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A Rose For Emily and Other Short Stories Summary and intermountain, Analysis of Dry September. The narrator of Dry September is omniscient, but uses the point of view of an observer. Therefore, details about the Media Report Analysis characters and the action are revealed as if the reader were a viewer of the scene with no prior knowledge of the circumstances. The first paragraph sets the scene in a stifling barber shop, makes clear the troubling truth: none of them. Newspaper? knew exactly what had happened. The following conversation, between Hawkshaw the barber, a second barber, Butch, the in writing a historical paper drummer, a second client, and an ex-soldier who is elkins newspaper also referred to as third speaker, makes this fact incredibly clear. The men argue over whether the details of the story matter, and Hawkshaw, who at this point is only referred to how to personal problems as the intermountain barber, emerges as a defendant of Will Mayes. The mood of the scene changes with the entrance of McLendon, who had been a soldier. He asks, Are you going to sit tehre and ucsd, let a black son rape a white woman on the streets of Jefferson?

By using the word rape, he assumes the elkins newspaper worst about the rumors of a crime, and riles up the other men. Butch jumps up to agree with him, but other men remain skeptical. Report? However, McLendon squashes the questions of one of the clients with the elkins following point: Happen? What the hell difference does it make? Are you going to brief essay let the black sons get away with it until one really does it?

Rather than stand out for newspaper intermountain, its absurdity, this argument serves to steps in writing rally the men around McLendon#39;s cause. Hawkshaw continues to point out that they ought to find out the elkins facts first, boys. Let#39;s get the sheriff and do this thing right. McLendon responds by calling him a niggerlover, the same name Butch had called him earlier, before McLendon#39;s entrance. The men start to jump up to join McLendon, including the drummer, who doesn#39;t even live in Jefferson.

All the men except the three barbers follow McLendon outside. Brief Essay On America? Hawkshaw puts away his razor, then runs out of the barber shop saying, I can#39;t let - The reader is led to believe he intends to elkins newspaper intermountain warn Will Mayes, or somehow stop the violent crime about to be carried out. Essays Toronto? The other two barbers watch him go, wondering, You reckon he really done it to her? Part II begins with a description of Miss Minnie Cooper, who up until this point has only existed to elkins intermountain the reader as part of a rumor. She is an old maid, aged thirty-eight or thirty-nine, and the most tragic part about her is the bright, haggard look on her face. The children of the town used to call her aunty.

The narrator relates how twelve years before, the town began to see her driving on Sunday afternoons with the cashier in the bank; and how this caused the townspeople to say, Poor Minnie. At that point, she asked that the essay principle greatly children of the next generation call her cousin instead of elkins newspaper intermountain aunty. But eight years had passed since her affair with the cashier, and now neighbors seem to delight in reporting about malthus's essay influenced, him to Minnie. In the evenings, Minne dresses in one of her bright dresses and goes out with women neighbors, but she passed and elkins intermountain, went on along the serried store fronts, in the doors of essays which the sitting and lounging men did not even follow her with their eyes anymore. Now we are redirected to the present, where Hawkshaw is elkins intermountain chasing after McLendon and the murderous gang.

When he catches up with them, at first they assume he has come around and is joining them in their mission. However, he continues to defend Will Mayes. The ex-soldier tries to pretend that they are just going to Analysis talk to him a little; that#39;s all, while Butch and McLendon feel comfortable announcing freely the violent nature of their plans. They get into two cars and drive out of town, to elkins intermountain the ice plant where Will Mayes is a night watchman. They get out of the cars, and McLendon and Butch venture farther to find Will Mayes. How To Personal? Then they all run at the victim, and a disembodied voice yells, Kill him, kill the son. But they drag him to the car instead. Will Mayes doesn#39;t physically resist the intermountain men, but verbally asserts his innocence. He asks, What is it, captains? obviously unaware of the crime of which he is aip research paper accused. The white men all begin to strike Will, and in resistance, he happens to hit Hawkshaw in intermountain the mouth; Hawkshaw then strikes him, too. But as they ride in the cars, Will Mayes between Hawkshaw and the ex-soldier, Hawkshaw asks to be let out.

McLendon tells him, Jump out, niggerlover, and solve personal, doesn#39;t slow down; so Hawkshaw jumps out of the moving car. The cars are headed toward an abandoned brick kiln - a series of reddish mounds and weed- and vine-choked vats without bottom. Hawkshaw limps back toward town, and soon he sees the cars pass him on their way back. McLendon#39;s car is elkins last, and there is one fewer man inside it. The reader assumes this means they have killed Will Mayes and disposed of his body. Miss Minnie Cooper is dressing to ucsd go out with her female neighbors, who provide her with not necessarily sincere support. She is trembling as they approach the town square. Now, even the young men lounging in the doorway tipped their hats and newspaper intermountain, followed with their eyes the motion of her hips and legs when she passed. Aip Research Paper? As they walk through the elkins newspaper square, her friends point out with hissing exultation that there#39;s not a Negro on the square. Not one.

They arrive at the picture show, and as the essays toronto movie begins, Minnie starts laughing. Her friends take her outside, but she continues laughing all the way home in the taxi. They put her in elkins intermountain bed and put ice on essay on america, her temples, trying to calm her down. She lay still for a time, moaning only a little, but soon begins to laugh once more. Her friends repeat, Poor girl! Poor Minne! as they question whether or not anything really happened.

McLendon arrives home at midnight, and his wife has been waiting for him. He scolds her for waiting up, and half struck, half flung her across the elkins newspaper intermountain chair before taking off his shirt and exiting to the screened porch. He is sweating profusely and wipes his face and body with his shirt, removing his pistol from his hip and steps, putting it on the bedside table. Diction reminiscent of death and destruction is used throughout the story, creating a tone of elkins newspaper doom even before the reader understands what is to happen to Will Mayes. Media Report? The first sentence: Through the elkins intermountain bloody September twilight, aftermath of sixty-two rainless days, it had gone like a fire in dry grass - the rumor, the story, whatever it was.

The use of the how to solve problems word bloody to describe the color of the impending darkness as the sun sets, as well as the comparison of the intermountain rumor to fire blazing through dry grass, set a dangerous tone for the story to ucsd follow. When McLendon leads the men out of the newspaper barber shop, The air was flat and dead. It had a metallic taste at the base of the tongue. The use of the word metallic to describe the taste of the air creates the image of how to solve personal a gun, perhaps in one#39;s own mouth. As Hawkshaw chases McLendon and the gang of men, the air is described as lifeless, and: The day had died in a pall of dust; above the darkened square, shrouded by the spent dust, the sky was as clear as the elkins intermountain inside of a brass bell. The words pall and shrouded recall a funeral, while the sky is described as if it is a funeral bell. As the cars barrel down the narrow road toward the brick kiln where they are about to Media Report Analysis murder Will Mayes, their motion was like an extinct furnace blast: cooler, but utterly dead. The men of the story often create truths from their assumptions, whether they mean to or not. When McLendon barges into the barber shop and uses the word rape, rape immediately becomes the assumed crime. On the other hand, Hawkshaw is the first to mention Will Mayes#39; name.

The reader is unsure whether Will Mayes was under suspicion before Hawkshaw brought his name up. Though Hawkshaw#39;s intention was to rule him out as a culprit, the effect is that the other men seize upon the name and decide he is, in fact, the perpetrator. In this story, that which is newspaper illogical and driven by brief essay on america violent instinct always beats out that which is logical. Intermountain? For instance, when McLendon asserts that it doesn#39;t matter whether or not anything happened between Will Mayes and how to, Miss Minnie Cooper, rather than being stricken by intermountain the unfairness of his logic, the men seem to relate to the emotion behind the statement. When the men arrive at malthus's 1798 work on the of population influenced the ice plant, Hawkshaw makes the very logical point that if Will Mayes is on duty, it proves he couldn#39;t have been anywhere near Miss Minnie Cooper; however, this point is totally ignored by the other men. The turning point in the story is when Hawkshaw hits Will Mayes, after Mayes happens to slash his mouth in the struggle against the men trying to force him into the car. Up until that point, Hawkshaw had been the elkins newspaper intermountain lone defender of Will#39;s innocence; now, he joins the violent gang, no longer protesting, and instead follows along with the essay violent plan.

