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Annotated Bibliography: Arts Education. Arts Education in on authority, America: An Annotated Bibliography Statement of Scope: The purpose of this bibliography is to attain information from credible sources on arts programs in schools. Essay Grabber Techniques! The goal is to provide enough information so that the reader is then able to sat essay on authority, form their own opinions on the benefits, problems, and policies on arts programs at varying levels of education. 50 Essay Great! Those looking to sat essay on authority, find detailed information will find this bibliography to be a good starting point. Parsad, B. , and Spiegelman, M. 2012. Arts Education in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: 1999–2000 and 2009–10 (NCES 2012–014). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U. S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Web. 24 Jan. 2013 This source is a presentation of unbiased information about both the overall arts education programs and specific sections including: visual arts, music, dance, and theater/drama.

The report utilizes a plethora of charts, graphs, and other visual aids to help organize and present the information. Essay Designer Babies! Parsad and Spiegelman first present their findings on sat essay overall arts education programs including the percentages of research, schools offering visual arts, music, dance and theater classes. They then dedicate ten to fifteen pages discussing the particulars of each section of the arts listed above. There is so much information in sat essay, this article that it would be great for someone looking for a broad spectrum understanding of arts education programs. The visual aids complement the information presented and would be easy to price dissertation, incorporate into on authority, a variety of works. They earn better grades and demonstrate higher rates of college enrollment and attainment. ” (12) Most of the graphs simply relate percentages of students with low and high levels of art engagement to achieve certain things like high school graduation, entering a bachelors program, and attaining a steady professional level career. For every study and graph presented or reviewed there is clearly cited sources, if any confusion remains the appendix and 50 essay great, cited pages are very clear about how to find more information.

Being that this is a report of findings from a national organization it is not biased to or for support of arts programs. For anyone looking for specific statistics to use in a presentation or report of their own, this research report could be very helpful. As previously stated the bulk of the information is presented through graphs and sat essay, charts that utilize percentages, and is therefore very easy to take and use in a presentation without having to research paper, do much work yourself. For someone looking for a more scholarly breakdown of the sat essay, benefits of arts education on high-risk students this report will not be as helpful, as it would be time consuming to trace the information presented back to the original sources. Dwyer, M. Christine. Grabber! 2011. Reinvesting in Arts Education: Winning America#8217;s Future through Creative Schools.

President#8217;s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. The reports emphasizes the on authority, essential role that arts education programs play in improving student engagement and building creativity. Dwyer discusses, in a lengthy and promises essay form, wordy overview, the current Arts Education programs and policies shortcomings. “It is widely agreed that the U. S. On Authority! public education system is not adequately serving a significant portion of our nation’s children and that public K-12 schools must change dramatically o achieve the Administration’s goal that the United States become a global leader in postsecondary attainment by 2020#8230; School leaders and price dissertation, teachers will need to step up to on authority, the challenge of finding new ways to engage many more students in meaningful learning#8230; ” (27) More importantly, this report discusses possible solutions such as reinvesting in arts education, and argues for creating arts-rich schools that can engage students in ways that complement the study of the arts and other traditional subjects such as literature, history, science, and mathematics. About Day Of! Another key takeaway from this report is it shows readers the link between arts education and achievement in other subjects. Being that this source is a report by the President’s Committee on the Arts and sat essay on authority, the Humanities, it attempts to present evidence to support the positions of the president and his corresponding political party. As political and wordy as this report is it would most likely benefit someone looking into the politics side of arts education, it would not be as helpful for 50 essay great, someone looking for developmental and long term benefits of art involvement in schools. Rabkin, Hedberg. 2011.

Arts Education in America: What the Declines Mean for Arts Participation. Based on on authority the 2008 Survey of essay about, Public Participation in sat essay on authority, the Arts. National Endowment for the Arts. My First School! (Research Report #52). Web. 24 Jan. Sat Essay! 2013. This report presents its findings after researching important question related to arts education in America. Questions like: Has participation in arts programs declined? What does it mean for teachers and students? How has this affected participation in other extracurricular activities? How does this affect support for programs?

The article presents the questions to lao tzu research, the reader and then follows up with information that supports both positive and negative claims about the answer. Charts are used when needed to simplify information into an easily digestible visual aid. There are numerous sources used as evidence for the information presented, as well as suggestions for further investigation into sat essay, the questions presented. 50 Essay Great! This report has a very neutral stance towards the information presented. There is good information presented for sat essay, varying arguments and the ultimate decision is left to the reader. This source would be a fair report to use in a work, especially if in an argumentative essay you need information for the view that opposes yours. However for someone looking for research, highly specific information this report will only be useful for an introduction into the questions being asked about the national education programs. Oxtoby, David W. 2012. The Place of Arts in Liberal Education.

Liberal Education, v98 n2 p36-41 Spr 2012. Oxtoby uses a great deal of logic to explain his opinion on the place of arts in liberal education and he uses statistics to sat essay, support his views. In his article, he states that diversity in the curriculum is a keystone to success in any liberal education program. He also claims that part of that diversity needs to include a program where students can express their creativity. Being able to express their creativity and the stimulation provided by babies arts programs lead to more successful students, both in academics, community involvement, and professional work environments. On Authority! This article is a good source of simple and sound logic in support of arts programs being included in all liberal education. Oxtoby’s statements and presentation of the information is biased towards supports arts programs, but he always includes evidence to support his ideas.

Also, while he does not approve of excluding arts in liberal education there is discursive designer babies never any negativity in his statements, only more supporting evidence for his ideas. Some readers will find this article to be dry and uninteresting unless they already have some knowledge and opinions on the place of arts in education programs. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?

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Proposition 8: The Same-Sex Marriage Debate. Recently, I posted a number of posts about sat essay California Proposition 8. Discursive Essay Designer Babies. This is an emotionally charged issue with good thoughts on both sides. Not surprisingly, my posts sparked debate in the comment sections where a number of excellent questions were raised. Richard Hollis is one commentator who raised especially thoughtful questions. As a result of the questions raised, especially by sat essay on authority Richard, I have decided to write my thoughts on Same-Sex Marriage from the ground up and essay grabber, have asked Richard to respond. Below is my essay followed by Richard’s response. Please note, when I sent Richard my essay, I had not yet added links to sat essay on authority my sources. Richard and readers of Evangelical Outpost – thank you for discursive babies, your thoughtful read and consideration of this post. – Dustin Steeve. The upcoming proposition amending the constitution in the state of California to affirm marriage gives us opportunity to sat essay on authority pause and 50 essay great, reflect. Since 1970, marriage has endured a series of devastating attacks. In January 1970 the sat essay Family Law Act was signed by babies California Governor Ronald Reagan and “no-fault divorce” was written into law.

Reagan would later cite this as one of his greatest regrets. The intent of the law was to help Californians separate amicably without having to contrive reasons for sat essay on authority, obtaining a divorce. As the explosive increase in divorces since 1970 attests, the effect of the law was that it hurt marriage. Presently, proposition 8 is giving Californians a rare opportunity to stop further tampering of grabber techniques, marriage through law. Sat Essay On Authority. As we consider the promises proposition, reason, empirical evidence, and sat essay, morality ought to inform us. Each of these has led me to the decision to affirm marriage by voting yes on proposition 8. Marriage is a fundamental building block of society. That phrase is often used but seldom explained.

When I say “fundamental building block of society” I am referring to marriage’s natural creation of families. Families build societies through the natural birthing and price dissertation, rearing of children. Without children, societies cease to exist. Reason dictates that a society wishing to preserve itself ought to foster and protect the on authority union whereby children are naturally born, supported, and socialized. For marriages where child birth is not possible, married couples have the option to adopt children who do not have the protection and support of about day of school, their biological parents. Current laws support this natural and sat essay, healthy system. Allowing same-sex couples to become a normal part of this system is unhealthy and unwise for the following reasons. According to A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D, “There is essay about my first day of school, no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in sat essay on authority a home with a married mother and father.” Psychological evidence shows that children have needs which are met uniquely by parents of opposite gender. From the way mothers and fathers uniquely hold children, to the way they uniquely play with children or discipline children, a child’s need for love, support, and personal well-being are met uniquely by parents of the opposite gender. By definition, same-sex couples cannot meet these unique needs.

Furthermore, no reputable psychological theory or empirical study denies the importance of mothers in a child’s development. Gay men raising children are doing so without a mother in the nuclear family. Given the evidence, it is false to believe that science shows all family forms to be equal. Out of love for our children and for our fellow citizen, we ought not to promises essay entry solidify this false belief by writing into law and teaching it to on authority our children. If we chose to ignore the number of needs a same-sex couple by definition cannot provide to the state or to the life of research, children, the sat essay on authority same-sex culture still has elements of great concern which we ought to 50 essay great consider before we introduce these elements into marriage. Pain and suffering resulting from sexual disease permeate homosexual communities. According to ex-gay speaker Mike Haley, the odds of a straight man contracting AIDS after one heterosexual encounter are 1 in 165,000 as opposed to 1 in sat essay 175 for gay men after one homosexual encounter.

These tragic statistics on HIV/AIDS seem to be confirmed by techniques the Center for Disease Control estimates on HIV prevalence. Sat Essay On Authority. Multiple differences in lifestyles account for this including the greater likelihood of drug use among gay men as well as a higher average sexual partner rate. Lao Tzu Research. Domestic abuse occurs much more frequently within the homosexual community more than within heterosexual relationships. Sat Essay On Authority. 78% of lesbians have reported domestic abuse related problems. Gay and bisexual men experience violence at 50 essay great a rate of 2 to 5. In addition to the problems of sat essay, disease and violence, the homosexual community has a concept of “commitment” that is very different from marital commitment. Currently, monogamy is the promises norm and is socially expected among married couples. Only 25% of heterosexual men and 15% of on authority, heterosexual women report sexual infidelity; 17% of marriages end in divorce as a result of infidelity. Promises Form. However, within the homosexual community, infidelity is the sat essay on authority norm. Designer. Recent studies show that 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in their current relationship.

Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an average of 3-5 partners a year. Apparently, marriage can get worse. I have given reasons why I believe equating homosexual unions with marriage is unhealthy. Upon these grounds, I believe a rational decision can be made. However, before I go further in the argument, I want to be clear on sat essay, the following point: anyone who suggests you keep your morality out of the promises essay contest entry marriage question is making a dangerous proposition. Laws are filled with moral presuppositions and sat essay on authority, prescriptions. Though law and morality are not the discursive essay designer same, laws are written by people and every person follows a moral compass. Sat Essay. At its core, the decision to affirm marriage is essay grabber techniques, a moral matter. The decision to allow homosexuals to marry is on authority, a moral matter because at the core of homosexual marriage is homosexuality. Your answer to the question of whether homosexuality is moral is going to determine your view of whether homosexual marriage should be accepted.

My moral framework is heavily informed by my evangelical Christian faith. My First. I believe the on authority Lord clearly speaks against homosexuality through scripture. I recognize that the claim is entry, controversial and worthy of its own post, but for on authority, the sake of brevity, I cite I Corinthians 6: 9-11 as evidence. I believe an appropriate Christian response to homosexuality is one which recognizes that the opposite essay, of homosexuality is not heterosexuality, its holiness. Christians ought to respond to on authority homosexuality as they ought to respond to research all other sins: pursuing holiness and lovingly calling others to pursue holiness likewise.

One need not be a Christian in sat essay on authority order to have a compelling moral argument against homosexuality. For example, you might be Aristotelian. If so, you might consider the anatomical design of men and women and conclude that homosexual sex is against the proper function of humans. Perhaps you believe that there exists a proper order of things as a brute fact of the universe. Certainly, most people believe that there is some kind of order to the universe. If you hold the universe to be ordered, then you might look at the numerous physiological complications resulting from gay sex, such as the need for colostomies, and conclude that the discursive essay designer activity is sat essay on authority, disordered and therefore not good. These are just a few of the many moral frameworks from which arguments against homosexuality can be levied.

Western tradition has always understood marriage and heterosexuality to be normal, healthy, and moral. Advocates for homosexual marriage claim that homosexual marriage is promises contest, equally normal, healthy, and moral. Just as in formal debate the burden of proof rests on those presenting challenge to the status quo, so the burden of proof rests on the advocates of sat essay, homosexual marriage to prove its morality. Marriage is a fundamental building block of our society. It is foolish to believe altering the form of the marital union will not have consequences. For the reasons stated above, if we allow homosexual marriage, I believe its consequences will be adverse to marriage.

Recently, marriage has suffered the consequences of unhealthy ideas written into law such as no-fault divorce. Now we can put a stop to that trend. I hope that you will apply reason to an examination of the evidence, that you will allow your moral framework to play a role in essay grabber techniques your decision. I believe that I have done so and have come to the conclusion that it is my responsibility, morally and for reasons pertaining to the health of my society, to vote yes on proposition 8 and affirm marriage. by Dustin Steeve. Your essay begins by talking about the ‘devastating attacks’ that have been waged against on authority marriage since 1970, citing no-fault divorce as an grabber, example. The impression it seems to convey is that marriage is a sacred institution that has stood immovable and implacable for eons, but now recently faces threat. Sat Essay On Authority. This is something of a fallacy. The Bible itself (a popular reference point for those who traditionally oppose same-sex marriage) shows us that different attitudes to marriage have been in 50 essay great vogue in different times.

The Israelite patriarch Jacob, for sat essay, example, married both Rachel and Leah, daughters of Laban. “And Jacob did so, and essay techniques, fulfilled her week: and sat essay, he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.” –Genesis 29:28. Jacob ended up with four wives, and was far from the only polygamist in the Bible. Others include Gideon (Judges 8:30), Elkanah, father of the beth price prophet Samuel (1 Samuel 1:2), and sat essay on authority, kings such as Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:21), Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:21), and Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 24:3). Most famously, Solomon himself had “seven hundred wives… and three hundred concubines” (2 Kings 11:3). None of these royal polygamists were chastised or punished by God for this – except for 50 essay great, Solomon, but even here the on authority exception proves the rule. According to the Bible, Solomon’s sin was not that he married many wives, but that he married foreign wives who turned him away from worshipping Yahweh (11:4). Of course, these were times when women were considered merely property, and paper, the New Testament moves much closer to our traditional ‘one-man-one-woman’ view of on authority, marriage (though it never actually condemns the polygamists of the Old Testament). But it does show that the concept of marriage has changed, and techniques, is culturally specific, rather than an institution with clear rules handed down by God and thriving unchanged throughout human history since Creation.

For an example closer to our time, consider interracial marriage. In 1967, Mildred Loving and her husband Richard, an interracial couple, were arrested at their Virginia home for violating that state’s anti-miscegenation law. The couple pleaded guilty, and were sentenced to on authority a year in prison. The appeal went all the way up to the Supreme Court, which lead to an end to bans on interracial marriage. Today the fight to end the 50 essay great ban on same-sex marriage mirrors the one to sat essay on authority end the ban on interracial marriage. Gay couples, just like mixed race couples, seek exactly the discursive essay designer same thing: to on authority be allowed to lao tzu research marry the on authority ones they love. It is a parallel which many supporters of the 50 essay great ban find uncomfortable, since racism these days is so widely regarded as bigoted and unacceptable. Homophobia, unfortunately, is sat essay on authority, less so. Next, you claim that children “have needs which are met uniquely by parents of opposite promises contest form, gender.” I am sorry that, being a draft essay, there is no link for on authority, me to essay my first follow, but let me cite the sat essay following for examples of many, many studies which show insignificant or no detrimental affects on children having been raised by same-sex couples. If the sources you cite turn out to be valid, we can only conclude that the results from research and studies are, at best, mixed.

It is also worth considering the sort of people that society does allow to marry and promises contest, procreate. Murders, convicted felons, even child molesters are still free to wed and have children. Sat Essay On Authority. They do not lose these rights through their actions. In the eyes of the designer law, they are still considered capable of loving another person and their own children, while homosexuals are not. This should be obviously ridiculous to sat essay anyone who has ever met a single homosexual. They are just as capable of dissertation, loving another person, and a child, as heterosexuals.

But that is rather beside the on authority point, because when discussing whether a same-sex marriage is a healthy environment in which to raise a child, you are really talking about gay adoption and parenting. This is an entirely new argument (though one in which I’d be happy to 50 essay great participate). Sat Essay. Even if it were shown that a same-sex household was not a suitable environment in which to 50 essay great raise a child (and I am not agreeing with that statement at sat essay all), then that would still not be have any relevance on whether we should allow gay people the essay my first day of right to be joined in matrimony to their partner. On Authority. Unlike the essay my first case of interracial marriage where children are generally an inevitable consequence of marriage, for same-sex couples they obviously are not. You then go on to quote shocking statistics about homosexual relationships.

I have to be honest, but when I read them I laughed. This is exactly the kind of homophobic nonsense which simply does not stand up to sat essay on authority real-world experience of homosexuals. “78% of 50 essay great, lesbian relationships are riddled with domestic abuse… Only 25% of heterosexual men and sat essay on authority, 15% of paper, heterosexual women report sexual infidelity… 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in their current relationship.” Again, I only wish I had the links available to me to sat essay on authority read up on these studies, but as it is I simply do not believe they are accurate or reliable. The implications are clear: homosexuals are dirty and essay, diseased, totally unable to control their lusts and their relationships are all dysfunctional. In actual fact, you only need to spend a little time on the gay scene to realise that homosexuals are people, just like heterosexuals. Relationships are just as complicated and complex as they are for heterosexuals. Sat Essay. Perhaps homosexuals are a little more inclined to promiscuity (though I find the statistics you quote grossly exaggerated), but -and this is the research point- you still find love between homosexuals. Plutonic love, fraternal love, but also deep, caring, romantic love. Sat Essay On Authority. And the promises form fact is sat essay on authority, that these couples cannot marry. Same-sex marriage has been legal in several countries for years, so we can, to a limited degree, measure the effects of same-sex marriage. Denmark, for example, legalised it in grabber techniques 1989. The results from sat essay on authority this ‘long-running experiment’ have been uniformly positive.

Opposition to the Danish law was led by the clergy (much the same as in the States). A survey conducted at the time revealed that 72 percent of Danish clergy were opposed to the law. It was passed anyway, and essay school, the change in the attitude of the clergy there has been dramatic – a survey conducted in on authority 1995 indicated that 89 percent of the Danish clergy now admit that the law is a good one and essay about day of, has had many beneficial effects, including a reduction in suicide, a reduction in on authority the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and in promiscuity and infidelity among gays. But again, this rather misses the point. If you are worried that same-sex couples seem promiscuous, then your real quarrel is with promiscuity, not same-sex couples. If you believe that same-sex couples are violent, then your real quarrel is with violence, not same-sex couples. If you believe that sexually transmitted diseases are more common among same-sex couples, then your problem is with sexually transmitted diseases, not same-sex couples. To refuse marriage to all same-sex couples on these grounds is simply to be a bigot and tar all homosexuals with the same brush. You then go on to talk about grabber laws being rooted in morality. This I do agree with. Laws are entirely human constructs, and on authority, we make and revise them as we see fit.

We do look to our own moral compasses to guide us in deciding what activities should be criminalised in beth price dissertation our societies, and sat essay, which should not. However, you then state that your own morality is price dissertation, rooted in your religion, and sat essay on authority, that you object to homosexuality itself for religious reasons. This, of course, is 50 essay great, your choice. Sat Essay. You may base your beliefs on whatever you wish, and my first day of, I don’t doubt that religion is a popular choice for many people. But when your religious beliefs lead you to actively support a ban which has deep and fundamental consequences on other people, you are effectively enforcing your own religious beliefs onto sat essay other people.

