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James Baldwin: Collected Essays | Library of America
bvw homework central Each year as we approach the Christmas season and james, the threshold of a new year, I have found it rewarding to reflect on questions papers, the uniqueness of our Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. James? As one who believes in the authority and inspiration of the hire someone, Scripture there is the hope and conviction that the return of Christ is not only imminent, but that even those momentous events described in james essays Matthew 24 and Revelation 6-18 cannot be far away. The world, for the most part, however, does not hold to such a belief. The world celebrates Christmas without Christ and this grows more blatant as the years go by. Goals Essays? And not only that, but many today resent the singing of carols or any sort of religious emphasis during the james, season of the year. Some have even suggested changing the name of the season to some secular, nondescript name. In fact, do we not now live in a age in which only one prejudice is disadvantages of space essays, tolerated#8212;anti-Christian bigotry? Michael Novak, the eminent columnist, once said that today you can no longer hold up to public pillorying and james essays, ridicule groups such as African-Americans or native Americans or women or homosexuals or Poles, and so on. Today, the only group you can hold up to public mockery is Christians. Attacks on the Church and Christianity are common. For Research? As Pat Buchanan once put it, #8220;Christian-bashing is a popular indoor sport.#8221; 1. But this should not surprise us.
The world view, which more and more Americans have opted for, even if by james default, is that of secular humanism with its hope in mankind, not the God-man, Christ Jesus. Ironically, coupled with this world view is a certain despondency, disappointment, and discontentment with the job mankind is doing. This has opened the door for the New Age movement and its confidence in mankind, but also its belief in what amounts to demonic powers, the powers that are behind all the religions of the world, the junior certificate, cults, and occult. The world has always had its religious leaders and james essays, false messiahs. Christ warned that in the last days many false messiahs would arise, which, as John tells us will culminate in the Antichrist (1 John 2:18, 22; 4:3). Of the disadvantages, religions of the world, Christianity is unique because it stems from the uniqueness of Jesus Christ, the greatest man who ever lived. In Jesus, we have One who has virtually changed every aspect of human life, but sadly, most people are completely oblivious to the reality of how He has so completely impacted the world. Certainly one of the great tragedies of the Christmas holidays each year is essays, not just the professional goals essays, commercialization of His birth, but the way it is trivialized even when people do speak of His birth and Christmas as an expression of the #8220;spirit of giving.#8221; As Kennedy points out, . . . How tragic it is that people have forgotten Him to whom they owe so very much. Jesus says in Revelation 21:5, #8220;Behold, I make all things new.#8221; (Behold! [ idou in Greek]: #8220;Note well,#8221; #8220;look closely,#8221; #8220;examine carefully.#8221;) Everything that Jesus Christ touched, he utterly transformed. He touched time when he was born into this world#8217; He had a birthday and that birthday utterly altered the way we measure time. 2.
The person, work, and life of Jesus Christ stands as irrefutable evidence against the secular world view and james, all the religions of the world regardless of their makeup. No one else is qualified or capable to of space meet the needs of fallen humanity or restore that which was lost by Adam in the fall of man. James Essays? A striking illustration of this is seen in Revelation 5:1-11. A careful study of the context and disadvantages essays, content of Revelation 6-19 suggests that the seven-sealed book, which only Christ can open, contains the story of mankind losing his lordship over the earth to Satan, the usurper, and james essays, its recovery through the God-man Savior, the Lion who is also the Lamb. He alone is able to accomplish what no one else in the universe can, and, based on His death as the Lamb and His resurrection as the cloning, Redeemer/Savior, He recovers what was lost through the judgments of the sealed book. Thus, as we consider the uniqueness of Christ, we also need to recognize this uniqueness demands our allegiance and commitment as believers. It demands that we rearrange our priorities and stand as luminaries in a dark and dismal world holding forth the message of the unique Christ, the God-man Savior of the World. Jesus Himself sought to impress this mindset on james essays, His disciples when He stated, #8220;You are the salt of the earth, #8230; You are the light of the hire someone to write my personal statement, world #8230;#8221; (Matt. 5:13-16). In the person of Jesus Christ, we have one so unique that His life cannot be explained by natural processes. His person and life defy the essays, natural.
The uniqueness of Jesus Christ presents evidence, as Josh McDowell has so well written #8220;demands a verdict,#8221; that this Man is not only unique, but the Savior of the world. To properly consider the uniqueness of Christ, let#8217;s first consider the uniqueness of Christianity. Alone of all the beliefs of mankind, be they religious or political or philosophical, #8220;Christianity (including its Old Testament foundation) is based upon historical acts and facts. Other religions are centered in the ethical and professional, religious teachings of their founders, but Christianity is built on essays, the great events of creation and redemption. 3. The Moslem faith is based on the teachings of Mohammed, Buddhism is professional goals, based on the teachings Buddha, Confucianism on the teachings of Confucius, Marxism on essays, the teachings of Marx, and evolution on the teachings of human essay Darwin. Not one of james these is good for research, based on the observation of historical data or facts, but on the teachings and theories of james men. Remember, evolution is based on theory#8212;not on observable data. Christianity, however, is founded, not on what Jesus taught (and this distinction is vital to grasp) but on essay conclusion, who Jesus is essays, and on essay, what Jesus accomplished.
Of course, as Christians, we stand firmly on essays, His teachings. No one ever spoke and taught like Jesus, but ultimately, the value of what He said was dependent upon who He was and professional essays, what He did and the abundant historical evidence that authenticated His life and words. This gave the james essays, teachings of Christ authority and placed them alone in the category of absolute truth. The truthfulness of Jesus and His teachings stand on the validity of historical records which are subject to investigation and examination. All other beliefs are based on the teachings and ideas of those who were nothing more than mere men. No matter how brilliant, charismatic, or powerful they may be, there is no guarantee of their objectivity, accuracy or ultimate ability to human essay conclusion deliver what they have promised. The uniqueness of Christianity, however, ultimately depends on the uniqueness of its central figure#8212;the Lord Jesus Christ.
Some try to place Christ among the great religious leaders of history, as one among many, but this is grotesque and absurd. Either He was who He said He was and who history demonstrates Him to be, or, as someone has put it, He was on par with #8216;a man who thinks he is a poached egg.#8217; Christ#8217;s uniqueness is so great that no one, absolutely no one, can compare with Him. But there is james, another evidence of the uniqueness of Christianity as an questions for research papers, outgrowth of the life, death, and james essays, resurrection of Christ. It is the awesome impact of Christ through the church on mankind and history. In his excellent book, What If Jesus had Never Been Born? , Kennedy give an overview of some of the positive contributions Christianity has made throughout the centuries. Following this overview, he develops this in great detail. Here are a few highlights: Hospitals, which essentially began during the Middle Ages. Universities, which also began during the disadvantages of space exploration, Middle Ages. In addition, most of the world#8217;s greatest universities were started by Christians for Christian purposes. Literacy and education for the masses.
Capitalism and free enterprise. Representative government, particularly as it has been seen in the American experiment. The separation of james essays political powers. Civil liberties. The abolition of slavery, both in antiquity and in more modern times. Modern science. My Personal? The discovery of the New World by Columbus. The elevation of women.
Benevolence and charity; the good Samaritan ethic. Higher standards of justice. The elevation of the common man. The condemnation of adultery, homosexuality, and james essays, other sexual perversions. This has helped to preserve the human race, and it has spared many from heartache. High regard for human life. The civilizing of many barbarian and primitive cultures. The codifying and setting to hire my personal statement writing of many of the james essays, world#8217;s languages.
Greater development of art and music. Essays? The inspiration for the greatest works of art. The countless changed lives transformed from liabilities into assets to society because of the gospel. The eternal salvation of countless souls! 4. These are some of the many contributions brought about by the preaching of the message of the gospel of salvation in Christ. Such happened because of the james, spiritual change that Christ brings into the hearts of men. After summarizing these contributions, Kennedy concluded: When Jesus Christ took upon Himself the form of disadvantages essays man, He imbued mankind with a dignity and inherent value that had never been dreamed of before.
Whatever Jesus touched or whatever he did transformed that aspect of human life. Many people will read about the innumerable small incidents in the life of Christ while never dreaming that those casually mentioned #8220;little#8221; things were to transform the history of humankind. 5. The fact of fulfilled prophecy is a unique feature of essays Christianity. The coming of Jesus Christ was prophesied in minute detail regarding His lineage, nature, place of professional birth, where He would be raised, His career, purpose, the james, specific manor and nature of His death, His resurrection, and many other fulfilled prophecies. Essay? And all of james essays these prophecies were made hundreds of years before His birth or first advent.
His birth was, of course, the hire someone my personal, most unique birth in all of human history. Though ancient mythology was filled with tales of james essays demi-gods who were supposed to be the progeny of human essay conclusion lustful unions between women and gods (demons), there was nothing even close to the narrative of the essays, birth of Jesus Christ. Christ#8217;s birth stands alone in history. By the miraculous work of the disadvantages exploration, Holy Spirit, God Himself took up residency in a virgin#8217;s womb in essays embryonic form so that after a natural nine-month pregnancy, she gave birth to junior science coursework a son who was also God#8217;s Son. He was the God-man Savior#8212;not a God-indwelt man. He was both true and genuine humanity and undiminished deity united in one Person forever. No other birth was like this in fact or fiction. As a result of this unique birth, Christ was able to james bypass the curse of sin and the curse of Jeconiah so that He was uniquely qualified as the discursive essay designer, sinless One to both go to the cross to die as the Lamb of james essays God and to reign on the throne of His father David as the Lion of the tribe of Judah (Rev. 5). This is found, as mentioned above in disadvantages of space exploration the divine/human natures of Christ#8212;two natures united in one person.
The Bible makes the claim that Jesus Christ is both God and Man. As God He created all things (Jn. 1:1; Col. 1:16). As man He was sinless and came as the sinless substitute to die for james mankind#8217;s sin. Hire Someone My Personal Statement? But the declaration of Scripture and the evidence of james His life affirm that He was not half man and half God, but totally man and totally God united in one Person. He is God#8217;s indescribable and unfathomable gift to the world. He is the most unique Person of the universe. No other religious leader has ever seriously made such a claim for no other could support it by their life. His life is unparalleled in beauty, scope, character, and conclusion, effect.
No one ever spoke like Jesus Christ, did the things He did, or made the james, claims He made. In view of Christ#8217;s mighty words and works, and the perfect and sinless person men found Him to discursive essay designer be, the james essays, claims He made cannot be dismissed. People cannot, in all honesty to the historical evidence, dismiss Christ#8217;s claims as those of a mad man or reject Him as a fraud. Professional Goals Essays? Modern skeptics try to attribute his miracles and claims to simply the character of his life. But they do this simply because of their prejudice against the light (truth) and against the miraculous, not because there is a lack of bona fide historical evidence. 6. His death is james essays, also unique, not because He was crucified, but because it was prophesied in Psalm 22 long before death by crucifixion was known in exploration Palestine. Second, it is essays, unique because of the disadvantages of space exploration essays, manner in which he died, displaying his sinless and holy character. And third, because of the miracles surrounding his death#8212;the darkness, the earthquake, and the opening of the graves. After seeing Christ on the cross and the events of that day, the Roman centurion who had seen hundreds die on essays, a cross said, #8220;truly this was the Son of God.#8221; The Uniqueness of His Resurrection.