Anonymity is an elkins, important force in the mob violence of the story. Although Will Mayes recognizes the individual men involved in his murder, there is a mysterious voice that guides them when they arrive at the ice plant: Kill him, kill the black son! The narrator, too, retains a level of anonymity by continually referring to Hawkshaw as the problems barber, as if he/she doesn#39;t know Hawkshaw personally. The narrator also achieves a level of anonymous removal by revealing certain events only through outside observation, rather than by elkins newspaper describing what actually happens. For example, when McLendon and Butch capture Will Mayes, the narrator describes the sounds of the scuffle, but never says directly what actually happens in those moments. The reader has to assume that Will Mayes has been thrown down one of the brick kilns, but only ucsd aip research paper because that is where the cars are headed when Hawkshaw jumps out, and elkins newspaper intermountain, because when they return they hold one fewer man. Dry September was originally published in January, 1931, in Scribner#39;s Magazine . The barber Hawkshaw, appears again in Faulkner#39;s May, 1931 short story Hair. In Hair, we learn that Hawkshaw#39;s name is Henry Stribling. He is characterized as honest and faithful; this characterization makes McLendon even more despicable in contrast in Dry September.

From a historical perspective, Dry September is based upon the Southern White Goddess idea. It was the belief that a southern white woman could never tell a blatant lie; so any hint that she was the victim of violence or disrespect was taken as the solve personal truth, without the need of proof. Thus, the white men in the story take justice into their own hands. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/short-stories-of-william-faulkner/study-guide/summary-dry-september in newspaper intermountain MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About A Rose For Emily and Other Short Stories A Rose For Emily and malthus's essay on the principle of population influenced, Other Short Stories Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Barn Burning Two Soldiers A Rose for Emily Dry September Red Leaves That Evening Sun Lo! Turnabout Honor There Was a Queen Mountain Victory Beyond Race at Morning Other Yoknapatawpha County Sartoris Family Tree Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Mini-Store William Faulkner Biography. A Rose For Emily and Other Short Stories Questions and Answers. Newspaper Intermountain? The Question and Answer section for A Rose For Emily and Other Short Stories is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.

Miss Emily is Report Analysis impatient and unfriendly to her visitors. She might even be described as condescending. So SHE vanquished them, horse and foot, just as she had vanquished their fathers thirty years before about the smell. I think her father's rejection of so many suitors and her inability to marry Homer Barron are repressed emotions. Intermountain? Study Guide for A Rose For Emily and Other Short Stories.

A Rose For Emily and Other Short Stories of William Faulkner study guide contains a biography of solve problems William Faulkner, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis of each his short stories, including a Barn Burning summary. Essays for A Rose For Emily and newspaper, Other Short Stories. Short Stories of William Faulkner literature essays are academic essays for citation. Paper? These papers were written primarily by elkins newspaper intermountain students and 1798 on the darwin, provide critical analysis of Short Stories of William Faulkner.

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Guide to undergraduate dissertations in the social sciences. - qualitative or quantitative? Can my dissertation be entirely. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of research you might undertake for your dissertation. Elkins. The use of literature and customs toronto case studies is elkins newspaper intermountain, considered and the merits of primary research are debated and in writing a historical paper advice is elkins newspaper intermountain, given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of brief essay on america, a quantitative approach should be considered and similarly, the idea of qualitative analysis and conducting your own research may yield valuable data.

The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? This video clip contains comments from the following academics: Dr Iain Garner - Psychology Alan McGauley - Social Policy Shawna McCoy - Criminology Kevin Bonnett - Sociology. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? Your approach, research design, and elkins newspaper research question are all connected. Customs Essays. 'Approach' means something more than the type of data you use €“ it refers to your overall orientation to intermountain, research and the type of claims you will make for your study.

Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to customs toronto, be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Intermountain. Quantitative data is steps in writing paper, particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain. Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour.

Think about the aip research Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of elkins newspaper, studies you have read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and aip research paper methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and newspaper intermountain methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out malthus's 1798 essay about social trends, or the measurable effects of elkins, particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied.

Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for toronto the dissertation (e.g. if the length is to be 5,000-8,000 words, dissertations based on quantitative analysis are likely to be closer to 5,000 words in length). They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged. What if I want to record people's views on an issue, and give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic. Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to newspaper, be nearer to the upper limit of customs essays toronto, your word range (e.g. 8,000 words). The types of method suitable for intermountain a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist).

Your skills and ucsd paper abilities with methods of data collection (if needed) and analysis. The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and newspaper quantitative methods? There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and customs analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at elkins newspaper intermountain, social trends, or policy implications. A Historical Research. However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events.

After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. Elkins Intermountain. You may be interested in doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will have a particular focus €“ a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods €“ i.e. collect data in several different ways, and some of these data may be quantitative. In Writing A Historical Research Paper. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is going on. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to newspaper intermountain, give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based?

Yes. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is ucsd aip research, almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based. This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: selection and discussion of theoretical material and descriptive material, in context, and detailed comparison of theories in terms of their applicability. You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for newspaper understanding particular patterns of ucsd, behaviour. How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Is objectivity in the media possible?

How useful is subcultural theory for understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the value of key concepts or theories in understanding that world. How the study is approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to elkins newspaper intermountain, be stated very clearly. A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily 'easier' than an malthus's essay of population, empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. Elkins. Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to essays, have their research design spelled out from the start. But even if your dissertation is more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. You might choose to conduct a review of a field of work.

What does the research literature in this field tell us about x? While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is newspaper intermountain, possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the literature. If you do this, it is important to steps in writing a historical, review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. You might, for example, explore empirical debates in your chosen field across different countries or time periods. Whilst it is possible for dissertations to newspaper intermountain, be entirely literature-based, the most common form of aip research paper, dissertation takes the newspaper intermountain form of a case study. Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents.

The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. You may be interested in on america, a wider question but a case study enables you to intermountain, focus on a specific example. A major challenge in malthus's principle of population influenced darwin, case study dissertations is connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the broader theoretical themes and empirical concerns of the existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research. In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is already available. The reason for this is that the questions dissertations usually address take the following form: Is x happening? Is x changing? Why is x happening? Why is intermountain, x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data.

Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: a student's view. Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. Media Analysis. It allows the researcher to newspaper intermountain, explore areas of interest without having to go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in essay on america, an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of time (which is relatively scarce in your final year!) and possibly your own financial resources too. You may choose, therefore, to undertake secondary research, analysing existing data.

Where do I find existing research data? There are a range of documents that already contain research data that you can analyse. You may, for intermountain example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in the media are changing. This might entail content analysis of newspapers, magazines, video or other media over different time periods. Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents. If you are interested, for example, in doing historical research, you may need to Media Report Analysis, visit archives. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain. Government reports and customs essays autobiographies may also be used as data. Other documents include official statistics, datasets (statistical data), and banks of elkins intermountain, interview transcripts which are all freely available to the academic community.

Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online. Research Methods tutors on your course will be able to advise on the availability and accessibility of solve personal problems, such data sets. There are some advantages of elkins intermountain, doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself. This has the following advantages: They allow you to discuss trends and essays toronto social changes. Elkins Intermountain. The data are often collected through a random sample, which allows you to generalise to the population under consideration.

They may also allow you to aip research paper, make comparisons over intermountain time, as some datasets are products of longitudinal studies. Examples of large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and the Youth Cohort Study. In Writing A Historical Paper. Smaller, more targeted datasets may also be available. Secondary analysis has disadvantages also: the data were collected for a purpose different from yours. You have to find out something about intermountain, that purpose, as well as the methods of collection, in order to justify your use of a secondary dataset. Collecting you own data - primary research. Quantitative data may also result from non-participant observations or other measurements (e.g. in an experimental design). Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes (participant observation, interviews) are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and personal problems their definitions: A series of elkins intermountain, questions that the respondent answers on thomas malthus's 1798 work essay of population greatly influenced, their own. Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on newspaper intermountain, relatively simple topics, and for gaining a general overview of an issue.

Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and not be too long. Similar to a self-completion questionnaire, except that the questions that are asked by an interviewer to ucsd paper, the interviewee. The same questions are read out in the same way to elkins newspaper, all respondents. There will typically be a fixed choice of answers for the respondents. Watching people and recording systematically their behaviour.

Prior to the observation, an observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the researcher should look for Media Report Analysis and how those observations should be recorded. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to newspaper intermountain, wish to use at least some original material. This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of brief, these. Below are some data collection methods that you might want to use for your dissertation: A way of asking questions which allows the interviewee to have more control of the interview. The interview could be semi-structured, which uses an elkins, interview schedule to keep some control of the interview, but also allows for some flexibility in terms of the interviewee€™s responses. Essay. The interview could be unstructured, here the aim is to elkins intermountain, explore the essays interviewee€™s feelings about the issue being explored and the style of questioning is very informal.

Or the interview could be a life history where the elkins intermountain interviewer tries to find out about the whole life, or a portion of the person€™s life. A form of a historical, interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in newspaper, the questioning on a tightly defined topic; the accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of Media Analysis, meaning. The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. This involves studying people in newspaper, naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in a historical paper, the setting and collects data in newspaper intermountain, a systematic manner.

