. The task is of course not easy, because a certain amount of stress is inevitable, is the quality of the school has to be preserved. On Loneliness. Regarding family problems, it is phd thesis on economics, my firm convinction that child that were raised (or still are) in instable family environment should be followed carefully by expers, such as psyhcologists and pedagogists, and sustained by , teachers, in order to thesis on loneliness allow them to retrieve their happiness and bring their life back on the tracks. Summarizing, students can answer to exagerate stress acting bad: thus the solution is to thesis carefully control and adjust the pressures on the students.

A more important cause of problematic behaviour is the family where student lives, that can already be a source of problems and instability. Students should be therefore sustained by expers in their personal issues. (you can answer me via email if you want) Sorry for the delay. Had a quick look and it looks an extremely good essay. My one concern is length. sometimes shorter can be better. On Loneliness. Sorry but I simply don’y have the time to look at individual essays. This is a very good job. Literature Review. It was clearly given how to approach a task since you already have given the clue how to thesis practice a certain topic, and so, through this, many IELTS writing examinees will have the on loneliness, idea now on how to write and speak appropriately. TheIELTSSolution.com. it is reading, my first acknowlegment of this wonderful site.

Please, i have started to practice writing essay and I need a professional tutor to assess my writing. I would like to know if I can send my essays to be assessed. hey can any one (specially Dominic Cole) tell some essay topics that might be asked in September 2011 (24th Sep.). please reply fast i need some important topics . Sorry, I have no way of telling – there’s a pretty large stock of questions. Thesis On Loneliness. My general advice is to revise vocabulary for the key topic areas before the exam (you can find these on literature review the essay question page) and then to make sure you read the exact question in the exam as closely as possible. I know that this is really boring advice – but be very careful about looking at “recent essay questions”. For me, their only real value is to tell you the types of literature define, topic you will need to write about and what sort of vocab you need.

Very frequently, the task part of the thesis on loneliness, question – the bit that tells you what you need to antwone fisher movie essay do – is thesis on loneliness, wrongly reported. Thank you very much for your helpful hints and appreciable and dedicated efforts.As a candidate who took nearly 10 exams, I confess that I owe too much to you. This is a very simple way to say thank you. Pleasure. I hope it’s worked out for you now. 10 tests is a lot – painful. Hi Dominic, very good exam website thankyou. Please, how much is band reduce for short answer? Happy world rabies day!

It rather depends how short the answer is. Fisher. My understanding/recollection is that you cannot get above 5.0 for task response unless you use 250 words. Your blog seems really good since you give sample IELTS essay questions and topics that would somehow helpful to those IELTS writing examinees. This would serve as a guideline for them because it discusses and shows the exam process of IELTS writing through giving sample question formats, topics and tips. Through this, they can practice more in writing their essays and would develop their skills more on writing. TheIELTSSolution.com. dear Dominic Cole, can you please suggest me i started my writing task 1 and task 2 at thesis on loneliness appropriate place but.in task 2 i need another page the invigilator give me page and stick behind task 2..but unfortunately i continue my task 2 on the first page (task 1)..if they will penalised me..p;ease answer me because i m in dilemma i write both task very well. when i came home then one of my friend told me that you have to thesis write on 3rd page becz it’s task 2..no one give announcement for that..will it affect my score?? please answer as soon as possible.. I’m afraid I don’t have the answer to that one. I suspect that it wouldn’t make any difference.

The examiner is likely to have worked out what you did. sir, i humbly wish to draw your kind attention to andrew gospel of wealth essay the fact the according to the latest rubrics, ielts essays have to thesis on loneliness be based on knowledge or experience NOT knowledge AND experience .i have been teaching ielts for , around four years and ask my students to scrupulously keep this fact in mind.Please answer. Are you seriously suggesting that candidates would be penalised for using both knowledge and experience?! As someone who holds a masters in philosophy, I would be delighted if you could enlighten me as to define exact distinction between them. I feel perfectly certain that 100% of IELTS examiners would be unable to split that particular epistemological hair. I believe you will find that “or” enables candidates to do both. If I offer you “coffee or tea”, I would not be offended if you decided to have both. The purpose of rephrasing the rubrics was to make them more accessible – if you read the source papers. The purpose was not to introduce a new challenge to thesis on loneliness candidates. sir, i personally think that words i , we , you should be eschewed from task one along with copying the introduction from the statement of question (from task 2 as well) and sole emphasis should be laid on grouping the subject matter and comparisons . On Loneliness. This is what i ask my students to do . Eschewed! a long time since I saw that word used in earnest. I see your point about “you” and “I” in task 1, but cannot agree with you about of research essay “we”.

I agree with you about copying wording from the question. The (difficult) skill is to thesis rephrase the question without repeating it so that you have a valid introduction. I have given the IELTS recently and scored overall band 8 but the problem I faced was in reading, my writing section I got only 6.5 and I need a score of minimum to get into the university I desire for. CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME.. Your blog is very helpful. With these guidelines, Ielts exam takers can have a better understanding and therefore feel more confident in their exams. pls can anybody suggest me reading techniques ?? specially for headings n yes/no/not given i cnt get more thn 6. You will find my own suggestions on the reading page. The key is to understand the difference between No and Not Given. help me #128578; write for and against argumentative essay Taking exams : for and against. I’ll see what I can do for you.

It’s the sort of thesis on loneliness, topic you need to be able to reading thesis write and speak about. I’ll try and post something next week. Thanks but I need it for , Monday. #128578; good job, Dominic. which kind of English should i register for, general or academic? my intention is to apply for thesis on loneliness, a job as a nurse. I’ve seen somewhere, they were saying there are some professions which requires academic English, i am afraid nursing might fall under that category but I’ve already registered for of research essay, general English. If you are headed for the UK, it will be academic IELTS you need. I’m not sure about Australia, but I imagine that there too the IELTS requirement would be academic. When did you apply? Normally, you can get a refund of your fee if you cancel 5 weeks before.

Contact your local test centre. It may be that they might also take pity on you and allow you to transfer to academic. This is the as a thesis, first time i visited this site. In Australia, you need a minimum of 7.0 in thesis on loneliness, every exam including the OBS. And the andrew of wealth, requirement there is thesis, Academic. I have a very big problem with preparing for IELTS( Academic). I took IELTS for phd thesis on economics, 3 times and my overal band score was 6.0 in all of them. My first time I scored 6.0 in every module. The second and the third I had 5.5 in Listening, 6 in Reading and Writing and 6.5 in Speaking.

I really don’t know from where to start with studying, I have many books for IELTS, but I don’t know which one is the best. Please suggest me only 4 four books (one for every part of the exam) which are the unna, best according to you. I desperately need 7.0 in every part of the test. Appreciation for thesis on loneliness, this infmortiaon is over 9000-thank you! Can i use pencil to attempt IELTS writing test?please anyone must reply me.

I want to find out antwone fisher movie essay, whether it is appropriate to write less that three words where it is stated that one should use no more than three words. Also, I would like to thesis on loneliness inquire maybe it is important to interpret a graph, line, table or chart by beginning from , any point. Front, Middle or Back. I shall be looking forward to receiving your reply. Thanking you in advance. No more than 3 words means 1, 2 or 3 words. you helped me a lot. I have studying on your website recently.

I found it great and a resourceful webpage. I have taken the IELTS at phd thesis least 7 times now, and I have not achieved my required results yet. Thesis On Loneliness. I need a band score of 8 in each module. My next exam is on the 31.03.12, any more advice Sir?In my last 2 exam, I got 6.5 in , Writing. Your website is of great help for those who want to take IELTS #128521; I just want to ask you this question: Other cultures highly value old people, while others value young people. Discuss both opposing views and give your opinion. I wanted to ask you a question about the IELTs and in partictular about paragraphs. When I did my ielts test, I finished the writing task 2, and left one line empty between each paragraph.

However, when I wrote the on loneliness, conclusion, I left 4-5 empty lines and then started the on loneliness, conclusion. Movie. I did this because I was sort of thesis, running out of time, and didnt know if I wanted to the structure of research essay add anything else in the last paragraph( the one before conclusion. so it looked a bit like this. Do you thing this will affect the mark I get? No, I very much doubt it- examiners are intelligent people. I am really grateful to thesis you as I only prepared for the structure, my IELTS examination from this website and I got band 8 in of research essay, all modules except writing where I got 7.5.

You are awesome. In simply words . On Loneliness. No you shoulndot give your side immediately give yours conclusion step by step. Firstly explain both sides and then which you like most give him side . Agree or disagree is most important part choose 1 thing . Yes you should choose a type of argument the main factor. i m so confused which book to choose for preparing ielts so plz woud u like to suggest me which book to deadly wonder essay study. After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the same comment.

Is there any means you possibly can remove me from thesis on loneliness, that service? Thanks! Sorry there is nothing I can do about that as I do not have details of that service. I can only suggest that you move the post to spam!! Congrats on literature review define your blog. One question thou, some literature state there are 4 different types of essays instead of the 3 types you mention in your blog, these are: Do you agree with this? if so, when we have a “to what extent do you agree or disagree” type of question, which kind of essay will that be from the 4 types mentioned above?x. Hmmmm. I do need to go back to that post. The division you maker does make sense.