Other religious and philosophical leaders have come and gone, risen and fallen, but none have come back from the dead to carry on their work as did Jesus Christ. Human Essay? This too is unique, not only because Jesus Christ stands alone in this respect, but because of the Old Testament predictions and the incontrovertible evidence for the historical fact of the resurrection#8212;the empty tomb, His post-resurrection appearances, and the transformed lives of james his disciples, not to mention the continuation of essays Christianity in the face of the greatest adversity. 7. The fact is, men reject Jesus Christ, His birth, miracles, and resurrection not because of a lack of evidence, but (1) because they have never really researched the evidence with an open mind, or (2) do not want to submit to his authority and claims, or (3) because they have a basic anti-supernatural philosophy, a prejudice against the miraculous, or both. They approach history with a preconceived notion and then adjust the evidence accordingly. James? In other words, before they even begin their historical examination they have determined the content of their results. Many historians approach history with certain presuppositions and these presuppositions are not historical biases but rather philosophical prejudices. Their historical perspective is rooted within a philosophical framework, and the metaphysical conviction usually determines the #8220;historical#8221; content and results.
The #8220;modern#8221; researcher, when presented with the historical evidence for the resurrection, will usually reject it, but not because of historical examination. The response will often be: #8220;Because we know there is no God#8221;; or #8220;The supernatural is not possible#8221;; or, #8220;We live in a closed system#8221;; or #8220;Miracles are not possible#8221;; etc.#8230; All too often it is the offshoot of philosophical speculation and not historical homework. 8. An illustration of what McDowell is talking about is the papers, Jesus Seminar which recently claimed to essays search for the #8216;Jesus of history#8217; who they claim is different from the #8216;Jesus of faith.#8217; It is the view of those involved in the Jesus Seminar that the historical Jesus was a bright, witty, countercultural man who never claimed to be the discursive essay, Son of God, while the Jesus of faith is a cluster of #8216;feel-good#8217; ideas that help people live right but are ultimately based on essays, wishful thinking. In discussing the Jesus Seminar, Strobel quotes Dr. Luke Timothy Johnson and writes: Johnson systematically skewers the Jesus Seminar, saying it #8220;by no means represents the cream of New Testament scholarship,#8221; it follows a process that is #8220;biased against the authenticity of the gospel traditions,#8221; and its results were #8220;already determined ahead of professional goals essays time.#8221; He concludes, #8220;This is james, not responsible, or even critical, scholarship. It is a self-indulgent charade.#8221; He goes on to quote other distinguished scholars with similar opinions, including Dr. Howard Clark Kee, who called the Seminar #8220;an academic disgrace,#8221; and Richard Hayes of Duke University, whose review of The five Gospels asserted that #8220;the case argued by this book would not stand up in any court. 9. What makes Christ#8217;s person unique? The virgin birth of the Son of God, the disadvantages essays, incarnation, the birth of the God-man. Only the virgin birth can give an adequate answer to the phenomena of the uniqueness of Jesus Christ. (1) In Christ#8217;s life and ministry, he demonstrated who He was--the God-man, the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
He also declared His purpose#8212;to die for our sin. (2) In His death on the cross, Christ accomplished that purpose. He bore our sin in His sinless body on the tree. He died as our substitute, and took our judgment. (3) By His resurrection, God proved the value of His Son#8217;s death and james, the sinlessness of His Person. It proved Him to be the unique God-man. As ordained in the eternal counsels of God, historically for man, it all began in science the fullness of time (Gal. 4:4) when Mary gave birth to her firstborn son, Jesus. But this was no ordinary birth. Rather, it was the result of the power of the Holy Spirit (Matt.
1:20; Luke 1:35). Though anticipated in the prophets for hundreds of years, it all began with that first Christmas when the Son of God became flesh and began to dwell among men. Luke 2:1-14. Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus to register all the james, empire for taxes. 2:2 This was the first registration, taken when Quirinius was governor of Syria. 2:3 Everyone went to his own town to be registered. 2:4 So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to the city of exploration essays David called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family line of David. 2:5 He went to james be registered with Mary, who was promised in marriage to him, and designer babies, who was expecting a child. 2:6 While they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child. 2:7 And she gave birth to her first-born son and wrapped him in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in essays the inn.
2:8 Now in that region there were shepherds out in good questions papers the field, keeping guard over their flock by night. 2:9 An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were absolutely terrified. 2:10 But the angel said to them, #8220;Do not be afraid; for james essays take note, I proclaim to you good news of good questions for research papers a great joy that will be for all the people: 2:11 to essays you is certificate coursework b physics, born today in the town of David a Savior, who is james, Christ the certificate science, Lord. 2:12 This will be the sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth and lying in a manger.#8221; 2:13 Suddenly a multitude of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying, 2:14 #8220;Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among people with whom he is pleased!#8221; The following well known anonymous composition of the james, nineteenth century beautifully demonstrates the uniqueness of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the World. He was born in an obscure village, the child of a peasant woman. He grew up in another village, where He worked in a carpenter shop until He was thirty. Then for three years He was an itinerant preacher. He never wrote a book. He never held an office.
He never had a family or owned a home. He didn#8217;t go to college. He never visited a big city. He never traveled two hundred miles from the place where he was born. He did none of the things that usually accompany greatness. He had no credentials but Himself. He was only thirty-three when the tide of disadvantages exploration essays public opinion turned against Him. His friends ran away. James? One of them denied Him.
He was turned over to His enemies and went through the mockery of a trial. He was nailed to good questions a cross between two thieves. While He was dying, His executioners gambled for His garments, the only property he had on james, earth. When He was dead, He was laid in a borrowed grave through the pity of a friend. Nineteen centuries have come and junior certificate science b physics, gone, and today He is the central figure of the human race. James? All the hire someone to write my personal, armies that ever marched, all the navies that ever sailed, all the parliaments that ever sat, all the essays, kings that ever reigned, put together, have not affected the life of papers man on this earth as much as that one solitary life. 1 D. James? James Kennedy and Jerry Newcombe, What If Jesus Had Never Been Born? , Thomas Nelson, Nashville, 1994, Introduction. 3 Henry Morris, Many Infallible Proofs , Creation Life Publishers, 1974, p. 10. For Research Papers? 4 Kennedy, pp. 3-4. 6 The following are a list of books that clearly set forth some of the awesome evidence for essays Christ: The Case For Christ , Lee Strobel, Zondervan Publishing House, 1998; The Historical Reliability of the Gospels , Craig Blomberg, InterVarsity Press, 1987; The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? , F. F. Bruce, Eerdmans, 1960; The Evidence for Jesus , R. Disadvantages Essays? T. france, InterVarsity Press, 1986; Jesus Under Fire , Michael J. Wilkins and J. P. Moreland, Zondervan, 1995; The Resurrection Factor , Josh McDowell, Here's Life, 1981; Evidence Demands a Verdict , A Campus Crusade for Christ Book, 1972.
Many more could be cited. 7 Two more outstanding books on james, the evidence for the resurrection are Knowing the Truth About The Resurrection, Our Response to the Empty Tomb , William L. Craig, Servants Books, 1988, and good questions, Did Jesus Rise From the essays, Dead, The Resurrection Debate , Gary Habermas and Antony Flew, Terry L. Miethe, Editor, Harper Row, 1987. 8 Josh McDowell, More Evidence that Demands a Verdict , Campus Crusade For Christ, 1975, p. 6. 9 Lee Strobel, The Case For Christ , Zondervan, 1998, p. Disadvantages Of Space Exploration? 127. James? 10 Some have attributed this to Philips Brooks, the author of O Little Town of Bethlehem.
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Essays in Radical Empiricism (1912) By William James // Fair Use
How Wall Street Killed Financial Reform. It's bad enough that the banks strangled the essays Dodd-Frank law. Even worse is the way they did it - with a big assist from Congress and the White House. Two years ago, when he signed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, President Barack Obama bragged that he'd dealt a crushing blow to the extravagant financial corruption that had caused the global economic crash in 2008. These reforms represent the strongest consumer financial protections in history, the president told an adoring crowd in of space essays downtown D.C. on July 21st, 2010. Essays! In history . This was supposed to be the big one. At 2,300 pages, the new law ostensibly rewrote the goals rules for Wall Street.
It was going to put an end to predatory lending in james the mortgage markets, crack down on hidden fees and penalties in credit contracts, and create a powerful new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to safeguard ordinary consumers. Big banks would be banned from gambling with taxpayer money, and a new set of rules would limit speculators from goals essays making the kind of crazy-ass bets that cause wild spikes in the price of james, food and energy. There would be no more AIGs, and the world would never again face a financial apocalypse when a bank like Lehman Brothers went bankrupt. Most importantly, even if any of that fiendish crap ever did happen again, Dodd-Frank guaranteed we wouldn't be expected to pay for it. The American people will never again be asked to foot the bill for Wall Street's mistakes, Obama promised. There will be no more taxpayer-funded bailouts.
Period. Two years later, Dodd-Frank is groaning on its deathbed. The giant reform bill turned out to be like the fish reeled in by Hemingway's Old Man #x2013; no sooner caught than set upon by professional goals, sharks that strip it to nothing long before it ever reaches the shore. In a furious below-the-radar effort at essays gutting the law #x2013; roundly despised by Washington's Wall Street paymasters #x2013; a troop of water-carrying Eric Cantor Republicans are speeding nine separate bills through the House, all designed to roll back the few genuinely toothy portions left in Dodd-Frank. With the Quislingian covert assistance of disadvantages exploration, Democrats, both in Congress and in the White House, those bills could pass through the House and the Senate with little or no debate, with simple floor votes #x2013; by a process usually reserved for things like the renaming of post offices or a nonbinding resolution celebrating Amelia Earhart's birthday. The fate of essays, Dodd-Frank over the past two years is an human conclusion, object lesson in the government's inability to institute even the simplest and most obvious reforms, especially if those reforms happen to clash with powerful financial interests. From the moment it was signed into law, lobbyists and lawyers have fought regulators over every line in the rulemaking process. Congressmen and presidents may be able to essays, get a law passed once in certificate science b physics a while #x2013; but they can no longer make sure it stays passed. You win the modern financial-regulation game by filing the most motions, attending the most hearings, giving the most money to essays, the most politicians and, above all, by keeping at discursive babies it, day after day, year after fiscal year, until stealing is legal again. It's like a scorched-earth policy, says Michael Greenberger, a former regulator who was heavily involved with the drafting of Dodd-Frank. It requires constant combat.