The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to customs toronto, conversations, and ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about newspaper intermountain, research - they will give you an customs toronto, overview of the data collection methods available and help you to elkins intermountain, make the best choice for your project. Bryman (2004) would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based (quantitative or qualitative) or library based, its methods must be justified. You need to malthus's work essay principle of population greatly darwin, show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these.

STUDENT VOICE: Findings from our research. Your supervisor will want you to offer convincing reasons as to elkins intermountain, why you€™ve chosen the approach you have - so be ready! If you€™re having difficulty making that choice, don€™t be afraid to ask your supervisor for their advice. This was particularly useful for one of our respondents: Note: Research must be conducted in a sensible and ethical manner; data must be analysed and presented in a rational manner. Report. It is important that students do not expose themselves or others to dangers or risks when conducting research. Students need the approval of their dissertation supervisor before embarking on any type of fieldwork (see the section on Research Ethics for more information). Will my research be inductive or deductive? In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is theory-generating.

Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work. These links are not hard and fast €“ for instance, experimental research, designed to test a particular theory through developing a hypothesis and intermountain creating an experimental design, may use quantitative or qualitative data or a combination. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by thomas malthus's work essay on the principle of population greatly, hypotheses that you are testing (e.g. that social class background and social deprivation or privilege are likely to intermountain, affect educational attainment), it is, broadly speaking, deductive. However much research combines deductive and inductive elements. What's all this about research design? Research design is vital to conducting a good piece of work.

At the start of your research you need to set down clearly: Your research focus and essay research question . How you propose to intermountain, examine the topic: approach methods of problems, data collection methods of data analysis The types and sources of information you need. Newspaper Intermountain. How you will access these sources of information (be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records). The proposed outcome of this research (in your case, a dissertation) and how to solve problems the form it will take. A time-frame for all this. You and your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the research is 'do-able'. Your university may require you to produce a report (e.g. an 'interim framework report' or a short 'research proposal') that specifies your research design. Other people may have to look at the design to ascertain whether there are ethical issues that affect your research. Quantitative or qualitative? A quantitative approach will mean you will need substantial datasets, as well as the inclusion of tables and statistics in elkins intermountain, your final submission.

This information could come from how to solve a variety of sources - remember to acknowledge them! A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. Elkins. Ask yourself if you are prepared to Report, do this, and think about the best way of getting the answers you want from people. Will you stop people in the street? Will you conduct telephone interviews?

Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Will you be a participant or non participant observer? Deductive or inductive? Deductive research is elkins, theory-testing, which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis. Inductive research is theory-generating, and is often linked to qualitative interviews. Empirical or theoretical? An empirical study could involve close analysis of statistics or some form of aip research paper, qualitative research.

However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and elkins you may be called upon to compare theories in terms of their applicability. Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out a research design, i.e. Ucsd Aip Research Paper. how you are going to elkins newspaper intermountain, approach the project. Now look a little at the research methods that you have studied. Apart from matching your research to your general sense of objective/subjective reality, it is important to how to solve problems, ensure that you match your methodology to the problem you are pursuing. What kind of data do you need to answer your question/test your hypothesis?

How would you best be able to collect that data? Again, consider time and feasibility of the exercise. The ability to manage your time will be directly related to your ability to control the boundaries of the study €“ especially if it is closely linked to your workplace. Now that you have got so far, try to write up your research proposal as far as you can. Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. It may be helpful to newspaper intermountain, draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to take and in how to solve personal, what sequence. You will find it helpful to plot your research questions on the chart on the next page and ensure that your plans for collecting data really answer the question as well as avoiding ethical problems. At this stage you must be really ruthless with yourself. How viable is it? What are the elkins newspaper intermountain threats to the study? Try some 'what if?' questions on yourself.

It will be better to go back to the drawing board now, than once the personal project is underway. IMPORTANT : Whatever approach you settle on, you MUST be able to justify its appropriateness to your topic and question. Does the data required to answer your question already exist or will you have to generate your own data? Can you combine quantitative with qualitative methods? e.g. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain. a survey which includes interviews or a case study that looks at problems, a situation from numerous angles. What factors may limit the scope of your research? (time, resources, etc.) Which method(s) best suit the elkins questions and time you have available to do this study? Do you know the how to solve differences between types of data, and types of analysis? Does your project have clear links between theory and practice?

BRYMAN, A. (2004). Social Research Method . Intermountain. 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press. CRESWELL, J. (2002). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches . 2nd ed., London, Sage. SEALE, C.(2006). Researching society and ucsd culture . London, Sage. Here are some references for specific methods: ARKSEY, H and KNIGHT, P. (1999).

Interviewing for social scientists: an introductory resource . London, Sage. DALE, A.; ARBER, S.; AND PROCTOR, M.(1998). Doing Secondary Analysis . London, Allen and Unwin. HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. (1995). Ethnography: Principles in Practice . London, Routledge. OPPENHEIM, A. N. (1992). Elkins. Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement . London, Pinter. Identifying a research topic: A template for structured observation: A site devoted to survey design: A chapter on in writing paper, structured interviewing:

A chapter on qualitative interviewing: An introduction to ethnographic research: Materials for focus group interviews: 1. © Professor Chris Winch, Dr Malcolm Todd, Ian Baker, Dr Jenny Blain, Dr Karen Smith. © This resource has been developed in elkins intermountain, partnership by the Higher Education Academy and Sheffield Hallam University.

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What Do You Think of an elkins SAT Essay Question About Reality TV? Questions about issues in the news for steps in writing a historical paper, students 13 and elkins older. Some versions of the SAT test given last week contained an essay prompt asking students to write about reality television. What do you think of asking students to paper write about pop culture and television on a high-stakes test like this? Why? Every year, the SAT reduces more than a few teenage test-takers to tears. But few questions on elkins newspaper the so-called Big Test appear to have provoked more anxious chatter — at brief on america least in this era of texting and online comment streams and discussion threads — than an essay prompt in some versions of the newspaper intermountain SAT administered last Saturday in steps in writing a historical paper which students were asked to opine on reality television.

…By Wednesday, comments on the now-infamous prompt — which included the question, “How authentic can these shows be when producers design challenges for the participants and elkins then editors alter filmed scenes?” — had stretched across nearly 40 pages on College Confidential. Media coverage added to essays the scrutiny. Angela Garcia, executive director of the SAT program, said she did not think it was unfair to ask that question of students who had neither the newspaper intermountain time nor inclination to how to problems watch Mike Sorrentino on “Jersey Shore,” or Kim Kardashian on “Kourtney #038; Kim Take New York.” “The primary goal of the newspaper intermountain essay prompt is to give students an opportunity to demonstrate their writing skills,” she said. Students: Tell us how you feel about an SAT essay-writing prompt like this.

Do you agree with executives at the College Board who point out that since “everything you need to brief essay on america write the essay is in elkins newspaper the essay prompt,” the topic, no matter what it is, should just be an opportunity for you to demonstrate your writing skills? Or do you agree with those who claim a student may be at problems a disadvantage in answering the question if he or she doesn’t watch reality TV? Even if you don’t like the question, do you think a prompt like this that gives you permission to write about Kim Kardashian and Snooki is a “welcome respite” from typical SAT questions? What kinds of SAT essay question would you like to see when you take the elkins intermountain test? Students 13 and older are invited to Report Analysis comment below.

Please use only elkins intermountain your first name. For privacy policy reasons, we will not publish student comments that include a last name. Comments are no longer being accepted. I joined the debate club while in HS so as to meet girls – and how to personal problems thus specialized in the no-preparation-required extemporaneous, in which one has three minutes to organize a speech on one of three topics presented. Only once did I completely choke after hitting a trifecta of incognita. One kind judge gave me this advice after I’d lamely given up before completing spouting what nonsense I’d come up with: it is not WHAT you say, it is HOW you say it. I am an adult now and an English teacher to newspaper boot, and when I grade extemporaneous essays, I look for structure and solve logical development and style, and elkins newspaper intermountain I award made-up quotations and statistics and outlandish examples when they all work together to make sense. Thus, I think the question was appropriate for, as an adult, there will be times when you must pontificate on subjects you are clueless about. Just do it with flair. Education is a mess, and the for profit ‘testing industry’, along with many of the other self-interested vultures who pick at its bones under the guise of ‘expert consultants’ are a large part of the reason…

The narrow, biased SAT should be retired, along with many other top-down so-called measures of achievement. These attempts to pre-determine student success do little more than punish those who don’t fit the in Analysis vogue model of acceptability, narrowing both creativity and cultural diversity. But the fanatical paranoia surrounding it all continues to feed the beast… and we all are hurt by it. I suspect that takers of the SAT who are truly intellectually curious would have a high probability of either never seeing a ‘reality TV show’ or just a few snipits. That could hamper their ability to respond to the question, On the other hand, a truly curious person with high cognitive skills tends to understand that popular culture does exist and elkins intermountain it is important to understand that aspect of the zeitgeist — even while dispising it. One does not have to read the steps in writing New York Pest (sic) to understand why it continues to survive given that it is the worst daily tablod published in this city. An NYTimes site that I can read for elkins, free and comment upon. I think the essay question should have asked for students to compare and contrast the differences between Burger King and McDonalds burgers and their bottom-line effects on the nation’s citizens. I think that is a straight up stupid idea. Cause only problems a few students would either understand the question.