In truth though I increasingly wonder how helpful it is to on loneliness categorise different essay types rather than just looking at define the particular question in front of you and answering the thesis on loneliness, question as it is asked. I say this because I feel some candidates get trapped by trying to follow a particular formula. I will put this on my to do list. Thank you for your comment. firstly thanks for antwone, the effort you have made for thesis on loneliness, us.anyway i am having problem in differentiating between agree/disgree and to what extent do you agree/disagree..i have seen essays written both by discussing both topic in phd thesis on economics, 4 paragrpah model and also taking only one position.does the topic content make difference on choosing the format of such essay?

Good question. Thesis On Loneliness. You will find advice that gives you quite strict guidelines on how to answer different question types -setting out , formulae/formulas for each type of question. I am never really convinced by thesis on loneliness, that approach, I much prefer the approach of looking at each question on its own merits and focussing on answering the question as it is asked. I realise that that may not seem particularly helpful, so here is my general advice. The introduction and conclusion are the areas where you need to focus on addressing the question and giving your clear answer to it. So in thesis, those paragraphs you need to outline your your position in relation to the question and give your answer. Even if the question is “do you agree?”, it is open to you to the structure of research say I agree but only thesis, up to thesis a point. The content paragraphs are where you introduce the reasons for on loneliness, your point of view.

Typically, the academic thing to do is to look at both sides of the issue – even if you have a strong opinion for one point of view. This can work with almost IELTS agree/disagree type questions. Certainly, with my own students, I encourage them to look at both sides of the issue, as for them IELTS is simply a passport to academic courses at university and I want them to learn the on loneliness, skills of unna gutless, academic writing.That said, it is open to you to take just one position and argue that – on condition that you outline this is your introduction and the question does not ask you to look at both sides of the question. Hi Dominic Cole i introduced of your blog before few days of on loneliness, my IELTS exam; i also took suggestion as far as possible. i participated on review IELTS exam 1st September 2012 but unfortunately my writing task was out of my general knowledge of the topics. I frustrated what i should write? my topic was quoted you. It was. ” It is on loneliness, a natural process of animal species to the structure of research become extinct (e.g dinosaurs, dodos etc). There is no reason why people should try to happening this. Do you agree or disagree?” in this case how i prepare myself to get excellent score? any suggestion? please. Hi Dominic cole,

I have given Ilets exam in thesis on loneliness, General three times and every time i got 6.5 in writing but i need 7 each.How can i practice writing at home and know where is the movie, mistake in my writing to improve.Please give some tips. On Loneliness. Thank you. i m having my exam on 22nd sept i m not able to pass i m giving 2nd time plzz give some suggestion what should i do i m not having that much time to prepare plzzz try to give suggestion abt ielts. you done very well. your blog guide me to significant progress… thanks a lot… Hi there to every single one, it’s in fisher essay, fact a pleasant for me to on loneliness go to see this website, it includes precious Information. Awesome blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on.

everything. Would you suggest starting with. a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Any recommendations? Cheers! Practiced essay need to get it reviewed, How can i do that. I suggest you contact one of the tutors on the site. As an ESOL teacher , this is a well thought out, clearly presented and, importantly, helpful website.

I have found it extremely useful for thesis on loneliness, my own and my students’ use. Hy, I dont have much to ask for right now. Just wanted to clarify a query for writing test. Do we get choice to select the essay types as in, for instance choose 2 from phd thesis, given 3 topics…kind of. I hope you get what I mean in this context. Please excuse my lame language. Hello, I was just wondering is there any difference in scoring of academic and general writing ? I felt, the vocab section in academic test , requires more academic words.If not, candidates will not score a 7 or 8 in it (. ). Thesis. And what about deadly unna gutless wonder essay ‘ agree or disagree / positive or negative types questions? Is it necessary to stick with one side in the opinion paragraph? ie; 2 positive points and 1 negative point. Can I still conclude it as ‘positive’ ? Logically, it doesn’t make sense as the negative side would nullify one of the positive effects, wouldn’t it? Could we go like ‘ it may be positive’ in this case ( if the question is ‘ is this positive or negative’)? Why many students are not getting 9 in task response?

Is it mainly because of the lack of relevant example ? If you could be any of my assistance, I’d really grateful. I have had a question for writing task 2. When I went to school to prepare for andrew carnegie-the gospel of wealth, IELTS, they said I should not use “I, you” when I write task 2. Thesis On Loneliness. I could use “It is on economics, said/ believed/ stated that…”. Generally, they said I should not use 1st 2nd like “I, U”, should use negative voice. What do you think about thesis on loneliness this opinion? Good question.

My own preference is to avoid the the structure of research essay, “I”, but that does not mean you can never use it. There are times when you want to make it clear that this is your opinion and then personal language is more appropriate. It may be more stylist though to use “In my view” rather than “I think” what will happen if i write agree/disagree while question ask for both view. Thank you for the great ideas. I have to focus on some time I choose to adopt to write a article.

It is very important that you keep to the topic. On Loneliness. Don’t stray onto something else! Hey DC .. I need essay writing templates that include some general words, necessary for any kind of essay.. Reading As A. Please help me. dear dominic i m writing from india my exam on 6 september 2014 …..pls help me in writing topics….for ex…….SMOKING SHOULD BE BANNED ON PUBLIC PLACES……TO WHAT EXTENT DO U AGREE OR DISAGREE……..can i discribe in introduction that smoking should banned …then in first body paragraph problems by thesis on loneliness, smoking in public places then in define, second paragraph effects of on loneliness, smoking in public places …..then in conclusion about goverment should take hard step to stop this………….also tell me in agree disagree we must have to dicusss both …….answer soon.. I find your website really helpful. but i have faced a problem regarding your section of letter writing for on loneliness, general ielts. I need to prepare for on economics, general ielts but as soon as i click on thesis on loneliness the section, error occurs. So please fix the problem. Regards.

Can you point me to the exact link that doesn’t work. It all seems fine to me. Many of the links for the topics are broken. How many people have visited your website? Of them, what is the % from China? DCielts provides useful information in helping Chinese students who are planning to sit Ielts or Toefl. Thanks. I found your website very useful for deadly unna gutless, me. Thanks to your sample essays, I was able to get 8 for writing. Thank you very much sir. Actually I m very confuse about writing task 2 ( Essay Writing ).Is it possible that Same Essay topic will come again next IELTS exam?Which topic I refere maximum for exam?Can you please guide me sir?

thank’s dominic you helped me a lot. Sir my IELTS test will be on on loneliness next week: and i need at least 6 bands in thesis on loneliness, writing: Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement. Mostly the wonder essay, recycled product is come from the thesis on loneliness, home wastage’s, but nowadays concerned department are claiming that waste material from home is not properly enough as it should be. Some people of the society believe that it is the the structure of research, negligence of people that waste material are not receiving enough by thesis on loneliness, the concerned organization from the society, therefore, they believe that a legislation should be passed for making it a legal requirement. As far as my opinion is antwone fisher movie essay, concerned there should be a law for recycling, but, it is also the responsibility of the society and media as well. Organizations for of research, recycling are doing their job in a proper manner. They collected every garbage from the street even from the gutters as well. In contrast, residents of the society are not participating with the recycling workforce; moreover, it happens due to lack of thesis on loneliness, awareness in people for gutless essay, the importance of recycling garbage. Secondly, there is the negligence factor as well in the society in thesis on loneliness, participating with recycling department.

For instance, people throw their house waste material into their dustbins without separating the recycled material from the un-recycled material. Even a recently conducted survey revealed the fact that the 50% materials which can be recycled are wasted because they are not separated from the non-recyclable material by the residents of the society. Secondly, citizens of the society are not giving enough importance in the recycling of wastage, therefore, government should pass the legislation that garbage should be separated as recycled and non-recycled wastage, moreover, people should pack that recyclable product and put them in a separate box instead of throwing in the dustbin. In addition, government should also penalize those people who are not obeying the law. Unna Gutless Wonder. Therefore, these acts restrict the on loneliness, citizens to follow the , law and help the recycling department to get as much garbage as the organizations wanted to thesis on loneliness recycle.

After viewing above all discussion, it would lead me to conclude on the note that people should feel the importance material and legislation should be passed for waste material. These kind of acts would be enough to enhance the proportion of waste material. […] Sample essay questions and sample essays […]

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Loneliness essays: examples, topics, questions, thesis statement

72 Love Quotes for Him from the Heart. Who said quotes are only for women? When you ask your guy friends or if you watch real life love stories, didn#8217;t you notice that men do get teary-eyed? Yes. They do. On Loneliness? Men like sweet moments, they enjoy little nothings, and if you offer them quotes and deadly gutless wonder essay share quotes to them, they would feel special. Thesis On Loneliness? So no, quotes are not only for women, they are for men, love quotes for him . In fact, quotes, love or not, are for everyone. It is true that quotes may have been known to be used for women in literature define general, more than for men. Quotes occasionally accompany letters with teddy bears and chocolates during the love season. Beautiful Good Morning Quotes give you a smile, a little gift of happiness given from the her to thesis on loneliness him. However, let us not miss out that men have their softer parts as well.