You correctly state that one does not need to be a Christian to oppose gay marriage, but that does not mean that everyone does, by a long, long way. Many homosexuals may belong to any number of religions who are neutral to the matter or homosexuality. Many sects of Buddhism, for example, celebrate homosexual relationships. In reality it is about my first school, their religious freedom which is being infringed. The state should not be trying to enforce a religion on its citizens, which is essentially what is sat essay, happening if same-sex couples are forbidden to marry for religious reasons. Anyone who believes in lao tzu paper genuine religious freedom cannot oppose same-sex marriage on the basis of sat essay on authority, their own personal religious beliefs. “Just as in formal debate the burden of proof rests on research paper, those presenting challenge to on authority the status quo, so the burden of proof rests on the advocates of homosexual marriage to lao tzu prove its morality.” This, I am afraid is sat essay on authority, simply not true. The burden of proof is essay entry, not on anyone challenging the status quo. Such beliefs helped to keep slavery and racial segregation alive for years. To quote from Wikipedia: “Under the Latin maxim necessitas probandi incumbit ei qui agit, the ordinary rule is that “the necessity of proof lies with he who complains.” For example, a person has to prove that someone is guilty (in a criminal case) or liable (in a civil case) depending on sat essay, the allegations; a person is essay grabber techniques, not required to prove his or her own innocence, it is rebuttably presumed.” In the sat essay on authority case of homosexuality, the burden is on ‘they who complain’, i.e., the people who object to it.

Just as we should assume arrested men are innocent until shown guilty. We should also assume homosexuality is morally ‘innocent’ until shown otherwise. The problem with your position is that you start with a prejudice (that homosexuality is wrong), and then challenge people to convince you otherwise. Essay Babies. This is back to front. Can you see the problem if I stated that I think all black people are immoral and then challenged people to sat essay on authority prove me wrong (just to be clear, I don’t actually think that)? To conclude, allowing same-sex couples to essay marry will not bring about the destruction of sat essay, marriage, families and society in general. All homosexuals are asking for 50 essay great, is the right to be united with their loved ones, and to have that union recognised for what it is: in every aspect, just as moral, loving, legitimate and worthy of respect as those undertaken by heterosexuals. By what right do we deny them this? By Richard Hollis. Dustin Steeve is a blogger and web enthusiast.

Dustin's passion is to sat essay on authority see his generation of Christians rise up as thought leaders, doing remarkable, good work Christianly. Essay About My First. Dustin is interested in the rise of web media and increasingly prominent use of computer technology as a tool to aid people. Dustin worked for three years as the director of GodblogCon and sat essay, is an adviser for the Christian Web Conference. Essay About My First School. Dustin graduated summa cum laude and received his B.A. in History from Biola University where he also graduated from Torrey Honors Institute. On Authority. Dustin has completed some post-graduate work at the Stanford Graduate School of designer, Business where he was appointed to the Dean's List and sat essay, received a certificate of completion from the Summer Institute for General Management. View all posts by Dustin R. Steeve.

You state that “at the designer core of homosexual marriage is on authority, homosexuality…[and] whether homosexuality is designer babies, moral” If this is really the core issue, then why all the subterfuge over on authority marriage? Why not criminalize homosexuality? For if you cannot justify criminalizing homosexuality, its seems to me that you cannot make a good argument against essay banning gay marriage. If you respond that you do want to criminalize homosexuality too (I mean literally fine, jail, or deport gay people), then it seems somewhat deceitful that you haven’t explicitly made that policy argument. Sat Essay On Authority. It prompts questions about a “secret agenda” or “slippery slope”….will you next criminalize divorce next, taking the Lord’s name in vane, dancing, or alcohol? We are all sinners. After the “pure Christians” finish with the gays, will they come for me next? Recent studies show that 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in promises essay contest their current relationship. Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an average of 3-5 partners a year.

If you are morally opposed to the idea of gay people being promiscuous, why do you not support proposals to give them a legal incentive toward monogamy? “. Sat Essay. . . Designer. the opposite of homosexuality is not heterosexuality, its holiness.” So what’s the opposite of heterosexuality? And again, if “the core of homosexual marriage is homosexuality,” what is at “the core” of on authority, heterosexual marriage? If you are morally opposed to dissertation the idea of sat essay, gay people being promiscuous, why do you not support proposals to give them a legal incentive toward monogamy? Are saying gays need to be bribed to be monogamous? Loving each other and being in a committed relationship isn’t enough? You’ve got to get goodies from the state? Sounds like gays have a lot of problems to 50 essay great work out before they start demanding marriage.

First, I think that fully legal and sat essay on authority, supported Civil Unions should be the level of essay, acceptance supported by the legal system — I read (and lightly believe) that there are some 27 different legal rights of sat essay on authority, a spouse from marriage that, in theory, could be gained by specific contractual agreements. I’d actually like to see a full booklet summarizing all of them, but haven’t (perhaps you know?). Marriage is for children. In a very real, genetic based way, every child is discursive essay, a marriage of half of sat essay on authority, each parent’s DNA — the mother’s ovum DNA is married to the father’s sperm DNA. (a bond no one can sunder.) How many gov’t benefits / lower taxes or credits, etc., should be granted to lao tzu parents is one of the particular issues somewhat outside of ‘gay marriage’. I think the non-gov’t benefits of marriage are so great that no additional benefits are needed, until very expensive children are born — and it is in the raising of children that gov’t cash benefits should be focused. All homosexuals are asking for is the right to be united with their loved ones, and to have that union recognised for what it is: in every aspect, just as moral, loving, legitimate and worthy of respect as those undertaken by heterosexuals. By what right do we deny them this? Because promiscuity is immoral, and there’s a much higher probability of promiscuity among gays than among married straights, I don’t consider them ‘equal’. Drunk driving is a better comparison than inter-racial marriage.

Most drunk drivers most of the sat essay time get home as safely as sober drivers — and many sober folk have accidents. Lao Tzu. Yet drunk driving is illegal because of the sat essay on authority probability of more accidents. I don’t consider any unmarried lovers as ‘respect worthy’ as married lovers, because of the commitment to fidelity promise; gays asking for marriage are not even uniform in beth price agreement on whether fidelity should be part of their marriage agreement. Marriage has already been weakened, and devalued (a la Britney, Liz Taylor, etc.); and even love itself has been primarily portrayed in culture as lust, rather than commitment. Gay marriage rather than civil unions weakens it further. Finally, homosexual behavior is sinful in Christian theology. Part of the gay marriage push to on authority ‘equal morality’ is to make it illegal to claim that gay sex is sinful. Contest Entry Form. (See Europe) I’m a sinner, too. On Authority. But even so, I object to day of school steps towards restricting Christians from calling gay sex sinful — and thus immoral. Straight promiscuity is also immoral; and sat essay on authority, neither should be respected as equal to married faithfulness.

Marriage is a fundamental building block of society. That phrase is often used but seldom explained. When I say “fundamental building block of society” I am referring to marriage’s natural creation of families. Agreed but I think you would then also agree that it is all the more important not to exclude members of society from marriage unless there is a very good reason. In addition, you miss the trees from the forest.

A family is my first school, not just a baby or child but many people. Marriage, when it works well, provides for stability for on authority, all family members. This is good for a baby but it is also good for everyone else, such as the grabber elderly or even the single person who is on authority, alone. According to A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D, “There is no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in babies a home with a married mother and father.” OK but what does this have to do with gay marriage? By definition the only way for sat essay, a gay couple to be raising a kid is if this above ideal has broken down somehow. According to ex-gay speaker Mike Haley, the odds of a straight man contracting AIDS after one heterosexual encounter are 1 in 165,000 as opposed to 1 in 175 for gay men after one homosexual encounter. That’s a good point in favor for gay marriage, as for the other statistics:

I have given reasons why I believe equating homosexual unions with marriage is unhealthy. Upon these grounds, I believe a rational decision can be made. Not really, you’ve written off a class of human beigns based on a sociological study. Give me an Excel sheet with enough data and I’ll find you plenty of niches among heterosexuals that replicate the ‘problems’ you’ve shown. For example, if I demonstrated that marriages of 35+ yr old women to 50 essay great men between 19-24 have incidents of cheating and STDs equal or greater than the sat essay on authority ones you cited for gays would you prohibit the recognition of such marriages? How many other members of grabber, your cohort would it take to screw up marriage so much that you’d give up your wife?

People who cite studies are of on authority, more dubious moral character than any homosexual my friend, don’t be a sociologist! Tread very carefully! The decision to allow homosexuals to marry is a moral matter because at the core of homosexual marriage is homosexuality. Price. Your answer to the question of whether homosexuality is moral is going to determine your view of whether homosexual marriage should be accepted. My moral framework is on authority, heavily informed by my evangelical Christian faith. 1. Not all people are Christians and not even all Christians agree with you on gay marriage. 2. The purpose of the state is not to enshrine Christian morality and it isn’t to ‘teach’ morality. Essay. This is why many marriages are perfectly legal even though they would ideally be given at least a little skeptical scrutiny by a pastor….more about sat essay on authority that below… Recently, marriage has suffered the consequences of beth, unhealthy ideas written into law such as no-fault divorce. Now we can put a stop to that trend. Why don’t you show us how keeping the gay couple down the street from being able to sat essay have a legal marriage stops you from essay grabber being a good father to on authority your children or a good husband to your wife…or at least would facilitate you becoming a better one?

If you can’t do that then why not ‘put a stop to that trend’ by, say, actually putting a stop to 50 essay great the trend and sat essay on authority, put your eggs in rewriting divorce laws. Essay About My First. A cynic might say here you are rallying the troops behind feeling good by attacking a minority group you people do not like, do not associate with and would like to sat essay on authority scapegoat for your own miserable failings. As a matter of fact, why not go only as far as the Catholic Church and refuse to form recognize divorced people who have remarried except under circumstances where an application for annullment has been vetted and granted? Why not castigate the sat essay failure of your VP candidate to properly raise her daughter and stop celebrating the impending marriage that…study wise….is likely to discursive essay be yet another failed marriage? Timber in thine own eye indeed. Are saying gays need to be bribed to be monogamous? Loving each other and being in a committed relationship isn’t enough? Please stop trying to outstupid smmtheory, on the previous SSM thread he takes the campionship. On the off chance you’re serious I wouldn’t say marriage is a ‘bribe’ to be monogamous but more of a challenge that has both positive and negative reinforcement. Even with no-fault divorce and adultry no longer being a major cause for ‘punishment’ in divorce hearings you’re playing with fire if you get married without an sat essay on authority, intention to essay at least try to be monogamous. Your partner can screw you over (pardon the pun) in lots of ways both legal and emotional. (For an interesting take on how marriage has a dark side that can, in some ways, be good see the response this advice columnist gave here:http://www.salon.com/mwt/col/tenn/2008/08/22/laughter_in_the_dark/ really read it, it was one of the sat essay most interesting takes I’ve ever read although it’s not directly tied to gay marriage at all)

Loving each other and being in a committed relationship isn’t enough? NOTE: All the moms and dads with teen kids thinking of moving in essay with their girlfriends or boyfriends might want to sat essay take note of this phrase from ucfengr. Take the internet filter off the beth price p orn #038; block out ucfengr’s writing least you want some of his words thrown at on authority you! Please stop trying to outstupid smmtheory, on lao tzu research paper, the previous SSM thread he takes the campionship. Perhaps you should get over yourself, Boonton. You’re really not smart enough to call other people stupid so freely. On the off chance you’re serious I wouldn’t say marriage is a ‘bribe. That’s great, but you weren’t the one I was responding to. I was responding to this: why do you not support proposals to give them a legal incentive toward monogamy? Most people don’t need a “legal incentive” to stay monogamous, even before they are married. For most the knowledge that infidelity would severely damage or destroy a relationship is enough, but apparently that is not enough for on authority, gays, who need a government bribe.

Richard Hollis wrote: Again, I only essay techniques wish I had the links available to me to read up on these studies, but as it is I simply do not believe they are accurate or reliable. I’m not sure I understand this objection, since there were ample links to the statistic sources and the studies to which Dustin referred. Perhaps you object to the fact that some of these sources are not downloadable for on authority, free? Or is it that they are hosted on sites like Family Research Council (www.frc.org) to which you do not wish to contribute?

Or (as I believe is more likely) do you simply choose to disbelieve those studies that do not fit your world view? Don’t misunderstand me: I frankly think Prop 8 is the wrong solution to the “problem”, if “gay marriage” is a problem. I would rather that government, at all levels, have nothing to say at dissertation all about marriage. That which government controls will likely be controlled in sat essay a manner I do not approve. Marriage is a great example of this principle. I believe it to be a sacred covenant, which should be sanctioned by the church and grabber techniques, society, and entered (or dissolved) by the free choice of individuals. Sat Essay On Authority. As such, the coercive power of government at any level is not only unnecessary, it distorts the societal benefit and religious meaning of the relationship. Government’s role, if it has any at all, should be limited to price dissertation enforcing the terms of the contract. Would such a laissez-faire approach allow same-sex couples to get “married”?

Of course. Would such couples get the benefits accorded to “traditional” marriages? No more or less than they do now; such benefits are under the sat essay on authority control of the lao tzu institution doing the sat essay on authority providing, whether a charity, employer, or government. As an example, anti-Prop 8 groups cite the problem that a same-sex partner would not inherit pensions. The truth is, pensions are not inheritable, unless it is stipulated in the contract(s) that create the lao tzu research pension . On Authority. And, in fact, many — not all, but many — pension plans are inheritable by anyone the pension recipien;t wishes, whether spouse, partner, progeny, or next-door neighbor. That some, and maybe most pensions are not so designable is not a problem with the law, it is a problem with the techniques contract signed to create the on authority pension. The heritability of some government benefits is a whole ‘nother subject, but this, too, could be solved simply by removing the concept of “marriage” from the law altogether.

All of beth price dissertation, this said, I will probably vote in favor of on authority, Proposition 8. If we can’t get government out of the marriage business altogether, we can at least get them to define it in a manner that most Californians can stomach. Perhaps you should get over yourself, Boonton. You’re really not smart enough to call other people stupid so freely. I’ve only called 3 people here stupid. Try to think of it in a positive way….you’re like a member of an elite force here….

Most people don’t need a “legal incentive” to stay monogamous, even before they are married. Promises Form. … Like I said I think it is missing something to describe marriage as an ‘incentive for monogamoy’. On Authority. It is more accurate to describe it as a challenge (in lots of things, not just monogamy). Price. A challenge has positives but it also has difficulties. For most the knowledge that infidelity would severely damage or destroy a relationship is enough, but apparently that is not enough for gays, who need a government bribe. You don’t get a gov’t bribe for being monogamous in a marriage. On Authority. Did I miss something, is California giving out coupons for free ice cream for married gay couples who don’t cheat? And I notice you dodged my other point, if the only point here is the essay grabber techniques fuzzy happy thought of sat essay on authority, a relationship why have marriage at discursive essay babies all? Why don’t people just live with each other as they please and sat essay on authority, if that turns out to be a life long relationship great if not ahhh well? Your view of marriage seems to not only make it unneeded for gays but for everyone.

Channelling a bit of Hugh Hefner today are we? I agree wholeheartedly with you that getting government altogether out of the lao tzu issue is the preferable course (as I argued in the thread on sat essay on authority, the former post on the subject). Christians err when they want representative government to make it safe to believe in Christianity. The only danger that concerns me as an American is the loss of freedom of speech under hate crime regimens. JustMakingItUp: Hi, I’m Richard Hollis. Actually I meant that I literally couldn’t follow the about school links, as I had only received a draft version of Dustin’s original essay by e-mail, and the links were not attached. To be fair, I do take your point that it was the sat essay weakest part of discursive designer babies, my response because I was speaking from an emotional point rather than a logical one. My hunch was to reject these statistics out of hand because they seemed so over-inflated, and this of sat essay, course, would not have been a reasonable thing to do if I could have followed the links.

However, I still think my hunch was justified. Statistics like this (when people are presumably interviewed and asked to simply tell the truth) are generally notoriously difficult for a number of reasons. For one thing, people lie. It may be that the researcher has discovered a tendancy in gay men to exaggerate their sexual conquests. It may be that the research involved heterosexual people who were still in relationships (and therefore more likely to entry form lie about their infidelities). It may even be that the researchers were not impartial, and actively wanted to find that gay men were promiscuous, and sat essay, so deliberately asked heterosexual people who seemed straight-laced and about my first school, monogamous, and sat essay, homosexual people who seemed rather… well… sluttish (for want of essay my first day of school, a better word). A lot of sat essay, work needs to go into making sure legitimate scientific studies are impartial, objective, and wherever possible, double-blinded. And that is before you even study the implications of the findings.

But yes, now I can access the links, I intend to read up on these studies (I still have not done so yet). Lao Tzu. It should make interesting reading. In theory I’m not against your libertarian take on marriage but I’m not sure it is as practical as you depict to simply replace all of it with a bunch of on authority, contracts. For example, some states still have spousal privilege when it comes to beth criminal trials, I don’t see how you can replicate that in a private contract. Even if you’re willing to dispense with privilege, there are other legal implications to getting married that are bit complicated. For example, you are legally obligated for the debts your spouse incurs for necessities like medical care. This obviously has a public policy benefit….Donald Trump’s wife can’t ask for sat essay on authority, charity care on the grounds that she has no job and her husband doesn’t want to foot the bill but I don’t think you could manufacture it by having your spouse carry around a private contract. JustMakingItUp – Hi, I’m Richard Hollis. Actually, the reason I was not able to access the link is that I had only received a draft of Dustin’s post via e-mail and the links were not attached. I do take your point that it was the weakest part of my response. I was taking an emotional stance rather than a logic one.

I was dismissing the studies out of hand simply because they seemed too over-inflated, and this would have been totally unreasonable of me had I been able to access the links. However, I don’t think I was totally unjustified. Studies such as these (where people are presumably asked to fill out surveys and designer, trusted to tell the sat essay truth) are notoriously fraught with difficulties. For one thing, people lie. About My First Day Of School. It may be that the researchers actually found a tendancy in sat essay on authority homosexuals to exaggerate their sexual conquests. Perhaps the heterosexuals interviewed were in relationships, and therefore less likely to admit to research paper any infidelities. Perhaps the researchers themselves were biased, and actively wanted to prove homosexuals were more promiscuous, and so deliberately selected people they expected to give the results they wanted to hear. It is extremely important (and difficult) to sat essay make sure such studies are truly objective, impartial, double-blinded (where possible), and even accurate. Beth Price. And that is before we even discuss the implications of the findings.

But now I have the links, I intend to follow them (I still have not done so yet). I’m sure they will make interesting reading. JustMakingItUp – Hi, I’m Richard Hollis. Actually, the on authority reason I was not able to access the beth dissertation link is that I had only received a draft of Dustin’s post via e-mail and sat essay, the links were not attached. I do take your point that it was the lao tzu research paper weakest part of my response. I was taking an emotional stance rather than a logic one.

I was dismissing the studies out of hand simply because they seemed too over-inflated, and this would have been totally unreasonable of me had I been able to access the links. However, I don’t think I was totally unjustified. Studies such as these (where people are presumably asked to fill out surveys and trusted to tell the truth) are notoriously fraught with difficulties. For one thing, people lie. It may be that the sat essay researchers actually found a tendancy in homosexuals to promises contest entry form exaggerate their sexual conquests. Perhaps the heterosexuals interviewed were in relationships, and therefore less likely to admit to any infidelities. Sat Essay. Perhaps the researchers themselves were biased, and actively wanted to essay prove homosexuals were more promiscuous, and so deliberately selected people they expected to sat essay on authority give the essay grabber results they wanted to hear.

It is extremely important (and difficult) to make sure such studies are truly objective, impartial, double-blinded (where possible), and even accurate. And that is before we even discuss the implications of the findings. But now I have the links, I intend to follow them (I still have not done so yet). I’m sure they will make interesting reading. Ooops. Sorry about on authority that… I do take your point that it was the weakest part of beth price dissertation, my response.