And it never, ever ends. That the banks have just about succeeded in strangling Dodd-Frank is james probably not news to professional essays, most Americans #x2013; it's how they succeeded that's the james scary part. The banks followed a five-point strategy that offers a dependable blueprint for defeating any regulation #x2013; and for guaranteeing that when it comes to the economy, might will always equal right. STEP 1: STRANGLE IT IN THE WOMB. The first advantage the banks had lay in the fact that for all Obama's bluster, Dodd-Frank was never such a badass law to begin with. Goals Essays! In fact, Obama's initial response to james essays, the devastating financial events of 2008 represented a major departure from the historical precedent his own party had set during the 1930s, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt launched an audacious rewrite of the rules governing the American economy following the Great Crash of 1929. Upon entering office, FDR was in exactly the junior coursework same position Obama found himself in james after his inauguration in 2009. Then, as now, the American economy was in tatters after the bursting of a massive financial bubble, brought on when speculators borrowed huge sums and gambled on unregistered securities in largely unregulated exchanges. This mania for instant riches led to an explosion of of space, Wall Street fraud and manipulation, creating a mountain of illusory growth divorced from the real-world economy: Of the $50 billion in james essays securities sold in America in the 1920s, half turned out to be worthless.
Roosevelt's response to all of this was to pass a number of sweeping new laws that focused on a single theme: protecting consumers by forcing the business of Wall Street into the light. Cloning! The Securities Act of 1933 required all publicly traded companies to essays, register themselves and offer prospectuses to investors; the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 forced publicly traded companies to make regular financial disclosures; and the Commodity Exchange Act of 1936 required all commodities and futures to be traded on organized exchanges. FDR also created the FDIC to protect bank depositors (through an insurance fund paid for by the banks themselves) and passed the Glass-Steagall Act to separate insurance companies, investment banks and commercial banks. Post-New Deal, if you put money in conclusion a bank, you knew it was safe, and if you bought stock, you knew what you were buying. This reform strategy worked for more than half a century #x2013; and it offered Obama a clear outline of how to essays, respond to the crash he faced. What made 2008 possible was that Wall Street had moved its speculative frenzy away from the regulated exchange system created by FDR, and into darker, less-regulated markets that had coalesced around brand-new financial innovations like credit default swaps and collateralized-debt obligations. It wasn't that the old system had broken down; Wall Street had just moved the playground. All Obama needed to do to rescue the economy and questions for research papers, protect consumers was to make sure that the new playground had some rules. That meant moving swaps and other derivatives onto open exchanges, making sure that federally insured banks that dabbled in those dangerous markets retained more capital, and coming up with some kind of plan to prevent the next AIG or Lehman Brothers disaster #x2013; i.e., a plan for james unwinding failing companies that wouldn't require federal bailouts. The initial proposal for to write my personal Dodd-Frank addressed most of those concerns.
As drafted, it would have created a system for james shutting down failing megafirms, required swaps to be traded and cloning essay, cleared on james, regulated exchanges, and restored the spirit of Glass-Steagall through the so-called Volcker Rule, which would have prevented federally insured banks from questions engaging in james essays dangerous speculation. It envisioned a powerful new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to represent the interests of consumers against good questions papers Wall Street, a bureau headed not by some banker stooge but by an actual consumer advocate and financial expert like Elizabeth Warren, the Harvard professor who came up with the james essays idea. And it would have cleaned up the mortgage markets by ending predatory home-lending and forcing everyone in professional essays the market, from homeowners to banks to investors buying mortgage securities, to post real cash and keep skin in essays the game when buying or selling a mortgage. Then, behind the closed doors of Congress, Wall Street lobbyists and their allies got to work. Though many of the new regulatory concepts survived in the final bill, most of them wound up whittled down to such an extreme degree that they were barely recognizable in the end. Over the course of a ferocious year of negotiations in the House and the Senate, the rules on swaps were riddled with loopholes: One initially promising rule preventing federally insured banks from trading in cloning risky derivatives ultimately ended up exempting a huge chunk of the swaps market from the new law. The Volcker Rule banning proprietary gambling survived, but not before getting its brains beaten out in last-minute conference negotiations; Wall Street first won broad exemptions for mutual funds, insurers and trusts, and then, with the aid of both Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner and Sen. Chuck Schumer of New York, managed to secure a lunatic and arbitrary numerical exemption that allows banks to gamble up to three percent of their Tier 1 capital, a number that for big banks stretches to the billions.
Then there was the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which went from being a powerful, independent agency run by james essays, Elizabeth Warren to a smaller bureau within the Federal Reserve System run by - well, anyone but Elizabeth Warren. With Geithner and Republicans in Congress blocking her once-inevitable appointment, we no longer had Warren playing watchdog to Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke - instead we had new CFPB head Richard Cordray, a former Ohio attorney general who enjoys far less of for research papers, a popular mandate than Warren, forced to operate within the bureaucracy of Bernanke's Fed. But the best example of james, how the watering-down process helped make Dodd-Frank ripe for junior certificate b physics a later killing was the question of Too Big to Fail. James Essays! Obama, Geithner and human essay conclusion, the Democratic leadership in Congress never seriously entertained enacting the most obvious and necessary reform at all #x2013; breaking up the james so-called systemically important financial institutions (the congressional term for banks so huge we'll have to bail them out of space exploration essays, if they collapse). Rather than simply stopping these firms from getting so big that they'd blow up the universe in a collapse, the james Democrats opted for questions papers a half-clever semantic trick, claiming they had solved the james essays future bailout question with Title II of the Dodd-Frank Act, known as the Orderly Liquidation Authority or OLA section of the bill. In a nod to FDR, Title II would have forced major financial companies to pay $19 billion into human cloning an FDIC-style fund that would cover the cost of any future bailouts. Essays! But then the essays balance of james, power in the Senate was upset by to write my personal statement, the election of Republican Scott Brown to Ted Kennedy's seat in Massachusetts. As the clock wound down toward the bill's passage, Brown insisted on a change: Instead of making ginormous companies pay $19 billion in advance, the FDIC would first use taxpayer money to pay for any bailouts, and essays, then spend years trying to goals, recover that money from Wall Street by means of an assessment process so convoluted that you could grow a four-foot beard in the time it would take to james, understand it. Disadvantages Exploration! Republicans managed to wrangle support, in conference, for the bailout now, pay later idea, and it made its way into the final bill. Fast-forward to 2012.
Rep. James Essays! Paul Ryan, the junior science b physics self-styled Edward Scissorhands of Republican budget slashing, gathers the GOP leadership together and tells the james chairman of each committee that he wants them, collectively, to come up with $261 billion in cuts. Ryan demands $35 billion of the b physics cuts come from the essays Financial Services Committee, which oversees much of the hire someone to write my personal regulatory apparatus that would enforce Dodd-Frank. The committee is essays now chaired not by the reform bill's namesake, Rep. Barney Frank, but by median-intellected Spencer Bachus of Alabama, who last year voted to delay Dodd-Frank reforms designed to human cloning essay conclusion, prevent swaps disasters like the one that drove his home turf of Jefferson County into bankruptcy. Bachus' solution to coming up with massive budget cuts? Eliminate the entire Title II section of Dodd-Frank.
If another#xAD; bank failed, Bachus argued, it would take way too long to recoup the essays bailout money from Wall Street through that crazy assessment process that Republicans themselves had insisted on only two years earlier. Essay! In the end, the logic went, taxpayers would wind up footing the bill anyway, so better just to scrap the entire plan to have the FDIC pay for the bailouts upfront #x2013; thus saving taxpayers some $22 billion. The logic, of course, is complete nonsense. Without Title II, we'd be right back where we started #x2013; rushing to implement an expensive bailout in the midst of a crisis, without any way to make Wall Street repay the money. But because Democrats had preemptively surrendered on the original idea of forcing Wall Street to pay into an FDIC-style kitty ahead of time, Republicans were now in a position to push the whole bailout plan off the pier via a simple budget resolution. To make up the rest of the $35 billion in budget cuts ordered by Paul Ryan, Bachus also proposed slashing Obama's mortgage-aid program and making the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau subordinate to a congressional appropriations process #x2013; meaning that its budget could be subjected to never-ending attacks by the GOP.
The cuts were so extreme that even Geithner, usually a devoted tribune of essays, Wall Street interests, sent a letter opposing them, but to no avail. Essay Babies! The budget-slashing resolution passed the House this April. The problem with attacking laws in Congress, of course, is that you need to control both chambers to make it stick. The Bachus-budget gambit may not have much of a chance of james essays, passing in the Senate, which is still controlled by the Democrats, but that won't faze opponents of Dodd-Frank, who have found an even more dependable arena for gutting the new law: While death and taxes may be only questions relative certainties in today's economy #x2013; failing megabanks neither die nor pay taxes anymore #x2013; one thing that was always absolutely certain from the start was that Wall Street was going to sue the essays living hell out of Washington before the ink was even dry on Dodd-Frank. It took a little while, but the banks very quickly found a tried-and-true method of tying up the reforms in court. Wall Street's first big win involved a small-but-important change known as the proxy access rule, which made it easier for people who own stakes in a company to remove directors from the board #x2013; giving shareholders more power to rein in corrupt or overpaid company executives. More democracy in business sounded like a good idea to someone my personal statement, almost everyone. But Wall Street has a dependable playbook for getting rid of any reform, no matter how small, that leads to greater accountability. First, they hire a shit-ton of lobbyists to go to james essays, the regulators, says Jim Collura, spokesman for the Commodity Markets Oversight Coalition. Then, they beat the crap out of essays, them during the rulemaking process.
And then, when that's over, they litigate the hell out of james, them. Sue their asses! For all the right's supposed hatred of good for research, activist judges, conservatives immediately flocked to the courts in james search of junior certificate coursework b physics, magistrates willing to casually overturn the work of elected officials. In the case of the proxy access rule, Wall Street convinced its two favorite lobbying arms, the Business Roundtable and the Chamber of Commerce, to sue the essays Securities Exchange Commission over a technicality, claiming that the agency had not done a proper cost-benefit analysis before it instituted the new rule. In an appropriately loathsome touch, the Chamber's legal team was led by one Eugene Scalia, son of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. Junior Science B Physics! The younger Scalia, who looks like the product of a twisted test-tube experiment that crossed his father with Ari Fleischer, pitched a federal appeals court on the idea that the proxy access rule was arbitrary and capricious, and that the SEC hadn't spent enough time studying the essays rule's effects on junior coursework, efficiency, competition and capital formation. In fact, the agency had produced 60 pages of cost-benefit analysis and essays, had spent, according to SEC chief Mary Schapiro, some 21,000 man-hours working on someone, the bill and studying its effects. Still, the james essays court wasn't impressed. In his opinion, presiding judge and Reagan appointee Douglas Ginsburg peed all over Dodd-Frank, vacating the rule, which he dismissed as unutterably mindless. With striking chutzpah, considering that he was ruling in a case brought by the mother of all special#xAD;interest lobbies, Ginsburg also denounced the shareholder rule as a gift to special interests, particularly unions and government pension funds.
Almost immediately after the win, the essay gloating Scalia issued a thinly veiled threat to regulators, letting them know that any attempt to implement more limits on Wall Street would likely result in the same kind of lawsuit. James Essays! I would hope the agencies are taking to heart the potential consequences for Dodd-Frank rules, he chirped. The success of the lawsuit cemented Wall Street's strategy for discursive essay designer doing away with Dodd-Frank. James Essays! Rather than challenge the constitutionality of the bill in one broad suit, the finance industry would take the junior certificate science b physics bill apart by pulling out one fingernail at a time. Dodd-Frank is not one thing but many, Margaret Tahyar, a partner at the white-shoe corporate defense firm Davis Polk, told reporters last year. There is no reasonable constitutional or statutory challenge on the whole #x2013; only on the bits and pieces. Very quickly, industry leaders turned to essays, the targets they were most concerned about.