They may be the ones writing the ladies, but secretly, they enjoy receiving their own love letters as well. How about a letter with love quotes for him? Or a quote that#8217;s totally sweet it would make your honey tremble with too much sugar? Well, you can do and write both. Actually, you can do more. There are various, tons of quotes in the web but we compiled the best love quotes for gospel essay him from you. Thesis On Loneliness? The most romantic, cute, lovely quotes for your boyfriend or husband to andrew make him love you even more. On Loneliness? 72 Love Quotes for Him from the Heart.

Here are the 50 best love quotes for him with images from the heart which you can use to essay show how you feel, be it in a serious or the not so serious way. Love is a feeling that represents a persons kindness towards others. Meaning of love depends upon the relation by which you attached to the person. Thesis On Loneliness? Whatever the relation is, love quotes represents the kindness and deadly unna gutless wonder respect towards the other people and always spread love. If you can#8217;t get enough of thesis it makes sure to check out these love quote for deadly unna essay him from goodmorning quote! 1. If you were a movie, I#8217;d watch you over and over on loneliness again#8230; 2. When I gaze deep into your mind, I am met with the beauty of a thousand diamonds#8230; 3. Every day and night, my mind is filled with thoughts of you.

As long as the sun#8230; 4. Phd Thesis? Give me a kiss and thesis I#8217;ll serenade you among the deadly unna wonder stars. Give me your love and thesis I will pluck each star to set at your feet. 5. My mind thinks of you the second before I fall asleep and phd thesis as soon as I wake up each morning. 6. If you lived to be 90, i will pray with all my might to die at 90 minus one day#8230; 7. My heart is perfect because you are inside. 8. If love was a storybook, we#8217;d meet on the very first page. 9. You have no idea how my heart races when I see you.

10. When I tell you I love you, I don#8217;t say it out of habit. I say it to remind you#8230; 11. I love you for all that you are, all that you have been, and all you#8217;re yet to be. 13. It doesn#8217;t matter where you go in life, what you do or how much you#8230; 14.

The more boys I meet, the more I realize that it#8217;s only him I want to thesis be with. 16. Everyday, I fall in love with you more and more. Well, not everyday, yesterday you were#8230; 17. I miss you a little, I guess you could say, a little too much#8230; 18. I don#8217;t know where I stand with him. And I don#8217;t know what I mean to him. All I know is#8230; 20. My heart longs for you, my soul dies for you, my eyes cry#8230; 21. When you feel alone, just look at carnegie-the gospel of wealth essay the paces between your fingers and remember#8230; 22.

Love me without fear. Trust me without wondering. Love me without#8230; 23. I love you not because of what you have but because of what I#8230; 24. One day, I caught myself smiling without no reason, then I realized I was thinking of you. 25. I would walk through the desert.

I would walk down the aisle. Thesis On Loneliness? I would swim all the#8230; 26. If these rose could speak the language of my heart#8230; 27. I can#8217;t wait to spend the rest of my life with you. 28. Whenever you#8217;re having a bad day, remember this#8230; 29. I love you every step of the way.

30. I am who I am because of you. 31. Deadly Unna Gutless? Thought of you today, that#8217;s not new. Thought of thesis you yesterday, the day before#8230; 32. I just want to say I miss you so much. 33. I never give up on you and you will never give up on me.

I will always be there#8230; 34. The most memorable people in essay your life will be the people who loved you#8230; Send them one of the Love Quotes for him! 35. There#8217;s only one thing to do. Three words for you#8230; 36. Every moment spent with you is like a beautiful dream come true#8230; 37. I love it when my fingers are entangled in yours, and my head#8230; 38. Thesis On Loneliness? I never wanted to be your whole life just your favorite part. 39. I love those hugs where you just don#8217;t want to let go.

40. In all the deadly unna gutless world, there is no heart for on loneliness me like yours. In all the world#8230; 41. Love is not about how many days, months, or years you#8217;ve been together. Love is andrew carnegie-the about#8230; 42. On Loneliness? As long as we#8217;re under the phd thesis same moon, I#8217;ll feel close to you. On Loneliness? 43.

You never fail to amaze me. Everyday, there is something new that makes me love you#8230; 44. What hurts the deadly gutless wonder essay most is that the on loneliness memories I used to hold so close to me are#8230; 45. Carnegie-the Essay? I loved you yesterday, I love you still, I always have, I always will. 46.

I don#8217;t wish to be everything to on loneliness everyone, but I would like to phd thesis be something to someone. 47. I want to be in your arms, where you hold me tight and never let me go. 48. Forever is a long time, but I wouldn#8217;t mind spending it by your side. 49. All the love that history knows is said to be in every rose. Yet all the love that could#8230; 50.

I keep myself busy with things to thesis do. But every time I pause, I still think of antwone fisher movie you. 22 short Love Quotes for him from the thesis heart. We curated an ultimate top 10 list of the most heart touching and lovely short love quotes for him, that will not only invoke your feelings but will also help you to understand the real meaning and definition of love. Perfect to phd thesis on economics send in on loneliness a text message or as a love message to him. “To Love is nothing to be loved is andrew carnegie-the gospel of wealth something..to love and be loved is everything.” If you are writing for him, make sure to add in your letter some of these sweet, funny and on loneliness witty love quotes for him. Or you can some of these to andrew carnegie-the of wealth express your love to him. On Loneliness? You#8217;ll surely make him sizzle with love so he will buy you a beautiful aquamarine ring.

These Love Quotes for him will make him melt for you the next valentines day, birthday or just to say you love him. Quotes for Bros is where you can find the best quotes for men, find here dirty quotes, hilarious senior quote or just about anything.

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The impact of loneliness on the mental health of the elderly - Theseus

Complete Guide to Ethics Management: An Ethics Toolkit for Managers. (This guide is located at http://managementhelp.org/businessethics/ethics-guide.htm on the Web.) The profession of business ethics has long needed a highly practical resource that is designed particularly for leaders and managers -- those people charged to ensure ethical practices in their organizations. Unfortunately, far too many resources about business ethics end up being designed primarily for on loneliness philosophers, academics and social critics. As a result, leaders and managers struggle to really be able to make use of the resources at all. Also, far too many resources about business ethics contain sensationalistic stories about businesses gone bad or prolonged preaching to businesses to do the right thing. These resources often explore simplistic ethical questions, such as Should Jane steal from the company? The real world of leaders and on economics managers is often much more complex than that. This guide is a straightforward and highly practical tool designed to thesis help leaders and managers implement comprehensive ethics management systems in their workplaces -- systems to deal with the complex, ethical issues that can occur in the day-to-day realities of on economics leading and on loneliness managing an organization.

This free guidebook is about 20 pages long (8 1/2 x 11 pages). If you are reading the document on the World Wide Web, please wait until the document is fully loaded before attempting to link to its sections listed below. The best approach to using this guidebook may be to print it out for ongoing reference. The Free Management Library provides additional information about ethics and a great range of other free information about fisher management. For a complete list of library topics, see http://managementhelp.org/topics.htm. The author, Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, makes no warranty, express or implied, nor assumes any legal liability for accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information from this guide.

Another Tool to Effectively Infuse Ethical Principles: If you are planning to infuse strong, ethical principles throughout your company or want to change the culture of your company, then you might take the advice of Bob Kniffin, Vice President of External Affairs, at Johnson and Johnson (JJ) company. The way that JJ handled an ethical issue (the Tylenol scare crisis) in the 1980s is probably one of the most inspiring and enlightening examples of how to successfully deal with a major ethical issue in business. Kniffin was one of the on loneliness key players in helping JJ to andrew gospel of wealth essay handle the thesis on loneliness crisis so effectively. Kniffin said that it was not the JJ Credo (a form of a code of ethics) that helped JJ to handle the crisis so well. Rather, it was the ongoing challenge sessions that the thesis company regularly held in order for each person to clarify their own perspective and commitment to the JJ Credo. Authenticity Consulting's peer coaching groups are a powerful, yet straightforward, means to deadly unna wonder essay organize, facilitate and evaluate challenge sessions. For more information about the peer coaching groups, go to our publications site (http://www.authenticityconsulting.com/act-lrn/AC_pubs.htm) and consider the Program Planning Kit. · This free guidebook aims to fill a large void of practical, realistic ethics information for leaders and managers, whether nonprofit or for-profit. · This guidebook takes about two hours to read.

It is concisely written and well organized as a step-by-step guidebook for handy reference. · This guidebook is free in order to make its contents highly accessible to organizations , particularly those with limited resources. The free nature of this document does not in any way indicate that its content are of low value -- high fees and impressive presentation do not necessarily imply high value. · The author hopes the online form of this document remains a dynamic community resource that is thesis on loneliness continually modified and improved by literature feedback, particularly from on loneliness leaders and literature review managers -- those people in the trenches who are charged with applying business ethics techniques in the workplace. Particular Thanks! goes to Twin Cities-based consultants, Doug Wallace and on loneliness Jon Pekel, of the reading as a thesis Fulcrum Group (651-714-9033; e-mail at jonpekel@comcast.net), for contributing key information to this document. I have referenced their copyright where I included their key materials in this guidebook.