I was taking an emotional stance rather than a logic one. I was dismissing the studies out of sat essay, hand simply because they seemed too over-inflated, and essay about my first day of school, this would have been totally unreasonable of me had I been able to access the links. The studies probably are overinflated, outdated and distorted in some or many respects but the larger issue is ‘so what’. Statistics are always in flux and it is always possible to create the numbers that suit your agenda, and by create I don’t mean lie but simply choose your subjects carefully to get the results you want. How about the divorce rate for on authority, A-level celebrities who marry within two years of 50 essay great, their first cover on People magazine? Domestic abuse rates for couples that meet at AA or NA meetings perhaps? If I told you bloggers have a 97% failure rate at marriage how would you feel about the state telling you it’s not going to let you get married for the sake of the ‘institution’? Great post!!

I invite everyone to sat essay read the post on http://editorialsection.com. I haven’t visited Evangelical Outpost for 50 essay great, quite a while. Sat Essay. Now that I return it feels like Charlton Heston returning to discursive essay designer babies earth in Planet of the Apes. Is this some kind of Emergent Evangelicalism? From these comments, and those on sat essay, other threads, it appears that many evangelicals support a redefinition of marriage and beth dissertation, the family – beginning with gender, moving on I presume to number. A large number seem poised to support a candidate most distinguished for his promise to sweep away even the smallest impediments to the killing of unborn children as one of his first acts in office. Freedom of the Gospel, indeed.

This kind of freedom appears set to sat essay on authority bind our nation for 50 essay great, a very long time. (Note: BitterClinger is sat essay on authority, merely a screenname, not intended to imply any relationship to my first Jamie Farr, his family or associates.) I think both authors have thoughtfully expressed their opinions, and I applaud their efforts. This is the sat essay kind of promises form, reasoned discourse that, while it might not lead to consensus, keeps open the doors of communication. Thank you, Mr.

Steeve and Mr. On Authority. Hollis for your contributions. Contest. You have given me much to ponder. I’ve only called 3 people here stupid. Sat Essay. Try to think of it in a positive way….you’re like a member of an designer babies, elite force here…. As I said, you are not smart enough to call anybody stupid. Perhaps you should stop trying to justify it. Like I said I think it is missing something to sat essay describe marriage as an ‘incentive for monogamoy’. Then talk to paper Ebonmuse, he was the on authority one that asserted it was needed. Though, he is far from the only “gay marriage” advocate to use that argument. What is sad is that people use Christianity when it is convenient for them.

The verses most Christians use against homosexuality, if looked at closer, condemn those that would use them. If you do follow the research paper Bible, Homosexuality is a sin. Guess what so is Adultery! We don’t have a problem with our kids seeing a man and woman sin on TV but two men or two women and God’s gonna burn your TV! You can’t convince someone to desire to on authority be Holy unless you can demonstrate what Holy is. It’s Planks and Splinters. No I don’t agree with homosexuality but I’m tired of people living with their girlfriend out of wedlock and Telling a Gay couple they will burn in promises form Hell. Then talk to Ebonmuse, he was the one that asserted it was needed. Though, he is far from the only “gay marriage” advocate to use that argument. If you want to conduct private debates then take it to email, otherwise any argument posted on a comment board is fair game for criticism by sat essay anyone who reads it. From these comments, and lao tzu paper, those on other threads, it appears that many evangelicals support a redefinition of sat essay on authority, marriage and the family – beginning with gender, moving on I presume to number.

Nah, the research comments you see that support the redefinition of marriage and family are the atheists, Cafeteria Christians, and sat essay, others that nay-say evangelicals and purport to 50 essay great tell everybody they aren’t tolerant enough (never mind the fact that Christ didn’t tolerate sin). The comments made by sat essay others tend to get lost in the shuffle or drown out by the comments from the beth self-appointed arbiters of sat essay, intelligence, tolerance, and enlightenment. If you want to discursive conduct private debates then take it to email, otherwise any argument posted on a comment board is sat essay on authority, fair game for discursive essay designer babies, criticism by anyone who reads it. What’s amazing about this whole discourse, is that Boonton calls me stupid. Sat Essay On Authority. Here’s the path: Ebonmuse asserts that gays need the incentive of price dissertation, marriage to practice monogamy. I point out how silly that is and if it’s true (which it could be, he is not the only gay marriage supporter to sat essay put forward that argument), gays obviously have bigger problems than not being able to be married. Boonton calls me stupid for saying gays need an incentive to be monogamous, while at my first day of school the same time showing that he doesn’t understand what an incentive is (here’s a clue, marriage is the incentive). Now that I look at it, I find myself starting to on authority agree with Boonton; I am stupid.

Who but an idiot would get stuck in orbit around the black hole of stupidity that is Boonton? It doesn’t look as if the my first original author of sat essay, this post intends to address my point. Unfortunate. ucfengr, you have twisted my words. I did not say that gays “need the incentive of marriage to price dissertation practice monogamy”. That is obviously false: the sat essay on authority large numbers of 50 essay great, gay couples who are already living in monogamous relationships, fighting for the right to have those relationships legally recognized, is disproof enough of that. But if you think monogamy is on authority, a good thing, as I assume you do, then why would you be opposed to giving people additional incentives to essay my first day of school practice it? If you’re opposed to “bribing” people to sat essay be monogamous, do you also think we should roll back the tax exemptions and other benefits offered to heterosexual married couples? The selective application of logic when it comes to anti-gay-marriage arguments never ceases to astonish. Essay Designer. Are some gays promiscuous? No doubt.

And something like 50% of sat essay on authority, heterosexual marriages end in divorce. Discursive Designer Babies. Does that also prove that straight people are inherently promiscuous and don’t deserve access to marriage either? do you also think we should roll back the sat essay tax exemptions and other benefits offered to essay about school heterosexual married couples? Most of those tax incentives or exemptions occur for sat essay, dependent children. 50 Essay Great. If the couple both work and earn extra money, their taxes can often be higher when their combined income pushes them into the higher tax bracket. Given how advocates brag about how homosexuals tend to earn more, that seems more likely to happen than not. One other thing to sat essay on authority note is that depending on how much a parent spends on contest, their child, that tax exemption does not really make a child any more affordable and sat essay on authority, only slightly mitigates the expenses of raising children. So loosing the tax exemptions and other supposed benefits given to heterosexual married couples would be worth it to me at least if it were to be traded for about my first school, the elimination of monosexed marriage being recognized as valid by the government. Do you think that the advocates for monosexed marriage would quit seeking governmental recognition of their relationship as a valid marriage if the tax exemptions and other benefits were non-existent for sat essay, heterosexual marriages?

I for one, do not think they would quit. I think bringing those things up is essay, used as an evasion from having to sat essay on authority talk about the true and underlying motives behind the activism. I’m pretty educated in religion and theology (masters degrees in essay designer babies both). i lean pretty heavily on sat essay, the conservative side when it comes to issues of homosexuality, bottom line, i disagree with it and don’t think it’s right or moral. Beth Price. With that said i would still not vote for proposition 8. I think the on authority homosexual community should have the right to marriage and things that go with marriage. I also don’t agree with the Muslim faith and many other faiths and practices but i still think Islamic people should have the right to get married.

I think it’s a smoke screen to think that the liberal illuminati are going to take over the country and gays are going to be the promises contest form down fall of marriage. I simply don’t believe that to be true. Sat Essay. People, specifically people who claim to follow Jesus need to get serious about marriage before they start wanting to defend it in court. McCain being a huge example. This is research, America we believe in freedom of religion and equal right, i affirm those things and it’s it’s because of sat essay on authority, that that i think homosexuals should be able to marry. I really don’t see how someone well versed in religion and theology can counter Jesus’ definition of marriage – one man and 50 essay great, one woman.

To do so implies that you find suspect at least one of his teachings. The question then becomes – How many more after that do you find suspect such that you can no longer say you whole-heartedly believe what Jesus taught? Boonton calls me stupid for saying gays need an incentive to be monogamous, while at the same time showing that he doesn’t understand what an incentive is (here’s a clue, marriage is the incentive). It’s stupid to describe marriage as a bribe by the gov’t to be monogamous. Marriage does indeed have incentives to be monogamous but it’s a lot more complicated than that.

It is a challenge to on authority reap the grabber rewards of sat essay, mutual monogamy….the description of essay about day of, a marriage as a contract is very apt. In a contract, both parties agree to give something up in exchange for something else. It is assumed they enter a contract because they deem this to be a fair trade. Yes it is possible for one side to sat essay on authority cheat (example, you accept the inventory but refuse to techniques pay the vendor) so contract law has incentives for both sides not to cheat. The point of that, though, is not for the gov’t to sat essay bribe people into 50 essay great honoring their contracts. Smmtheory – hello again. I just had to post to correct you, but Jesus did not say anything about sat essay on authority homosexuality at all. Nothing. Not one thing. Which is odd in itself; if homosexuality is such a great sin, you’d think he’d at least MENTION it once…

To the people who say ‘No’ on prop 8. How about lao tzu paper changing the definition of marriage as partnering with any preference such as man-to-dog? woman-to-pig. Do you like it? How about sat essay redefining of “dependent” in tax law by changing it and adoption of a dog can be allowed for tax exemption for promises essay form, dependent? Can you accept it?

Let’s keep the on authority common sense. Request for Same sex marriage has gone much higher beyond tolerance level of our society. Therfore, ‘YES’ on research paper, Prop 8 is on authority, absolutely necessary for our social health. Jeong, that is a ridiculous comparrison. Contest Entry Form. A marriage is a union of two consenting equals.

You cannot marrying a dog because a dog has no idea what it is on authority, doing. It does not understand marriage, let alone consent to it. Therefore it is not a fair comparrison. Two men or two women can love each other as deeply and sincerely as a man and a woman. Requesting same-sex marriage does not go beyond tolerance at all. How about essay grabber changing the definition of marriage as partnering with any preference such as man-to-dog? woman-to-pig. Do you like it?

Not really, I see no argument in favor of man-dog or woman-pig marriages. I see a very good one against it which is that dogs and pigs are not humans. Last time I checked, gays are. How about redefining of sat essay, “dependent” in about day of tax law by changing it and adoption of a dog can be allowed for tax exemption for dependent? Can you accept it? Well anyone can be a dependent in tax law….if you are taking care of sat essay on authority, someone, I think the 50 essay great test is provide at sat essay on authority least half their expenses and discursive essay designer babies, that is more than $5K a year…..as for expanding that to dogs, I’d love that as I have two dogs….but I suppose it would be wiser to use a tax exemption to help someone keep their home or cloth their kids. Once it is sat essay, allowed to essay my first redefine marriage as you prefer for Homosexuality, anybody might be able to on authority redefine it according to their preference without restriciton. 50 Essay Great. In that case, this society will be in mess to define what is right or wrong and what can be tolerant or banned. Without certain restriction of human freedom according to common social welfare, evetually this society will be uncontrolable and return to very primitive society.

If you think that man-to-man marriage is acceptable while man-to-dog is not acceptable just because dog is not humanbeing, it is completely ccontradictory logic because the man who prefer dog instead of sat essay, humang being will be discriminated aaccording to your strange logic of ‘NO’ side of prop 8. If you think there is no problem to choose your partner for marriage with same sex, why does it become problem for a person to choose a dog as marriage partner. Discursive Babies. You have to sat essay on authority keep in mind that there can be some weird people who prefer animals to humanbeing naturally, as you insist that homosexuality is innate. Let’s have common sense and discursive essay designer babies, logic… The same sex marriage should not be tolerated in the health society. ‘YES’ on Prop 8…it should be for you and me and my children and future generation and all human being. I just had to post to correct you, but Jesus did not say anything about homosexuality at all. Nothing.

Not one thing. Sat Essay. Which is techniques, odd in sat essay itself; if homosexuality is such a great sin, you’d think he’d at least MENTION it once… Well, let’s put it this way, homosexual sex is sex outside of marriage, which Jesus did have something to say about. My First. And since his definition of sat essay on authority, marriage was between one man and one woman, I think that kind of discursive designer, means that when Jesus thinks sex outside of marriage is sinful, that includes homosexual type. And for those who thought that was unfair, Jesus recommended celibacy. Homosexual activity doesn’t exactly qualify as celibacy either. So there you have it, Jesus’ teaching on sex – either to on authority your opposite sex spouse, or not at all. 50 Essay Great. Why should teaching against homosexual sex outside of that be necessary when that covers it all? Actually, Jesus never said anything about sex, period, except to sat essay on authority condemn lust and adultery. He never condemned premarital sex. He did say, according to one gospel, that divorce is essay my first day of school, never permissible.

This is why the Catholic church doesn’t allow divorce. Another gospel has him saying that divorce is permissible if one’s partner has committed adultery. He seems to clearly condemn remarriage after divorce. Various churches and scholars have differed sharply on what Jesus really meant about divorce and whether one can ever divorce or ever remarry after a divorce. If Christians are serious about sat essay having the law reflect Jesus’ teachings on marriage, they should push for a constitutional amendment banning divorce, except for scriptural causes. A special religious court could be set up to determine whether a divorce or remarriage is allowed under biblical guidelines. 50 Essay Great. Also, the sat essay on authority US should never elect someone who has committed adultery, divorced his wife without just cause and 50 essay great, remarried. Like John McCain.

Once it is allowed to redefine marriage as you prefer for on authority, Homosexuality, anybody might be able to redefine it according to their preference without restriciton. I don’t recall anyone saying anything about preference, IMO it is about being fair and 50 essay great, decent. I’m sorry, no one has presented a convincing argument for human-dog marriages but feel free to sat essay on authority try. If you think that man-to-man marriage is acceptable while man-to-dog is not acceptable just because dog is not humanbeing, it is completely ccontradictory logic because the man who prefer dog instead of lao tzu, humang being will be discriminated aaccording to sat essay on authority your strange logic of ‘NO’ side of prop 8. True a man who wants to marry a dog doesn’t get his way. So what? A dog still isn’t a human and last time I checked is not able to enter contracts, not able to grabber make informed consent, in general doesn’t have the intelligence that a human does….even very stupid humans. You have to keep in mind that there can be some weird people who prefer animals to on authority humanbeing naturally, as you insist that homosexuality is contest, innate. But animals can’t prefer humans, at least not in the sense that you need them to on authority prefer to make a marriage (and I do hope you acknowledge marriage isn’t just about having sex).

There are humans in this category as well. For example, you can’t marry someone whose in a coma. If Christians are serious about having the law reflect Jesus’ teachings on promises contest form, marriage, they should push for sat essay, a constitutional amendment banning divorce, except for scriptural causes. The way it was before No-Fault divorce laws were written in promises essay contest form other words. Christians were steamrolled on that one too. Sat Essay. One of the arguments against No-Fault divorce laws was that we would end up where we are today with a 50% divorce rate. A lot of good it did them to try to talk common sense into essay day of the activists and meddlers back then. And would you and the other proponents of monosexed “marriage” be sanguine about throwing out No-Fault divorce laws?

HECK NO! You would fight it as nastily as you fight marriage definition amendments. Don’t even pretend otherwise. I advocate getting rid of the No-Fault laws, but that’s not where the current fight is taking place. Suggesting that that is where we should take the fight is kind of like a bait-and-switch tactic, or pointing off to space somewhere behind your opponents back and saying “What’s that?” knowing full well that you will be trying to dodge around your opponent if he gets distracted by your ruse. A special religious court could be set up to determine whether a divorce or remarriage is sat essay, allowed under biblical guidelines. The annulment process in the Catholic Church.

He never condemned premarital sex. Here’s the thing about pre-marital sex. It leads to adultery in one way or another. First, if a man has sex with a woman prior to grabber marrying her, the religious view is that they should formalize the marriage they consumated. Sat Essay On Authority. If they don’t, and essay grabber techniques, then later that man gets married to a different woman, he has retroactively committed adultery. Now some people might consider the second sexual relationship the adulterous one, some might consider the first relationship the sat essay on authority adulterous one in a kind of front-loaded sort of way. Designer. Either way, the adultery has been committed. Sat Essay. And not just for that man, but having not married the beth price dissertation woman he had intercourse with in the first place, they are both causing each other to commit adultery which is compounding the sin. Also, the US should never elect someone who has committed adultery, divorced his wife without just cause and remarried.

Like John McCain. We are electing a President of the country, not electing somebody to be a saint. Isn’t it a little bit hypocritical to be saying his adultery should disqualify him when you have said Bill Clinton’s adultery wasn’t such a big deal? It is surely true that there will be nobody who want to marry with dog. However my point is that, if all the effort for redefinition for same sex marriage is allowed, then marriage can be redefined according to sat essay any preference. And also we can allow redefining of all other social terms. 50 Essay Great. What if redefining adult? Let’s say for example, somebody want to sat essay marry with 7 years old kid, it is prohibited at promises contest entry form present time. However, with the similar logic of sat essay, requesting for same sex marriage, somebody can complain and appeal for the permit of the kind marriage with kid.

If law enforce that kid does not have dicernment of right or wrong about the marriage, it is discriminating the kid, according to your logic. Acutally, there have been some other countries where marriage with 7 years old has been allowed. Of course, I cannot tolerate for kid to lao tzu marry with adult. Sat Essay. Likewise I cannot tolerate for the marriage between same sex. 50 Essay Great. Mature society should be able to set rules and restrict some freedom for common welfare. Clearly you put a lot of effort into thinking through and depicting your position in favor of Proposition 8. However, your argument suffers from enough deficiencies that it fails to support your conclusion. Marriage is a fundamental building block of society. That phrase is often used but seldom explained. When I say “fundamental building block of society” I am referring to sat essay on authority marriage’s natural creation of families. You conflate two terms here, marriage and families, base your position on the latter, and research, then use indirection to corral the former. Families are the building block of society.

Civil marriage is a legal construct to original purpose was to protect the property rights of women and sat essay on authority, the children that were, until the Pill, the eventually nearly inevitable outcome of sex. Clearly, protecting the my first day of property rights of dependents is important. However, in linking families and marriage as you do, you are appealing to on authority the same notions of human nature that animate the left: our nature and actions are determined by society. I doubt very much you believe that; in research paper fact, I’ll bet you believe precisely the opposite. However, without that underlying assumption, your conflation fails. Sat Essay. And, along the way, it denigrates religious marriage, which sanctifies monogamy regardless of secular legal constructs. According to A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D, “There is no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in a home with a married mother and father.” I think that is close enough to objective truth to grabber take as stipulated. However, as a practical matter, it is presents . On Authority. Within the beth price realm of human affairs, there will always be some children who do not have such an environment available to them. Even more sadly, there are children for sat essay, whom there are few options.

In order to complete that statement, it needs to lao tzu paper consider those children for whom the options are two: an series of foster parents, or adoption by a same-sex couple. Appealing to the advisability of married mother and father for children is pointless if that option is not on offer. Which leaves the question that matters open and sat essay on authority, unaddressed: which is least bad, being raised by a married same-sex couple, or foster care? As an aside, SFAIK, same sex couples may adopt children in most, if not all, of the discursive designer babies 50 states. Sat Essay. Whether that is a good idea or not is a subject for a separate thread that should always keep in mind the options on essay grabber, offer. … the same-sex culture still has elements of great concern which we ought to consider before we introduce these elements into marriage. Pain and sat essay on authority, suffering resulting from sexual disease permeate homosexual communities. According to ex-gay speaker Mike Haley, the odds of a straight man contracting AIDS after one heterosexual encounter are 1 in 165,000 as opposed to 1 in 175 for gay men after one homosexual encounter. I don’t have the time to prove it, but, notionally, that latter number cannot possibly be correct. Presume gay men are something like as promiscuous as you believe them to be: 5 different partners per month. If the odds of lao tzu research paper, a gay man contracting AIDS are in fact 1 in 175 unique encounters, then essentially all gay men are dead.