This time, two bank-friendly industry groups sued the essay designer Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) to essays, stop it from implementing position limits in the derivatives market. Papers! Unlike the proxy access rule, which was essentially a procedural issue, position limits got right to the heart of essays, a monstrous international problem #x2013; the perversion of fuel and food prices by financial speculators. The oil bubble of goals, 2008, in which a barrel of oil rose to james, a preposterous $146 before falling to an equally preposterous $35, was one result of such wanton speculation; the my personal surge in global food prices that led to the Middle East revolutions last year was another. The position limits set by Dodd-Frank were designed to prevent any one speculator from controlling more than 25 percent of essays, a commodities market at any given moment. To say that this is an issue that shouldn't be litigated over a technicality is an understatement; it's not a stretch to say that the viability of capitalism itself is at least partially at stake here. The rule, after all, would help ensure that prices are pegged to the real supply and demand of real producers and consumers, not to fantasy bets placed by market-monopolizing speculators. Discursive Babies! But the industry sued the essays CFTC over the exact same issue #x2013; the supposed lack of sufficient cost-benefit analysis #x2013; that the Chamber of Commerce used to derail the proxy access rule. And once again, the industry hired the ass-kicking Scalia, who argued that the certificate CFTC had failed to provide sufficient evidence for its decision to establish position limits.
In an even more awesome demonstration of sheer balls, Scalia Co. also argued that the CFTC's vote to establish position limits was invalid because one of the james essays agency's commissioners, Michael Dunn, did not really believe in the law. Dunn had quit the CFTC to take a cushy job at a Wall Street-friendly law firm, and on the way out the door, he whined that he had only voted for position limits because Dodd-Frank forced him to, calling the rule a cure for a disease that does not exist. So under the to write my personal statement novel test offered by Scalia, rules like position limits #x2013; approved by james, Congress after months of debate #x2013; could be invalidated simply because a federal commissioner who signed off on the details wasn't emotionally on board at junior science coursework the moment of the rule's conception. The lawsuit by james, Scalia Co. succeeded in gumming up the works. The industry has tried to get the court to professional goals essays, issue an immediate stay on the implementation of james, position limits, and the case is likely to drag on for months.
Reform advocates like Collura are taking an almost fatalistic view of these developments. To Write Statement! Even if the judge doesn't issue a delay, Collura says, you know the james Wall Street groups are going to try to appeal it. You might think otherwise, but it doesn't naturally follow that because a law has been passed by Congress and someone my personal, signed by james, the president, said law actually has to be implemented. With Dodd-Frank, the SEC took a brilliant approach to hire my personal statement, submarining one of its own regulations. The agency was supposed to begin enforcing the new proxy access rule by late 2010.
Instead, in October 2010, it granted speculators a last-minute stay #x2013; essentially giving the Chamber of Commerce time to prepare its lawsuit to permanently kill the rule. Position limits are another example. Dodd-Frank ordered the CFTC to james, begin enforcing the new rule no later than January 17th, 2011. But January 17th came and went, and #x2013; no position limits! Gary Gensler, the head of the CFTC and a former executive of Goldman Sachs, then announced that he hoped to implement the rule by professional, September 2011. But September came and went, and james essays, soon it was 2012, and before you knew it, the CFTC, like the of space exploration SEC, was in court, facing a lawsuit that would permanently kill the rule. Even the president got into the stalling game. During the james essays year of nonaction on position limits, the disease that did not exist #x2013; energy speculation #x2013; returned to ravage the American gasoline market. In the winter of 2011, oil soared above $100 a barrel, despite fundamentals of supply and demand that would have suggested a price drop.
Obama blasted fuel speculators for the price hike and announced that he was creating the Oil and Gas Price Fraud Working Group to root out any cases of fraud or manipulation in essay designer the oil markets. He added, in stern and stirring tones, We're going to james, make sure that nobody is taking advantage of American consumers for their own short-term gain. This was a curious decision. If Obama really wanted to stop speculation in to write statement the oil markets, he didn't need to essays, create a brand-new task force that would have to start from scratch to deal with a hellishly complex problem that Congress and the CFTC had already spent years studying. An easier way to deal with excessive oil speculation, one senior Senate aide explains, is for the president to just pick up the phone, call Gary Gensler and say, 'The Dodd-Frank Act required you to put in strong position limits by January 17th, 2011.
Get off your butt and act.' The Oil and Gas Working Group turned out to be a complete sham. In its year of ostensible existence, the panel met only a few times, then never bothered to convene again. One source on the Hill tells me that some of the members were not even aware that they'd been named to the task force for months. It was such a Potemkin committee that when oil prices once again shot up past $100 a barrel this year, Obama was hilariously forced to announce that he was reconstituting the professional goals essays task force, even though it had never officially disbanded. It's a joke, says Greenberger, the former regulator. They've done absolutely nothing. Many key sections of Dodd-Frank, in fact, are now experiencing such unforeseen delays. The Volcker Rule, which severely restricts the james essays ability of banks to gamble with taxpayer-insured money, is in disadvantages of space exploration the midst of an impressive double delay. Regulators have been so slow to wade through the flood of 17,000 comment letters submitted on the rule, most of them from Wall Street interests, that they may not be finished#xAD; writing the regulation by the Dodd-Frank-mandated deadline of July 21st, 2012 #x2013; two years after the bill passed. But instead of kicking regulators in the pants, six senators, led by Republican Mike Crapo of Idaho, introduced legislation to give regulators more time to (not) finish writing the law.
On April 19th, the Federal Reserve announced that it won't implement the james essays Volcker Rule until 2014 #x2013; an extra two years that will give Wall Street plenty of time to find a way to kill the thing for exploration good. STEP 4: BULLY THE REGULATORS. A seldom-considered factor in Dodd-Frank is essays that Congress controls the funding for the federal regulators who are charged with carrying out the new law. Last year, after Republicans attempted to slash the CFTC's funding by for research papers, more than 33 percent, Congress settled for freezing the james essays agency's budget, despite the fact that under Dodd-Frank, the market that the CFTC is responsible for overseeing soared from $40 trillion to $340 trillion. That same year, Republicans tried to cut the SEC's budget by more than $25 million. This results in a curious dynamic: When Wall Street is frustrated by regulators in questions the rule-making process, it can simply lobby Congress to rein them in. The regulators are then forced to strategically surrender on the rules in essays order to stave off budget cuts, Eugene Scalia or whatever other horror-show phenomena Congress and the financial industry might throw their way. Take those huge Paul Ryan-led budget cuts that the House passed in April, scrapping the entire bailout portion of certificate science coursework b physics, Dodd-Frank.
The cuts may not survive in the Senate, which is still controlled by essays, Democrats. But when it comes to rolling back reforms like Dodd-Frank, winning isn't everything. These continual whippings of the new law in the House serve a larger purpose, which is to certificate b physics, frighten and intimidate regulators like the essays SEC and the CFTC, who aren't even finished writing the law's actual rules. The message is clear: If you don't write the rules in the weakest way possible, we have the essays juice to overturn you in Congress. What this is, above all else, is a play to put the essays House on junior certificate coursework b physics, record, says one congressional staffer familiar with the budget-cutting#xAD;battle. It's a leverage tactic. If they have 75 percent of the Financial Services Committee that says, 'You've made mistakes,' or 'This is too gray,' that is a huge hole card.
Even the CFTC admits this pressure exists: Commissioner Bart Chilton warned in essays March that his regulators risk being scared into making rules and cloning essay conclusion, regulations that are weak or ineffective because we are overly concerned about what we call 'litigation risk.' According to Marcus Stanley, policy director for Americans for Financial Reform, one regulator admitted that he worries in advance about Wall Street going over his head. James Essays! If we make this rule too tough, the regulator told Stanley, industry is cloning essay conclusion just going to go to james, Congress and discursive babies, punch it full of holes. A prime example of the crack suicide-squad preemptive-surrender strategy practiced by james, regulators involves the provisions of Dodd-Frank designed to babies, curtail complex derivatives, like swaps, which caused disasters like the crash of AIG and the bankruptcy of Jefferson County, Alabama. Under the law, the SEC and james, the CFTC must decide which swaps dealers will be governed by new rules, requiring them to maintain more capital and collateral. Originally, the agencies were thinking of regulating any dealer who manages more than $100 million in swaps. But then Rep.
Randy Hultgren, a Republican from Illinois, proposed H.R. 3727 #x2013; one of the science coursework b physics nine GOP-sponsored bills to kill Dodd-Frank #x2013; that would raise the threshold to james essays, $3 billion in swaps. Overreacting to essay babies, industry pressure, both the SEC and the CFTC then volunteered to raise the threshold to $8 billion. That means at james essays least two-thirds of all swaps dealers in someone to write statement America will now be exempt from Dodd-Frank. Essays! Given the new threshold, consumer advocates calculate, you could make 1,600 swaps transactions a year, each worth $5 million, and still not have to so much as register as a swaps dealer. The thought provokes something verging on despair in those who have devoted themselves to fighting for real financial reform. If I didn't have to spend my whole life in this, Stanley says sadly, it would be funny. STEP 5: PASS A GAZILLION LOOPHOLES. By the beginning of this year, as a result of all of these threats, delays and lawsuits, Americans could barely see Dodd-Frank's footprint in their everyday economic life. Disadvantages Of Space Exploration Essays! Yet Wall Street was still insufficiently convinced that key portions of james essays, Dodd-Frank were really dead. Essay Conclusion! So it went over the heads of james essays, regulators and impelled Republicans in the House to create an avalanche of new laws designed to undercut the rules the CFTC and SEC were already heroically failing to junior coursework b physics, write.
You might wonder how a bunch of lunkhead Republican congressmen would even know how to write a coordinated series of technical fixes to derivatives regulation, a universe so complicated that it has become hard to find anyone on the Hill who truly understands the subject. (One congressman who sits on james essays, the Financial Services Committee laughingly admitted that when the crash of certificate science coursework, 2008 happened, he had to look up credit default swaps on Wikipedia.) It turns out, they had help from the inside. James! Scott O'Malia, a Republican commissioner on discursive, the CFTC who formerly served as an aide to Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, apparently sent a member of his staff over to the House to help the Republicans write bills to undercut the CFTC's authority. Originally a Bush appointee, O'Malia ignited a controversy when he was renominated to the CFTC by Obama because he had once been a lobbyist for Mirant, an energy company that was caught withholding power from California during blackouts. One of Mirant's subsidiaries was even fined $12.5 million for attempting to essays, manipulate natural gas prices. Now, Obama's own appointee is reportedly leading the charge against finance reform.
O'Malia has assigned a staffer to someone, quarterback all of essays, these bills, says Greenberger. Goals Essays! He's orchestrating a sort of under-cover-of-darkness approach to driving holes in Dodd-Frank. The nine bills being contemplated by james, Congress take a variety of essays, approaches to gutting Dodd-Frank. Essays! Two bills, H.R. 1840 and H.R. 2308, are essentially stalling tactics, requiring regulators to undertake more of those sweeping cost-benefit analy#xAD;ses that result in lengthy delays. Another bill, H.R. 3283, is more substantive: Sponsored by Connecticut Democrat and hedge-fund industry BFF Jim Himes, it exempts foreign affiliates of good for research papers, U.S. swaps dealers from all Dodd-Frank oversight. The rule, if implemented, would make the next AIG possible, given that AIG was undone by half a trillion dollars in james derivative bets produced by such a foreign affiliate #x2013; its London-based financial products outfit, AIGFP.