Document Fills a Void of Practical Business Ethics Information for on loneliness Leaders and Managers. Current Literature is reading thesis Focused on Needs of Philosophers, Academics and Social Critics -- Leaders and Managers Require More Practical Information About Managing Ethics. Managing ethics in the workplace holds tremendous benefit for leaders and managers, benefits both moral and practical. This is particularly true today when it is critical to understand and manage highly diverse values in the workplace. But it isn't from lack of examples that managers aren't better at thesis on loneliness managing ethics in the workplace -- they require more practical information about managing ethics. Antwone Fisher Movie Essay. This problem was explained very well by Stark in thesis on loneliness his article, What's the Matter with Business Ethics? published in the Harvard Business Review (1993, May/June, pp. 38-48). Brenner (Journal of Business Ethics, V11, pp.

391:399) notes while much has been written about reading as a thesis individual components of ethics programs, especially about codes of ethics, the literature is much more limited on on loneliness ethics programs. Wong and Beckman (Journal of deadly unna gutless wonder essay Business Ethics, V11, pp. 173-178) note that researchers are claiming that current literature is filled with strong arguments for more ethical corporate leadership and incorporation of ethics in business curriculum, but what is conspicuously missing is the how to in actually putting ethical goals and theories into practical action. Lack of involvement from leaders and managers in the field of business ethics (again, this is the fault of no one or of everyone) has spawned a great deal of confusion and misunderstanding among leaders and managers about business ethics. McDonald and Zepp, in thesis their article What Should Be Done? A Practical Approach to Business Ethics (Management Decision, 28, 1, 1990, pp. 9-13), note that when someone brings up the topic of business ethics . it tends to bring up cynicism, righteousness, paranoia, and laughter.

Many leaders and managers believe business ethics is religion because it seems to contain a great deal of preaching. Or, they believe it to be superfluous because it seems to merely assert the obvious: do good! Stark notes that often ethicists advance a kind of moral absolutism that avoids many of the difficult and most interesting questions. Case studies to explore ethical dilemmas are often far too simplistic, presented as if every real-life situation has a right and wrong e.g., should I lie, cheat or steal? Consequently, many managers believe business ethics is irrelevant because too much business ethics training avoids the real-to-life complexities in leading organizations. (This document contains samples of real-to-life, complex ethical dilemmas, in a subsection, Examples of Real-to-Life Complex Ethical Dilemmas in antwone essay the upcoming section Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas.) Bob Dunn, President and CEO of thesis San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility, explains, Ethical decisions aren't as easy as they used to reading as a thesis be. Thesis On Loneliness. Now, they're the difference between right -- and right. Preston Townley, in his speech Business Ethics: Commitment to Tough Decisions (Vital Speeches, January 1992, pp.

208-211), states that . it ought to be fairly easy to of wealth essay choose between right and wrong by relying on principles, but business activity often demands that we select from on loneliness alternatives that are neither wholly right or wholly wrong. Simply put, ethics involves learning what is right or wrong, and then doing the right thing -- but the right thing is not nearly as straightforward as conveyed in a great deal of business ethics literature. Most ethical dilemmas in the workplace are not simply a matter of Should Bob steal from Jack? or Should Jack lie to the structure of research essay his boss? (Many ethicists assert there's always a right thing to do based on moral principle, and others believe the right thing to do depends on the situation -- ultimately it's up to the individual.) Many philosophers consider ethics to be the thesis science of conduct. Literature Review Define. Twin Cities consultants Doug Wallace and John Pekel (of the Twin Cities-based Fulcrum Group; 651-714-9033; e-mail at jonpekel@atti.com) explain that ethics includes the thesis on loneliness fundamental ground rules by which we live our lives. Philosophers have been discussing ethics for at least 2500 years, since the time of Socrates and Plato. Many ethicists consider emerging ethical beliefs to be state of the art legal matters, i.e., what becomes an ethical guideline today is often translated to a law, regulation or rule tomorrow. Values which guide how we ought to behave are considered moral values, e.g., values such as respect, honesty, fairness, responsibility, etc. Statements around how these values are applied are sometimes called moral or ethical principles. The concept has come to mean various things to various people, but generally it's coming to know what it right or wrong in the workplace and thesis on loneliness doing what's right -- this is in regard to effects of products/services and in relationships with stakeholders. Wallace and Pekel explain that attention to business ethics is critical during times of fundamental change -- times much like those faced now by businesses, both nonprofit or for-profit.

In times of fundamental change, values that were previously taken for granted are now strongly questioned. Many of these values are no longer followed. Consequently, there is no clear moral compass to guide leaders through complex dilemmas about what is thesis right or wrong. Attention to ethics in thesis the workplace sensitizes leaders and staff to how they should act. Perhaps most important, attention to ethics in the workplaces helps ensure that when leaders and deadly unna essay managers are struggling in times of crises and confusion, they retain a strong moral compass. However, attention to business ethics provides numerous other benefits, as well (these benefits are listed later in this document). Two Broad Areas of thesis on loneliness Business Ethics. 1. Managerial mischief.Madsen and Shafritz, in their book Essentials of Business Ethics (Penguin Books, 1990) further explain that managerial mischief includes illegal, unethical, or questionable practices of individual managers or organizations, as well as the causes of such behaviors and remedies to antwone eradicate them.

There has been a great deal written about thesis on loneliness managerial mischief, leading many to believe that business ethics is merely a matter of the structure essay preaching the basics of what is right and wrong. Thesis. More often, though, business ethics is a matter of dealing with dilemmas that have no clear indication of what is right or wrong. 2. Moral mazes. The other broad area of business ethics is moral mazes of management and includes the numerous ethical problems that managers must deal with on a daily basis, such as potential conflicts of interest, wrongful use of thesis on loneliness resources, mismanagement of contracts and agreements, etc. Business Ethics is Now a Management Discipline. Business ethics has come to be considered a management discipline, especially since the birth of the social responsibility movement in the 1960s. In that decade, social awareness movements raised expectations of deadly gutless essay businesses to use their massive financial and social influence to address social problems such as poverty, crime, environmental protection, equal rights, public health and improving education.

An increasing number of thesis people asserted that because businesses were making a profit from using our country's resources, these businesses owed it to our country to work to improve society. Gospel. Many researchers, business schools and managers have recognized this broader constituency, and in their planning and operations have replaced the word stockholder with stakeholder, meaning to include employees, customers, suppliers and the wider community. Business ethics in thesis the workplace is phd thesis about prioritizing moral values for the workplace and thesis on loneliness ensuring behaviors are aligned with those values -- it's values management. Yet, myths abound about literature business ethics. Some of these myths arise from general confusion about the notion of ethics. Other myths arise from narrow or simplistic views of on loneliness ethical dilemmas. 1. Myth: Business ethics is deadly more a matter of religion than management. Diane Kirrane, in on loneliness Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics, (Training and Development Journal, November 1990), asserts that altering people's values or souls isn't the aim of an organizational ethics program -- managing values and conflict among them is . On Loneliness. 2. Myth: Our employees are ethical so we don't need attention to business ethics. Most of the ethical dilemmas faced by managers in the workplace are highly complex. Wallace explains that one knows when they have a significant ethical conflict when there is presence of a) significant value conflicts among differing interests, b) real alternatives that are equality justifiable, and c) significant consequences on stakeholders in thesis the situation. Kirrane mentions that when the topic of business ethics comes up, people are quick to speak of the Golden Rule, honesty and courtesy.

But when presented with complex ethical dilemmas, most people realize there's a wide gray area when trying to apply ethical principles. 3. Thesis On Loneliness. Myth: Business ethics is a discipline best led by philosophers, academics and theologians. Lack of involvement of deadly leaders and managers in business ethics literature and discussions has led many to believe that business ethics is a fad or movement, having little to do with the day-to-day realities of thesis on loneliness running an organization. They believe business ethics is primarily a complex philosophical debate or a religion. However, business ethics is a management discipline with a programmatic approach that includes several practical tools. Ethics management programs have practical applications in other areas of management areas, as well. (These applications are listed later on on loneliness in this document.) 4. Reading As A. Myth: Business ethics is thesis on loneliness superfluous -- it only asserts the obvious: do good! Many people react that codes of ethics, or lists of ethical values to which the organization aspires, are rather superfluous because they represent values to which everyone should naturally aspire.

However, the value of a codes of ethics to an organization is its priority and focus regarding certain ethical values in that workplace. For example, it#146;s obvious that all people should be honest. However, if an organization is struggling around continuing occasions of deceit in the workplace, a priority on honesty is very timely -- and honesty should be listed in that organization#146;s code of ethics. Note that a code of phd thesis ethics is an organic instrument that changes with the needs of society and the organization. 5. Myth: Business ethics is a matter of the on loneliness good guys preaching to the bad guys.

Some writers do seem to claim a moral high ground while lamenting the poor condition of business and its leaders. However, those people well versed in reading as a managing organizations realize that good people can take bad actions, particularly when stressed or confused. (Stress or confusion are not excuses for unethical actions -- they are reasons.) Managing ethics in the workplace includes all of on loneliness us working together to help each other remain ethical and to work through confusing and stressful ethical dilemmas. 6. Myth: Business ethics in the new policeperson on literature review define the block. Many believe business ethics is a recent phenomenon because of thesis on loneliness increased attention to the topic in antwone fisher essay popular and thesis management literature. . However, business ethics was written about even 2,000 years ago -- at least since Cicero wrote about the topic in his On Duties.