Except they aren’t, so that stat needs some explaining. More fundamentally, though, let’s take all those statistics as stipulated. So far as I know, Evangelists agree that mankind is on authority, fallen. Your statistics, at best, show that gays are somewhat more fallen than the rest of us. Which demands the price question: is there a fallenness threshold beyond which marriage is on authority, not allowed? If so, then you need to price dissertation show it, and sat essay on authority, how gays fall on the far side. Otherwise, these stats, even if true, do not advance your argument even an promises contest entry, inch towards its goal. Your moral framework needs foremost to sat essay on authority be informed by essay my first day of school deciding up front whether morality applies to the situation at hand. In order for something to assess the morality of sat essay on authority, something, one must first know the extent to 50 essay great which that thing involves a choice. For instance, (although Christians once thought otherwise), there is absolutely no moral component to being left handed — there is no choice in the matter.

Similarly, no matter how much your evangelical Christian faith informs your moral framework, homosexuality is not a matter of choice. There simply is no moral component to being gay. Now, you may counter that while there is on authority, no moral component to being gay, actualization of that fact is immoral. Unfortunately, not only does that leave you on the horns of the Euthryphro dilemma, it also presents you with a theodicy problem: why would God create a group of research, people and then demand that others ostracize, and sat essay, even kill, them? One need not be a Christian in order to have a compelling moral argument against homosexuality.

For example, you might be Aristotelian. If so, you might consider the essay school anatomical design of men and women and sat essay, conclude that homosexual sex is against discursive babies the proper function of on authority, humans. As it happens, all mammals start existence as females. Form. It is only through the Y-linked expression of hormones during gestation that a female body plan becomes male. What would an Aristotelian make of that? Particularly when informed the Jamie Lee Curtis is, by Aristotelian standards, male? Your argument in favor of Prop-8, the result of which is to sat essay impose a sectarian notion upon a non-sectarian society, simply fails to make its case. The task facing you is to convince the rest of us that allowing gays to marry will somehow corrode marriages for heterosexuals.

As others have noted (Boonton, perhaps), no amount of mayhem to to which groups of heterosexuals are particularly prone constitutes a barrier to marriage, yet requires such for gays. 50 Essay Great. You attempt to sat essay on authority make a moral case, but the very foundation of that argument disappears in the absence of choice. Finally, you make an appeal to anatomical design without acknowledging its basics or contingencies. Your position makes perfect sense for insisting evangelical Christians refuse the marriage sacrament to gays. However, it completely fails to make a case for similarly restricting civil marriage. The way it was before No-Fault divorce laws were written in other words. Christians were steamrolled on that one too. One of the arguments against No-Fault divorce laws was that we would end up where we are today with a 50% divorce rate. Whose this ‘we’ here?

Christians? If you’re not supposed to get a divorce except for entry form, scriptual reasons then don’t get a divorce except. Are we at the point here where you’re telling us gay marriage must be banned (and no-fault divorce abolished) because Christians need the gov’t to bribe them into sat essay following their religion? The annulment process in day of school the Catholic Church. Last time I checked it was alive and well and hasn’t fallen even though it is highly unpopular among other Christians, not supported by civil marriage law and sat essay on authority, is even unpopular among many Catholics. We are electing a President of the country, not electing somebody to be a saint. Isn’t it a little bit hypocritical to discursive essay designer babies be saying his adultery should disqualify him when you have said Bill Clinton’s adultery wasn’t such a big deal? I guess we just expected something more from on authority someone from the ‘pro-American’ portion of the my first country. It’s not the sat essay on authority first time smmtheory has disappointed. It is promises essay contest form, surely true that there will be nobody who want to sat essay on authority marry with dog.

However my point is 50 essay great, that, if all the effort for redefinition for on authority, same sex marriage is allowed, then marriage can be redefined according to any preference. Your error is assuming the essay contest entry argument in favor of gay marriage is sat essay, simply “well that’s what some gays prefer and we should always do what people prefer”. That is not the stand supporters of gay marriage have taken for the simple reason that it is an impossible stand to take. 50 Essay Great. People of contradictory preferences, you would rather there be no gay people, some others would rather everyone be gay, others yet would rather be allowed to drive around with a nuclear bomb in sat essay on authority their trunk. What if redefining adult? Let’s say for example, somebody want to marry with 7 years old kid, it is beth price, prohibited at present time. …. Of course, I cannot tolerate for kid to marry with adult. Likewise I cannot tolerate for the marriage between same sex. Mature society should be able to set rules and restrict some freedom for common welfare.

And you yourself introduce the problem with your argument as well as the sat essay solution to grabber the question you pose. Instead of asking why societal terms should ever be redefined, ask the reverse question, when are restrictions on sat essay on authority, freedoms good for the common welfare. When you look at it from that angle a lot of these questions suddenly get a lot easier. Interracial marriage bans? A restriction on essay, freedom that harms the sat essay on authority common welfare therefore it was proper that they were abolished. Marriage of 7 yr olds? Big common welfare problem. How about marriage of 17 yr olds? Well that’s a bit iffier so states of differing rules. Since your argument doesn’t connect the dots, doesn’t demonstrate how gay marriage would harm the common welfare, I don’t think it makes it.

I don’t have the paper time to prove it, but, notionally, that latter number cannot possibly be correct. Presume gay men are something like as promiscuous as you believe them to be: 5 different partners per month. 1. Sat Essay. This is kind of technical but why should one assume a bell curve distribution of gay promiscuity rather than say a power law distribution? The bell curve fits certain sets of data like height. Research. Most people are a few inches around the ‘average height’ with fewer and fewer people more distant from that average. A power law follows a distribution like income. If you calculate the average income by sat essay exluding the richest 0.05% you’ll get a radically lower number than if you include them. Discursive Essay Designer. Removing a few thousand of America’s tallest people will not dramatically alter the average height of all Americans. 2. Sat Essay On Authority. Given this possibility, even if 5 in about 1 is the population average there are gay men who are less than 5 in one..

Possibly a great number with a smalle portion being ‘super promiscious’ enough to on authority impact the average dramatically. 3. Again given this, are there no gay men who have no partners per discursive essay designer babies, month? Who, for whatever reason, have not had any sex or haven’t had any in a while? Or perhaps are having (gay) sex on rare occassions like what we suspect of sat essay, Idaho’s Senator Larry Craig? How does the study capture these men and add their data to properly calculate the average? If part of 50 essay great, your argument is hitched to a social science statistic then you’re on on authority, a foundation of sand and promises essay entry form, one of the worse things you can do is read too much into an average. The ‘we’ here is American society at sat essay large. That 50% divorce rate is what is lao tzu, generally quoted for American society as a whole, not just Christians alone. But you kind of prove my point about sat essay on authority how advocates for monosexed “marriage” would fight against repeal of dissertation, No-Fault just as nastily as they fight for monosexed “marriage”.

Last time I checked it was alive and sat essay on authority, well and hasn’t fallen even though it is highly unpopular among other Christians, not supported by promises contest entry civil marriage law and is even unpopular among many Catholics. It still fits the bill of what ex-preacher was suggesting should or rather could happen. What’s your point? I don’t know why you continue to presume to speak for Christians when you are not one. I guess we just expected something more from someone from the ‘pro-American’ portion of the country.

It’s not the first time smmtheory has disappointed. Well, yes, I can see where you would be disappointed about having your hypocrisy with respect to on authority adultery pointed out. After all, isn’t hypocrisy considered the contest entry form gravest of on authority, all sins among the moral relativists? It still fits the bill of what ex-preacher was suggesting should or rather could happen. What’s your point?

I don’t know why you continue to 50 essay great presume to speak for Christians when you are not one. I speak only for myself and I feel sorry for any group that requires you to speak for them. As for the Catholic Church, I fail to see the problem. If you abide by their teachings about on authority marriage, you will not get remarried if divorced despite the fact that civil law has no objection (and many evangelical churchs might welcome your remarriage with open arms). The Catholic Church doesn’t require the gov’t to bribe people to follow their teachings, why do you? Well, yes, I can see where you would be disappointed about having your hypocrisy with respect to 50 essay great adultery pointed out. After all, isn’t hypocrisy considered the gravest of all sins among the moral relativists? 1. You failed to point out any hypocrisy on my part or anyone elses. 2. I’m not a moral relativist, but wouldn’t a ‘gravest sin’ among relativists be something of a contradiction? Kind of like an sat essay, underdressed nudist? There is huge misunderstanding from ‘No’ side of prop 8. Most people in ‘No’ side of prop 8 misuderstand that the the same sex marriage is one of essay about my first day of, civi right movement in line with the on authority past civil right movement started in dissertation 1960s.

The past civil right movoment was not about sat essay on authority ‘WHAT’ but about ‘HOW’. In other words, the movement has targeted to promises entry break down twisted social hierachy in order to give all social members equality. The real civil right movement have never attempted to destroy fundamental ‘WHAT’ of this society. Sat Essay On Authority. However the same sex marriage is quite different than the real civil right movement because it is targeting to destruct our society into complete mess and uncontrollable status. They are destroying the fundamental ‘WHAT’. IT WILL EVENTUALLY TRIGGER ‘THE END OF WORLD’. And actually the destruction path might be guaranteed for human_being just because of this disastful concept of same sex marriage. Look beyond 20 years from now and consider how this world will be like.

I am very concerning for my next generation just because of this kind of sinful movement. Please look at your conscience and watch for 50 essay great, what will happen next. They are destroying the fundamental ‘WHAT’.IT WILL EVENTUALLY TRIGGER ‘THE END OF WORLD’. Do you always tune up the sat essay on authority rhetoric when you’re losing an argument? Look beyond 20 years from now and consider how this world will be like. I see two likely possibilities: A: 20 years from now a tiny portion of gays use gay marriage. Many that did got burned badly when failed relationships left them dividing assets and paying alimony to partners they no longer wanted to be with. B: 20 years from now a portion of gays use gay marriage. Promises Contest Form. Like other demographic groups they have ‘success rates’ (defined as no divorces within 5 years of marriage) that are sometimes greater and sometiems smaller than heterosexuals as a whole or sub-cohorts of heterosexuals. In both cases the on authority existence of essay techniques, gay marriage has no detectable impact on the far more popular heterosexual marriages (about 95% of all marriages).

Like today some churches recognize gay marriages, others do not. There is probably more acceptance of gay marriage itself in the population but again it is nearly impossible to sat essay detect any impact positive or negative on promises entry form, heterosexual marriage. Can you give us a plausible future scenario? I’ve asked several times now for on authority, ‘yes’ supporters to show exactly how existence of marriage for a small minority group directly impacts their ability to be good husbands, wives, fathers, and mothers. Connect the dots for about my first day of, us.

The Catholic Church doesn’t require the gov’t to sat essay bribe people to follow their teachings, why do you? And just where do you think I do require the government to bribe people to follow the civic law? If there is a specific argument I have made, please point it out. 50 Essay Great. As I have stated, I would gladly give up any supposed benefits the government apportions to marriage if it meant the advocates for monosexed marriage would quit advocating for government recognition. I could care less whether or not churches outside of Christianity condone such practices. There have even been churches that were nominally inside of Christianity who have turned their backs on on authority, Christianity and condoned such practices as monosexed marriage. What I do care about is the damage that is research, being done to sat essay on authority children through the government recognition of monosexed marriages. Our laws should be used to protect the least able to protect themselves, and this is essay grabber, being used to run roughshod over the children by adults who refuse to be adults. 1. You failed to point out any hypocrisy on sat essay on authority, my part or anyone elses.

2. 50 Essay Great. I’m not a moral relativist, but wouldn’t a ‘gravest sin’ among relativists be something of a contradiction? Kind of like an underdressed nudist? 1. No, I didn’t fail to point it out, you failed to acknowledge that I pointed it out. It looks like you have a mental block against recognizing that you seem to sat essay on authority have a problem with McCain’s adultery whereas you have no problem with Clinton’s. 2. Well if you talk like a moral relativist, you might ought to expect being pegged as a moral relativist, and hypocrisy IS a contradiction. Please read carefully my point in line. It is clear that the issue of “Interracial marriage bans” is completly different with “Same sex marriage” issue. I believe that it was absolutely right to abolish the Interracial marriage bans. And also I STRONGLY supported for the other civil right movements of the past. However Homosexuality absolutely cannot be civil right movement, simply because it can destruct human_being.

If you can see further down the road, you might be able to see my point about why it can be disatrous to the human being and next generation. What I do care about is the damage that is being done to beth children through the sat essay government recognition of essay, monosexed marriages. Our laws should be used to on authority protect the least able to protect themselves, and this is being used to run roughshod over the children by adults who refuse to be adults. OK, please be specific here. Children are generated by heterosexuals except in the rather limited case of research, test tube babies. So what exactly are you talking about?

looks like you have a mental block against recognizing that you seem to have a problem with McCain’s adultery whereas you have no problem with Clinton’s. I don’t have any particular problem with McCain’s adultery. I wasn’t part of sat essay, his marriage, it is primarily his concern. I have my own problems to essay deal with. 2. Well if you talk like a moral relativist, you might ought to sat essay expect being pegged as a moral relativist, and promises contest entry, hypocrisy IS a contradiction. You ‘might ought’ put more effort into your own arguments. You asked a question and I tried to answer it as best I could. Please try to return the sat essay on authority favor. Connect the dots for 50 essay great, us because quite frankly I have no idea what you’re talking about and sat essay on authority, I suspect you’re pumping up the rhetoric without thinking about the 50 essay great debts your reasoning and logic skills are going to on authority have to make good on. If part of your argument is hitched to a social science statistic then you’re on a foundation of sand and one of the worse things you can do is read too much into an average.

Ii think we are in violent agreement here, but since my post turned out to be a festival of editing errors, I will restate. Dustin used a number of statistics. Collectively, they beg disbelief. If homosexuals are both, as a group, promiscuous, and the rate of contracting AIDS is one in 175 unique encounters, then there are no homosexuals. Beth Dissertation. Granted, I was exaggerating a little; I should have said there would be no, or very few, gays who survive past middle age. In other words, on the face of it, one of sat essay, those two statistics must be wrong. Not that it matters, because, as you (at least I think it was you) pointed out 50 essay great, above, applying such reasoning to gays, but neglecting to do so for heterosexuals, rather reeks of hypocrisy. As I have stated, I would gladly give up any supposed benefits the government apportions to marriage if it meant the advocates for monosexed marriage would quit advocating for government recognition. So, let me get this straight. You want non-sectarian government to sat essay on authority adopt a specifically sectarian position, while allowing sects to do whatever they want? Christianity defines homosexuality as immoral.

What if Christianity is wrong? It’s tedious work but it is often interesting to techniques probe suspect stats a bit deeper. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to snow their readers over. Sat Essay. For example: 78% of lesbians have reported domestic abuse related problems. If you follow the link you find an unfootnoted statement that: “78% of lesbians report that they have either defended themselves or fought back against an abusive partner” First problem, it is not specified whether ‘partner’ is only female partners or female and male (there are lesbians who have had relationships with men you know). Second problem, the beth price second page of this document lists ‘types of on authority, abuse’….including ‘instigates feelins of shame’ as part of sexual abuse, ‘financial abuse’ that includes using ‘monetary resources of the partner or of the relationship’ without the lao tzu other’s consent….’beauty-ism’….basically this metric seems to include a lot more than what many of us think of when we hear ‘domestic abuse’. This isn’t just your ‘Burning Bed’ stuff but also what a lot of heterosexual couples would consider fighting over money and sat essay, so on. Not only discursive essay designer that, if one partner in any relationship ever felt like they were being made to feel self conscious about their looks, intelligence, money or whatnot that too counts as ‘abuse’. What’s amazing isn’t so much a 78% abuse rate, it’s amazing that we don’t have a 100% rate for all relationships under this measure.

Another clue that we are seeing a distorted statistic, the phrase: “18% of this group described their behavior as self-defense or ‘trading blow for blow or insult for sat essay on authority, insult'” Insult for insult? Are we talking about an accurate measure of about, abuse here or are we seeing an organization with good intentions over-hyping abuse? However, within the homosexual community, infidelity is the on authority norm. Recent studies show that 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in their current relationship. Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an essay babies, average of on authority, 3-5 partners a year. This link is pretty amazing because it is an essay grabber techniques, FRC one. On Authority. What Dusty doesn’t tell us is: 29% of gay relationships in essay the study have lasted longer than 8 years. 29% lasted 4-7 years. 11% less than 1 year. This is a somewhat amzing 60% of on authority, relationships lasting 4 or more years.

Amazing because there is almost no legal status to 50 essay great hold the relationship together. It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for years. Here is the fact, conservatives know better. Sat Essay. Years ago feminists were complaining about the superbowel being a time of record domestic violence of men against women. Conservatives took apart the numbers and demonstrated quite nicely there was no scientific basis to them at all.

So the right has…or at least had…the ability to talk intelligently about statistics. What accounts for this newfound ignorance? So, let me get this straight. You want non-sectarian government to 50 essay great adopt a specifically sectarian position, while allowing sects to do whatever they want? I don’t believe that it is specifically a sectarian position. A lot of non-believers think that monosexed “marriage” is invalid also, and may also believe that it is immoral. I don’t care to interfere in what the homosexuals do in on authority the privacy of their own sects and homes.

I do believe though that the non-sectarian government should protect children from the violence that such an arrangement entails. If homosexuals want to pretend they are married, they should be allowed to pretend, but since their arrangement would not naturally produce children, children should be lawfully excluded from their midst. Christianity defines homosexuality as immoral. What if Christianity is essay day of, wrong? Christianity isn’t wrong about that, but even if I grant you the position for argument’s sake, where is the harm of sat essay on authority, being told that it is immoral? If Christianity is right though, the harm is much worse thinking that it is not. It’s tedious work but it is often interesting to probe suspect stats a bit deeper. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to snow their readers over.

For example: 78% of lesbians have reported domestic abuse related problems. If you follow the link you find an unfootnoted statement that: “78% of lesbians report that they have either defended themselves or fought back against an abusive partner” First problem, it is not specified whether ‘partner’ is only female partners or female and male (there are lesbians who have had relationships with men you know). Second problem, the promises essay contest entry form second page of this document lists ‘types of abuse’….including ‘instigates feelins of sat essay on authority, shame’ as part of sexual abuse, ‘financial abuse’ that includes using ‘monetary resources of the partner or of the relationship’ without the other’s consent….’beauty-ism’….basically this metric seems to include a lot more than what many of us think of when we hear ‘domestic abuse’. This isn’t just your ‘Burning Bed’ stuff but also what a lot of heterosexual couples would consider fighting over money and contest, so on.

Not only that, if one partner in any relationship ever felt like they were being made to feel self conscious about sat essay their looks, intelligence, money or whatnot that too counts as ‘abuse’. What’s amazing isn’t so much a 78% abuse rate, it’s amazing that we don’t have a 100% rate for all relationships under this measure. Another clue that we are seeing a distorted statistic, the phrase: “18% of this group described their behavior as self-defense or ‘trading blow for blow or insult for insult'” Insult for insult? Are we talking about an accurate measure of abuse here or are we seeing an organization with good intentions over-hyping abuse? However, within the homosexual community, infidelity is the essay grabber norm. On Authority. Recent studies show that 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in their current relationship. Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an essay about school, average of 3-5 partners a year. This link is pretty amazing because it is an FRC one. On Authority. What Dusty doesn’t tell us is: 29% of gay relationships in the study have lasted longer than 8 years.

29% lasted 4-7 years. 11% less than 1 year. This is research, a somewhat amzing 60% of relationships lasting 4 or more years. Amazing because there is almost no legal status to hold the relationship together. It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for sat essay on authority, years. Here is the fact, conservatives know better.

Years ago feminists were complaining about the superbowel being a time of paper, record domestic violence of men against women. Conservatives took apart the sat essay numbers and demonstrated quite nicely there was no scientific basis to them at all. So the right has…or at 50 essay great least had…the ability to talk intelligently about statistics. Sat Essay On Authority. What accounts for this newfound ignorance? I do believe though that the non-sectarian government should protect children from the violence that such an arrangement entails. What exactly are you talking about? What exactly are you talking about? I am referring to the violence done to children by exposing them to homosexuals pretending to be married to each other. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to snow their readers over.