If passed, says Rep. Discursive Essay Designer Babies! Brad Miller, a Democrat from North Carolina, H.R. 3283 would leave a massive, gaping hole in Dodd-Frank. James Essays! It would be very easy to move those trades to whatever the most indulgent country would be, Miller explains. The bill also exempts from oversight any swaps deals between company affiliates #x2013; meaning that Goldman Hong Kong can sell swaps to Goldman New York without having to deal with Dodd-Frank.
That sounds harmless, but when you combine it with the AIG-style exemption, a bank would basically be able to get around Dodd-Frank entirely by creating its swaps products at an overseas branch, or moving them back and forth between affiliates. An even more distressing bill, which recently raced through the committee process with a simple voice vote, is H.R. 3336, granting broad exemptions from essays swaps regulations to any company that offers extensions of credit to customers. There are some who are convinced that once the financial industry's lawyers get hold of this extensions of james essays, credit line, they will use it to win exemptions for banks engaged in almost any kind of hire my personal, lending activity #x2013; including those involved with municipal-bond offerings, one of the essays most dependably corrupt businesses in the American economy. If all of these bills pass, says Stanley, I don't know why we wouldn't just invite the industry lobbyists in to rewrite the rules. All of these derivatives issues are oppressively dull and technical, and it's extremely difficult for most people to human cloning essay conclusion, imagine how something like Jim Himes' exemption for foreign affiliates can actually affect their daily lives. But having an unregulated market instead of a regulated one might mean you'll pay an extra 50 cents for every gallon of essays, gas (or possibly more, even according to Goldman Sachs).
Or you might have to pay hundreds or thousands more in taxes every year because your town or county or country, if you happen to live in Greece, grossly overpaid an investment bank when it borrowed money. An unregulated derivatives market essentially gives Wall Street a way to goals essays, place hidden taxes on everything in the world . The best way to james, explain where those hidden taxes come from is to compare a regulated market to an unregulated one. It's the difference between buying soap and buying drugs. You go into professional a corner store and there's a price tag on the soap, but you can always go across the james street, or on the Internet, to human essay conclusion, see what soap costs someplace else. But when you go to buy an eight ball of coke, you have to ask your dealer what the price is, and it's not like you can compare prices online.
If you're tough and james, streetwise and you know what coke costs, you might get it for a couple hundred bucks. But if you're some quivering Ivy Leaguer idling in a Lexus, the price might be $400. That's how the swaps market works. It operates completely in to write the dark. James Essays! If you're some Podunk town in Texas or Alabama and junior b physics, you need swaps financing, you've got to james essays, ask Goldman Sachs or Morgan Stanley what it costs.
There's no exchange where you can compare prices. And modern investment bankers are ethically a notch below your average drug dealer. They will extract from their customer #x2013; a town, an airline, a chain of human cloning essay conclusion, retail stores #x2013; whatever they think he'll pay. And that extra cost will be passed on to you by james essays, the overcharged customer, in designer the form of higher taxes, bigger home-heating bills, higher sewer rates or pricier airline tickets. Wall Street will be taking a bite out of you every time you write a check. U nder normal circumstances, seeing the Republicans send a bunch of evil bills like the derivatives exemption to the Democrat-controlled Senate wouldn't scare reform advocates too much. But in March and essays, April, something happened that sent progressives into a veritable panic #x2013; the passage of the so-called JOBS Act, a sweeping, bank-fellating deregulatory law that rolled back a smorgasbord of disadvantages exploration essays, regulations designed to james essays, protect investors from science coursework fraud in the IPO markets.
The White House, eager to greenlight crowdfunding investments and a handful of james essays, other sensible reforms contained in hire my personal statement the bill, leaned on the Senate leadership to send the measure straight to the floor for a vote. That meant this monster deregulatory bill went directly into the books with minimal testimony, no committee hearings and no real debate of any kind. Now, in the wake of the JOBS Act fiasco, many reform advocates expect the same scenario to repeat itself with the nine bills to roll back Dodd-Frank. In the House, a number of the most dangerous derivatives bills have been passed by suspension, a simplified voice-voting process usually reserved for uncontroversial items. The truly sinister thing is that, in order for a bill to be put on the suspension calendar, the two parties must agree #x2013; meaning that Democrats signed off on this Trojan-horse method of treating complex, economy-altering bills as minor technical fixes. The truth is essays that Dodd-Frank is disadvantages of space exploration so huge, and james, contains so many complicated new rules, that there are, in fact, many areas where small technical fixes are needed.
H.R. 4235, one of the nine bills brought before Congress, resolves a real problem with the way swaps data is collected, an issue that was preventing foreign swaps dealers from science coursework b physics getting onboard with the reform. But when needed fixes like this are thrown in side by side with a mind-boggling exemption for swaps dealers like H.R. James Essays! 3336, which hits the floor as the innocuously named Small Business Credit Availability Act, all those members of Congress who don't sit on the Financial Services Committee will have no way of telling which bill is the minor technical fix and which is the essays sweeping repeal. Essays! Moreover, when those members see that some bills are co-sponsored by Democrats, and that the junior certificate science b physics Democratic leadership agreed to put the bills on the suspension calendar for a simple voice vote, many will take it as a cue that it's OK to vote for essays the rollbacks.
That's particularly true because most members of Congress know that the public seldom pays any attention to the fiendish complexities of things like derivatives reform. I've never had someone back in the district say to me, 'I think derivatives need to be traded on an exchange,' says Miller. These are the kinds of issues that aren't going to good questions for research papers, have any pop in james a 30-second ad. The nine bills to gut Dodd-Frank could also receive a JOBS Act-style welcome when they reach the Senate. There are only papers two Senate committees with the jurisdiction to tackle these bills, and neither appears to be planning to take a whack at essays any of the new measures. The Agriculture Committee, which oversees the babies CFTC, has been busy dealing with a huge farm bill. The Banking Committee, which oversees the james SEC, is dominated by Democrats who wouldn't mind at all if Dodd-Frank had both its legs broken, including Chuck Schumer of New York and Mark Warner of Virginia. What's more, the committee's understated chairman, Sen. Tim Johnson of South Dakota, seems weirdly willing to let pretty much anything touching the questions for research papers financial world roll straight to a vote without his changing a comma #x2013; a sharp contrast to the days when fist-shaking politcal Godhead Chris Dodd ran the james committee. Chris Dodd would have been angry if people considered doing things without him, says one Democrat. He'd be like, 'You, out of cloning essay conclusion, my sandbox.'
That means all those thousands of hours of james, debate and fierce negotiation spent hammering out Dodd-Frank two years ago might now go up in smoke in goals a matter of a few quiet minutes. Of the big-ticket items that were actually passed two years ago, the derivatives reforms have been completely gutted by loopholes, the Volcker Rule has been delayed for two years, and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau may be thrust under the james budgetary control of science coursework, Congress, which is determined to destroy it. And much of this is taking place with the assent of Democrats, for a very simple reason: because the name of the game isn't cleaning up Wall Street, it's cleaning out Wall Street #x2013; throwing a yes vote at a bank-approved bill to get them to pony up in an election year. All this is aimed at the financial services industry, admits one senior Democratic congressional aide. It's to let them know, 'Hey, you're OK, we're not going to essays, destroy your business #x2013; and give us your money, because we're trying to raise it for an election.' That's the underlying problem with cracking down on Wall Street: Our political-economic system has grown too knotted and unmanageable for good papers democratic rule. While it's incredibly difficult to james, get a regulatory reform passed, it's far easier #x2013; and more profitable to politicians #x2013; to kill it.
Creating legislation is a tough process. Junior Coursework B Physics! But watering down legislation? Strangling it with lawsuits and comment letters and blue-ribbon committees? Not so tough, it turns out. You can't buy votes in james essays a democracy, at least not directly, but our democracy is run through a bureaucracy. Human beings can cast a vote, or rally together during protests and elections, but real people #x2013; even committed professionals #x2013; get tired of running through mazes of motions and questions papers, countermotions, or reading thousands of pages about swaps-execution facilities and NRSROs. They will fight through it for james essays five days, or maybe even six, but on the seventh they will watch a baseball game, or Tanked , instead of diving into that morass of hellish acronyms one more time. But money never gets tired. It never gets frustrated.
And it thinks that drilling holes in Dodd-Frank is every bit as interesting as The Book of human essay, Mormon or Kate Upton naked. The system has become too complex for flesh-and-blood people, who make the mistake of essays, thinking that passing a new law means the end of the discussion, when it's really just the beginning of a war. This story is goals from the May 24th, 2012 issue of Rolling Stone. Editor's Note: This article has been changed to james, reflect the hire someone statement fact the james Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is not dependent for its budget on the Federal Reserve. Sign up for our newsletter to receive breaking news directly in your inbox.
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Henry James: Literary Criticism: Essays on Literature, American
Writing Better University Essays/Main part. This part constitutes the main part of your essay. Try to use about 60% of your words for this part. You can understand it as delivering what you have promised in the introduction. This part of the essay is james essays often referred to good questions, as the james, main body, or the argument. It’s the part of the essay, where you develop the answer.
Whilst doing so, it’s important to be aware of the question at discursive essay babies all time. This is the only way to keep to the topic set. Ideally, every paragraph is geared towards answering the question. It does not suffice, if you are aware of how a particular paragraph is james essays focused on your task: you need to professional, show the relevance to your reader. There are little phrases, such as “this example illustrates that”, helping you with this task.
Consider the following example: “The resistance in Harlem insisting to keep an open market in 125th street helped to james essays, point out professional goals essays that there are people with different needs in the city (Zukin, 1995).” After outlining resistance in Harlem, these few sentences make it plain what the james, example showed us: that different people in cities have different needs. Writing an disadvantages, essay can take a considerable time, but it’s important that you keep to your original plan as much as you can. James Essays? Of course, new ideas will come up as you write. In this case, you should jot them down, so as not to professional goals essays, lose them. Next, think about it: How will this help me answering the essays, question? Is this relevant to the essay? Do I not have another example of this already? What you do is to make sure that what goes into the essay has one purpose only: answering the question. Sometimes it’s difficult to resist the temptation, but don’t explore thoughts by the way.
This should not discourage you from having original ideas, or even exploring them, but it should encourage you to junior science, use your essay for one purpose only. Keeping to essays, the plan means keeping to the structure. Good Questions For Research? This is important, because you can lose your reader by jumping around from james, one topic to for research, the other, even if all you say as such is relevant and useful. By having a clear structure, and keeping to it, your reader will always know where the journey goes next. Essays? This makes your essay a pleasant read. To write a good essay, first of all, you need good hooks which help to draw your readers’ attention. A hook is a small element in good papers, the introduction of an essay which motivates people to read your work. It is an interesting and catchy sentence which has a deep meaning and helps a writer introduce the main idea. Essays? Essay hook Identifies a purpose of writing.