Business ethics has gotten more attention recently because of the social responsibility movement that started in the 1960s. 7. Myth: Ethics can't be managed. Actually, ethics is always managed -- but, too often, indirectly. For example, the behavior of the thesis organization's founder or current leader is phd thesis a strong moral influence, or directive if you will, on on loneliness behavior or employees in the workplace. Strategic priorities (profit maximization, expanding marketshare, cutting costs, etc.) can be very strong influences on morality. Laws, regulations and rules directly influence behaviors to be more ethical, usually in a manner that improves the general good and/or minimizes harm to the community. Some are still skeptical about business ethics, believing you can't manage values in an organization. Donaldson and Davis (Management Decision, V28, N6) note that management, after all, is a value system.

Skeptics might consider the phd thesis on economics tremendous influence of several codes of ethics, such as the 10 Commandments in Christian religions or the U.S. Constitution. Codes can be very powerful in smaller organizations as well. 8. Myth: Business ethics and social responsibility are the same thing. The social responsibility movement is one aspect of the overall discipline of business ethics. Madsen and Shafritz refine the definition of business ethics to be: 1) an application of ethics to the corporate community, 2) a way to determine responsibility in business dealings, 3) the thesis identification of important business and social issues, and 4) a critique of business. Items 3 and 4 are often matters of social responsibility. (There has been a great deal of public discussion and writing about items 3 and 4. However, there needs to be more written about items 1 and 2, about how business ethics can be managed.) Writings about social responsibility often do not address practical matters of essay managing ethics in the workplace, e.g., developing codes, updating polices and procedures, approaches to resolving ethical dilemmas, etc. 9. Thesis On Loneliness. Myth: Our organization is not in trouble with the law, so we're ethical. One can often be unethical, yet operate within the limits of the law, e.g., withhold information from superiors, fudge on literature review budgets, constantly complain about others, etc.

However, breaking the law often starts with unethical behavior that has gone unnoticed. The boil the frog phenomena is a useful parable here: If you put a frog in hot water, it immediately jumps out. If you put a frog in cool water and thesis slowly heat up the water, you can eventually boil the frog. The frog doesn't seem to on economics notice the adverse change in its environment. 10. On Loneliness. Myth: Managing ethics in the workplace has little practical relevance. Managing ethics in the workplace involves identifying and prioritizing values to guide behaviors in the organization, and establishing associated policies and procedures to ensure those behaviors are conducted. One might call this values management. Values management is also highly important in other management practices, e.g., managing diversity, Total Quality Management and strategic planning. 10 Benefits of Managing Ethics in the Workplace. Many people are used to reading or hearing of the moral benefits of attention to business ethics.

However, there are other types of benefits, as well. The following list describes various types of benefits from managing ethics in the workplace. 1. Attention to business ethics has substantially improved society. A matter of decades ago, children in on loneliness our country worked 16-hour days. Workers#146; limbs were torn off and disabled workers were condemned to poverty and often to starvation. Trusts controlled some markets to the extent that prices were fixed and small businesses choked out. Fisher. Price fixing crippled normal market forces. Employees were terminated based on thesis personalities. Influence was applied through intimidation and literature define harassment. On Loneliness. Then society reacted and demanded that businesses place high value on fairness and equal rights.

Anti-trust laws were instituted. Government agencies were established. Unions were organized. Laws and regulations were established. 2. Ethics programs help maintain a moral course in turbulent times. As noted earlier in this document, Wallace and Pekel explain that attention to business ethics is critical during times of fundamental change -- times much like those faced now by businesses, both nonprofit or for-profit. During times of change, there is often no clear moral compass to guide leaders through complex conflicts about what is right or wrong. Continuing attention to ethics in the workplace sensitizes leaders and staff to how they want to act -- consistently.

3. Antwone Essay. Ethics programs cultivate strong teamwork and productivity. Ethics programs align employee behaviors with those top priority ethical values preferred by on loneliness leaders of the organization. Usually, an organization finds surprising disparity between its preferred values and the values actually reflected by behaviors in reading thesis the workplace. Thesis On Loneliness. Ongoing attention and dialogue regarding values in the structure of research the workplace builds openness, integrity and community -- critical ingredients of strong teams in the workplace. Employees feel strong alignment between their values and those of the organization. They react with strong motivation and performance. 4. Ethics programs support employee growth and meaning. Attention to ethics in the workplace helps employees face reality, both good and bad -- in the organization and themselves.

Employees feel full confidence they can admit and deal with whatever comes their way. Bennett, in his article Unethical Behavior, Stress Appear Linked (Wall Street Journal, April 11, 1991, p. B1), explained that a consulting company tested a range of executives and managers. Their most striking finding: the more emotionally healthy executives, as measured on a battery of tests, the more likely they were to score high on ethics tests. 5. Ethics programs are an insurance policy -- they help ensure that policies are legal. There is an increasing number of lawsuits in regard to on loneliness personnel matters and to phd thesis on economics effects of an organization#146;s services or products on stakeholders. As mentioned earlier in this document, ethical principles are often state-of-the-art legal matters. These principles are often applied to current, major ethical issues to become legislation. Attention to ethics ensures highly ethical policies and procedures in the workplace.

It#146;s far better to thesis on loneliness incur the cost of mechanisms to ensure ethical practices now than to incur costs of litigation later. A major intent of phd thesis on economics well-designed personnel policies is to ensure ethical treatment of employees, e.g., in matters of hiring, evaluating, disciplining, firing, etc. Thesis. Drake and Drake (California Management Review, V16, pp. 107-123) note that #147;an employer can be subject to suit for breach of contract for failure to andrew carnegie-the of wealth comply with any promise it made, so the gap between stated corporate culture and on loneliness actual practice has significant legal, as well as ethical implications.#148; 6. Ethics programs help avoid criminal acts #147;of omission#148; and can lower fines. Ethics programs tend to detect ethical issues and violations early on so they can be reported or addressed. In some cases, when an organization is aware of an actual or potential violation and does not report it to the appropriate authorities, this can be considered a criminal act, e.g., in business dealings with certain government agencies, such as the Defense Department.

The recent Federal Sentencing Guidelines specify major penalties for thesis various types of major ethics violations. However, the guidelines potentially lowers fines if an organization has clearly made an effort to operate ethically. 7. Ethics programs help manage values associated with quality management, strategic planning and diversity management -- this benefit needs far more attention. Ethics programs identify preferred values and on loneliness ensuring organizational behaviors are aligned with those values. This effort includes recording the values, developing policies and procedures to deadly wonder align behaviors with preferred values, and then training all personnel about the policies and procedures.

This overall effort is very useful for several other programs in the workplace that require behaviors to be aligned with values, including quality management, strategic planning and diversity management. Total Quality Management includes high priority on certain operating values, e.g., trust among stakeholders, performance, reliability, measurement, and feedback. Thesis On Loneliness. Eastman and Polaroid use ethics tools in their quality programs to ensure integrity in their relationships with stakeholders. Ethics management techniques are highly useful for managing strategic values, e.g., expand marketshare, reduce costs, etc. McDonnell Douglas integrates their ethics programs into their strategic planning process.

Ethics management programs are also useful in managing diversity. Diversity is much more than the color of people#146;s skin -- it#146;s acknowledging different values and perspectives. Diversity programs require recognizing and applying diverse values and perspectives -- these activities are the basis of as a thesis a sound ethics management program. 8. Ethics programs promote a strong public image. Attention to on loneliness ethics is also strong public relations -- admittedly, managing ethics should not be done primarily for reasons of literature define public relations. On Loneliness. But, frankly, the fact that an organization regularly gives attention to its ethics can portray a strong positive to literature define the public. On Loneliness. People see those organizations as valuing people more than profit, as striving to operate with the utmost of integrity and honor. Aligning behavior with values is critical to effective marketing and public relations programs.

Consider how Johnson and Johnson handled the Tylenol crisis versus how Exxon handled the oil spill in Alaska. Bob Dunn, President and CEO of San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility, puts it best: #147;Ethical values, consistently applied, are the cornerstones in building a commercially successful and socially responsible business.#148; 9. Overall benefits of ethics programs: Donaldson and thesis Davis, in #147;Business Ethics? Yes, But What Can it Do for the Bottom Line?#148; (Management Decision, V28, N6, 1990) explain that managing ethical values in the workplace legitimizes managerial actions, strengthens the coherence and balance of the organization#146;s culture, improves trust in relationships between individuals and groups, supports greater consistency in standards and qualities of literature define products, and cultivates greater sensitivity to the impact of the enterprise#146;s values and thesis messages. 10.

Last - and most -- formal attention to ethics in the workplace is the right thing to do. One Description of a Highly Ethical Organization. Mark Pastin, in The Hard Problems of the structure Management: Gaining the Ethics Edge (Jossey-Bass, 1986), provides the following four principles for highly ethical organizations: 1. They are at ease interacting with diverse internal and external stakeholder groups. The groundrules of these firms make the good of these stakeholder groups part of the organizations' own good.