I think a lot of newspaper intermountain, SAT question are just dumb. Half the time if your in ucsd aip research paper a lower level class and then they throw stuff at elkins newspaper you that is 3 levels above you or stuff you’ve never learned. I mean sure they have to and everything but it some times only steps in writing benefit the students who do take those classes. but I’d rather have some question about changing the weather rather than some stupid question about jersey shore. Just another sad example of the dumbing down of America. If we’re too uninformed or unskilled to make the elkins intermountain grade, let’s just lower the bar a little more. We certainly don’t want anyone to feel badly about themselves for not being able to answer a difficult question, that would infer that we all were not equal. Provide a lame question about an inane topic and the intelligent among us will do fine, but the ignorant will also get a fair shot because it’s a topic they know well.

Great preparation for real life. I think that it is a bad thing that the SAT is essay, using celebrity gossip and reality TV for essay questions. The SAT is an important and serious exam. Elkins. But there is customs, nothing serious about celebrities and newspaper intermountain reality TV. Also if people do not watch reality TV it is an steps a historical paper unfair disadvantage to elkins newspaper them. The SAT should be asking questions over things that the students have been educated with, not by things that happened to be on TV.

I think it was an excellent test question that makes the teenage test takers think a little bit, something that teens don’t do enough of any more. If the SAT’s would put an customs essays toronto essay question on elkins the test about reality TV that would just be downright downgrading! some kids dont even have a tv, how would this be fair to them? Just a stupid idea. Teem Mom or world history? Jersey Shore or the government? I think that for most teens, they enjoyed this question. Instead of having to answer a question about something that they have no interest or knowledge in, reality television shows give them something to write about that they have an in writing a historical opinion on. I think that they aren’t necessarily looking for what it’s about, but how their grammar is and if they make strong points. I think that having a question about reality TV on elkins newspaper the SAT is a good idea. I think that because a lot of people from the ages of about 13 to probably 25 watch reality TV.

That is a good thing because they know about it and could have a decent passage to write about while taking the Media Report Analysis test and elkins they know that they will do good on it because they know what they are talking about. Also, people either love reality TV or hate it. So it would be an easy topic to thomas work principle influenced write about. I think that a essay question is a essay question, I doesn’t matter what its about because the people who are grading it are not looking to see what you think about the elkins topic they just want to see if you can write about it of not. The students are going to know more about that topic because it’s modern and paper is better then using a old topic that nobody knows anything about. So that’s what I think, its just a topic! Please. If the question was about elkins, space travel, would students be crying because they’ve never been to space? The prompt tells you literally everything you need to know about reality TV in customs toronto order to formulate an essay answer. It’s not supposed to be a research paper on the subject, it’s about forming an opinion and developing an argument behind that opinion. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain. Nobody expected the test takers to give a complete rundown of the first season of Jersey Shore, they were just expected to answer the question “How authentic can these shows be when producers design challenges for brief essay on america, the participants and elkins then editors alter filmed scenes?” which, with good writing and aip research paper argument skills, can be easily done.

I think an essay on Reality TV is a good idea. Most teenagers these day watch reality tv so they will know more about it. This will most likely raise SAT scores and make schools look better around their conference. Overall I think this is newspaper intermountain, a good idea, and it will raise the scores on essays this testing. Having an elkins newspaper intermountain essay question about reality T.V. on the SAT really isn’t that big of a deal. I watch reality T.V. just for the humor of 1798 essay on the of population, it, so this question doesn’t bother me, though it might for some people. Reality T.V. is stupid and it just makes a fool of the people who are on it.

But even if they don’t like it, that’s what they can say in newspaper their essay, they can show their writing skills by bashing these shows. In Writing A Historical Research. In my opinion, questions like these add some interest to the SAT, especially after answering on all of the questions. Students who watch reality shows will actually enjoy writing an essay on the SAT because it is something that they are actually up to date on. Using Reality TV for an essay question on the SAT is not a good idea. Not all people watch reality TV, so they would have a harder time writing an essay over the topic. Elkins Newspaper. Having permission to 1798 essay on the of population influenced write about Kim Kardashian and Snooki, is nothing that should be written on a state assessment. Intermountain. Considering not all people even know who these people are it’s not a good idea. SAT essay question should be a topic over a current issue in the world or something that everyone knows about, not on reality TV. Having to write about a Reality TV show on steps paper such an important test, such as the newspaper SAT is not appropriate.

Some of the individuals who take the ucsd exam may not even watch TV at all, let alone Reality TV. I agree with the essay being essay prompt and it is only to show your own writing skills, but this concept may be hard to grasp with kids not knowing what they are even to write about. I believe it is such a broad subject, that not all kids are exposed to. It wouldn’t be fair for some of the newspaper test takers to how to solve problems get a better score just because they watch “The Situation” get in bar fights or Kim Kardashian try and find new hook-ups in the club. I think that using a question about reality TV on the SAT, I think, is a good idea. The SAT is already hard and people stress out about it so having a question like this is elkins, somthing everyone can answer and will know. When you write an essay on america essay you have to know what your talking about and be able to explain yourself and intermountain I think by having this on Media Report Analysis the SAT allowed students to really know what they are saying. The SAT is already hard enough and having a quetion that everyone would know really allowed students to be able to answer it instead of stressing out about the question and elkins intermountain not knowing. I think that using asking about reality TV on the SAT essay is a good idea because I think that people need to know about reality TV.

And If I was asked a question like that I would know a lot to write about because I watch a lot of reality TV. When you are asked a question like that most people will know how to customs answer that. Asking about reality TV doesn’t make matters worse, you will get a lot of good answers because of the fact a lot of teenagers are watching reality TV now a days. Elkins Intermountain. The SAT already has a lot of tough questions as it is and as an essay on america essay question it is always good to elkins intermountain get a question that people know about and would like to answer. I think that the question is a little “out there,” Students would be at a disadvantage if they didn’t watch reality TV. Ucsd Aip Research Paper. It really isn’t a very fair question to elkins intermountain write at length if you don’t watch what goes on. On the other hand, you would have to Media be really sheltered to not be able to answer the newspaper intermountain question at all. Students know what goes on in these shows even if they do not participate in watching them themselves. Any student who watches any TV can guess what goes on in these shows and they hear about it all the time. The SAT essay questions are there to show the students ability in writing.

This past year the in writing research paper essay questions were about reality TV, shows such as ‘Jersey Shore’ and elkins intermountain ‘Kourtney #038; Kim Take to steps a historical research paper New York’. In my opinion this can put students at a great disadvantage. Not everyone watches these shows, and newspaper that’s including me, a high school student. If the essay questions for the SAT’s are suppose to show the students ability in writing there should be a more general question to ask. I don’t think that this is a fair question at all some people wouldn’t be able to how to solve personal problems answer this because they don’t watch TV or don’t watch that kind of TV. Angela Garcia executive director of the SAT program said she didn’t find the question unfair for people who don’t have time to watch Jersey Shore or Kim Kardashian it would still be fair.

How is that fair if they have never watched that kind of show and elkins don’t know what it is steps a historical paper, about. The SAT and newspaper ACT need to come up with better questions to ask the students one that can and will apply to customs essays all students doing the ACT or SAT. Some sttudents taking the SAT this year definatley had a disadvantage. I can count atleast three kids in my very Highschool that do not have cable TV, for the very reason so they can study more on their work in school. Elkins Newspaper. So on a major test for student its not fair to brief essay ask them a question about reality telkevision. This bases nothing on newspaper knowlege and not only do that kids that dont have cable suffer from questions like this but also the ones who dont even watch TV and Analysis have it but would rather be more productive by enjoying the outdoors and elkins concentraing on school work and sports. In todays society there is a lot of reality television and plenty of people watch it, and its a fine topic to steps in writing paper talk about and comment on but it isn’t appropiate for a school essay that is newspaper intermountain, graded and helps you move farther in your education, it should be something that everyone is educated on. I think they should have used a different question on the SAT.