This is a somewhat amzing 60% of relationships lasting 4 or more years. Amazing because there is almost no legal status to hold the relationship together. It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for years. Need I say more Mr. Statistics Hawker? So your not actually talking about techniques gay marriage but children ‘exposed’ to gay couples. OK, next time please let us know before post 50 that we can ignore you. Need I say more Mr. Statistics Hawker? Nope, you guys are caught hawking bum stats.

I wouldn’t say anything more if I were you. I do believe though that the sat essay non-sectarian government should protect children from the violence that such an arrangement entails. What point are you trying to make? Even if gay marriages to subject children to some sort of unique violence (I don’t have time to track down the link, but IIRC, lesbian couples have a far lower rate of child abuse than heterosexual couples with one step parent, particularly where the step parent is male), that really has nothing to do with gay marriage. Gays may already adopt children in many, if not most, states. In all states, they can produce children through artificial insemination or surrogate motherhood. If that is what bothers you, than is what you should be fighting against. However, as I mentioned above, even granting there is research paper, no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in a home with a married mother and on authority, father , that forces a false dichotomy. For those children adopted by gay couples, the choice isn’t between a family with a mother and discursive essay babies, father, but rather between an adopted family, or endless foster care. Given the true choice on offer, which is best for children? Christianity isn’t wrong about that, but even if I grant you the on authority position for argument’s sake, where is the harm of being told that it is immoral?

Oh, the same kind of harm that comes from certain Hindu sects deciding those suffering from cleft palate are possessed by the devil, or certain Christian sects having (no longer, thank goodness) that being left handed meant the essay grabber techniques same thing. I could go on, but I won’t, because the sat essay on authority fatal weakness in that statement is how utterly un-American it is. You are branding every member of a group by the presumed characteristics of 50 essay great, that group. That is pure tribalism. In contrast, the on authority American ideal rests upon individual merit. Branding an entire group immoral because of an innate characteristic reeks of the former. Which, BTW, is essay techniques, what makes the Christian / Islamic insistence that homosexuality is immoral so desperately wrong.

There is no morality without agency. Gays have no choice in the matter, any more than straights do. Sex acts have no inherent moral value. The moral value attending a sex act derives wholly from context: consensual sex within a monogamous relationship is moral, no matter the gender of the participants. To conclude otherwise, as I mentioned above, leaves you on the rocks of a theodicy problem for which you have no answer. What point are you trying to make. I do not remember the exact phraseology that Pope John Paul II used in on authority saying it, but essentially he said that a homosexual couple raising a child does damage to that child. Branding an entire group immoral because of an my first day of school, innate characteristic reeks of the former. Which, BTW, is what makes the Christian / Islamic insistence that homosexuality is immoral so desperately wrong.

There is on authority, no morality without agency. Gays have no choice in paper the matter, any more than straights do. Not so, homosexuality is a choice, not an innate quality. Every consensual sex act requires a choice of whether to engage in it or not. The moral value attending a sex act derives wholly from context: consensual sex within a monogamous relationship is moral, no matter the gender of the participants. Setting aside the fact that I disagree about whether or not the moral value of a sex act derives entirely from the sat essay context, your context is out of whack. Discursive Babies. The only morally good context is between husband and wife. To conclude otherwise, as I mentioned above, leaves you on the rocks of sat essay on authority, a theodicy problem for which you have no answer. Given the proper context, there is no need for theodicy, there is no conundrum, it is contest, simple and straight-forward without nuance. Homosexual sex is not between husband and wife, so it is therefore immoral. I do not remember the exact phraseology that Pope John Paul II used in saying it, but essentially he said that a homosexual couple raising a child does damage to that child.

You’re right, such children should just be aborted. More seriously, though, this has nothing to do with gay marriage. The question to ask is what is the alternative? By definition adopted children are cases where, for whatever reason, the heterosexual parents are unable to implement the ideal for their child (whether it’s their fault or not). Sat Essay. You can complain, I suppose, about children created through IVF for gay couples but the question is what is the alternative? Would you rather have life with two gay parents or have no life at all? I do not remember the beth exact phraseology that Pope John Paul II used in on authority saying it, but essentially he said that a homosexual couple raising a child does damage to that child. With respect to what, exactly? While I haven’t checked up on this to contest entry be sure, I’ll bet all adoption agencies put homosexual couples way down the priority list.

That means, IIRC, gay couples are adopting children no one else will. So, I’ve asked before, and I’ll ask again: which is worse, adoption by sat essay on authority a gay couple, or foster care? Not so, homosexuality is essay entry, a choice, not an innate quality. Homosexuality, i.e., possessing a mating preference for the same sex, is as innate as handedness or eye color. Orientation and action are two different things. Which leaves the theodicy problem still in front of on authority, you. You could relieve that problem by concluding that those who wrote the Bible presumed the drive behind same-sex acts was a choice, and, therefore, concluded — wrongly — that engaging in them was based upon choice. Of course, to do that would hole Biblical credibility below the water line. Heck of a place — stuck between the devil of theodicy, and the deep blue sea of discrediting the Bible. The only lao tzu research morally good context is between husband and wife.

Why? What it it about homosexual sex that makes it immoral? Beware of the Euthyphros dilemma, BTW. Full disclosure: my brother is on authority, gay. Consequently, I have a fair amount of first hand experience with gays. The notion that they are somehow irredeemably immoral in lao tzu research paper ways the on authority rest of us are not is 50 essay great, complete crap, and deserves precisely the same respect that, say, anti-Judaism does. Why are my posts not posting? It appears that if I post concerning the on authority subject at hand, no post. But if I post concerning . . . nothing . . . it posts. Why? What does it mean when it says my post is being held by beth dissertation the owner of the blog?

This blog has a spam filter. Sometimes whenever there’s an issue that involves any sexuality-type of sat essay on authority, topic it snags comments, thinking they are spam. I sometimes email Joe when that happens or you can try to rewrite your blog using slightly different words (like SSM instead of same sex marriage). Promises Contest Form. I don’t know if Joe is still managing the filter or not so there might be no one at the switch to sat essay approve comments that are held. It’s usually better to rewrite your post because by the time the essay about comment is cleared people will mostly be reading only the newest comments at sat essay the bottom of the thread and will not notice that a comment has appeared in about my first school the center. “Not so, homosexuality is a choice, not an innate quality.” I feel that this really is at sat essay on authority the root of essay about school, a lot of misunderstandings about on authority homosexuality. It is quite definitely not a choice. Trust me on 50 essay great, this.

I’ve always found it an apt metaphor to compare homosexuality to left-handedness. Both are inbuilt preferences – inclinations towards certain behaviour. Most people are right-handed, just as most people are heterosexual. Sat Essay. Homosexuals CAN teach themselves to sleep with women in promises essay the same way that a left-handed person CAN teach themselves to write or use scissors with their right hand, but it will always feel counter-intuitive for them. For them, it will never feel (ironically considering common objections to homosexuality) natural. It is a choice whether to admit to yourself and others around you that you are gay. But you can no more change your sexual orientation than you can change which hand you prefer.

Just so you know, you’ve erected a straw man with you theodicy problem or the Bible’s wrong canard. The doctrine of sat essay on authority, original sin answers why someone’s sexual orientation can be perverted even from birth, and price, someone’s choice to sat essay on authority act on a sinful impulse is no excuse. Just because someone may like to steal…alot…is no excuse for them to pillage the village. Wow! Maybe I’m in a little gay bubble in Los Angeles, but all the gay couples I know (and I know a ton, mind you) are older and essay about my first school, very monogamous.

In fact, they are quite boring. On Authority. Some have adopted, and promises essay entry, they are wonderful parents. Sat Essay On Authority. I think many ignorant folk here imagine the gay community as just guys in ass-less chaps on a gay pride float. Promises Form. It would be like thinking of heterosexuals on Spring Break in Fort Lauderdale. I still haven’t heard from any of sat essay, you a good argument on exactly how two women walking the aisle will personally ruin your own marriage. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to 50 essay great sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to snow their readers over. And not long after you wrote that, in on authority the very same comment even, you started hawking statistics yourself. Were you trying to snow the readers over? You made your own interpretation of statistics to 50 essay great favor your argument. This is a somewhat amzing 60% of relationships lasting 4 or more years. Amazing because there is on authority, almost no legal status to hold the relationship together.

It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for years. Would you think it so odd if the same statistics applied to married heterosexuals? I predict that you would not, and that you would attribute it to designer babies infidelity. Sat Essay On Authority. You left unstated your implication that the statistics were contradictory and wrong based on your assumption that there was no infidelity in the more or less long-term relationships between practicing homosexuals. And not long after you wrote that, in the very same comment even, you started hawking statistics yourself.

Yea I looked at some of the 50 essay great reports that were being cited by YOU GUYS. You left unstated your implication that the sat essay statistics were contradictory and wrong based on lao tzu paper, your assumption that there was no infidelity in sat essay the more or less long-term relationships between practicing homosexuals. I certainly made no assumption that there would be no infidelity among long term gay couples nor did I assume that infidelity rates would be equal to or lower than heterosexual couples. Take a peek at post 48 if you need a refresher. I suspect all things being equal long term lesbian relationships would probably have lower infidelity rate than heterosexuals as a whole while long term gay male relationships would have a higher one…. Would you think it so odd if the same statistics applied to married heterosexuals? No but that’s not the point. The point is it’s pretty amazing if the only information you had was Richard’s sensationalistic reading of the primary sources.

While I haven’t checked up on this to be sure, I’ll bet all adoption agencies put homosexual couples way down the priority list. Some of them, mostly religiously affiliated adoption services. I don’t believe that publicly funded adoption services do place homosexual couples below heterosexual couples. Catholic affiliated adoption services certainly do not place children with homosexual couples. Activists sometimes apply legal pressure to force them to, but usually that sort of coercion only babies persuades them to shut down rather than operate against doctrinal beliefs and policy. Between the two choices of foster home care and sat essay on authority, placement with a homosexual couple, the foster home placement is dissertation, preferable in my opinion. Homosexuality, i.e., possessing a mating preference for the same sex, is as innate as handedness or eye color.

To pick a nit with your statement… homosexual practice is not a mating practice. Homosexual acts can no more produce offspring than self pleasuring alone at home. On Authority. If a person really wants to mate, they go to the opposite sex. Preferences are choices. Putting little or no thought into beth it does not make it any less a choice than a well thought out decision. Between the two choices of foster home care and placement with a homosexual couple, the foster home placement is preferable in my opinion. Florida, I believe, prohibits gay adoption but permits gay foster parents. Forcing a kid to on authority grow up with no real parents, to about my first live on edge of being whisked away from the caretakers he lives with isn’t doing them any favors. The call that should be made here is what is best for the child, not the ideological fixations of the sat essay evangelical right. If they want to stop gay adoption they should swarm the adoption agencies with applications from essay about school well adjusted, happy heterosexual couples open to adding adopted and on authority, foster kids to their families. If they want to stop gay adoption they should swarm the discursive designer babies adoption agencies with applications from sat essay well adjusted, happy heterosexual couples open to adding adopted and foster kids to their families.

I totally agree! This whole argument seems to me, as a Christian, rather fruitless. Here is why evangelical Christians will never accept gay marriage: The Bible says that homosexual behavior is sinful. 50 Essay Great. Period. It doesn’t matter what stats are brought up, and it doesn’t matter about biology. Sat Essay On Authority. The only entry form way you can convince an sat essay, evangelical/Bible believing Christian to ever vote against promises essay contest Prop 8 is to sat essay make them take the techniques Bible less seriously. Conversely, I seriously doubt that statistics are going to convince a homosexual that he or she is an unfit parent b/c some homosexuals are promiscuous or mean or whatever.

I’m not going to stop pursuing adoption b/c some other “Christian” beats their children. That’s ridiculous. The problem here for anti-Prop 8 folks is on authority, not stats; it’s the Bible. Homosexual sex, just like heterosexual sex outside of 50 essay great, marriage, is sinful. The only way you can convince an evangelical/Bible believing Christian to sat essay on authority ever vote against beth Prop 8 is to make them take the Bible less seriously. The Bible does not require a scorched earth, take no prisoners jihad against all secular law.

Don’t believe in gay marriage, don’t get gay married. Reject membership in any Church that has gay marriage. Tell gay married friends that you think they are making a major mistake with their lives. If they are convinced by your arguments, great. If not you leave them alone. This is what Catholics who take the church’s doctrine on divorce seriously. Just so you know, you’ve erected a straw man with you theodicy problem or the Bible’s wrong canard.

The doctrine of original sin answers why someone’s sexual orientation can be perverted even from sat essay on authority birth, and someone’s choice to act on a sinful impulse is no excuse. Just because someone may like to steal…alot…is no excuse for them to pillage the essay my first village. No, I didn’t erect a strawman. This is very much a theodicy problem. How do you vindicate divine goodness and providence in light of the fact that God specifically created homosexuals, who have utterly no choice in sat essay on authority the matter, then went on techniques, to direct people to kill those caught engaging in sat essay on authority homosexual acts? This goes well beyond the doctrine of original sin. Your analogy to theft is faulty. Promises Essay Contest. Until, that is, you can demonstrate how homosexuality breaks your leg or picks your pocket. Put it another way, other than on account of the Bible says so, why is homosexuality immoral?

I don’t believe that publicly funded adoption services do place homosexual couples below heterosexual couples. Actually, they do. Every adoption agency I have ever heard of does extensive background checks, and puts M-F married couples at sat essay on authority the top of the essay list (all other things being equal; clearly, there could be issues rendering some couples relatively unfit). Catholic affiliated adoption services certainly do not place children with homosexual couples. Not anymore, but they have. The Catholic Charities closed its adoption program in Massachusetts not because of the sat essay on authority state’s gay marriage law but because of an existing gay anti-discrimination law. In fact, the charity had voluntarily placed older foster children in gay and lesbian households — the most willing to essay contest take hard-to-place children — until the sat essay church hierarchy was alerted and demanded that adoptions conform to the church’s religious teaching, which was in conflict with state law. Raising once again the question: is it better that children grow up in foster care, or be adopted by a gay couple? Neither your opinion, nor mine matters here.

There is an objective truth out there, what is it? To pick a nit with your statement… homosexual practice is not a mating practice. Strictly speaking it is, because it is the lao tzu paper result of the drive to mate. Putting little or no thought into it does not make it any less a choice than a well thought out decision. Is your heterosexuality a choice? Could you decide to sat essay engage in promises essay entry homosexuality? I’m going to go out on sat essay, a limb here: No, and No.

You are denying to others that which you assume for yourself. Here is why evangelical Christians will never accept gay marriage: The Bible says that homosexual behavior is sinful. Period. That amounts to the good German defense. (See the Euthyphros dilemma, above). Thanks for essay babies, the info . . Sat Essay On Authority. . The Bible does not require a scorched earth, take no prisoners jihad against all secular law. Certainly not, but we still get a vote. And if we think a practice is 50 essay great, evil, then we can vote no (or yes, as the case may be.) In this case, I think homosexual sex is not only evil, I think calling the sat essay on authority union of two homosexuals ‘marriage’ is absurd. The Bible says it is wickedness in no uncertain terms.

What else can I say? Now my reply is being held up … You’re not being asked to vote on whether or not you think gay sex is evil or not anymore than you are asked to vote on research paper, whether people who marry for money rather than love are evil or whether it’s evil to ditch your wife after she gets disfigured in a car accident…. There are plenty of sat essay on authority, things that one thinks are evil that are nonetheless legal and it doesn’t follow that just being evil is sufficient to justify making it illegal. Just so you know, you’ve erected a straw man with you theodicy problem or the Bible’s wrong canard. The doctrine of original sin answers why someone’s orientation can be perverted even from beth birth, and on authority, someone’s choice to act on essay techniques, a sinful impulse is no excuse. Just because someone may like to steal…alot…is no excuse for them to on authority pillage the village. No, I didn’t erect a strawman. This is essay my first day of school, very much a theodicy problem. Sat Essay. How do you vindicate divine goodness and promises, providence in on authority light of the fact that God specifically created homos*xuals, who have utterly no choice in the matter, then went on to direct people to kill those caught engaging in homos*xual acts? This goes well beyond the doctrine of lao tzu research paper, original sin.

Your analogy to theft is faulty. Until, that is, you can demonstrate how someone else’s being gay breaks your leg or picks your pocket. Put it another way, other than on account of the Bible says so, why is being gay immoral? I don’t believe that publicly funded adoption services do place homos*xual couples below heteros*xual couples. Actually, they do. On Authority. Every adoption agency I have ever heard of does extensive background checks, and puts M-F married couples at the top of the lao tzu research paper list (all other things being equal; clearly, there could be issues rendering some couples relatively unfit). Catholic affiliated adoption services certainly do not place children with same gender couples.

Not anymore, but they have. The Catholic Charities closed its adoption program in on authority Massachusetts not because of the state’s gay marriage law but because of an 50 essay great, existing gay anti-discrimination law. In fact, the charity had voluntarily placed older foster children in gay and lesbian households — the most willing to take hard-to-place children — until the church hierarchy was alerted and demanded that adoptions conform to the church’s religious teaching, which was in conflict with state law. Raising once again the question: is it better that children grow up in foster care, or be adopted by a gay couple? Neither your opinion, nor mine matters here. There is an objective truth out sat essay, there, what is it? To pick a nit with your statement… homos*xual practice is not a mating practice. Strictly speaking it is, because it is the day of school result of the drive to mate. Putting little or no thought into it does not make it any less a choice than a well thought out decision. Is your being straight a choice?

Could you decide to become gay, even for a day? I’m going to go out on a limb here: No, and on authority, No. You are denying to others that which you assume for yourself. Here is why evangelical Christians will never accept gay marriage: The Bible says that gay behavior is promises contest form, sinful. Period. That amounts to the good German defense. (See the sat essay on authority Euthyphros dilemma, above). Yes, you did erect a strawman. Presumably, you are arguing against someone like myself. I believe that men are inherently sinful b/c we fell in essay babies Adam.

God is not obligated to rescue us from sin of any kind: homos*xual s*x is just one of those. It’s no problem of “theodicy” because we are all guilty of sin. On Authority. It goes like this: God created man good. Man sinned and became sinful. God is under no obligation to rectify this (even though He has for all who believe in Jesus.) People perish, Skipper, because they refuse to beth price dissertation believe the truth of God in Jesus Christ. Do you want to escape the wrath to come?

Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved. If you don’t believe and you perish, don’t blame God. Put it another way, other than on account of the Bible says so, why is being gay immoral? The Bible gives us truth. I read this as saying, “Other than on account of it being true that homosexuality is immoral, why is being gay immoral?” What I think and you think is irrelevant if the Bible is true.

Why should I leave the Bible as true for sat essay, someone else’s stats and beth price dissertation, pontifications? That amounts to sat essay on authority the good German defense. Does this look like German to you?: “Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God” (1 Cor. 6:9). Besides, Thomas Aquinas and others have dealt with the lao tzu paper supposed Euthyphros dilemma before. He also found it to be a false dilemma. On Authority. Here’s one example I took from the beth dissertation “Stand to Reason” site: An objective standard exists (this avoids the sat essay on authority first horn of the dilemma). However, the standard is beth price dissertation, not external to God, but internal (avoiding the second horn). Morality is grounded in the immutable character of God, who is perfectly good. His commands are not whims, but rooted in His holiness.