When writing the main part of the essay, it’s important to keep the argument and illustrations in balance. Too few examples make the cloning essay, essay dry and james essays difficult. Too many, on questions, the other hand, make the argument disappear. Essays? The trick is to include illustrations to bring the text alive, but link them tightly with the human cloning conclusion, argument. James Essays? Rather than stating that “this is an example of white-collar crime,” you may say “tax avoidance is a good example of white-collar crime, because…” By so doing, you demonstrate the importance of the example, you highlight how and disadvantages of space exploration why it is important, and most importantly, maybe, you avoid that the examples take over. If the illustrations take over, your reader will be unclear about why you included the examples. Sections are an important tool to structure the james, answer of an essay.
The longer the answer, the more important sections probably are. Some courses and tutors may ask you to include subheadings (as used in this book); some institutions even have explicit recommendations on discursive essay, their use. Subheadings can be a good way to structure an james essays, answer into sections. However, the lack of professional goals essays, subheadings—or the fact that your tutor discourages you from using them—is no excuse for not having sections. Sections group paragraphs that elaborate a similar point. Often, within a section, you’ll have a number of paragraphs discussing the james essays, same issue from a number of different perspectives. Junior Certificate Science B Physics? A section can be treated, in some ways, as if it was a mini essay in itself.
This is the case, because in each section, a particular point is explored. For example, there might be a section on the arguments for abortion, and then a section on the arguments against. What is important when writing a section, is that both you and james the reader are aware of the purpose of the section. It’s tiring and frustrating for discursive designer your reader to essays, read half a page before knowing what you’re writing about, or more often why you’re writing this here. For these reasons it’s important to certificate b physics, link the james, sections into a coherent one. By linking the sections, and linking the paragraphs within each section, your essay will be more focused on answering the question. For example, after a paragraph outlining problems of studying and discursive essay babies measuring the transmission of social disadvantage, in one of my essays I discussed how sibling data may be the solution.
I opened the paragraph as follows: “The use of sibling data promises a cure to at least some of the problems outlined above.” In one sentence, the new topic (sibling data) is introduced, but it is also indicated why this may be important (because these data help tackling the problems already outlined). The reader should not be puzzled as to what the link is between problems of james, measuring the transmission of social disadvantage on the one hand, and sibling data on the other. Phrases that link different sections can be understood as mini introductions and mini conclusions. Particularly when a section is long, or where the disadvantages of space, link to the next section is not immediately apparent, it might be useful to write one or two sentences to summarize the section. This will indicate to james essays, the reader how far we have come in developing the argument, but also remind him or her, why we have bothered to write a section in the first place. This box contains a selection of useful phrases you can use in your essays. Professional Goals Essays? You can use these words and phrases to connect the different bits and pieces of james, your text into discursive babies, a coherent whole. James Essays? The following list is intended to give you an idea of all the essay, phrases that are available to you.
Generalizing : as a general rule, as a rule, in general, generally, normally, on the whole, usually. Explaining : in other words, that is, this means that. Express certainty : it is essays certain that, there is no doubt that, I am confident that, certainly, definitely, clearly, undoubtedly, presumably, will, is, should. Express probability : it is probable that, it is likely that, probably. Express possibility : can, may, it is possible that, could, might, might possibly, possibly, perhaps. Express doubt : it is doubtful that, maybe. Express improbability : is cloning improbable, is james essays unlikely, it is uncertain. Express impossibility : impossible, cannot, can’t, will not, is designer babies not. Draw attention : it is james worth noting that, it should be emphasized that, it should be highlighted that, it should be underlined that, in particular, especially, mainly, chiefly, mostly, it should be pointed out junior science b physics that, it should be noted that, it should be remembered that, it is worth stressing that, is vital, is crucial. Contrasting two points : however, but, in spite of, despite, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, nevertheless, nonetheless, instead, conversely, on the contrary, by james, contrast, whereas, while, whilst, although, even though, on the one hand, on the other hand, in contrast, in comparison with, but, yet, alternatively, the former, the latter, respectively, all the same.
Giving alternatives : there are two possibilities, alternatively, the one, the other, either, or, neither, nor, in addition, no only, but also, worse still, better still, equally, likewise, similarly, correspondingly, in the same way, another possibility, in a similar vein, as well as, furthermore, moreover, also, although, again, what is more, besides, too, as well as. Giving examples or introducing illustrations : for example, for instance, to disadvantages exploration, name an example, to essays, give an example, is well illustrated by, a case point is, such as, such, one of which, illustrates, is an example of this, is shown by, is questions for research exemplified by, is essays illustrated by. Stating sequence : first of all, first, firstly, second, secondly, thirdly, fourthly, now, then, next, finally, to goals essays, complete, after that, 1, 2, 3, last, lastly, furthermore, to essays, begin with, moreover, in addition, to conclude, afterwards. Reformulate the same point : in other words, to put it more simply, to disadvantages, put it differently, it would be better to james essays, say. Stating consequences : so, therefore, as a consequence, as a result, now, consequently, because of, thus, for this reason, then, this is why, accordingly, hence, given this, with reference to, given, on for research papers, this basis, is caused by, causes, due to, has the effect, affects, the reason for, because of this, if, then, results in, leads to, produces, owing to, through, as, since, because.
Stating purpose : in james, order to, so that, so as to, to. Giving the method by which something happened: by …ing, by (noun), by using. Stating surprise about something unexpected: besides, however, nevertheless, surprisingly, nonetheless, notwithstanding, only, still, while, in any case, at hire my personal statement any rate, for all that, after all, at the same time, all the same. Summarizing : to sum up, in james, summary, to summarize, in brief, altogether, overall. Reaching a conclusion : I conclude, I therefore conclude, reached the conclusion that, it is concluded, therefore, for cloning essay conclusion this reason, then, thus, in conclusion, to essays, bring it all together. Listing components : distinct factors, comprises, consists of, constitutes, is composed of, may be classified, may be divided, can be distinguished. Giving definitions : (something) is, means, describes, is defined as, is certificate science b physics used, is concerned with, deals with, relates to, involves, signifies, consist of. Approximating results : is just over, is essays just under, a little over, a little under, about, approximately, nearly. Qualifying comparisons : considerably, a great deal, much, very much, rather, somewhat, significantly, slightly, scarcely, hardly, only just (bigger than); exactly, precisely, just, virtually, practically, more or less, almost, nearly, approximately, almost, not quite, not entirely (the same as); totally, very, completely, entirely, quite, considerably (different from); is similar, is dissimilar, is different.
Qualifying frequency : never, rarely, sometimes, usually, often, always, generally, on the whole, frequently, occasionally, hardly ever, seldom. Qualifying results : under no circumstances, mainly, generally, predominantly, usually, the majority, most of, almost all, a number of, may be, some, a few, a little, fairly, very, quite, rather, almost. Qualifying change : no, minimal, slight, small, slow, gradual, steady, marked, large, dramatic, complete, steep, sharp, rapid, sudden (rise, increase, fluctuation, decrease, decline, reduction, fall, drop, upwards trend, downward trend, peak, plateau, level off) Just like sections are structured into paragraphs, each paragraph should have some internal logic. You can usually use the first sentence of a paragraph to introduce what the paragraph is of space exploration about. This is particularly useful at the beginning of a new section.
Consider these phrases as bridges. Essays? For example, in one of my essays, I opened a paragraph with “It will now be necessary to hire, consider the argument that local cultures are dominated by james, transnational corporations.” My readers will immediately know what the paragraph is about. Ideally, every single sentence is of space exploration geared towards answering the question. Practically, this is hard to achieve, given the lack of infinite time resources available to james essays, most of us. Science? However, by your trying to link similar paragraphs into sections, and by essays, linking sections into human cloning conclusion, a wider argument, every essay will benefit. The result is an essays, essay that is easier and more pleasant to read. Each paragraph, and definitely each section, should be geared towards the essay question you’re answering. It’s therefore a good idea to evaluate each section in questions for research, terms of how far this helped to answer the essay question. You do a number of essays, things with this: demonstrate that you’re still on track; you’re working towards a conclusion; you demonstrate the human cloning essay, relevance of what you wrote in the section.
If you can’t state how a particular paragraph or section is relevant towards your answer, then probably it is not. There are different ways to structure the main part of the essay. One key difference is between essays structured along the lines of analytic dimensions, and those structured along the lines of argumentative dimensions. For example, the essays, analytic dimensions of an essay on to write statement, globalization may be economic aspects , cultural aspects , or political aspects . On the other hand, the argumentative dimensions may be arguments that globalization affects local consumption patters a great deal, and arguments suggesting very little impact only. James? The analytic approach would examine the professional essays, different views in terms of economic aspects first, before moving on to cultural aspects. The argumentative approach would first explore the views in favour of strong impacts in all the different dimensions: economic, cultural, political, and then move on to do the same for arguments against. There is no fast rule which of these approaches is better. In fact, both approaches can be very successful. You should consider the extent to which your structure helps you avoid saying the same thing twice. James? Whatever approach you choose, a clear indication in the introduction as to junior certificate science coursework, how you approach the essay will make sure your reader knows where you’re going.
An essay where the same word or sentence structure is repeated time and time again is james often boring. Many writers consider repetitions bad writing. Essay? There are a few things you can do to avoid repetition. Where you should be careful, however, is the use of specialist terms. For the reasons outlined in the section on defining terms, you should never substitute a specific term with a more generic one. James Essays? If you talk about power, then say so, even if this means using the same word over and over again.
By no means use a thesaurus and pick a random suggestion offered there. My word processor, for example, suggests cognition as a synonym for power . This may be the case in some contexts, but as a key term, this is professional hardly ever the case. The most common case when we tend to repeat the same phrase is probably where we refer to james, what somebody else said. Disadvantages Exploration Essays? In everyday speech we simply say “Amy said this, Bobby said that, Carla said yet another thing.” In the more formal style required in essay writing, this is essays commonly written in professional goals essays, the following way: “Adams (2006) states that…, Bird (1999) suggests that.” In order to make your essay less repetitive, consider the following options in addition to the common states and suggests. Always use your own judgement, when a phrase feels overused. James? By suggesting that repetition may leave a less than ideal impression, it’s not argued that this is an professional goals essays, area of essay writing worth spending hours on. It’s much better being repetitive, but being precise and making a good argument.
Crouch (1977) argues that … Daniels (2004) sees the problem as resulting from … Elton (1848) identifies the problem as consisting of essays, … Ferro (1997) is of the opinion that … Gallagher (2003) defends the view that … Hall (1998) notes that the problem originates from essay conclusion, … Inglehart (2000) considers that … Jackson (1984) views the issue as caused by … Kanter (1970) maintains that … Lewis (2002) concurs with Mann (2000) that … Nixon (1955) supports the view that … Orwell (1999) holds the james essays, view that … Perry (2005) agrees that … Quart (2001) denies that … These alternative ways to put the ever same idea may be particularly useful when reviewing what different authors had to say on essays, an issue—the parts of the essay where you simply restate what has been said before. Other alternatives you might consider are saying that somebody: added, affirmed, argued, asked, asserted, assumed, believed, challenged, claimed, concluded, considered, contradicted, demonstrated, described, determined, disagreed, discussed, disputed, emphasized, explained, found, hypothesized, implied, inferred, maintained, observed, pointed out, postulated, questioned, recommended, refuted, regarded, rejected, reported, said, stated, stipulated, suggested, viewed (something). This list should illustrate that there need be no conflict between variation in writing and writing clearly. If in doubt, however, you should always prioritize clarity. When writing for academic purposes, there are a number of james, conventions that you should follow. A key difference to most other forms of writing is that we give references to the sources of our argument. Ambiguity is something most academics dislike, and you’re more credible, too, if you avoid it. Academic writing tends to be rather formal, and many will advise you to avoid writing in the first person (that is, not write using I). Disadvantages Of Space Exploration? This makes academic writing both formal and impersonal. The reason why the first person should be avoided, is that in scientific writing one’s opinions, feelings and views are not regarded as important.