Mainly because not everyone watches reality T.V. shows. Not everything you would need to malthus's 1798 essay of population influenced darwin write the essay is in the prompt. This question would make students even more worried about the SATs and the fact that they could do really bad because they don’t watch reality shows. i agree with everything. Sign up for our free newsletter.

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19 Websites and newspaper intermountain, Magazines That Want to Publish Your Personal Essays. They’re all over your Facebook feed, and for good reason. Personal essays by thomas work essay greatly influenced popular authors and novices alike are relatable, engrossing reads. Sometimes, their heart-wrenching reflections stay with you for days. Newspaper Intermountain! For reporters or academics, it can be hard to step back from research rituals and write from steps a historical, personal experience. But a personal essay can endear you to an audience, bring attention to an issue, or simply provide comfort to a reader who’s “been there.” “Writing nonfiction is not about telling your story,” says Ashley C. Ford , an essayist who emphasized the importance of creating a clear connection between your personal experience and universal topics. “It’s about telling interesting and worthy stories about the human condition using examples from your life.” But don’t worry if your life doesn’t seem exciting or heart-wrenching enough to elkins expound upon; think of it as writing through yourself, instead of about yourself. Essay! “There are few heroes and elkins, even fewer villains in real life,” she said. “If you’re going to write about your human experience, write the truth. Essay! It’s worth it to write what’s real.” Where to submit your personal essays.

Once you’ve penned your essay, which publications should you contact? We’ve all heard of — and likely submitted to — The New York Times’ Modern Love column, but that’s not the only outlet that accepts personal narratives. “Submit to the places you love that publish work like yours,” Ford advises, but don’t get caught up in the size of the publication. And “ recognize that at small publications you’re way more likely to find someone with the time to really help you edit a piece. ” To help you find the right fit, we’ve compiled a list of 20 publications that accept essay submissions, as well as tips on how to pitch the editor , who to contact and, whenever possible, how much the elkins newspaper intermountain outlet pays. We’d love to how to personal make this list even more useful, so if you have additional ideas or details for these publications or others, please leave them below in the comments! The Boston Globe Magazine Connections section seeks 650-word first-person essays on elkins newspaper intermountain relationships of any kind. How To Solve Personal Problems! It pays, though how much is unclear. Submit to magazine@globe.com with “query” in the subject line. Newspaper! Send your pitches about breakfast, brunch, or the culture of essay on america mornings to submissions@extracrispy.com or the editor of the section you’re pitching.

Pay appears to newspaper be around 40 cents per word. Customs Essays! This publication is elkins newspaper intermountain, aimed at women over 30. “We aim to entertain, inform, and inspire,” the thomas malthus's 1798 work essay principle of population influenced editors note , “But mostly entertain.” Send your pitch to editorial@damemagazine.com . Pay varies. Essays — 4,000 words max — should have a “literary quality.” Include your work in elkins newspaper intermountain, the body of your email to make it easy for the editor to review, and send to submissions@fullgrownpeople.com. No pay. Must-read personal essay: “Call My Name” by Report Analysis Gina Easley.

Want to write for this Jewish parenting site? To submit, email info@kveller.com with “submission” somewhere in the subject line. Newspaper! Include a brief bio, contact information, and your complete original blog post of 700 words max. Suggested word count is 500-700 words. The site pays $25 per post. A progressive, feminist magazine that welcomes all genders to submit content. Email your pitch or full submission. There’s no pay, but it’s a supportive place for a first-time essayist. Must-read personal essay: “ My Body Dysmorphia, Myself ” by Joanna C. Valente. This U.K. Thomas Work On The Principle Darwin! magazine has a helpful contributor’s guide . Unsolicited submissions, while rarely accepted, are paid; if an editor likes your pitch, you’ll hear back in 24 hours. The popular Modern Love feature accepts submissions of 1,700 words max at modernlove@nytimes.com.

Include a Word attachment, but also paste the text into your message. Consult the Times’ page on pitching first, and like Modern Love on Facebook for elkins, even more insight. Thomas 1798 Essay Principle Of Population Greatly Influenced Darwin! Rumor has it that a successful submission will earn you $250. Newspaper! (Correction added Oct. Brief Essay On America! 9, 2014: Payment is $300, The New York Times writes on its Facebook page .) Amy Sutherland’s column, “ What Shamu Taught Me About a Happy Marriage ,” which ran in 2006, landed her a book contract with Random House and a movie deal with Lionsgate, which is in preproduction. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain! “I never saw either coming,” Sutherland said. Another option is the Lives column in the New York Times Magazine. To submit, email lives@nytimes.com. Report! Salon accepts articles and story pitches to newspaper the appropriate section with “Editorial Submission” in the subject line and the query/submission in the body of the email. Include your writing background or qualifications, along with links to three or four clips. “I was compensated $150 for Media, my essay,” says Alexis Grant, founder of The Write Life, “but that was several years ago. All in all, working with the editor there was a great experience.” Who Pays Writers reports average pay of about 10 cents per intermountain, word.

Indicate the section you’re pitching and “article submission” in your subject line, and send to slateoffice@slate.com. Average reported pay is about 23 cents per word. Research Paper! Each print issue has a specific cultural theme and welcomes both fiction and nonfiction. Stories and intermountain, essays of brief essay on america 5,000 words max earn up to $250. Review periods are limited, so check their submission guidelines to make sure your work will be read with the next issue in mind. Submit online . Must-read personal essay: “ Fire Island ,” by Christopher Locke. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain! The Billfold hopes to make discussing money less awkward and more honest. Send your pitch to notes@thebillfold.com . Who Pays Writers notes a rate of about 3 cents per word , but this writer would consider the experience and exposure to be worth the low pay. Motherwell seeks parenting-related personal essay submissions of customs essays up to intermountain 1200 words. Submit a full piece; all contributors are paid. Must-read personal essay: “ The Length of the Pause ” by Tanya Mozias Slavin.

This publication focuses on California’s Bay Area. Strong POV and a compelling personal writing style are key. Pay varies. Email producers@thebolditalic.com. Submit essays of 800-2000 words to this lifestyle site geared toward women. Pay averages about 5 cents per word. Focuses on essays that “intersect culture.” Submit finished essays online in the category that fits best. Wait three months before following up. Must-read personal essay: “ Not a Widow ” by Michelle Miller. This personal-finance website welcomes submissions that discuss ways to Media Report Analysis make or save money. Read the guidelines before emailing your submission.

Pay varies. Newspaper Intermountain! Submit a story or essay of Report 10,000 words max in either September or March. Wait six days before emailing to check the status of your submission. Cover letters should include a word count and indicate whether the submission is fiction, nonfiction, or poetry. Must-read personal essay: “ More with Less ,” by elkins Rachel Yoder. Narratively accepts pitches and complete pieces between 1,000 and 2,000 words that tell “original and untold human stories.” Pay averages 6 cents per word. Still looking for ideas? Meghan Ward ’s blog post, “20 Great Places to Publish Personal Essays,” is worth perusing. MediaBistro also offers a section called How to Pitch as part of their AvantGuild subscription , which has an annual fee of $55.

This post originally ran in October 2014. We updated it in December 2016. Customs Toronto! Have other ideas or details to add? Share with us in the comments! Lisa Rowan is a writer, editor and elkins newspaper, podcaster based in St.

Petersburg, Florida. Unconventional Guide to Freelance Writing. While it#8217;s easy to Media start a freelance writing business, it#8217;s much harder to actually run one. This guide will help your business thrive #8212; not just survive. Wow, excellent list! But no mention of elkins intermountain Huffington Post.

They don#8217;t pay but the exposure is toronto, excellent, esp some of intermountain thei subcategories like Huff/Post50. Good add, Mithra! Are these US -only? Does anyone know of any such a range for UK? Each publication will vary, although I#8217;ve heard that many will accept submissions from Media, around the newspaper intermountain world! Thanks a lot to aip research paper Lisa and the writelife website. Intermountain! I#8217;m a new writer, I#8217;ve just finished writing a personal true life story about my mom who#8217;s passed away in 1995.

We are Chinese. Ucsd Aip Research Paper! I was educated in United States decades ago, still here. Would Write Life like to receive a small part of my mom#8217;s story as submission, if so, how much will I get paid?! We don#8217;t accept submissions like yours, but one of the newspaper publications mentioned in Analysis, this post may be happy to receive your work! Thank you so much for this information.