My point in all this is that you will never win a Bible believing Christian to your view. Conversely, I don’t know why anyone would be persuaded of the Biblical view unless they have already submitted to the Lordship of Jesus Christ. Is your being straight a choice? Could you decide to become gay, even for a day? I’m going to go out on a limb here: No, and No. That was indeed going out on a limb, and the limb wasn’t even there to go out on. Yes, my personal s-exuality is a choice. If I chose to practice homos-exuality, I could. In fact, the charity had voluntarily placed older foster children in gay and lesbian households — the most willing to take hard-to-place children — until the church hierarchy was alerted and sat essay, demanded that adoptions conform to the church’s religious teaching, which was in conflict with state law. Let me translate this for discursive designer, you since you have erred. Some individuals within the agency went against sat essay Church doctrine to place those children in homos-exual settings.

It was NOT agency policy to beth price be non-conforming to Church teaching. When the Church heirarchy found out about it, the people that erred in conformance were told to conform. In other words, if your employer has a policy that none of the workers smokes at work and you sneakily do so, does that mean that your employer’s policy allows workers to smoke at work? Strictly speaking it is, because it is the result of the drive to mate. No, it is borne of on authority, a desire to essay contest entry self-pleasure. I THINK SAYIN YES TO PROP 8 IS HORRIBLE… I WOULD HAVE VOTED NO BUT IAM ONLY 17 YRS OLD.. I THINK PEOPLE SHOULD MARRY PEOPLE WHO THE LOVE. THERE IS NO RIGHT TO TAKE THAT AWAY FROM CURTIAN PEOPLE.. WHAT IF THEY SAID NOBODY CANT MARRY THE LOVE OF THEIR LIVES..

ITS NOT RIGHT.. IT DOSENT MATTER WHO U MARRY OR WHAT COLOR OR RACE.. EVERYONE SHOULD GET THE SAME RIGHT AS EVERYONE IN THE WORLD.. ITS NOT EVEN PEOPLES BUISNESS WHO PEOPLE MARRY ANYWAYZ.. NO ONE SHOULD BE TREATED DIFFERENTLY.. VOTING YES TO ME IS BULLS**T.. THIS IS MY OPINION.. AND I STICK WITH IT.. EVEN IN THE CONSTITUTION SAYS PEOPLE SHOULD BE TREATED THE SAME..

SO UR GOIN AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION.. I THINK SAYIN YES TO PROP 8 IS HORRIBLE… I WOULD HAVE VOTED NO BUT IAM ONLY 17 YRS OLD.. I THINK PEOPLE SHOULD MARRY PEOPLE WHO THE LOVE. THERE IS NO RIGHT TO TAKE THAT AWAY FROM CURTIAN PEOPLE.. WHAT IF THEY SAID NOBODY CANT MARRY THE LOVE OF THEIR LIVES.. ITS NOT RIGHT.. IT DOSENT MATTER WHO U MARRY OR WHAT COLOR OR RACE.. EVERYONE SHOULD GET THE SAME RIGHT AS EVERYONE IN THE WORLD..

ITS NOT EVEN PEOPLES BUISNESS WHO PEOPLE MARRY ANYWAYZ.. NO ONE SHOULD BE TREATED DIFFERENTLY.. VOTING YES TO ME IS BULLS**T.. THIS IS MY OPINION.. Sat Essay On Authority. AND I STICK WITH IT.. EVEN IN THE CONSTITUTION SAYS PEOPLE SHOULD BE TREATED THE SAME.. Grabber Techniques. SO UR GOIN AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION..

SMMTheory – Having gay sex does not make you gay. WANTING to sat essay have gay sex makes you gay. A gay person COULD sleep with a woman just as you COULD sleep with a man. But it wouldn’t make him straight or you gay. What makes a person gay is discursive essay, their personal desires and inner thoughts, not their actions. And these are things obviously beyond our control. SMMTheory – And how did you arrive at sat essay the conclusion that homosexuality is about self-pleasuring? Has it ever occured to you that gay people fall in love? They are human beings too.

With regard to beth price strawmen, you are evading the point at hand. The theodicy problem here is squaring God’s goodness and providence with God specifically creating people whose mating preference is for on authority, those of their own gender, then specifically commanding people to kill them (Lev 20:13 — well, men anyway) when acting upon promises essay entry, the drive God uniquely gave them, then declared sinful in all its manifestations. This goes beyond problematic human nature (ignoring for the moment how God could have created men good and sinful at the same time) by placing a unique curse on a few people. Of course God does under no obligation to rectify that which God has caused. However, that is no advertisement for God’s goodness and sat essay, providence. Hence, the unique theodicy problem: specifically creating a special kind of lao tzu, sinfulness, then directing people to kill when it occurs. Does this look like German to you? Your citation of 1 Cor 6:9 is to sat essay assume the beth price Good German defense. The inhabitants of that list are uniquely condemned, and on authority, you agree without questioning at promises essay contest entry form all why.

Among the infractions listed, homos-xuality is unique in that, in and of itself, it picks no one’s pocket, nor breaks anyone’s leg. The moment you accept something as so purely by argument from authority, you have adopted the Good German defense. Beyond that, though, who does that list omit? Anyone? You? I seem to remember Jesus saying something to sat essay on authority the effect that sexually immoral thinking is just as bad as act itself. Consequently, all you have managed to conclude here is that homos-xuals are just as, but no more, condemned than the rest of us. Besides, Thomas Aquinas and discursive essay designer, others have dealt with the on authority supposed Euthyphros dilemma before. He also found it to be a false dilemma. Here’s one example I took from the “Stand to Reason” site: “An objective standard exists (this avoids the first horn of the dilemma).

However, the standard is not external to God, but internal (avoiding the second horn). Discursive. Morality is grounded in the immutable character of God, who is sat essay, perfectly good. His commands are not whims, but rooted in grabber techniques His holiness.” The trouble with this being that once the theological debris is sat essay, cleared and you understand what it is beth dissertation, they’re getting at, you find yourself right back at sat essay on authority the first horn. If goodness is part of promises essay contest entry form, God’s nature, then goodness is not something God has any control over, and divine command theory is incorrect. That was indeed going out on a limb, and the limb wasn’t even there to go out on. Yes, my personal s-exuality is a choice. If I chose to sat essay practice homos-exuality, I could.

That is an empty assertion. Discursive Babies. You could choose to sat essay dress a pig in a tutu and paint it green. 50 Essay Great. But since you never would actually make that choice, making that statement is no better than attempting to assert a null. Let me translate this for you since you have erred. Sat Essay On Authority. Some individuals within the agency went against essay Church doctrine to place those children in homos-exual settings. It was NOT agency policy to be non-conforming to Church teaching. I didn’t err — it actually happened; whether it accorded with Church doctrine is a separate matter.

However, it is worth bringing up in sat essay on authority its own right, because it reiterates a question I have raised before, but you have avoided. Which is paper, worse, having same-s*x couples adopt a child, or that child being raised in foster homes? If the latter (and I strongly suspect that is sat essay, true), then Church doctrine amounts to enforcing a choice detrimental to essay the children for whom the ideal choice does not exist. I’m glad I don’t have to defend that position. Strictly speaking it is, because it is the result of the drive to on authority mate. No, it is essay techniques, borne of a desire to self-pleasure. No more than heteros-xuality is. Sat Essay. That the beth coupling can’t result in offspring doesn’t mean the desire to sat essay couple doesn’t have the same basis.

IMHO, gays should have simply left well enough alone for another ten years. By which time nearly everyone will view this kerfuffle through the same lens we now view, say, miscegenation: what the heck were they thinking? In the meantime, there is nothing to be gained by annoying those whose religious precepts still make it moral to ostracize an entire group of people simply for the way they were born, for doing something that causes no one else any harm. What portion of the population was conceived out of a motive for self-pleasure versus a purposeful motive of mating? Well, you partially got my point concerning human nature. I’m not going to go over the supposed two horns of the dilemma you presented though. Contest Entry. It has been satisfactorily answered for a few hundred years now. Your “Good German” argument is on authority, precisely my point, except we’re not “Good Germans,” we’re “Good Evangelicals.” (Some of whom happen to be good Germans.) All Bible-believing Christians appeal to the Bible for essay, their final authority.

We believe it to be an infallible source of truth. Did you not know that? We have a host of reasons for believing this to be true, and sat essay on authority, you have probably heard them before and we’d stray from the point if we want there. So if your point is that I’ve believed that homosexuality is immoral simply b/c I read it in my first the Bible and accept it as authoritative, I’m willing to concede that. There are other reasons for believing this to be so, but that, in the end, is why evangelicals vote “Yes” to Prop 8. Everyone, ultimately, accepts an sat essay, argument from authority. I do not accept the authority of Scripture uncritcally, there are reasons.

But I’ve tipped my hand for you and shown you my cards. you know my source of authority. But it’s not enough for you to smell my rotten egg; you’ve got to lay your own. What is your authority? Man’s reason? Here’s the promises essay form best part of what you said: Your citation of 1 Cor 6:9 is to assume the Good German defense. Sat Essay On Authority. The inhabitants of essay contest entry, that list are uniquely condemned, and you agree without questioning at all why. Among the infractions listed, homos-xuality is unique in that, in and of itself, it picks no one’s pocket, nor breaks anyone’s leg. Beyond that, though, who does that list omit? Anyone?

You? I seem to remember Jesus saying something to the effect that sexually immoral thinking is on authority, just as bad as act itself. I apologize if I wasn’t clear before, and essay, though I’d be happy to talk about on authority it, I’m not interested in techniques this forum in outlining all the ways in which homosexuality is sat essay, harmful to those who practice it and for those who approve of it. My answers are Biblical anyway, and as I said before, I would not expect anyone to believe them if they haven’t first submitted to the Lordship of Jesus Christ anyway. But you are right.

1 Cor. 6:9 condemns all sorts of people in this passage. And Jesus did say that even calling your brother a “fool” puts one in danger of hellfire. So yeah, you’re right about contest Jesus being strict on sins other than those that pick my pocket and break my leg. So I whole-heartedly agree with this statement you made, and I applaud it: Consequently, all you have managed to conclude here is on authority, that homos-xuals are just as, but no more, condemned than the rest of us. There is hope for sinners in the resurrected Jesus Christ. Swindlers, fornicators et al. Essay. That’s where I always want to wind up in the conversation. Before someone can see Christ Jesus as the sat essay only hope, they need to be aware of the paper reason that they need a hope, and pretending that certain things that are sinful and sat essay, evil are actually good and day of school, approved will have the result of letting them continue to perdition without warning. Our real disagreement, the root of on authority, our disagreement, does not revolve around statistics and love and sexual inclination.

It revolves around what you and price dissertation, I believe about on authority Jesus Christ and whether or not the Bible is true. Lao Tzu Paper. Right? We believe [the Bible] to be an sat essay on authority, infallible source of beth price dissertation, truth. That is the problem. Sat Essay. It is not infallible (Thou shalt not kill, thall shalt kill gays caught in the act). And, while it may be a source of truth, that does not mean everything in it is true. The problem Evangelicals are faced with here is asserting homos-xuality is ipso facto immoral, because the Bible says so. No doubt, it clearly does. However, as I mentioned above, the notion of morality applies only to the extent there is free will. Because of essay grabber techniques, this, among the very few who still insist being gay is a matter of sat essay, choice, Evangelicals are prominent. Yield on essay contest entry form, the matter of choice, then the whole question of morality starts looking irrelevant.

Worse, it provokes the theodicy problem that you have pretty much ignored. Theodicy, in its simple form, attempts to vindicate divine goodness and providence in the view of the existence of evil. That really isn’t particularly difficult: humans would not be humans without free will; free will entails evil. However, that question gets much harder to deal with when acknowledging that God specifically created a subset of people who, having no choice in the matter, were going to sat essay be the target of God-directed ostracism, opprobrium, and murder. People whose humanity, by the way, makes them as dependent upon mental and physical affection as you are. Of course, God can do anything God wants. But, if the words “goodness” and “providence” are to have any meaning whatsoever, then creating gays presents a glaring contradiction. That contradiction can only be resolved by giving up on theodicy, or concluding that, in 50 essay great the case, the sat essay Bible is wrong: being gay is lao tzu paper, not immoral, and morality of acting on that impulse is contained wholly within context: monogamous homos-xuality is no more immoral than monogamous heteros-xuality. Yielding that, however, admits that the sat essay on authority Bible is beth price, not an infallible source of truth; rather, it contains assertions that are presented as true, but are, in fact, morally indefensible. What is your authority? Man’s reason?

Well, yes. Words have meanings. In order for an action to sat essay on authority be immoral, the actor must have a meaningful choice, the action cannot be imposed upon someone else, and the action cannot significantly impose upon those not parties to the act. By all these measures, homos-xuality is no more immoral than heteros-xuality, because neither, absent context, has any moral content whatsoever. In other words, on this score, the Bible’s assertions are simply wrong. Whoever wrote those words was operating under a fundamental misapprehension, and falling prey to one of the most pernicious elements of human nature: the desire to demonize those who are different. I’m not interested in this forum in outlining all the ways in which homosexuality is harmful to those who practice it and for those who approve of it. Well, perhaps you should be. The alternative is to insist upon the immorality of a group of people while leaving on the table precisely why they are immoral.

To the extent your answers are Biblical, the insistence upon making secular marriage unavailable to gays crumbles. There is hope for promises entry, sinners in the resurrected Jesus Christ. Sat Essay On Authority. Swindlers, fornicators et al. So, what happens to a monogamous gay couple who accepts Jesus as their savior? Are they uniquely condemned, as opposed to research everyone else who accepts Jesus? If not, and sat essay, I see no Biblical reason to 50 essay great conclude otherwise, then your citation of this passage doesn’t seem particularly relevant to the matter at hand. Our real disagreement, the root of our disagreement, does not revolve around statistics and sat essay, love and sexual inclination. Promises Essay Entry Form. It revolves around what you and I believe about Jesus Christ and sat essay on authority, whether or not the Bible is true.

Right? Full disclosure: I am an agnostic areligionist. (Agnostic, because I think the question of whether a supreme being exists is unanswerable; areligionist because I think all religions are man made out of whole cloth). Now, that doesn’t mean that I would necessarily disagree with the lao tzu paper conclusions of a scripturally based argument, regardless of sat essay on authority, how I think the Bible came to be. In this case, though, Evangelicals have arrived at a conclusion I believe to be profoundly immoral. That is essay grabber techniques, what this revolves around. That is the problem. It is not infallible. Well there you go! Is that an argument from authority, btw? I’ll give you mine, “Yes, it is!”

In this case, though, Evangelicals have arrived at a conclusion I believe to be profoundly immoral. That is what this revolves around. In other words, “Evangelicals have believed the Bible, which I believe is profoundly immoral in regards to how it views homosexuality.” In another thread, Boonton mentioned that he believed himself to be an on authority, above average guy who is right about 54% of the time. I agree that he is both intelligent and probably right more than he is wrong. So, why should I trade the Bible that is 100% right for discursive essay, genius that is sat essay on authority, right only 60% or so? The Bible is grabber techniques, 100% accurate, is it? May I ask – which version?

To name just a handful of the modern translations, there is the King James Version, the sat essay New King James Version, the Revised Standard Version, the New International Version, and the New American Standard Version. When we look back further through history, translations which are presumably closer to the original, we find, among others, the 50 essay great Codex Sinaiticus, the Codex Vaticanus and the Old Latin Vulgate. Obviously these are just a scant few of the more well known versions, and there are many, many more. And here’s the point – they all say different things. In most cases, the differences seem hugely insignificant, but the more distantly related the versions are, the more differences become apparent. They cannot ALL be correct.

So if you have miraculous insight into on authority which particular version is THE authoratative version of the Bible (since they cannot all be true), then please do enlighten us. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt kill. It is worth noting here that any system of beth, statements containing a contradiction may be used to sat essay prove any conclusion, no matter how absurd. That contradiction, taken from a couple Biblical passages, holes your claim to infallibility below the essay day of school waterline. So, why should I trade the Bible that is 100% right for genius that is right only sat essay 60% or so? Every time religion has ostracized entire groups of people it has been wrong.

Think of the Reformation, or assigning to Jews the collective guilt of deicide. Your position really boils down to “on account of promises contest, because.” You sidestep Euthyphros with a transparent dodge, and on authority, fail to so much as take on board the theodicy problem. Yet you (and, I presume, all) Evangelicals seek to impose a sectarian beliefs upon a form of secular contract. Promises Contest. That is ironic enough. The irony meter goes into the red, though, on noting that there is no barrier whatsoever to other sects performing sacred marriage upon whomever they choose. So, in the realm where Evangelicals really should have to justify themselves with something more than “on account of sat essay on authority, because” they don’t. And, in the realm where Biblical inerrancy should make dissension on this matter non existent, it doesn’t. Within ten years, people are going to discursive babies look back on sat essay on authority, the passage of Prop 8 with this one question: what the heck were they thinking?

Richie asks what is “THE authoritative version . . .? Good question! THE answer is the Authorized Version, which is the only version without a copyright. It has been said, you can’t copywrite the discursive Word of God. The two ms. that you mentioned (Sinaticus and Vaticanus), not only on authority disagreed between themselves, but with 95% of the extant Greek ms. in existence. Essay About School. They formed the basis of most of the modern translations. (Even the infamous “New World Translation” used the Wescott-Hort Greek). Of these two ms., one was found in a trash can and the other in sat essay on authority the Vatican Library. Both were of 50 essay great, highly questionable value, besides their presumed antiquity.

There is no such thing as a perfect translation, but the Greek ms. upon which the English translation is made is essential to its accuracy. Check out “The Revision Revised” by sat essay on authority John Burgon. for an eye opener. Richie asks, what is THE authoritative version . . .?” The answer is THE Authorised Version. Since the beginning of recorded history there has never been same sex marriage`allowed in any culture, at any time. Essay Designer. But according to Skipper, in sat essay 10 years time everyone will asking “what the heck were we thinking” in refusing Prop 8? qwertyuio – I have to say it’s nice to beth price be given a straight answer.

However, things are not really so simple. Sat Essay On Authority. For example, you cannot simply discount Sinaticus and Vaticanus simply because they disagree with most of the Greek manuscripts. Imagine for a moment there is a book (Book 1). I make two copies of that book (Books 2 and 3), but in essay techniques one copy (Book 3)I accidentally make an error. If the flawed copy is then taken and copied, then the sat essay on authority new copy (Book 4) will also contain that flaw. Dissertation. Simply put, if Book 3 is taken and copied hundreds of sat essay, times while Books 1 and 2 are not, then those two books will end up disagreeing with the vast majority of texts, but that is obviously not good grounds to dismiss them. When we look at the earliest Greek manuscripts of the essay contest entry form New Testament, the sat essay first problem is of course, that we do not have the originals for any of the New Testament books. The earliest copiest we have for the books date from between roughly 100 and 300 AD, and exist mostly in fragments.

The Codex Vaticanus is the earliest of the great parchment manuscripts at 300 AD. Now also consider that in this time there was no printing press, so everything had to be copied by hand in a time and society were very few were literate at all. Paper. This explains why the earliest manuscripts vary the most. The Authorized Version was written in the 17th century using existing English translations, but comparing them to the ancient Greek texts. It is therefore hugely important WHICH Greek texts they used, since they vary so much. How do we know they selected the right ones, if indeed, the ‘right ones’ have even survived? But all this history aside, interesting as it is, even the sat essay on authority Authorized version contains contradictions.

To pull one at paper random, how did Judas Iscariot die? According to Matthew 27:3-8, he gave his silver to the priests, who used it to buy the Field of Blood – called so because they buried foreigners there, and sat essay on authority, then hanged himself. According to Acts 1:18-19, Judas himself bought the promises essay form field and ‘fell headlong’ onto it so his guts burst out (nice), and this gave the field its name. How can the sat essay on authority 100% accurate word of God contain such a blatant contradiction? Since the form beginning of recorded history there has never been same sex marriage`allowed in any culture, at any time.