Stating that I think it’s unfair that some people can’t get a visa, does not count as much. However, urging you not to use I in essays can fail in two ways. James? Firstly, you could still write about your own feelings and opinions using different phrases, and essays secondly, not all uses of the first person are bad. Essays? It’s a good idea to stay clear of phrases such as “I think,” or “in my opinion,” unless you’re evaluating a claim. However, there is professional goals essays no apparent reason for not saying “I will first define the key terms.” Using the first person in this way will make a text more approachable. Moreover, using phrases starting with I, you avoid using the james, passive voice which many find more difficult to read.
Having said this, some markers still consider it preferable not to disadvantages exploration, use the first person. Should your tutor or marker be one of them, you may want to essays, play it safe. Don’t use we when you mean I . If you are the sole author, the use of a plural is technically not correct. Junior Certificate B Physics? However, even a tutor who hates such phrases will not mark you down: It’s the argument and general structure of your essay that count for essays much more. One area where there is no room for professional goals argument is the essays, use of colloquialisms, slang, or street language.
Academic writing is formal writing, and you might be penalized for using the wrong register. A little bit of informality here or there will not normally matter much. Hire Someone To Write? Watch out for informal words, such as really , a bit , or maybe , and consider replacing them with very , a great deal , or perhaps' . James Essays? In spoken language, we often use interjections such as actually , or to science coursework, be honest . These, too, don’t belong into an academic essay. Consider the following example: “To be honest, I don’t think much of this theory” is something we might say to a colleague of ours. When writing an essay, you could put this as: “It is clear from the evidence presented in this essay that the applications of james essays, this theory are limited.” The following list further illustrates what is meant by formal and informal English. The formal words are included in brackets in each case: Ask for (request), carry out (conduct), chance (opportunity), find out (discover), get better (improve), get worse (deteriorate), guess (estimate), look into (investigate), OK (satisfactory), tell (inform), worried (concerned). Euphemisms, such as passed away for human essay conclusion die , are another aspect of language you should not use in your essays: if you write about and james mean die , then say so. Clarity and junior science coursework accuracy are paramount. Essays? For these reasons academic writing can be rather tentative and cautious. Essay Designer? This is the case because we are not after grabbing headlines, but we write accurately what we know.
If our data suggest that X possibly leads to Y, we say just that. In this case we should never say that X leads to Y. In academia we are often unsure what really goes on, and we should be upfront about this. Similarly, contractions—such as don’t (for do not) or can’t (for cannot)—are not commonly considered formal enough for academic writing. James Essays? Some of cloning essay, your readers will consider this convention ridiculous; others take it as a sign that you have not understood you should write in james, a scholarly fashion. To play it safe, use the full forms at any time.
This particular academic convention seems to ease more and goals essays more. Some students struggle with the rules of james, capitalization: which letters are written as capital letters. Goals Essays? The easiest one is that every sentence starts with a capital letter. Names and titles (called proper nouns) are also written with capital letters, unless there is a specific reason not to. So, we write the name of james, Mark Granovetter with capital letters, but the special case of the professional essays, iPod is written with a small one. Official names and particular places are written with capital letters.
It’s thus the james, Department of Health , and Oxford University . However, when we write about general places, we don’t use capital letters. We study at junior coursework university in general. Official titles are often capitalized, such as Value Added Tax . Furthermore, many abbreviations come with capital letters. It’s an MBA your friend may be studying for. The days of the essays, week are capitalized, such as in of space exploration essays, Monday and Wednesday , as are the james essays, names of the months. The names of countries, nationalities, languages, and people from of space essays, places are written with capital letters: the Swiss live in Switzerland , and essays Norway is a country. Apart from this, about every other word is written with small letters. Because as scientists we normally want to be precise, there is goals a class of phrases we avoid: weasel terms. Weasel terms are short phrases that pretend much, but don’t actually deliver the promise. They are usually empty assertions, such as “it is generally known that“ or “most writers agree that.” This box contains a list of essays, weasel terms.
In an essay, you should never use these phrases without a reference to substantiate what is hire someone my personal said. allegedly arguably as opposed to essays, most considered by many contrary to many critics say that experts say that it could be argued that it has been noticed it has been said it has been stated it has been suggested it is generally claimed it is widely believed that mainstream scholars say that mainstream scientists say that many people say many scientists argue that research has shown researchers argue that serious scholars say that social science says sociologists believe that some argue some feel that some historians argue the scientific community this is widely considered to be this is widely regarded as widely considered as. It is possible to use weasel terms, as long as they are backed up with a reference or two. So, saying that something is “widely considered the foremost example of” something is possible, if you either provide a reference to questions, someone who demonstrates this, or provide a group of references to james essays, back up your claim. However, in human cloning essay, most cases we want to be more precise. Rather than saying that “many social scientists argue that class is important”—which is probably true—and giving a couple of references to back this up, it’s better to put it as follows: “Goldthorpe (2000) argues that class remains important.” Or maybe we have access to a statistic we can cite, that X% of social scientists seem to consider class important. In either case, the james essays, solution is more precise and good questions thus more satisfactory. The use of references is an james essays, academic convention, and you must follow this, even though it might be a tiresome exercise.
Not only will you follow the questions for research, convention, but your work will also appear much more credible. You can find more on the use of references in a separate section. Footnotes are often associated with academic writing. James? Before you use footnotes in your own writing, however, consider your reader. Footnotes interrupt the conclusion, flow of reading: you force your audience to stop for a while, moving down to the bottom of the page, before they can read on. From the reader’s point of view you should avoid footnotes if you can. The only general exception is if you use footnotes for referencing. Don’t use endnotes (footnotes at the end of the james, text), unless they are used exclusively for referencing. Asking your reader to flick forth and back through your essay is discursive essay designer even more of an interruption. Endnotes exist for practical reasons from the time before word processors. Footnotes are used to explain obscure words, or when you want to add some special information.
In the case of obscure words, if it’s a key term, define it in the main text. There are cases, where you’ll want to use an obscure word, but it is not central to the argument. Consider the following example: “The Deputy must, with every word he speaks in the Diet 1 , […] anticipate himself under the scrutiny of james, his constituents” (Rousseau, 1762, cited in cloning essay conclusion, Putterman, 2003, p.465). Here I talk about the name of an assembly. The word is probably obscure to most readers, but not central to my argument: I write about parliaments in general, not the Diet in particular. Adding this footnote will help the james essays, readers to understand the quote. In terms of coursework, special information, if you make an important point, then make in the main text.
If it’s an unimportant remark, then very often you don’t want to essays, make it at all. The guiding principle is disadvantages of space whether the note is relevant to your answer. Another aspect of language you can find often in academic writing are Latin abbreviations. Never use these unless you’re sure what they mean. Normally, you should not use abbreviations in the main text. Instead, use plain English. Not only will you avoid embarrassing yourself if you misuse the abbreviations, but also will your reader be clear about what you mean. It’s much clearer to write for example, rather than mistakenly putting i.e. Essays? instead of e.g. (a common mistake). Designer? Some readers are annoyed by Latin abbreviations, not many will be impressed. James? Others will simply struggle to understand without a look in disadvantages of space, the dictionary. The same is true for a number of English abbreviations.
Another area of academic writing where there are many bad examples out there is the use of jargon and specialist terms. Whilst we aim for clarity and accuracy, jargon is never justified where it does not help these purposes. Specialist terms can be very useful to summarize complex issues into james essays, a few letters. Professional Essays? Nonetheless, all technical terms need to james, be defined in simpler language somewhere in your essay. Once you have defined your terms, you can use them without worrying too much. Junior? This is where the james essays, define section comes in.
Bear in mind what your audience is likely to know. Other aspects of writing that may make your essay easier to read, and thus more approachable are: the use of shorter words where possible, cutting out words where they are redundant, using the human essay conclusion, active voice ( I do , she says , rather than it is understood , it is essays achieved ), and using English words where they are not different from the Latin or Greek ones. We want to write as clearly as we can, because when the writing is not clear, very often this is an indication that the argument is not very clear, either. 1 The Diet was the name of the deliberative assemblies in certificate b physics, many European countries at the time of Rousseau’s writings.
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Henry James: Literary Criticism: Essays on Literature, American
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Other layouts like .doc can scramble across different platforms. Just make sure the james job offer accepts them. Pro Tip: Keep entry level engineering resumes to one page only. For those with more experience, 2-3 pages is human best. How to Write a Resume Summary or Resume Objective. Meet the recruiter. Her name's Sharon. She's at her desk.
Nice Rudolf Diesel portrait. She's pulling out essays her hair, because she's got 400+ resumes for essays engineers in james essays, her computer, all the goals essays same. Like most recruiters, she spends six seconds looking at each one. Then she gets to yours. Essays. She slows. She actually reads it. Because your creative engineering resume summary grabbed her like the margin note for Fermat's Last Theorem. Use a resume summary if you've got enough experience to fill the professional goals Albert Hall. Use a resume objective if your work history is full of holes.
Or if you're writing an engineering student resume. Either way, use lots of measurable wins. Like in james, these samples from engineering resumes: Engineering Resume Examples: Two Summaries. Look at these very different mechanical engineer resume examples: Mechanical engineer with nine years experience.
Skilled in leadership, collaboration, lean manufacturing, and manufacturing design layout. So what's wrong with that? Nothing, if you want your engineering resume to look like all the rest. You want to wake up the recruiter like she just found out you built the London Underground. Do it like in the next of our mechanical engineering resume samples: Energetic mechanical engineer with 9+ years experience. Seeking to use proven process and production design skills to advance manufacturing excellence at Boeing.
Increased production efficiency by 35% at essay conclusion, Raytheon IADC. Decreased costs 28% and cut lead times by 22%. Lowered defects 32% department-wide. Essays. Spearheaded the team that received the someone to write my personal Shingo Prize in 2017. Wow, right? Who wrote that engineering resume? Steve Wozniak? Don't have that kind of james essays, experience? No worries. I'll show you how to make your own resume summary just like it in a bit.
How to Write an Entry Level Engineering Resume Objective. Afraid your engineering resume will look like a Klingon warship with the cloaking device left on? Take heart. Essay Designer. Start with an engineering resume objective statement. They're for entry level engineers, or people seeking a new niche. They also work for engineering student resumes. Two Entry Level Engineer Resume Examples. Engineer with BS in james essays, mechanical engineering.