I was wondering if I could send my articles and travel writings somewhere. This list is very helpful Lisa Rowan and thanks. I would like to add http://www.nuwla.com if I may to this list. It#8217;s a platform I created for regular people in the black community to submit content to inspire and inform the black community diaspora. We launched on December 15, 2015. Elkins! Mam I#8217;m from brief on america, India and very enthusiast to write of any topics like as essay or books.but so far have no idea where I pushed to select one of the best platform where this can get select it for elkins intermountain, all. As I here want to know give me email or website where I can write personally on about Nature as I topics is #8220;Neighbour of the ucsd aip research paper water#8221;.in that title I am written about intermountain, 500+words.this is based on short story so that it can published any of journal or more like I appraise or got fame#8230;plz help me in this regard.Thanks!

Hi Lisa mam I am from INDIA and want to write an article on working Indian women and their lifestyle along with what their family members think specially in-laws and children. Well I just want to know whether such article will be accepted if I apply in a historical paper, any of the INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINES. Thanks for this great list, Alexis! Mithra I have scoured the HuffPost page looking for submission guidelines but have come up empty. The #8220;Send us a blog-pitch#8221; link is not working either. Any suggestions? Thank you! I can help you out. I frequently post to elkins intermountain The Huffington Post and many writers have asked me how I did this.

I#8217;ve written a blog post with some suggestions. It#8217;s been successful for quite a few. Hope it works for on america, you and if it is, let me know! Thanks so much for responding, William! I will take a look at your blog post and let you know if I am successful. Thank you William#8230; William, Thank you! I emailed the link to elkins newspaper myself to Report Analysis have it handy after I#8217;ve familiarized myself with items that made it onto Huffington Post. I#8217;d be proud to have something of mine show up there, to get a chance to support them. I mostly write fiction novels but I#8217;ve been published in FAMILY CIRCLE MAGAZINE (a non-fiction piece) and am not averse to opening up my market. Elkins! fiction novels. That#8217;s an oxymoron!

I just checked out your blog. Great information. How To! Thank you so much. Elkins! I will look into this. I#8217;ve been writing for Media Analysis, years but have yet to elkins newspaper intermountain publish a thing. This list gives me a much-needed push to get moving on this. Thank you! Can anyone email them or its only for people living in thomas 1798 work, US like i live in kuwait (middleeastern country )so can i send my any written work ?? In response to your questions about submitting to the Huffington Post, you might be interested in this link explaining how things have recently changed for prospective bloggers/contributors to the Huffington Post. http://www.carefulcents.com/get-published-on-the-huffington-post/ I myself was invited to blog for them a little over newspaper intermountain, a year ago, following an customs article of mine that their #8220;blogging editor#8221; came across in another publication. Per this link, https://contributor.huffingtonpost.com/cms/signup it was possible to sign up until recently to newspaper just try and a historical paper, become a contributor through this new portal they had created.

However, now this seems to be closed to new requests since Arianna Huffington has left. Elkins Intermountain! Things seem to brief essay on america be evolving, so my only suggestion is just to keep tabs on it, write to editors, try and elkins intermountain, make an inroad. Frustrating, yes. Good luck! Thanks for the great list! Thanks for Media Report, the list and valuable information.

I will be making some pitches to these publication real soon. Elkins! #128521; The Write Life continually surprises me. There#8217;s always very informative useful content #128578; Hi Julie #8212; Thanks! I am obsessed with this post#8230; I#8217;m going to use it to place some pieces of my travel memoir. Brief On America! Kudos to Lisa for putting together such a valuable list! THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU LISA! I have been searching for months for this sort of guidance. I write travel based narratives, but so many magazines are looking for #8220;round ups#8221; and elkins newspaper, other helpful articles, it was feeling like good old story telling was being sent to essay on america the sidelines. I think I#8217;m now obsessed too Alexis! Time to get pitching. Good luck everyone. I#8217;m glad you liked the post, Gai.

Best of luck with your pitches! TWL Assistant Editor. To add to the list: Creative Nonfiction! We#8217;re always reading and newspaper, often are looking for personal essays on specific themes. We#8217;re just about to announce some new calls for submissions. Thomas Malthus's 1798 Principle Darwin! https://www.creativenonfiction.org/submissions. Thanks so much for this idea, Hattie! (P.S. Elkins Newspaper! Love your name #8212; that#8217;s one that runs in my family!) Ooh, another good addition. Thanks for chiming in! my name is Media Report, Lucinda and I am 10 years old. I am a Passionate writer an I can tell anyone that finding websites that I can post my stories on can take me months but now you have posted these websites I can finally find the elkins perfect website to post my stories on. so from the bottom of my heart I thank you Lisa. You go, Lucinda! Best of luck to you and brief, your writing.

It#8217;s worth mentioning that there is a $25 fee to SUBMIT to Creative Nonfiction. I know it#8217;s a reputable magazine and many writers would love to be included in their fine collection of personal essays, but I find this fee offensive. There are many of elkins us writers willing to write and submit for free for the exposure alone but to have to PAY to steps paper even be considered? Shame on them. Helpful list! Thanks, Lisa. This is such an elkins newspaper awesome list, particularly because it#8217;s well-supported by research paper sample essays against each publication.

Just today, i put my personal story to elkins intermountain pitch as a guest post, and steps a historical research paper, here i#8217;m with such a wonderful list. I just loved it Lisa. Intermountain! Thanks for essays toronto, putting it all together. Great suggestions. Thank you! I#8217;m trying to get the word out about my upcoming book, Overcoming OCD: A Journey to Recovery, and essays are a great way to do that! Thanks for this list, I#8217;ll definitely pursue writing a personal essay. Elkins Newspaper! I#8217;ve got some ideas that I#8217;d like to develop.

I#8217;m from the brief UK and you mentioned The New Statesman, do you know of any other British sites that accept personal essays? Or do you think a US site would give me a chance? Don#8217;t limit yourself when submitting—if sites or pubs want writers from a certain location only, they should specify in their submission guidelines. Especially in newspaper intermountain, our technological state of being able to work from around the world, your location shouldn#8217;t be an issue! Thank you for the encouragement. Loved your article.

I am looking for an outlet that would accept a piece I#8217;ve written concerning a right-leaning political view of things. It is an solve personal interesting piece but I know must publications are on the left end of the elkins intermountain political spectrum. Any ideas? Thanks for your question, Rossana. I don#8217;t know of any outlets off the top of essay on america my head, but many are interested in diverse ideas and opinions, so I wouldn#8217;t write off all the publications on this list. Another option would be to ask the members of our Facebook community #8212; they may have some ideas! TWL Assistant Editor. If you write conservatism-based pieces, the perfect place for you is http://www.conservativepushcoalition.com. They are a brand new website that is less than 3 months old and they already have 250,000/day, and it#8217;s growing rapidly.

They don#8217;t pay for the first 10 articles, but after that, they do. We are always looking for more like-minded writers to join us. Find us on facebook at Conservative Push Group and one of the editors/staff will direct you on how to elkins intermountain get started. The site primarily supports Ted Cruz, but that#8217;s only one facet. There are categories for everything, including lifestyle, opinion, pro-life etc. Ucsd! Many of the authors, myself included, are getting exposure, especially for new writers. The writing on the site is exquisite and we are all like a family. Come on by and check us out.

I can#8217;t wait to see what you submit. #128578; try Pick Me Up Magazine. Elkins! They have a digitized version, too. Your list was very helpful-thanks! Thank you for customs essays, this fantastic list Lisa and for going above and beyond by including the elkins intermountain sample essays. This is a very valuable post. Media Report Analysis! I#8217;m not quite sure if I#8217;m here in the right forum (but since I#8217;m here, I may as well continue!) I#8217;m fairly new to #8216;online#8217; writing (I have a total of 10 articles submitted and published online, through 3 different sites). At some point in time here, though, I hope to bring my writing to a bit of a #8216;higher#8217; level. I have a cousin that has had quite a colorful history in employment, and life in elkins newspaper, general, and I am pondering writing about some of these events. He has been an underwater welder (and had gotten the #8216;bends#8217; at one time); he#8217;s been a logger here in the rugged U.P. of Michigan (and still does this in how to solve, his #8220;off#8221; time), and is an airline pilot at elkins intermountain, Spirit Airlines now (current, but pretty much in the retirement side of his career). I was thinking about asking him if I could write up something about this colorful past (and current life, for that matter) that he has had. Can you offer any ideas or advice about this?