But according to Skipper, in 10 years time everyone will asking “what the heck were we thinking” in sat essay refusing Prop 8? Yep. Both demographics and people’s experience point in about day of that direction. Younger people increasingly accept the obvious, that homos-xuality is innate, not chosen. Also, familiarity has failed to breed contempt. As gays have come out of the closet, everyone else increasingly sees them as people, rather than contemptible perverts. So, I think it not only inevitable, but sooner rather than later that society will look at Prop 8 as a bloody minded denial of a minority by on authority a majority for whom the cost would have been nil. All based upon nothing more than “on account of Because.” What would have been your reaction in 1998 if someone was to essay about my first school insist that in 2008, a black man with the last name Obama would be elected president?

A thread on sat essay on authority, same sex marriage is not the place to go into too much detail on this matter. Essay About My First Day Of School. But I will say this and leave it to sat essay rest. Lao Tzu. Personally, I don’t care whether you believe me or not. If you are sincere in wanting to know more, I suggest that you google Wilber Pickering from the Greek department of Dallas Theological Seminary (Try Pickering + KJV),or (David Fuller + KJV),or John Burgon + KJV). On Authority. Do some research! The Authorized Version was written using Greek, (NOT English)texts as a base.

It was in agreement with no less than 95% of the 5000 existing Greek ms. Essay. These copies and fragments do not vary much and one could reconstruct the entire NT (except for a few verses) just by personal corresponsense letters of the church fathers. On the other hand the Sinaticus and Vaticanus deviate over 3000 times from the “Majority Text” and leave out sat essay, 200 verses found in the Authorized version. They were horrible texts and 50 essay great, were not used, or replicated, for the very reason that they were horrible. Concerning the alledged contradiction of Judas’ death as described in the book of on authority, Matthew and grabber techniques, Acts. On Authority. Matthew says he hanged himself. About My First. Luke says that he fell headlong into a field and on authority, his guts burst out. In order for the latter to happen, he must have fallen from a distance, which logically could have occured when he hung himself.

He botched everything else in life, why not his own death? Why “headlong”? No one knows, perhaps he got caught up in the branches of the tree that he hung himself on. I believe the Word of God. Paper. When 90% can be proven true, I can accept the other 10% on faith. That is my last word on this subject. . On Authority. . qwertyu7, you are right that this is a little off-topic, but I had to essay contest answer the accusations against me.

I have indeed done some research. My understanding of the English origins of the Auhorized version comes from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02141a.htm. Be that as it may, your understanding of the Biblical scholarship is obviously lacking. Our earliest fragments of the books that make up the on authority Bible differ hugely. It was only essay designer with the invention of the printing press that any book could be reliably reproduced. The Sinaticus and Vaticanus are not freak versions which deviate thousands of times – ALL early Bible manuscripts differ; sometimes significantly, though mostly not. There is no consensus or “majority text”. For a fuller explaination, see Bart Erhman’s Misquoting Jesus, or http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=vJluEnIqTVk. Finally, what is the 90% of the Bible that can be proven true? None of it can be.

You are taking the sat essay Bible ENTIRELY on faith as being even 90% true. For more on the historical inaccuracies in the Bible, see http://www.ebonmusings.org/atheism/otarch.html. I do see we are going off on a tangent though. I just had to speak out at the accusations that I had failed to research these matters, or that the Bible can be proved to be in essay entry the slightest bit accurate. 1. No accusations were made against you. 2. You are right The total number of departures of “the Sinaticus and sat essay on authority, Vaticanus are not freak versions that deviate thousands of times.” To be more precise these versions deviate over research 36,000 times from the Majority Text.

3.The majority of the 5000 Greek ms. are in agreement. That is why the Majority Text is also called the “Received Text.” It is essentially what was recieved by the early church fathers. 4.You say that “there is no consensus, or Majority Text.” If you google “Majority Text” you will find 86,000,000 references. 5.You say that “none” of the Bible can be proven true. B.J. Chesterton one of the world’s formost Mideast archeologists said that he has never found one thing in sat essay on authority his archeological research that has ever contradicted a New Testiment statement. And he was a Jew! 5. You express doubt that the Bible is the “slightest bit accurate.” The year is 2008 . . . since when? If I do not respond to your reply it is dissertation, because. I am undergoing a family crisis, and sat essay on authority, besides, I don’t want to hijack this thread. 1. Perhaps I spoke a little strongly there.

I meant no offence. 2, 3 #038; 4. I stand totally corrected. Essay Entry Form. There IS a “majority text”. Sat Essay. You learn something new every day. However, according to essay about school the first site I visited, ‘The “Majority Text” is a statistical construct that does not correspond exactly to any known manuscript. It is arrived at by comparing all known manuscripts with one another and deriving from sat essay on authority them the discursive essay babies readings that are more numerous than any others.’ In other words, no single manuscript actually fits this ‘majority text’. On Authority. It has been formed by looking at all the Bibe versions and fragments, (all of essay about day of school, which disagree in one place or another) and in each case, favouring the sat essay on authority most numerous interpretation. However, as I think I demonstrated in comment 98, the most numerous account is not necessarily the most accurate.

If I make two copies of a book and essay contest entry form, one copy contains a mistake, but the flawed copy simply goes on to be copied more times, then this will be the on authority most numerous version, and 50 essay great, therefore the one to sat essay on authority appear in the Majority Text. The Majority Text is beth dissertation, doubtless an interesting focal point in Biblical scholarship, but there is no reason to on authority suppose that this is more reliable or accurate than any other version. 5. ‘Not finding anything to contradict’ is not the same as proving. It’s like asking someone to prove a negative. If I said Oliver Twist was true and I could find no evidence in London to contradict this claim, that is a far cry from saying I have proved it to be true. Indeed the most convincing argument against the inerrancy of the Bible is the 50 essay great lack of sat essay on authority, evidence that we would expect to find if it was all true. for good examples of promises contest entry, this. 6. On Authority. ‘2008 years since the birth of essay, Jesus’, is the answer you are obviously fishing for. However, the BC/AD dating system was not invented until 525 AD, and was only slowly adopted in the West between the 8th and 14th centuries.

The entire dating system was drawn up by men who were deeply Christian, and sat essay, centuries after Jesus supposedly lived. This obviously cannot constitute strong evidence for Jesus’ existence or Biblical accuracy. As a final point, I am sincerely sorry if you are having any personal troubles. I hope it is all sorted out soon. I won’t take it badly at all if you don’t respond. But I’m always happy to debate it you do. Actually, a study done a couple of years ago found that whether or not couples were in a legal commitment was the factor in staying together, rather than sexual orientation. Unmarried same sex couples did not (if I remember correctly) break up at discursive essay a greater rate than unmarried heterosexual couples. And frankly, if heterosexual couples don’t need any incentive to stay monogamous without a marriage, well, why do they bother marrying?

It sounds to me as if you’ve just argued that people can be just as committed living together as they are married. I only agree with like 2-things in here…But seriously, why take away a persons civil rights? That’s just so wrong! I mean really when all these church people and white trash gay bashers move in and try to take away their rights, it doesn’t make you look like you’re “proteacting” or “saving” marriage, it just looks like you’re being a whiney little bitch about it… I only agree with like 2-things in here…But seriously, why take away a persons civil rights? That’s just so wrong! I mean really when all these church people and white trash gay bashers move in and try to take away their rights, it doesn’t make you look like you’re “proteacting” or “saving” marriage, it just looks like you’re being a whiney little bitch about it… I agree with you that there are other considerations about this issue than biblical ones. You mentioned some cultural ones, there are judicial /legal ones as well. Sat Essay. (Is this right actually in the Calif constitution, despite what the Supreme Court says?) This is not a Christian issue.

It’s about democratic majority rule, what rights are given to the minority and how to properly protect those rights. See my blog, “Life in the Big Democracy” at http://www.sophiesladder.com. P.S. I found this blog from a link on “Blue Christian”. rbmhw sawicuv pmcthf rynhet gnljb bahez gfnjmtcy. rbmhw sawicuv pmcthf rynhet gnljb bahez gfnjmtcy. rbmhw sawicuv pmcthf rynhet gnljb bahez gfnjmtcy. i personall do not support gay marrige….here are a few reasons why.

2.how will this going to benefit the society….instead this will ruin the society. 3.legalizing gay marriage would open the doors to any body getting married, for example would you want your dog to get married to another dog of the same sex…..how is the dog going to be benefited?? 4.why is there this change. …its not like divorce is not legal…i mean two people of the contest same sex can be good friends….how are they going to benefit the world….they can go out and watch movies or hand out sat essay on authority, together… 5.this is less meaningful to the society. 6.there is my first, a need of a family…you cant just adopt children from the orphanage…..one day the sat essay on authority orphanage will run out of babies, then who will produces more babies or the orphanage would not want to give the baby to a gay couple…will they??

7.gay parents will raise their children to be a gay…influation… 8. gay marriage is not supported by religion. 9.children would not succeed if they do not have a male parent and a female parent. 10.this will change the foundation of society…i mean this is not what humans are…. now i am in a huge mess, personally this is what i think of gay marriage, and now i have been given my debate topic to be for gay marraige and paper, i don’t even agree to one of the on authority advantages of gay marriage…i have not even lost one debate in my life….all i can do is essay day of school, more research, if any one you have a strong point for sat essay, gay marriage pls do tell me… i personall do not support gay marrige….here are a few reasons why. 2.how will this going to benefit the society….instead this will ruin the society. 3.legalizing gay marriage would open the doors to any body getting married, for example would you want your dog to designer get married to another dog of the same sex…..how is the sat essay dog going to be benefited?? 4.why is there this change. …its not like divorce is not legal…i mean two people of the day of school same sex can be good friends….how are they going to benefit the sat essay world….they can go out and watch movies or hand out together… 5.this is less meaningful to the society. 6.there is a need of a family…you cant just adopt children from the research orphanage…..one day the orphanage will run out of on authority, babies, then who will produces more babies or the orphanage would not want to research paper give the sat essay baby to a gay couple…will they?? 7.gay parents will raise their children to be a gay…influation…

8. gay marriage is beth price, not supported by religion. 9.children would not succeed if they do not have a male parent and on authority, a female parent. 10.this will change the foundation of society…i mean this is not what humans are…. now i am in a huge mess, personally this is what i think of about day of, gay marriage, and now i have been given my debate topic to sat essay on authority be FOR gay marraige and i don’t even agree to one of the beth advantages of gay marriage…i have not even lost one debate in my life….all i can do is sat essay on authority, more research, if any one you have a strong point for gay marriage pls do tell me… Don’t let this important debate die. Everyone who’s posted here has raised some very good points, and they should be preserved for anyone in the future who needs to learn the arguments on both sides. The best place to do that is at lao tzu research paper http://www.livingvote.org/. ‘Christians’ appear graceless, judgmental and controlling when they vote to sat essay on authority ‘defend marriage’.

The statistics offered by Steeve were an utter joke. Mr Hollis’ rebuttal was very impressive.

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Mastering the SAT Essay – Part 2 - SAT Success Secrets

cliff essay man note Negative screening is a common application of Environmental/Social/Governance (ESG) investing. It avoids “sin stocks” and divests from sat essay industries or firms deemed immoral or having poor or undesirable standards along one of the three E, S or G dimensions. 1 It’s promoted largely on the fact that it’s virtuous. While we may all define virtue differently, advocating for it in this way is fair and appropriate. However, employing these constraints is also often promoted as enhancing expected returns. That is, if you avoid certain companies, industries, and even countries, that are deemed non-virtuous, you should expect to make more money over time. 2 Do good and lao tzu, make the same return or more!

This is mostly wrong and, more the sat essay on authority point here, actually at odds with the very point of ESG investing. Pursuing virtue should hurt expected returns. Some have discussed this fact. 3 But, it’s still not widely understood or broadly accepted. Lao Tzu Research Paper! This seems to arise from investment managers selling virtue as a free lunch, and from investors who very much want to believe in that story. Sat Essay! In particular, and lao tzu research, my focus here, accepting a lower expected return is not just an unfortunate ancillary consequence to ESG investing, it’s precisely the point (though its necessity may indeed be unfortunate). As an on authority ESG investor this lower expected return is exactly what you want to happen and essay, really the only way you can effect the change you seek. 4, 5. First there’s the very basic thing.

Constraints can never help you ex ante and only sometimes ex post through luck. Sat Essay! Why? Because if they help they aren’t constraints, they are what you want to do anyway. So, if you say your portfolio is better with a negative screen, you are saying that the essay about my first old evil you who didn’t care about ESG issues also didn’t like more money. On Authority! 6 Many commentators do indeed seem to (implicitly and sometimes explicitly) say that constrained portfolios are ex ante better. The opposite, that judged purely on return and risk constrained is dissertation always ex ante less than or equal to unconstrained, is really an important concept and still surprisingly often misunderstood. Constraints are needed to push you to do things you otherwise would not do, not to do things you’d do anyway out of self-interest. 7, 8. Put simply, if two investors approach an asset manager, one who says “just maximize my return for the risk taken” and the other who says “do that but subject to sat essay on authority the following constraints,” it is simply false and irresponsible for the asset manager to assert that the essay about second investor should expect to do as well as the first, except in the case where those constraints are non-binding (and therefore not relevant). Even in sat essay on authority that case, it’s still irresponsible to say that the second investor should expect to do better.

9. But, while important and sometimes misunderstood, the argument that ex ante constrained is less than or equal to lao tzu research paper unconstrained is actually rather trivial. On Authority! The more interesting thing is precisely how ESG investing really makes an impact. It turns out 50 essay great that the sat essay on authority ESG investor making less and the slimy sin investor making more, than they all would in the absence of the ESG investor’s self-imposed constraints, is precisely what the ESG investor wants to essay grabber happen. That’s kind of cool in a math-econ-geek sense (as we’ll soon see as a human it’s kind of annoying). What happens when one group of investors, call them the on authority virtuous, simply won’t own a segment of the market (the sin stocks)? Well, in economist terms the market still has to “clear.” In English, everything still gets owned by someone. Discursive Essay! So, clearly the group without such qualms, call them the sinners, have to on authority own more than they otherwise would of the sin stocks. Babies! How does a market get anyone, perhaps particularly a sinner, to own more of something? Well it pays them! In this case through a higher expected return on sat essay the segment in question.

This may be unpleasant but it is beth just math (like math could ever be unpleasant). In the absence of extra expected return the sinners would own X of the market segment in sat essay question. Promises Contest! The only way to get them to on authority own X+Y is to pay them something more. Now, assuming nothing else changed, how does the market assign this sinful segment a higher expected return? Well by according it a lower price. That is, if the essay techniques virtuous decide they won’t own something, the sinners then have to, and they have to be induced to through getting a higher expected return than otherwise. This in turn is achieved through a lower than otherwise price. 10,11. Now for sat essay on authority, the fun part. How do the virtuous actually make the world a better place? Well to make the world a better place you want the 50 essay great sinning companies to sin less not just to suffer in the stock market.

Does the above deliver this desired effect? Yep. Imagine a sinful company is considering a new investment project. Sat Essay On Authority! How does it analyze this project? Well, as many of essay babies, us were forced to learn in business school, it forecasts out on authority cash flows, both positive and negative, and discounts those cash flows back to the present. If the final number is 50 essay great positive (a positive “NPV” in the parlance), and simplifying a bit for other complications like mutually exclusive projects, it undertakes the venture. Now I snuck in the assumption that the company knew the on authority forecasted cash flows and the discount rate. Discursive Essay Designer Babies! I’m going to stick with the first assumption, that the actions of our virtuous and sinful investors don’t affect the forecasted cash flows of this potential project. 12, 13, 14 But we can’t make this assumption for the discount rate as we know it is on authority false and 50 essay great, we know in which direction it’s false. Discount rates are in fact expected returns (and this is where we get our essay’s sub-title cut from Rhymin' Simon as one man’s discount rate is another man's expected return).

Earlier we showed that investors will demand a higher expected return from the on authority sinful companies, due to 50 essay great shunning by the virtuous and sat essay on authority, the necessity to discursive essay designer babies bribe the sat essay sinners to promises essay contest entry hold more of them. It also directly follows that the sinful companies will have to use a higher discount rate (or, perhaps more clearly in this case, “cost of capital”) in their “should we undertake this project?” calculations. This is truly Finance 101. Sat Essay On Authority! 15 That means quite simply that fewer sinful projects will show positive NPVs and fewer will be undertaken. Put simply, if the virtuous are not raising the cost of capital to sinful projects, what are they doing? How are they actually affecting the research world as they wish to? If the cost of capital isn’t also an expected return, what is it?

This might be a painful reality to swallow for the virtuous. To get precisely what they want, which is less of the bad stuff occurring, they have to pay the sat essay on authority sinful investors in the form of paper, a higher expected return. Sat Essay On Authority! 16 Importantly, this isn’t an accidental byproduct of ESG investing. It’s the only way all this really matters one drop to techniques the central issue how much bad stuff happens. If the discount rate used by sinful companies isn’t higher as a result of constraints on on authority holding sinful stocks then there was no impact. And, if the discount rate on sin is now higher, the sinful investors make more going forward than otherwise. Frankly, it sucks that the virtuous have to accept a lower expected return to do good, and perhaps sucks even more that they have to accept the sinful getting a higher one.

17, 18 Well, embrace the suck as without it there is promises essay contest entry form no effect on the world, no good deed done at all. Perhaps this necessary sacrifice is why it’s called “virtue.” [1] In this essay I’ll focus on sat essay this negative screening. ESG or “responsible” investing more holistically tries to consider other factors like social good in addition to financial return. Negative screening does this by avoiding certain stocks with undesirable characteristics. However, my arguments also apply to other types of ESG investing which encourage investors to invest in certain companies because of positive characteristics that are distinct from dissertation financial return (we’ll call those strategies “positive screening” in this discussion). On Authority! My argument’s sign simply changes as needed. [2] Or in discursive babies the case of positive screening, if you invest extra in certain companies, industries, and even countries, that are deemed virtuous you should expect to sat essay make more money over time. [3] See, for instance, Dimson, Marsh, and Staunton (Credit Suisse Global Investment Returns Yearbook 2015, pp. 17-27), Kacperczyk and promises contest form, Hong (Sauder School of Business Working Paper 2006), and Chava (Georgia Institute of on authority, Technology Working Paper, 2014). [4] Of course there are also completely non-monetary concerns that can transcend having an “impact.” One could have no hope of making an “impact” and still divest under the “I will not make money from that undertaking” argument. Nothing I write about here contradicts that.

[5] Full disclosure, AQR pursues negative screening(and in fact a broader ESG research agenda that has the potential to touch all our products) for our investors who desire it, and believe in its virtues. We just won't oversell negative screening as a free lunch and we will be clear about how virtue actually creates change in my first school the world (by moving costs-of-capital). [6] As usual a better portfolio can come from higher expected return or less risk. I will focus on expected return here but the analogous arguments could be made in terms of risk. [7] It’s easy to confuse this with two other concepts. One, some would agree with the idea that constraints can’t ex ante make you better off but point out that what they’re really implementing is a one-time view, a trade if you will, that the world will move towards the stocks better on these measures (and away from the sinner companies), and they’ll benefit from sat essay this move by beth price, acting now (negative screening). While I’m professionally skeptical of big confident macro calls like this, which will always rise or fall not based on sat essay their forecast of the future but based on how much of entry, that forecast is already in market prices, it’s certainly reasonable.

But, again, one doesn’t need a program, a set of sat essay on authority, guidelines, binding constraints, or anything of the sort if this is your view. Why? Because it’s what you’d do anyway from just greed or even financial prudence. Two, similarly some may believe that, for essay techniques, instance, some ESG factors are systemically underpriced so a tilt towards them is a good thing (not surprisingly AQR looks for such factors). For instance, if environmentally virtuous companies were also better companies and on authority, that wasn’t fully reflected in 50 essay great prices (so tilting this way gives you an advantage).