2. They are obsessed with fairness. Their groundrules emphasize that the other persons' interests count as much as their own. 3. Responsibility is thesis on loneliness individual rather than collective, with individuals assuming personal responsibility for phd thesis on economics actions of the organization. These organizations' groundrules mandate that individuals are responsible to themselves. 4. They see their activities in terms of on loneliness purpose. This purpose is a way of operating that members of the organization highly value. And purpose ties the organization to its environment. 1. There exists a clear vision and as a thesis picture of integrity throughout the thesis organization. 2. The vision is owned and embodied by top management, over time. 3. The reward system is aligned with the vision of integrity. 4. On Economics. Policies and practices of the organization are aligned with the vision; no mixed messages.

5. It is understood that every significant management decision has ethical value dimensions. 6. Everyone is expected to work through conflicting-stakeholder value perspectives. Ethics Management Programs: An Overview. About Ethics Management Programs Organizations can manage ethics in their workplaces by establishing an ethics management program. Brian Schrag, Executive Secretary of the Association for on loneliness Practical and Professional Ethics, clarifies.

Typically, ethics programs convey corporate values, often using codes and gutless wonder essay policies to guide decisions and behavior, and on loneliness can include extensive training and evaluating, depending on the organization. They provide guidance in ethical dilemmas. Rarely are two programs alike. Benefits of Managing Ethics as a Program. There are numerous benefits in formally managing ethics as a program, rather than as a one-shot effort when it appears to phd thesis on economics be needed. Ethics programs: · Establish organizational roles to thesis on loneliness manage ethics. · Schedule ongoing assessment of andrew gospel of wealth ethics requirements. · Establish required operating values and behaviors. · Align organizational behaviors with operating values.

· Develop awareness and thesis sensitivity to ethical issues. · Integrate ethical guidelines to decision making. · Structure mechanisms to resolving ethical dilemmas. · Facilitate ongoing evaluation and updates to the program. · Help convince employees that attention to ethics is reading not just a knee-jerk reaction done to thesis get out of trouble or improve public image. 8 Guidelines for Managing Ethics in literature review define the Workplace.

The following guidelines ensure the ethics management program is on loneliness operated in a meaningful fashion: 1. Recognize that managing ethics is a process. Ethics is a matter of values and associated behaviors. Values are discerned through the process of ongoing reflection. Therefore, ethics programs may seem more process-oriented than most management practices. On Economics. Managers tend to be skeptical of process-oriented activities, and instead prefer processes focused on thesis on loneliness deliverables with measurements.

However, experienced managers realize that the deliverables of standard management practices (planning, organizing, motivating, controlling) are only tangible representations of very process-oriented practices. For example, the process of strategic planning is much more important than the antwone fisher movie essay plan produced by the process. The same is on loneliness true for ethics management. Ethics programs do produce deliverables, e.g., codes, policies and procedures, budget items, meeting minutes, authorization forms, newsletters, etc. However, the most important aspect from an ethics management program is the process of reflection and thesis dialogue that produces these deliverables. 2. The bottom line of an ethics program is the structure essay accomplishing preferred behaviors in the workplace. As with any management practice, the most important outcome is behaviors preferred by on loneliness the organization. The best of andrew carnegie-the essay ethical values and intentions are relatively meaningless unless they generate fair and just behaviors in the workplace. That's why practices that generate lists of thesis on loneliness ethical values, or codes of ethics, must also generate policies, procedures and training that translate those values to appropriate behaviors. 3. Thesis On Loneliness. The best way to handle ethical dilemmas is to avoid their occurrence in the first place. That's why practices such as developing codes of ethics and codes of conduct are so important.

Their development sensitizes employees to ethical considerations and minimize the chances of unethical behavior occurring in the first place. 4. Make ethics decisions in groups, and thesis make decisions public, as appropriate. This usually produces better quality decisions by fisher essay including diverse interests and perspectives, and increases the thesis credibility of the fisher movie decision process and outcome by reducing suspicion of unfair bias. 5. Integrate ethics management with other management practices. When developing the values statement during strategic planning, include ethical values preferred in the workplace. When developing personnel policies, reflect on thesis what ethical values you'd like to be most prominent in deadly gutless wonder the organization's culture and then design policies to produce these behaviors. 6. Use cross-functional teams when developing and implementing the ethics management program. It#146;s vital that the organization#146;s employees feel a sense of participation and ownership in the program if they are to adhere to its ethical values.

Therefore, include employees in developing and operating the program. 7. Value forgiveness. This may sound rather religious or preachy to some, but it#146;s probably the thesis most important component of any management practice. An ethics management program may at first actually increase the number of essay ethical issues to be dealt with because people are more sensitive to their occurrence. Consequently, there may be more occasions to thesis on loneliness address people#146;s unethical behavior. The most important ingredient for remaining ethical is the structure of research trying to be ethical.

Therefore, help people recognize and address their mistakes and then support them to continue to thesis try operate ethically. 8. Deadly Gutless Essay. Note that trying to operate ethically and making a few mistakes is better than not trying at thesis all. Some organizations have become widely known as operating in a highly ethical manner, e.g., Ben and Jerrys, Johnson and Johnson, Aveda, Hewlett Packard, etc. Unfortunately, it seems that when an organization achieves this strong public image, it's placed on a pedestal by some business ethics writers. As A. All organizations are comprised of people and people are not perfect. However, when a mistake is thesis made by any of these organizations, the of research organization has a long way to fall. In our increasingly critical society, these organizations are accused of being hypocritical and they are soon pilloried by social critics. Consequently, some leaders may fear sticking their necks out publicly to on loneliness announce an ethics management program.

This is extremely unfortunate. The Structure Essay. It's the trying that counts and brings peace of mind -- not achieving an heroic status in society. 6 Key Roles and Responsibilities in Ethics Management. Depending on the size of the organization, certain roles may prove useful in thesis on loneliness managing ethics in deadly gutless wonder the workplace. These can be full-time roles or part-time functions assumed by someone already in the organization. Small organizations certainly will not have the resources to thesis implement each the following roles using different people in the organization. Deadly Unna Wonder. However, the following functions points out responsibilities that should be included somewhere in the organization. 1. The organization's chief executive must fully support the program. If the chief executive isn't fully behind the on loneliness program, employees will certainly notice -- and this apparent hypocrisy may cause such cynicism that the organization may be worse off than having no formal ethics program at all. Therefore, the chief executive should announce the program, and champion its development and antwone fisher implementation. Most important, the chief executive should consistently aspire to lead in thesis an ethical manner.

If a mistake is made, admit it. 2. Consider establishing an ethics committee at the board level. The committee would be charged to oversee development and operation of the ethics management program. 3. Essay. Consider establishing an ethics management committee. It would be charged with implementing and administrating an ethics management program, including administrating and training about policies and procedures, and antwone movie resolving ethical dilemmas. The committee should be comprised of senior officers.

4. Consider assigning/developing an ethics officer. This role is becoming more common, particularly in thesis on loneliness larger and more progressive organizations. The ethics officer is usually trained about matters of ethics in movie essay the workplace, particularly about resolving ethical dilemmas. 5. Consider establishing an ombudsperson. The ombudsperson is responsible to help coordinate development of the policies and deadly unna procedures to thesis institutionalize moral values in the workplace. This position usually is directly responsible for literature resolving ethical dilemmas by thesis on loneliness interpreting policies and andrew gospel of wealth essay procedures. 6. Thesis On Loneliness. Note that one person must ultimately be responsible for managing the ethics management program. According to gospel of wealth Wallace, A credo generally describes the highest values to which the company aspires to on loneliness operate. It contains the `thou shalts.' A code of ethics specifies the ethical rules of operation. On Loneliness. It's the `thou shalt nots. In the latter 1980s, The Conference Board, a leading business membership organization, found that 76% of corporations surveyed had codes of ethics.

Some business ethicists disagree that codes have any value. Usually they explain that too much focus is put on the codes themselves, and andrew of wealth essay that codes themselves are not influential in managing ethics in the workplace. Many ethicists note that it's the on loneliness developing and continuing dialogue around the the structure code's values that is most important. Occasionally, employees react to codes with suspicion, believing the values are motherhood and on loneliness apple pie and codes are for window dressing. But, when managing a complex issue, especially in a crisis, having a code is critical. More important, it's having developed a code. In the deadly mid-70s, Johnson and Johnson updated their credo in a series of challenge meetings. Bob Kniffin, Vice President of External Affairs, explains, We pored over each phrase and word. We asked ourselves, `Do we still believe this?' Our meetings resulted in some fine tuning, but basically we didn't change the values. The meetings infused the values in the minds of all of us managers. Many believe this process guided them in their well-known decision to on loneliness pull Tylenol bottles off the shelves and repackage them at a $100 million expense.

Kniffin offers some sound, practical advice. The Structure Essay. In a crisis, there's no time for moral conclusions. Get those done beforehand. But also realize there's no substitute for sound crisis management. For example, have a list of people with fundamental knowledge, such as who transports your products where and thesis on loneliness when.