I don't have any work experience to date, but I'm a fast learner with a vigorous work ethic. Not awful, right? Neither is the Channel Tunnel, but that missed, too. Let's try the next of our mechanical engineering resume samples: Enthusiastic engineering college graduate with freelance experience. Completed several client projects, including small consulting and research jobs.
Made a watch movement in someone my personal statement, CAD with precise dimensions. Designed a process to essays thread fiber bundles along different sections of a working coil. Delivered each job under budget and before deadline. That's not just any college student engineering resume summary. That could be the human next Elon Musk. Yet even a beginner can get that kind of experience for engineering resumes fast. How? Google freelance mechanical engineering jobs. Essays. Writing a civil engineering resume for freshers? Search freelance civil engineering jobs instead. Pro Tip: Lots of professional essays, engineers on Reddit say they sent in 200+ resumes before they got a job.
To save time, make your own engineering resume templates. Then customize them for each job description. How to essays Describe Your Engineer Experience. Remember our recruiter, Sharon? What matters most to her is disadvantages of space essays competence. You need to prove you have it. Do it with the experience section of james, your engineering resume. The main point here is relevant experience. Let's look at what that means.
If I'm applying for a job as a mechanical engineer on the Death Star, relevant experience is things like beam weapon development, superstructure design, or past work building fatal flaws into gigantic systems. But if I want Scotty's job from Star Trek, I'll need to show a knack for good questions recrystallizing dilithium, calibrating transporters, and essays performing engineering miracles in half the expected time. That means each resume for engineers is junior certificate science coursework b physics fine-tuned for each specific job offer. So, start with the engineering job description. Jot down all the qualities the james essays company is looking for. Then, show your last job first.
Add 4-6 bullet points that prove you have those qualities. Cram them full of measurable achievements. Check out the next of our engineering resume examples. Engineer Resume Examples: Experience. Take a look at discursive essay, an engineer resume sample that outperforms the rest. Designed manufacturing procedures, processes, and essays production layouts for equipment installation, assembly, machining, and materials handling. Essay Designer Babies. Redesigned machine arrangements department-wide for improved efficiency. Increased production efficiency by james 35% over essay designer previous arrangement. James. Spearheaded the Quality, Cost, and Time Lean Manufacturing initiative.
Decreased costs 28% and hire cut lead times by 22% across the department. Increased production quality, measured by 32% less defects, 25% less customer complaints/returns, and james 30% less rework on all projects. Wow, right? The recruiter just stopped playing with her desk catapult. Look at those metrics. Check out those details. It disintegrates the next of our engineering resume examples. Designed manufacturing processes, procedures, and production layouts.
Oversaw equipment installation, assembly, and machining. Oversaw materials handling layout. Redesigned machine arrangements for improved efficiency. Increased production quality for manufacturing. That is just so Skylab , right? But all it needs to of space exploration essays put it in sustained orbit is a few details and numbers. What if you don't have details? Take heart.
You can still write an effective resume for james engineers. How to Write an Engineering Resume for an Internship with no Experience. Want to know how to write an discursive babies engineering resume for an internship? It's just like writing a regular engineer resume, but with one important difference. You'll improve your chances of james essays, getting the hire to write my personal statement internship if you scrape up a tiny bit of experience first.
Do a few one-off jobs. Paid research is enough. Work cheap or free on a couple of short projects. James Essays. Volunteer a day or two. To land these opportunities, search online for freelance engineering jobs. You might spend a few days working for peanuts, but you'll come out the other end with a NASA-level engineering resume. Look at these next two engineering resume examples: Two Entry Level Engineer Resume Samples. Engineer Experience : No real world experience yet, since I just graduated from college. Yuck. Remember when those engineers conflated metric vs English and professional goals crashed that Mars probe?
Yeah. Same thing. But look at the next of our engineering resume examples. Sourced a small motor gear box for a customer's specifications. Essays. Assisted with design of a small custom microscope optics system. Performed CAD design for essay designer babies a new sports visor idea. Essays. Consistently delivered to customer needs at 20%+ under budget. That's more like a proto Nikola Tesla than an for research papers engineering fresher.
Yet it only james took a week or so to build that kind of junior certificate science coursework, experience for an engineering resume. Don't discount internship experience either. Show it just like a regular job. If you want specifics for how to write a mechanical engineering resume, check out our guide on that here. Otherwise, search online for civil engineering resume examples or electrical engineering resume examples. Pro Tip: Don't have enough experience to fit the offer? Rejoice. Jobs that say 5 years will often take the james right candidate with 1 or 2. And 1-2 can often mean an internship. Don't bore recruiters with staid language. Excite your engineering resume to good questions for research a higher state with action words.
See our guide: +80 Examples of Resume Action Words for Every Profession Is Your Education Section Flunking Out? It Might Be. Let's get back to Sharon. Our recruiter. For education, she just wants to essays see BS. Babies. Right? It's like saying a car needs four wheels and an engine, then expecting people to ignore Ferraris. But add details that match the job description. Here are a couple more mechanical engineering resume samples. Two Engineering Resume Examples (Experience) That's bare bones.
Like, Hubble-Telescope-Original-Lens material. But let's add some relevant details. Followed my passion in Product Design and Manufacturing coursework. Excelled in Mechanics and Materials. Pursued an independent study program in james, Machine Layout Design. Wrote a weekly colum n on Lean Manufacturing concepts in The Tech. That's as engaging as a set of cloning essay, lightsaber specs. But anyone can make a resume for essays engineers like that. All it takes is brainstorming, then fitting past achievements to the engineering job description like a laser-measured U-joint. Pro Tip: For engineering students, networking is king. Go to good questions for research papers job fairs, talk to advisors, professors, friends, and essays acquaintances.
You never know where that great career is hiding. How to Put Skills on a Resume for an Engineer. So far your engineering resume is firing on all cylinders. But you can coax more out of it. It needs to latch onto the job description like a facehugger from Alien. So, we'll slave each of your bullet points to a skill shown in the posting. Create a master list of all your skills. Even if it's lubricating the chain drive in a CNC machine, toss it in professional essays, the list. James. It'll be too long to put on a resume, but we'll deal with that.
Next, list all the hire someone to write my personal skills shown in james essays, the job description. Then, cross-wire the lists. Last, prove the skills in someone to write my personal statement, your engineering resume's experience and education sections. Let's say the job description values leadership , collaboration , production design , and lean manufacturing . Put those on your resume for engineers. Then add a couple more like communication and essays process layout. Why? Because if you're too exact, you're pandering. Then, retool your experience section to prove you have those skills, like so: Executed daily manufacturing engineering activities, including working with teams to design and implement manufacturing processes and discursive essay designer layouts. Increased employee engagement in the Lean program by 42% . Administered the james manufacturing department's customer communication initiative.
Increased fidelity of communications with customers by 22%. R edesigned Kanban system. Decreased inventory by 53% . There. You may as well have built the Three Gorges Dam. List of Skills to Put on human cloning an Engineering Resume. Need some sample skills to launch your engineering resume? Start by looking at essays, the hard and soft skills below. Then troll job offers online to find more. If you do the above, your engineering resume will look like you could handle anything. Essays. That includes changing the solenoid on the Space Shuttle or redesigning Dubai's Palm Islands. Pro Tip: If you've got most of the james essays skills in the job posting, you're already qualified.
It's better to be slightly under qualified than over. Companies love to know you'll grow with them. How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. You've got the summary. The experience section. Essays. The education section. They're all plugged straight into james essays, the job description. Your resume for engineers is defect free. Proof you're a well-rounded person. I know.
Ick, right? Remember, if it ain't broke, it just doesn't have enough features yet. PE License Conferences you've been to Articles you've written Courses Software Interests Hobbies Additional activities Volunteer work Professional associations. Everything in extra sections should make the case that you can walk the good questions for research talk . A resume from james, engineers should allow for of space exploration zero waste. Check out the sample engineering resume section below. The first part shows how to show your license on a resume for engineers. Engineer Resume Sample Other Sections.
Licensed Massachusetts Professional Engineer. 2015 - Spearheaded the james essays team that received the Shingo Prize for Excellence in Manufacturing. Active member, American Society of Manufacturing Engineers. Delivered a presentation on Lean Manufacturing at the Mechanical Aerospace Engineering Conference in 2017. My article 10 Mechanical Engineering Best Practices was published in iCrank. That's a pretty next-level list of engineering resume achievements.
Don't panic if it doesn't sound like you. Almost anyone can make an engineering resume hum like the cloning conclusion Large Hadron Collider. You just need to essays dig a little. Pro Tip: Even physical activity like rock climbing or trail running can save a sagging engineering resume. As a bonus, you can make networking connections while doing them. Here's the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. Nobody likes cover letters. 60% of the time, that's true 100% of the time. The other 40% you need a cover letter. Unless you know which is which, write one.
Here's how to do a resume cover letter: Make your engineering cover letter personal. Start with the recruiter's name. Make it relevant. If you like that Boeing is more concerned with right than fast, then say so in your cover letter.
Then link your cover letter to their needs. Mention a couple high points from your resume that match the job. End your cover letter with a call to action. Professional. Say something simple like, I'd welcome the james essays chance to questions papers talk with you about your needs. So, how important are cover letters?
Very, to almost half of all recruiters. This is all the more relevant to entry level engineers. Cover letters matter. Don’t take any chances, write one for james each and every application. Pro Tip: After you hit send on professional goals your professional engineering resume, follow up! A thank you email can be just the thing that puts you top-of-mind. How to Add Contact Info to james essays Your Resume. Putting contact info in professional goals essays, a resume for essays engineers isn't what you think. It's more than just: Full Name Updated Phone Number Professional Email Address.
Victor Durand, VictorJDurand@gmail.com - 978-289-2658. You'll also want to give the discursive essay designer babies recruiter some way to see you as more than just a sheet of paper. Something beyond a resume for engineers. Do that by james adding social media handles. Include your LinkedIn address, Twitter handle, or Instagram.
Make sure that picture from the ASCE conference in Duluth two years ago doesn't come back to my personal haunt you. Use our guide to james essays cleaning up your social media presence here. A personal portfolio site is another great add-on for an engineering resume. Your resume is words, words, words, but a portfolio site shows images and diagrams. Pro Tip: Not sure how to make your own portfolio website for your engineering resume? Google it for dozens of examples, or see this article for tips . To write a solid professional engineering resume: Know you'll need to send out 200+ engineering resumes to get that perfect job. Disadvantages Of Space Essays. You'll have to tailor each one to james essays every job description. Build your own engineer resume templates to streamline the process.
Fit your engineering resume to cloning essay conclusion the job posting like an Oldham coupling by picking the right skills. Build a skills list from the offer. Then prove you have those skills by showing relevant experience. Use numbers to james essays add metrics to your achievements. My Personal Statement. An engineering resume with measurable wins will beat a plain vanilla offering any day.
Got questions or tips about how to make a great engineering resume? Give us a shout in the comments section! Tom Gerencer is a founder and former owner of james essays, MediaNortheast Video Production and Training Without Boredom. Disadvantages Of Space Essays. A full-time writer in the fields of essays, personal finance and good for research career advice, Tom lives in West Virginia with his wife Kathy, two children and james essays a couple of ornery dogs.