That’s fine. But, again, no constraint is on authority needed to essay my first push you to sat essay invest in a good factor judged purely on return and 50 essay great, risk. If the constraint is binding, and changes the world at all, it must go past what you’d do anyway from pure expected return and risk concerns. If you believe in one or two above I’d argue you might look as if you’re doing ESG investing, but you’re really just doing regular old investing with an active view on on authority how ESG is going to perform; an investor with the same view and absolutely no virtuous concern about ESG would do the promises contest entry form same. Sat Essay! A subtle distinction perhaps but I think an important one. [8] Guenster et al. (European Financial Management, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp.

679-704, 2011) make the case that ESG constraints improve risk adjusted returns but it takes time because the cost of capital is affected with a lag. Paper! I think it’s very hard to distinguish the cost of sat essay on authority, a constraint once imposed from the effect of 50 essay great, a constraint as it is being imposed. In principle imposing ESG constraints can help the on authority returns of virtuous companies and hurt sinful ones, as a “shock”, but the promises essay contest ongoing existence of ESG constraints does the sat essay on authority opposite. Anyway, I’m not dealing with any messy empirical issues of what really happens, but rather with what theory says should happen! Given the short period and confounding directional difference of changes versus levels of expected return, I actually think theory is far more useful here.

[9] As discussed in footnote 7, if this is just a trade it's a consistent view, but the ESG negative screening program has zero to do with it as you're doing what you'd do otherwise out of greed! [10] See Fama and French (Center for Research in Securities Prices Working Paper No. 552, 2005) for a related more general discussion. [11] Similarly, in the case of positive screening, if the virtuous decide they want to own more of something, the sinners then have to beth dissertation own less, and they have to be induced to do this through getting a lower expected return than otherwise. [12] In reality this is a bit oversimplified as any change can affect all aspects of equilibrium, including expected cash flows (a butterfly beats its wings in sat essay on authority China and all that). If we had to guess at other equilibrium changes from the above we’d probably guess that the non-sinful companies required expected return would go down a little (some part of the market now wants to promises essay contest entry hold more of them for non-return based reasons) and a bit more non-sinful stuff would occur (lower cost of capital so more positive NPV projects). Sat Essay! Though we’d expect this effect to be considerably smaller than the effect on sinful companies as, presumably, sinful companies are in the minority. We might also expect these actions to slightly raise the required expected return on essay the whole cap-weighted market as everyone has to be induced to own less diversified portfolios (no sin stocks for the virtuous and sat essay on authority, extra sin for essay about my first day of, the sinful) making investing a slightly riskier proposition. We might guess all these effects are small, unless sin stocks are a large part of the market capitalization, as stocks are probably reasonably close substitutes for on authority, each other. Luckily magnitude is not part of my brief here.

Finally, I only deal with the case of investors who negatively screen and simply don’t own sin stocks. It is beth always possible that more active engagement can change the equilibrium for on authority, the better. [13] One admitted flaw in my argument that “higher cost of capital implies fewer bad projects” is that not all projects have positive cash flows followed by negative ones. For example, an oil company choosing whether to repair a known defect in their offshore oil platform today, versus paying potential damages tomorrow, is more apt to essay defer maintenance if we successfully raise their cost of capital. A higher cost of sat essay on authority, capital generally shortens the time horizon of my first school, sin companies which in itself is not clearly good or bad. I’m going to assume, because I think it’s true, that the world is still dominated by “regular” projects (invest now, positive cash flows later) so, generally, raising the cost of capital of the sinful projects has a positive “impact” as we get less of them. [14] One of the many real world complications I’m ignoring is that it’s more correct to talk about “projects” rather than “companies” when it comes to discount rates. In reality projects can all have different discount rates and a company can choose to do some and not do others. Sat Essay! Real life is still even more complicated as the price dissertation designation of “sin stock” or not is usually discrete (it’s not done by projects but at the firm level). It’s quite likely that the coldly (not virtuous) optimal thing for many firms to do is pursue “sinful” projects up to, but not past, the point where they get designated sin companies.

Again, the sat essay on authority real world is complicated. But, I think the general points (constraints are never ex ante helpful, and the way negative screening has any impact is to raise the expected return of sin) likely hold up. [15] While beyond this essay to go further, the simple example of risk free one-period cash flows is instructive. If the proper discount rate is 5% for such future cash flows, it is immediately clear that an essay designer investor will also earn (the “expected return”) 5% on such an investment. Discount rates (or costs of capital) are expected returns. The example generalizes to a world of risk but you’ll have to look further than this blog for that one.

[16] If you don’t like this you’ll hate what Ronald Coase says more generally. [17] If it helps, the movement to ESG investing will indeed hurt the prior investors in sat essay on authority sin stocks as their cost of beth dissertation, capital goes up and price down. It’s the sin investors going forward (maybe the sat essay same entities maybe not) who get the higher expected returns. [18] Or you can just reframe the essay techniques answer. Ghoul, Guedhami, Kwok, and sat essay, Mishra (Journal of Banking Finance, Vol.

35, Issue 9, pp. 2388-2406, 2011) find that, empirically, firms that are more socially responsible have lower expected return to investors, but frame it as those responsible firms are more valuable and less risky. And they’re probably right! They are just seeing the happy side where, admittedly, I’m perhaps biased to the dark. Discursive Essay Babies! Another empirical study, Statman and sat essay on authority, Glushkov (Financial Analysts Journal, Vol. 65, No. 4, July/August 2009), finds a positive realized return advantage to tilting towards virtuous firms but a negative one from essay school shunning sinners.

The first result is opposite to what I argue is likely, the second consistent with my logic. Again I’m rather cynical we can get much out of such empirical studies; it’s particularly hard over sat essay on authority a time when there has been movement towards recognizing ESG characteristics which is an “event” that could cause realized returns to move opposite in sign to my first day of school expected future returns. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of sat essay on authority, AQR Capital Management, LLC, its affiliates or its employees. This document has been provided to you solely for information purposes and does not constitute an offer or solicitation of an offer or any advice or recommendation to purchase any securities or other financial instruments and may not be construed as such. The investment strategy and themes discussed herein may be unsuitable for investors depending on their specific investment objectives and financial situation. My First! Diversification does not eliminate the risk of experiencing investment losses. Please note that changes in the rate of sat essay on authority, exchange of discursive designer, a currency may affect the value, price or income of an sat essay on authority investment adversely. The factual information set forth herein has been obtained or derived from sources believed by the author and AQR Capital Management, LLC (“AQR”) to be reliable but it is 50 essay great not necessarily all-inclusive and is not guaranteed as to its accuracy and is not to be regarded as a representation or warranty, express or implied, as to on authority the information’s accuracy or completeness, nor should the attached information serve as the promises entry form basis of sat essay on authority, any investment decision. Information contained on lao tzu research third party websites that AQR Capital Management, LLC, (“AQR”) may link to are not reviewed in their entirety for on authority, accuracy and AQR assumes no liability for the information contained on these websites. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission from AQR. 2017 AQR Capital Management, LLC.

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Writing A Disk-Based File-System For The Linux Kernel V2.4 - A Loop With 8 Iterations. Why not? To get intimate knowledge with the VFS. . so we can contribute to a real FS (ext2, reiserfs, nfs. ) Because we think we have an idea for an even better FS. To expose something that's not an FS, as if it was one (e.g. ftpfs). To be able to prepare an unusual lecture for our local LUG.

To leverage two month of unemployment for a future career. General Parts Of A Disk-Based File-System's code. First, there is the on-disk file-system layout design. . and the code to manipulate it. . including a user-mode utility to create a new, empty FS. . and a user-space utility to sat essay on authority, check and fix a broken FS. Then there is code to handle the essay entry form, VFS's super-block. And code to handle Inodes of directories.. . and on authority, inodes of beth dissertation, files.

And code to handle file's data.. Finally, code to handle directories data (mostly for readdir). Before you write a new FS - read the code of an existing one. ext2 is a good idea, since it is the simplest native file-system. Even thought FAT is sat essay, much much simpler, it's not native, and thus is too confusing to serve as a reference (has no inodes, so everything is emulated). Next time, you'll have the code of essay, STAMFS as a base reference, too ;) Note : STAMFS is sat essay, a silly, useless, unstable, crash-prone and very inefficient file-system, that assumes that each disk sector contains 512 bytes, and uses them in logical blocks of 1024 bytes each. But it's simple enough to understand in 10 minutes and promises entry form, implement in 2 month of spare-time by someone unfamiliar with the sat essay on authority, VFS.

Here is how it looks: Contains a mapping from inode numbers to the logical disk block that contain their info. Lao Tzu Paper? Each entry on the disk occupies 4 bytes. Entry 0 contains the sector number of inode 1. Inode numbers are between 1 (the root inode) and 1024/4 + 1 (=257). Then why 4 bytes per entry and not less? for on authority simplicity, and future extension. The inode contains info such as last update/change/access time, data blocks size, index of the logical disk block with the data block index, etc. Beth Price? The data block index contains a mapping between logical block numbers in the inode, and sat essay on authority, logical blocks on disk. Day Of? Entry 0 contains the number of the disk block whose contents is in block 0 of the file (bytes 0-1023). Each entry in this index is 4 bytes long. On Authority? Thus, an essay my first school, inode (i.e. a file) on on authority a STAMFS system is essay techniques, limited to 1024/4 (=256) sectors, or 128KB, of data. The free blocks list contains indexes of disk blocks that were once allocated and then freed.

No need to hold all free blocks, since we have the number of the sat essay, highest allocated block in the super-block. Each entry is 4 bytes long, and thus we have 1024/4 (256) entries for free blocks. When allocating a data block, we first scan the free list. Only if it is empty, we allocate the next highest non-allocated block. If we free 257 blocks without allocating any. BOOM! A directory is an inode of type directory, whose data contains the list of files found in the directory.

Each entry in the data contains an inode number, file type (dir or file), and a name (limited to price dissertation, 16 chars). We don't keep entries for . and sat essay on authority, .. on disk - the file system's code adds these entires on-the-fly at techniques, run-time. Writing STAMFS - A Loop With 8 Iterations. When writing a file-system, we need to sat essay, implement several layers of objects. To make life simpler, lets develop it using user-mode-linux. . and using loopback mount (file-system in a file). Lets see how to do that in 8 iterations. Important Note : the VFS is a very delicate creature. if you load half-written file system code, it might try to access not-implemented functions/structs and crash. The code in the steps below might cause some crashes for price the system - do not panic. Use register_filesystem() to register a new file-system. A struct file_system_type is the parameter: Use unregister_filesystem() during cleanup.

Here is the non-mountable STAMFS code. To make the file-system mountable, we implement the stamfs_read_super() function: Read the super-block from the hard-disk. Verify the STAMFS signature is there. Initialize the struct super_block we got. Initialize a struct stamfs_super_meta and attach as the sat essay on authority, super-block's FS private data. Load the root inode (see next slide), and put in the dcache.

The iget() function we called to discursive babies, load the root inode will eventually invoke the read_inode super-block operation, stamfs_read_inode(): Find the sat essay, disk block containing the inode, based on the inode number. Read the inode's block. Initialize the VFS's inode struct with the loaded data. Attach STAMFS's inode-meta-data to the inode. Set the various VFS operations (inode-operations, file-operations, address-space operations) based on designer the inode's type (dir, file. ). When a file-system is unmounted, its put_super super-block operation is invoked. stamfs_put_super() does: Release the buffer_head-s we used for storing super-block related data (the super-block, the inode index block and the free list block). Sat Essay? Free the memory used for beth dissertation storing the STAMFS super-block's meta-data. When we read the on authority, inode, we attached a meta-information structure to the inode object. When the system frees this object, we need to clear this memory. This is done by implementing the 'clear_inode' super-block operation: Get the 50 essay great, pointer to the meta-data structure. Free it.

Set the original pointer to NULL - the inode object might be re-used later on. Here is the just-mountable STAMFS code. Now we should allow searching for inodes inside directories, based on sat essay their names - a simple ls won't work without stamfs_iop_lookup: Make sure the parameters are sane (e.g. file-name is not too long). Scan the 50 essay great, directory for an entry with the desired name. If we found it - load the inode from disk, using the on authority, inode number (see next slide). add the dentry as a child of the parent directory, in the dcache.

Reading The Contents Of A Directory. If we'll just stop here, we'll get a system crash in the first ls to the root directory - we want to be able to essay, read the contents of the root directory, and this requires a file-operation named readdir, implemented in stamfs_readdir(): Make sure the file read-head position is not located past the last entry in the directory (for a large dir, we only return part of it, and the user will perform another readdir to read the next chunk, etc.). Sat Essay On Authority? If we're at the first position, insert info about directory '.' (we don't keep it on disk). If we're at the second position, insert info about directory '..' (we don't keep it on disk). Entry Form? Read the directory's data block from disk. As long as there's space in on authority the user's buffer, scan the essay about school, list of files and add them to sat essay on authority, the user's buffer. Update the about day of, last access-time of the directory.

Now, here is the search-able STAMFS code. Note : expect a kernel-panic when bdflush tries to sync this directory - we'll get back to this later. When we instantiated the root-inode, we attached an inode-operations object - struct stamfs_dir_iops. It has a mkdir entry - to which we now attach stamfs_iop_mkdir(): Allocate a new inode for the child (see next slide). Turn this inode into an empty-directory inode.

Increase the parent's link-count (the child's .. points to the parent). Increase the child's link-count (the child's . Sat Essay? points back at lao tzu research, the child). Add the child to the list of children of the parent. Instantiate the child's dentry. To create a new inode, we have stamfs_inode_new_ino(): Allocate a block for the inode, and a block for the inode's block index. Allocate a free inode number - it must be 1 or larger - zero will cause various user-space applications to choke. Allocate a VFS inode struct. On Authority? Set the inode's link-count to 1 (it will be in a directory, which will point to it). Set the rest of the inode struct's fields. Attach STAMFS's meta-data to the inode's private data.

Set the various VFS operations (inode-operations, file-operations, address-space operations) based on essay designer the inode's type (dir, file. ). Add the inode to the parent directory. Important - Writing The Super-Block. If we want to avoid a busy-loop, we must implement write-super: Adding a new inode will dirty the super-block. . Sat Essay? so the beth price, VFS (via the update daemon) will try to write it to disk. . in sat essay on authority a loop of updating all dirty super-blocks. The write-super function needs to mark the super-block as non-dirty, or else the 50 essay great, update daemon will keep trying to write it - causing the system to get stuck. Sat Essay On Authority? So, here is the mkdir-able STAMFS code.

After we can create directories - we can try to about school, delete them, too, with stamfs_iop_rmdir(): Make sure the directory is on authority, empty (it's up to US, not to grabber techniques, the VFS. hence - we could have changed this semantics if we wanted to). Unlink the directory (see next slide). Decrease the parent's link count - the child's .. no longer points to sat essay, it. Decrease the child's link count - the child's . no longer points at itself. Do not actually delete the directory's inode - the designer babies, VFS will do it once it sees the directory's link-count dropped to 0. Support Directory Deletion - The Unlink Operation. Unlink is implemented as a separate operation, since later on it will also be used to unlink files: Remove the child from the list of children of on authority, its parent. Decrease the child's link count - the parent no longer points to it.

Now, here is the rmdir-able STAMFS code. Until now, when we unmounted our file-system, we lost all entires we created (well, not all - when we wrote into buffer-heads, they got written into disk - which is why we got some funny entries in directories, after un-mounting and re-mounting a file system on which we created directories). We need to have the following: Write the super-block to disk (already done). Write new or updated inodes to disk. Essay? Delete inodes from disk when their files (actually directories) are erased. Truncate data blocks when their files (actually directories) are erased.

Writing inodes back to on authority, disk is done using the super-block's write_inode operation, and the stamfs_write_inode() function, which simply invokes stamfs_inode_write_ino(): Load the inode's block from disk. Update it with data from the VFS inode struct. Mark the inode's buffer_head as dirty - it'll be written by bdflush or during unmount. Unless we were asked to do this synchronously - in which case we force an immediate buffer_head write. Deleting inodes from disk is done using the super-block's delete_inode operation, and the stamfs_delete_inode() function: Sanity check - make sure this is not a bad inode (i.e. an essay designer, invalid inode). Set the inode's size field to zero, and if it contains any data blocks - invoke stamfs_inode_truncate() (see below). Finally, free the inode, using stamfs_inode_free_ino() (which merely frees the inode number, the inodes block and its block index block). This function is used both when deleting the inode, and when a user invokes a truncate operation (with a given offset) on a file, so it uses the inode's size field in order to on authority, know where to start truncating from: Read the inode's block index from disk. Calculate the entry of this index, from which we need to fully truncate blocks.

Scan the index from that point until its end, freeing each block (possibly adding it to the free list), and mark the entry as empty. Update accounting data (e.g. number of blocks used by the inode). Note : when we support files with data, we will need to get back to this function. Now, here is the persistent STAMFS code. First, we need to 50 essay great, add new operation structs for files: In stamfs_iops, we add an empty stamfs_file_iops. In stamfs_fops, we add an sat essay, empty stamfs_file_fops.

Modify stamfs_inode_new_inode to use the research, new structs when creating file inodes. Modify stamfs_inode_read_ino in the same manner. Creating a normal file is done using the sat essay on authority, create inode-operation, and in STAMFS, with stamfs_iop_create(): Create a new inode for the file (using the previously encountered stamfs_inode_create_ino() function). Price Dissertation? Add it to children list the sat essay on authority, given directory, and instantiate the file's dentry. If the essay designer, above failed, reduce the new inode's link count and sat essay, iput() it - seeing that it has 0 links, the VFS will delete it (will invoke the super-block's delete_inode operation). As an added bonus, let us also support deleting files.

This is real easy now: Simply add an 'unlink' operation to the stamfs_dir_iops struct, pointing to stamfs_iop_unlink. Price? We already implemented that when adding support for rmdir. Here is the file-create-able STAMFS code. Supporting files with data is simpler then it looks, because we leave most of the work to the page cache, and the VFS's generic page-handling functions. We simply need to map all address-space operations to functions that invoke the VFS generic page-handling functions, and implement a single function - stamfs_get_block(): Translate the block offset parameter to the matching disk block number. If we succeeded, just return this block number. Otherwise - if we were told NOT to allocate a new block, return an sat essay on authority, error. 50 Essay Great? Otherwise (this is an allocate block operation, coming from a file write operation), allocate a free block, add a mapping to the inode's blocks index, and return it. Truncating Pages In The Page Cache. In addition, we need to handle truncating page cache parts related to our file, when the matching part of the file is truncated.

In stamfs_inode_do_truncate, before the blocks freeing loop, we need to tell the sat essay, page cache to delete the price, relevant pages, using the VFS's block_truncate_page function. Finally, we need to implement the fsync file operation, for both files and directories. The function is stamfs_sync_file: Take the inode from the given dentry parameter. Sync the buffers related to sat essay, the inode (in our case, that's the lao tzu paper, inode's buffer-head and on authority, the block index buffer-head). Sync the data buffers of the file. Lao Tzu Paper? If the inode itself is dirty, write the sat essay, inode to discursive designer, disk in on authority a synchronous manner. Here is the files-with-data STAMFS code.

Implementing A Disk-Based File-System - Summary. Use the essay, generic VFS functions whenever possible. Implement things in small steps. When you didn't support some functions yet - supply an empty operations struct - not a NULL pointer. When updating a buffer_head or an sat essay, inode - mark it as dirty! Whenever you change an inode - update the relevant times - no one will do that for you. Updating VFS objects is decoupled from grabber techniques, updating disk objects. Fix the bug with allocation of directory entries - which does not re-allocate a previously freed entry. Allow creating larger files/directories, by having the on authority, last entry in an inode's block index, point to another block containing index data. Support a larger free blocks list in a similar manner (note: This is trickier - where do we store the beth dissertation, blocks comprising the free blocks list?).

Support having more inodes, in a similar manner. Add support for 'rename'. Add support for variable-length file names. Sat Essay? Re-implement directories handling to use the page cache, rather then using buffer-heads directly.