Note that if your organization is quite large, e.g., includes several large programs or departments, you may want to develop an overall corporate code of ethics and then a separate code to guide each of your programs or departments. Optional: Also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: 1. Organizational Culture - review to gospel get a basic understanding of personalities of organizations. 2. Strategic Planning - specific to developing a Values Statement. 3. Valuing Diversity- to consider that there are other values and perspectives. Consider the following guidelines when developing codes of ethics: 1. Review any values need to adhere to relevant laws and regulations; this ensures your organization is not (or is not near) breaking any of them. (If you are breaking any of them, you may be far better off to report this violation than to try hide the problem. Thesis. Often, a reported violation generates more leniency than outside detection of an unreported violation, particularly per the new Federal Sentencing Guidelines.) Increase priority on values that will help your organization operate to avoid breaking these laws and to follow necessary regulations. 2. . Review which values produce the top three or four traits of a highly ethical and successful product or service in your area, e.g., for accountants: objectivity, confidentiality, accuracy, etc.

Identify which values produce behaviors that exhibit these traits. 3. Identify values needed to thesis address current issues in your workplace. Appoint one or two key people to as a interview key staff to collect descriptions of major issues in the workplace. Collect descriptions of behaviors that produce the issues. Consider which of these issues is ethical in nature, e.g. issues in thesis regard to respect, fairness and honesty. Identify the behaviors needed to resolve these issues. Identify which values would generate those preferred behaviors. There may be values included here that some people would not deem as moral or ethical values, e.g., team-building and reading promptness, but for managers, these practical values may add more relevance and utility to a code of ethics.

4. On Loneliness. Identify any values needed, based on findings during strategic planning. Review information from reading thesis your SWOT analysis (identifying the organization's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats). Thesis On Loneliness. What behaviors are needed to build on strengths, shore up weaknesses, take advantage of opportunities and guard against threats? 5. Consider any top ethical values that might be prized by stakeholders. For example, consider expectations of employees, clients/customers, suppliers, funders, members of the local community, etc. 6. Collect from the literature define above steps, the top five to ten ethical values which are high priorities in thesis on loneliness your organization (see item #7 below for examples). 7. Examples of ethical values might include. (the following list is the Six Pillars of fisher essay Character developed by The Josephson Institute of on loneliness Ethics, 310-306-1868): a) Trustworthiness: honesty, integrity, promise-keeping, loyalty. b) Respect: autonomy, privacy, dignity, courtesy, tolerance, acceptance. c) Responsibility: accountability, pursuit of excellence.

d) Caring: compassion, consideration, giving, sharing, kindness, loving. e) Justice and fairness: procedural fairness, impartiality, consistency, equity, equality, due process. f) Civic virtue and citizenship: law abiding, community service, protection of deadly wonder essay environment. 8. Compose your code of ethics; attempt to associate with each value, two example behaviors which reflect each value. Critics of codes of ethics assert that they seem vacuous because many only list ethical values and don't clarify these values by associating examples of thesis behaviors. 9. Include wording that indicates all employees are expected to conform to the values stated in the code of ethics.

Add wording that indicates where employees can go if they have any questions. 10. Obtain review from key members of the organization. Get input from as many members as possible. 11. Announce and distribute the new code of ethics (unless you are waiting to thesis announce it along with any new codes of conduct and associated policies and procedures). Ensure each employee has a copy and phd thesis on economics post codes throughout the facility. 12.

Update the on loneliness code at least once a year. As stated several times in this document, the fisher essay most important aspect of codes is developing them, not the code itself. Continued dialogue and reflection around ethical values produces ethical sensitivity and consensus. Therefore, revisit your codes at least once a year -- preferably two or three times a year. 13. (Note that you cannot include values and thesis on loneliness preferred behaviors for every possible ethical dilemma that might arise. Your goal is to fisher movie essay focus on the top ethical values needed in on loneliness your organization and to avoid potential ethical dilemmas that seem mostly likely to occur.) Codes of conduct specify actions in the workplace and codes of ethics are general guides to antwone essay decisions about those actions, explains Craig Nordlund, Associate General Counsel and Secretary at Hewlett Packard. He suggests that codes of conduct contain examples of appropriate behavior to be meaningful. The Conference Board found that codes of thesis on loneliness conduct are increasingly sophisticated and phd thesis on economics focused at lower levels in companies. Departments frequently have their own codes.

Be careful, though. An organization could be sued for breach of contract if its practices are not in accord with its policies. That#146;s why legal departments should review codes of conduct and other ethics policies. Also, that#146;s why it#146;s critical for organizations to review their policies at least once a year to ensure they are in accordance with laws and regulations. Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: 1. Employee Law - review major issues and topics to discern what behaviors to on loneliness avoid in the workplace. 2. Policies (Personnel) - review more specifics about what behaviors to reading avoid. Note that if your organization is quite large, e.g., includes several large programs or departments, you may want to develop an overall corporate code of conduct, and then a separate code to guide each of your programs or departments. Consider the following guidelines when developing codes of conduct:

1. Identify key behaviors needed to adhere to the ethical values proclaimed in your code of ethics. , including ethical values derived from review of on loneliness key laws and regulations, ethical behaviors needed in phd thesis on economics your product or service area, behaviors to address current issues in your workplace, and behaviors needed to reach strategic goals. 2. Include wording that indicates all employees are expected to conform to the behaviors specified in the code of conduct. Add wording that indicates where employees can go if they have any questions. 3. Obtain review from key members of the on loneliness organization. Be sure your legal department reviews the drafted code of conduct. 4. Announce and distribute the new code of conduct. (unless you are waiting to announce it along with any associated policies and procedures). Phd Thesis On Economics. Ensure each employee has a copy and post codes in on loneliness each employee's bay or office. 5. (Note that you cannot include preferred behaviors for every possible ethical dilemma that might arise.)

6. Examples of phd thesis topics typically addressed by thesis codes of conduct include : preferred style of dress, avoiding illegal drugs, following instructions of superiors, being reliable and prompt, maintaining confidentiality, not accepting personal gifts from stakeholders as a result of company role, avoiding racial or sexual discrimination, avoiding conflict of interest, complying with laws and regulations, not using organization's property for personal use, not discriminating against race or age or sexual orientation, and reporting illegal or questionable activity. Go beyond these traditional legalistic expectations in your codes -- adhere to what's ethically sensitive in your organization, as well. (Note that, as with codes of ethics, you may be better off to thesis generate your own code of conduct from scratch rather than reviewing examples from other organizations.) Ethics Tools: Policies and thesis on loneliness Procedures. Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: Policies (Personnel) - review to understand how to develop and apply personnel policies. including, e.g., personnel, job descriptions, performance appraisal forms, management-by-objectives expectations, standard forms, checklists, budget report formats, and other relevant control instruments to literature ensure conformance to the code of thesis conduct. In doing so, try to avoid creating ethical dilemmas such as conflicts-of-interest or infringing on employee's individual rights. 2. There are numerous examples of how organizations manage values through use of policies and procedures. For example, we're most familiar with the value of social responsibility. To produce behavior aligned with this value, organizations often institute policies such as recycling waste, donating to local charities, or paying employees to participate in community events. In another example, a high value on responsiveness to customers might be implemented by instituting policies to review define return phone calls or to repair defective equipment within a certain period of time.

Consider the role of job descriptions and performance appraisals. On Loneliness. For example, an advanced technology business will highly value technical knowledge, creativity and systems thinking. They use job descriptions and performance appraisals to encourage behaviors aligned with these values, such as rewarding advanced degrees, patents, and analysis and design skills. 3. Include policies and procedures to address ethical dilemmas. See the next section, Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas, to select a method which is most appropriate to your organization's culture and define operations. 4. Include policies and procedures to ensure training of employees about the ethics management program. See a following section, Ethics Tools: Training.

5. Include policies and procedures to reward ethical behavior and impose consequences for unethical behavior. 6. Thesis On Loneliness. Include a grievance policy for employees to use to resolve disagreements with supervisors and staff. 7. Consider establishing an ethics hotline. This function might best be provided by an outside consultant, e.g., lawyer, clergyperson, etc. Or, provide an anonymous tip box in which personnel can report suspected unethical activities, and on loneliness do so safely on an anonymous basis. 8. Once a year, review all personnel policies and procedures. If yours is a small organization, consider including all staff during this review. Take a full day for all staff to review policies and procedures, and suggest changes. 9. For guidance in thesis on loneliness establishing personnel policies, see the. Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas (with Real-to-Life Examples)

Perhaps too often, business ethics is portrayed as a matter of resolving conflicts in which one option appears to define be the clear choice. For example, case studies are often presented in on loneliness which an employee is faced with whether or not to lie, steal, cheat, abuse another, break terms of a contract, etc. However, ethical dilemmas faced by managers are often more real-to-life and phd thesis on economics highly complex with no clear guidelines, whether in on loneliness law or often in religion. An ethical dilemma exists when one is faced with having to make a choice among these alternatives. Real-to-Life Examples of Complex Ethical Dilemmas. · A customer (or client) asked for a product (or service) from us today. After telling him our price, he said he couldn't afford it.

I know he could get it cheaper from a competitor. Should I tell him about the competitor -- or let him go without getting what he needs? What should I do? · Our company prides itself on its merit-based pay system. One of on loneliness my employees has done a tremendous job all year, so he deserves strong recognition. However, he's already paid at the top of the salary range for his job grade and our company has too many people in the grade above him, so we can't promote him. What should I do? · Our company prides itself on gospel of wealth essay hiring minorities. One Asian candidate fully fits the job requirements for our open position.

However, we're concerned that our customers won't understand his limited command of the thesis English language. What should I do? · My top software designer suddenly refused to use our e-mail system. He explained to me that, as a Christian, he could not use a product built by a company that provided benefits to the partners of homosexual employees. On Loneliness. He'd basically cut himself off from antwone essay our team, creating a major obstacle to our product development.

What should I do? · My boss told me that one of my employees is among several others to be laid off soon, and that I'm not to tell my employee yet or he might tell the whole organization which would soon be in an uproar. Meanwhile, I heard from thesis my employee that he plans to buy braces for his daughter and a new carpet for the structure of research his house. What should I do? · My computer operator told me he'd noticed several personal letters printed from a computer that I was responsible to manage. While we had no specific policies then against personal use of thesis company facilities, I was concerned. Deadly Unna Essay. I approached the letter writer to discuss the situation.

She told me she'd written the letters on her own time to practice using our word processor. What should I do? · A fellow employee told me that he plans to quit the company in two months and start a new job which has been guaranteed to him. Meanwhile, my boss told me that he wasn't going to give me a new opportunity in our company because he was going to give it to my fellow employee now. What should I do? Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: 3 Methods to Resolve Ethical Dilemmas. Organizations should develop and document a procedure for dealing with ethical dilemmas as they arise. Ideally, ethical dilemmas should be resolved by on loneliness a group within the organization, e.g., an ethics committee comprised of top leaders/managers and/or members of the board. Phd Thesis. Consider having staff members on thesis on loneliness the committee, as well. Antwone Fisher Movie Essay. The following three methods can be used to address ethical dilemmas.

Methods include an ethical checklist, a ten-step method and a list of key questions. (Note that The Golden Rule is probably the on loneliness most common method to resolve ethical dilemmas. The rule exists in various forms in many of the world religions.) Twin Cities-based consultants, Doug Wallace and phd thesis on economics Jon Pekel, suggest the following ethical checklist to address ethical dilemmas. If necessary, revise your decision and action plan based on results of the this test. Method Two - Ten-Step Method of Decision Making.

Wallace and on loneliness Pekel also provide the on economics following ten-step method. Method Three - Twelve Questions to Address Ethical Dilemmas. Laura L. Nash poses 12 questions to thesis on loneliness help managers address ethical dilemmas. 1. Have you defined the problem accurately? 2. How would you define the problem if you stood on the other side of the fence? 3. How did this situation occur in the first place? 4. To whom and to what do you give your loyalty as a person and as a member of the corporation? 5. What is your intention in making this decision? 6. How does this intention compare with the probable results? 7. Whom could your decision or action injure? 8. Can you discuss the the structure of research essay problem with the affected parties before you make your decision?

9. Are you confident that your position will be as valid over a long period of on loneliness time as it seem now? 10. Could you disclose without qualm your decision or action to your boss, your CEO, the board of directors, your family, society as a whole? 11. What is the symbolic potential of your action if understood? misunderstood? 12. Under what conditions would you allow exceptions to literature your stand?

(adapted from: Nash, L. (1981). Thesis. Ethics Without the Sermon. Harvard Business Review, (59)) The ethics program is essentially useless unless all staff members are trained about what it is, how it works and their roles in it. The nature of the system may invite suspicion if not handled openly and honestly. In addition, no matter how fair and up-to-date is andrew carnegie-the gospel a set of policies, the legal system will often interpret employee behavior (rather than written policies) as de facto policy. Therefore, all staff must be aware of and act in thesis on loneliness full accordance with policies and procedures (this is literature review define true, whether policies and procedures are for ethics programs or personnel management). This full accordance requires training about thesis policies and procedures. Optional: Also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org.

1. Orient new employees to the organization's ethics program during new-employee orientation. 2. Review the ethics management program in management training experiences. 3. Phd Thesis. Involving staff in thesis review of codes is strong ethics training. 4. Involving staff in review of policies (ethics and personnel policies) is strong ethics training. 5. One of the strongest forms of ethics training is practice in resolving complex ethical dilemmas. Have staff use any of the three ethical-dilemma-resolution methods in this guidebook and apply them to any of the real-to-life ethical dilemmas also listed in this guidebook. 6. Include ethical performance as a dimension in performance appraisals.

7. The best ethics trainer: Bill Goodman, Chief Human Resource Officer at Aveda, describes, We start our training even in our job ads, then adds, but the best trainer is the behavior of our leaders. 8. Thesis On Loneliness. Give all staff a copy of this free Complete Guide to reading thesis Ethics Management. Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, is a Twin Cities-based consultant in the areas of leadership development, board development and strategic planning. Thesis On Loneliness. He has managed in a wide variety of organizations including startup, public-private, small and large nonprofit, and large corporation. He received comprehensive ethics training as an employee in a large defense contractor, various ethics classes and continuing research in business ethics. . In addition, as a manager, he has struggled through several major ethical dilemmas (one was quite public) so he knows and understands the experience. He has led development of several codes of on loneliness ethics and conduct, as well. Carter holds a BA in Social and Behavioral Sciences, BS in Computer Science, an MBA, and a PhD in phd thesis on economics Human and Organization Development. Bibliography of Practical Resources. The following references are to hardcopy documents that provide information about on loneliness managing ethics in the workplace: Berenbeim, R. E. (1992, Spring).

The Corporate Ethics Test. Business and fisher Society Review, 31(1), 77-80. Brenner, S. N. (1992). On Loneliness. Ethics Programs and deadly gutless essay Their Dimensions. Thesis On Loneliness. Journal of Business Ethics, 11,391-399. Buchholz, R. A. (1989). Fundamental Concepts and Problems in Business Ethics. In Madsen, P., Shafritz, J. M. (Eds.) (1990). Essentials of Business Ethics. Literature. New York: Penguin Books.

Carroll, A. Thesis On Loneliness. B. (1990). Principles of Business Ethics: Their Role in Decision Making and in Initial Consensus. Management Decision, 28(8), 21-23. Dean, P. J. The Structure Of Research Essay. (1992). On Loneliness. Making Codes of Ethics 'Real'. Journal of Business Ethics, 11, 285-290. Deborah, B. (1991, January/February). Asking for Help: A Guide to Using Socially Responsible Consultants. Business Ethics Magazine, pp.

24-29. Francis, David R. (1991, June). Prevent Trouble by Improving Ethics. Christian Science Monitor, p. 9. Fulcrum Consulting Group, 1093 Snelling Ave. South, Saint Paul, MN 55116. Phone 1-800-55-ETHIC. Gandz, J. Define. Bird, F. G. (1989, Autumn). Designing Ethical Organizations.

Business Quarterly, 54(2), 108-112. Genfan, H. (1987, November). Formalizing Business Ethics. Training and Development Journal, pp. On Loneliness. 35-37. Josephson Institute of Ethics, 310 Washington Boulevard, Suite 104, Marina del Rey, California. Of Research Essay. Phone 310-306-1868. Kirrane, D.E. Thesis On Loneliness. (1990, November).

Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics. . Training and Development Journal, pp. 53-60. Madsen, P., Ph. D., Shafritz, J. M., Ph. D. (Eds.). (1990). Thesis On Loneliness. Essentials of Business Ethics.

New York: Penguin Books. McDonald, G., Zepp, R. (1990). What Should Be Done? A Practical Approach to gospel essay Business Ethics. Management Decision, 28(1), 9-13. Nash, L. On Loneliness. (1981). Ethics Without the Sermon. Harvard Business Review, (59). Navran Associates Management Consultants, 3037 Wembley Ridge, Atlanta, GA. Phd Thesis On Economics. Phone 404-493-8886. Reynolds, L. (1992, July/August).

The Ethics Audit. Thesis. Business Ethics Magazine, pp. . 20-22. Sims, R. On Loneliness. R. (1991). Institutionalization of Organizational Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 10, 493-506. Strong, K. C., Meyer, G. (1992). An Integrative Descriptive Model of review define Ethics Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics, 11, 89-94.

Thompson, T. (1991, Spring). Managing Business Ethics. On Loneliness. Canadian Public Administration, 34(1), 153-157. Toffler, B. (1991, Winter). Doing Ethics: An Approach to Business Ethics Consulting. Fisher Essay. Moral Education Forum, 16(4), 14-20. The following are links to Websites about business ethics. To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the link below. Each of the related topics includes free, online resources. Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below.

They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature. The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about thesis on loneliness each book, just click on essay the image of the book. Also, a bubble of on loneliness information might be displayed. You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too. The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on on economics the image of the book. Also, a bubble of information might be displayed.

You can click on the title of the book in that bubble to get more information, too. Social Enterprise -- Recommended Books. Free Management Library, Copyright Authenticity Consulting, LLC ® ; All rights reserved.