Any help would be appreciated. I don#8217;t really know where I want to customs essays go, or can go, from this point. Newspaper Intermountain! Thank you for your time. Jeff, I would look at publications that focus on careers and Analysis, personal finance. I#8217;ve written a few pieces for elkins newspaper intermountain, The Billfold, which is ucsd aip research, anything-goes when it comes to jobs, making ends meet, interesting careers, and so on. I always find myself chuckling at The Billfold, too. Newspaper! It sounds like he#8217;s done a bit of traveling to participate in ucsd, these lines of elkins newspaper work, so you might consider travel sites or regional publications. Think of it as bringing an unexpected line of work or way of aip research paper life into the light! Good luck- sounds like fun! I believe the New York Times sill has its column Lives, which accepts personal essays.

There#8217;s also Global Comment, where they accept a lot of different articles, including personal essays. They pay $50 for featured posts. Helpful list! I would add medium.com, it has great stories! TWL Assistant Editor. Thanks for sharing this opportunity, Karin! TWL Assistant Editor. Elkins Newspaper! awesome list. What are the odds of getting into Tge Sun, or Brevity, or Creative Non-fiction? This is essay on america, a great place to newspaper intermountain start. Thank you.

I#8217;m not sure of the odds, Gloria #8212; but if I find a resource, I#8217;ll share it here! TWL Assistant Editor. I would encourage you not to worry about the odds- just submit! I once mentioned that I was looking for #8220;smaller#8221; or #8220;more niche#8221; places to pitch than some of my favorite, big-time websites. A colleague asked me what I had to lose by pitching the #8220;big guys.#8221; I didn#8217;t have an thomas 1798 work on the influenced darwin answer for her. Elkins! #128578; Great point, Lisa #128578; TWL Assistant Editor. Brief Essay! You might want to add #8220;Ducts.org#8221; to your list. They pay minimimum and newspaper intermountain, are difficult but6 have published several of my essays. Boston Globe Connections pays $500. I published there in August 2014. Thomas 1798 Work On The Of Population Darwin! Great experience with the editor.

Thanks for sharing, William! TWL Assistant Editor. I just submitted a piece to Veronica Chao at the Globe for the Connections column. How quickly did she/they get back to newspaper intermountain you after submission? I heard back four days after sending my submission in and Veronica is the correct person to send your submission to. What I loved was the custom artwork that goes with your piece. Good luck! Thanks, William!

I sent it four days ago, but know she just got promoted to Editor of the Sunday Magazine, so I#8217;m hoping her response-time was pushed back and Media Analysis, that I#8217;ll still hear from her. Elkins Intermountain! I read your Connections piece. I can see why it was accepted. Wonderful writing and personal, such a fresh idea! hello william, thanks for your post. I#8217;ve a piece i#8217;ll love to send to Global connection but i don#8217;t know how to start because this is elkins newspaper, my first and i want to make it right. Can u help me pls.

Not sure exactly what you are looking for in terms of help. But your post should be around 650 words and revolve around some type of personal connection that you have made (parent, child, friend, loved one). Send it to essay connections@globe.com and just include a brief bio. Best of luck! Beautiful essay by you.

Loved reading it. Fantastic list and resource. Elkins! Thank you! TWL Assistant Editor. We are always looking for steps in writing, great writers as well at BonBon Break. http://www.bonbonbreak.com/submissions. Thanks for sharing, Val!

TWL Assistant Editor. I just finished a personal essay. Thank you for the super list. I love the other magazines chiming in elkins intermountain, with a call for solve problems, submissions. We#8217;re happy to newspaper hear from other magazines as well #8212; it#8217;s great to see so many options for personal essays! Good luck with your submission! TWL Assistant Editor.

You#8217;ll also get a free copy of The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of elkins newspaper your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. Essays Toronto! Essential is that you do provide references.

Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Elkins! Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. Essays! In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source.

You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the elkins publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the Report Analysis text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of intermountain a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for personal problems studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is elkins newspaper, included in brackets, together with the year of publication.

Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and Media Analysis, others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Intermountain! Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for customs essays toronto the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite.

However, statements of elkins newspaper intermountain general nature need not be attributed to ucsd paper, anyone. A statement that the sky is elkins newspaper, blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of Report Analysis a specific reason, then you should include a reference. If you use the intermountain exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is Report Analysis, what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002).

You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the elkins newspaper intermountain year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the a historical paper year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the newspaper one of the work you consulted.

Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the thomas malthus's on the of population greatly used of intermountain square brackets ([ and ucsd aip research paper, ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of elkins intermountain them. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for Media Report the first of newspaper your references, the letter b for the second and how to solve, so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Elkins! Always cite the text you consulted, because in essay, the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the newspaper end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. In Writing! It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is elkins, cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the same.

A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the aip research sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of newspaper intermountain publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Essays! Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to elkins, use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors.

Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. Thomas 1798 Work Principle Of Population Influenced Darwin! The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. Newspaper! (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage.

Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. In Writing A Historical Research Paper! (1980) Origins and elkins newspaper intermountain, Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the steps paper chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to newspaper intermountain, give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in brief essay on america, the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley.

An entry in elkins newspaper intermountain, a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Report! Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to chapters in intermountain, a book. The main difference really is customs essays toronto, that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the newspaper intermountain article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details.

The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Media Report Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain! Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. Media Analysis! (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in elkins newspaper intermountain, the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in toronto, mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too.

There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for elkins newspaper intermountain your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the Analysis year in brackets, the title of the document in elkins newspaper intermountain, italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by Report the URL, and the date when the intermountain document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example:

Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in in writing research paper, the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. Elkins Intermountain! The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the steps a historical page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to intermountain, use the abbreviation p. Customs! , for articles running over newspaper two or more pages, the brief on america abbreviation pp. is common. Elkins Intermountain! For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and essays, should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write.

It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the elkins intermountain original referred to customs, in the lecture. Not only elkins newspaper, will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the brief name and initial of the lecturer, the year in intermountain, bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in thomas influenced, italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an elkins intermountain, option.

In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Media Report! Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the elkins name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author.

The subject line of the brief essay e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of consent is important. Newspaper! It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. How To Solve Problems! For everything there is elkins, a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the malthus's 1798 work essay on the darwin function of referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to chase the work.

Common problems include the lack of newspaper authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the how to solve personal problems name of the organization. If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in newspaper, Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006].

UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of thomas 1798 work on the greatly influenced a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the newspaper intermountain date, such as in how to solve problems, (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is elkins intermountain, no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is ucsd paper, easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference.

With articles sent to newspaper intermountain, you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is 1798 essay principle of population, unknown a very simple solution is newspaper intermountain, used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the customs toronto URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to newspaper, the lecture handouts.

Give the Analysis name of the author, the year in newspaper, brackets, the course code if there is one, the course title in customs essays toronto, italics (capitalized), the kind of material and elkins intermountain, its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and solve problems, publisher. For example: Peake, S. Elkins! (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of a historical titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is newspaper intermountain, capitalized.

In the essays case of a book, the elkins main title is Report, that of the newspaper book. Steps Paper! In the case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to elkins newspaper, be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is essays toronto, capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the intermountain first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in paper, capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters.

Different publishers have different house styles, and newspaper intermountain, you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is steps in writing a historical paper, common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to elkins, follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in customs, this book at the end. It’s difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism.

Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and newspaper intermountain, present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and in writing a historical research paper, can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an elkins intermountain, idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and Media Report Analysis, kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs.

The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an offence as the deliberate case. Newspaper! Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Brief Essay On America! Without changing your habit, simply by including references to newspaper, where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is it really worth it? Bear in how to solve personal problems, mind that there is elkins newspaper intermountain, something in for you, too—that is something in addition to the grades. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by word.

In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to how to problems, put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text.

When checking the newspaper essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and there is always the search facility in a historical, the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to elkins, be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to customs, detect by your marker, think again. Intermountain! There are a great number of thomas 1798 work on the signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and elkins newspaper, paste something you found on personal problems, the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of elkins newspaper intermountain course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot.

Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the on america essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of newspaper intermountain your essay will not only have access to Report, the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.

If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Newspaper Intermountain! Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to steps a historical research, some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for elkins example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting.

Many people are unaware of aip research paper how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Elkins Newspaper Intermountain! Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of ucsd metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of newspaper references is often an easy sign: for brief on america example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the elkins newspaper citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set.

In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. In Writing A Historical Paper! This is done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to newspaper intermountain, put references where you use the 1798 work essay on the principle greatly influenced darwin ideas from others. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. Newspaper! It will hardly ever be worth it.

There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays. It’s essential, in fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others.

Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only thomas malthus's, use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context.

In the list of elkins newspaper intermountain references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in ucsd, the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to newspaper intermountain, some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly.

Sometimes, you might want to how to solve problems, change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. Elkins Intermountain! If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and in writing research paper, cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. Newspaper! I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the Report words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). I made the intermountain changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much.

Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. Media! The consequence is that the newspaper intermountain quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote. Media! If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. Newspaper! This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from. Customs Essays Toronto! I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Newspaper! Often, I will know at least some of it, and write this down.

By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. However, I also indicate that the Media essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. Elkins! It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in a historical research paper, your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out elkins newspaper intermountain how to reference a chapter in a book.

There are a number of brief on america software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and newspaper, usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. It’s thus a good idea to Media, familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. Intermountain! The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference.

Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.

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How to Write an APA Style Research Paper. General formatting rules are as follows: Do not put page breaks in between the elkins newspaper intermountain, introduction, method, results, and discussion sections. The title page, abstract, references, table(s), and ucsd, figure(s) should be on their own pages. The entire paper should be written in the past tense, in a 12-point font, double-spaced, and with one-inch margins all around. (see sample on newspaper intermountain, p. 41 of how to solve personal problems APA manual) Title should be between 10-12 words and should reflect content of paper (e.g., IV and DV). Title, your name, and newspaper intermountain, Hamilton College are all double-spaced (no extra spaces) Create a page header using the “View header” function in MS Word.

On the brief essay, title page, the header should include the following: Flush left: Running head: THE RUNNING HEAD SHOULD BE IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS. The running head is newspaper intermountain a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles. Thomas Work Essay Principle Of Population Influenced? It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing. (Note: on the title page, you actually write the words Running head, but these words do not appear on subsequent pages; just the actual running head does. If you make a section break between the title page and elkins newspaper intermountain, the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript). Ucsd? Flush right, on same line: page number.

Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page. (labeled, centered, not bold) No more than 120 words, one paragraph, block format (i.e., don’t indent), double-spaced. State topic, preferably in one sentence. Provide overview of method, results, and elkins newspaper, discussion.

(Do not label as “Introduction.” Title of paper goes at the top of the pagenot bold) The introduction of an Media APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and elkins newspaper, gets more focused toward the essay on the influenced, end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: Don’t put your readers to newspaper sleep by beginning your paper with the time-worn sentence, Past research has shown. Thomas Malthus's 1798 Of Population Influenced? (blah blah blah) They’ll be snoring within a paragraph!

Try to draw your reader in newspaper intermountain, by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Take a look at articles you’ve read. Which ones captured your attention right away? How did the steps, authors accomplish this task? Which ones didn’t? Why not? See if you can use articles you liked as a model. One way to begin (but not the only way) is to intermountain provide an example or anecdote illustrative of your topic area. Although you won’t go into the details of essays your study and hypotheses until the end of the intro, you should foreshadow your study a bit at the end of the first paragraph by newspaper intermountain stating your purpose briefly, to give your reader a schema for all the information you will present next.

Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis. Try to essays toronto organize it in terms of the ideas rather than who did what when. In other words, your intro shouldn’t read like a story of “Schmirdley did such-and-such in 1991. Then Gurglehoff did something-or-other in 1993. Then. Elkins? (etc.)” First, brainstorm all of the problems, ideas you think are necessary to include in your paper. Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and elkins newspaper intermountain, think about how you want to brief on america transition between ideas.

When an idea is complex, don’t be afraid to use a real-life example to elkins intermountain clarify it for your reader. The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses. The hypotheses should flow logically out of everything that’s been presented, so that the reader has the sense of, “Of course. Brief? This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented.” When incorporating references into your intro, you do not necessarily need to describe every single study in complete detail, particularly if different studies use similar methodologies. Certainly you want to elkins intermountain summarize briefly key articles, though, and point out 1798 of population greatly differences in elkins intermountain, methods or findings of relevant studies when necessary. Don’t make one mistake typical of a novice APA-paper writer by stating overtly why you’re including a particular article (e.g., “This article is relevant to my study because”). Customs Essays? It should be obvious to the reader why you’re including a reference without your explicitly saying so. DO NOT quote from the elkins newspaper intermountain, articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in aip research, your own words. Newspaper Intermountain? Be careful about citing your sources (see APA manual). Make sure there is a one-to-one correspondence between the steps in writing a historical, articles you’ve cited in your intro and intermountain, the articles listed in your reference section.

Remember that your audience is the broader scientific community, not the other students in your class or your professor. Steps Research? Therefore, you should assume they have a basic understanding of newspaper psychology, but you need to provide them with the thomas 1798 on the principle darwin, complete information necessary for them to understand the research you are presenting. (labeled, centered, bold) The Method section of an APA-style paper is the most straightforward to write, but requires precision. Your goal is to describe the details of your study in such a way that another researcher could duplicate your methods exactly. The Method section typically includes Participants, Materials and/or Apparatus, and Procedure sections.

If the design is particularly complicated (multiple IVs in elkins newspaper, a factorial experiment, for customs essays, example), you might also include a separate Design subsection or have a “Design and Procedure” section. Note that in some studies (e.g., questionnaire studies in which there are many measures to newspaper intermountain describe but the procedure is brief), it may be more useful to present the Procedure section prior to the. Materials section rather than after it. (labeled, flush left, bold) Total number of participants (# women, # men), age range, mean and SD for age, racial/ethnic composition (if applicable), population type (e.g., college students). Remember to write numbers out when they begin a sentence.

How were the malthus's 1798 work essay principle greatly influenced, participants recruited? (Don’t say “randomly” if it wasn’t random!) Were they compensated for their time in any way? (e.g., money, extra credit points) Write for newspaper, a broad audience. Thus, do not write, “Students in Psych. 280. ” Rather, write (for instance), “Students in a psychological statistics and research methods course at a small liberal arts college.” Try to essay on america avoid short, choppy sentences. Combine information into a longer sentence when possible. (labeled, flush left, bold) Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth. It is unnecessary to mention things such as the intermountain, paper and pencil used to record the solve, responses, the newspaper, data recording sheet, the computer that ran the data analysis, the color of the computer, and so forth.

If you included a questionnaire, you should describe it in ucsd aip research paper, detail. For instance, note how many items were on the questionnaire, what the response format was (e.g., a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)), how many items were reverse-scored, whether the measure had subscales, and so forth. Provide a sample item or two for newspaper intermountain, your reader. If you have created a new instrument, you should attach it as an Appendix. If you presented participants with various word lists to remember or stimuli to judge, you should describe those in detail here. Use subheadings to separate different types of stimuli if needed. Research? If you are only describing questionnaires, you may call this section “Measures .”

(labeled, flush left, bold) Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the newspaper intermountain, eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail. (labeled, flush left, bold) What did participants do, and in what order? When you list a control variable (e.g., “Participants all sat two feet from the brief on america, experimenter.”), explain WHY you did what you did. In other words, what nuisance variable were you controlling for? Your procedure should be as brief and concise as possible. Read through it. Did you repeat yourself anywhere?

If so, how can you rearrange things to avoid redundancy? You may either write the newspaper intermountain, instructions to the participants verbatim or paraphrase, whichever you deem more appropriate. Don’t forget to include brief statements about informed consent and debriefing. (labeled, centered, bold) In this section, describe how you analyzed the data and steps a historical, what you found. If your data analyses were complex, feel free to break this section down into labeled subsections, perhaps one section for each hypothesis. Include a section for descriptive statistics List what type of analysis or test you conducted to test each hypothesis. Refer to your Statistics textbook for the proper way to newspaper intermountain report results in APA style. A t-test, for example, is reported in the following format: t (18) = 3.57, p .001, where 18 is the number of degrees of freedom ( N 2 for an independentgroups t test).

For a correlation: r (32) = -.52, p .001, where 32 is the number of degrees of freedom ( N 2 for a correlation). For a one-way ANOVA: F (2, 18) = 7.00, p .001, where 2 represents the df between and 18 represents df within . Remember that if a finding has a p value greater than .05, it is “nonsignificant,” not “insignificant.” For nonsignificant findings, still provide the how to solve, exact p values. For correlations, be sure to report the r 2 value as an assessment of the strength of the finding, to show what proportion of newspaper intermountain variability is shared by the two variables you’re correlating. For t- tests and ANOVAs, report eta 2 . Report exact p values to solve personal problems two or three decimal places (e.g., p = .042; see p. 114 of APA manual). However, for pvalues less than .001, simply put p .001. Following the presentation of all the statistics and numbers, be sure to newspaper intermountain state the customs essays, nature of your finding(s) in words and whether or not they support your hypothesis (e.g., “As predicted, ”). Newspaper? This information can typically be presented in a sentence or two following the numbers (within the same paragraph). Also, be sure to include the relevant means and SDs.

It may be useful to include a table or figure to represent your results visually. Be sure to refer to these in your paper (e.g., “As illustrated in Figure 1”). Remember that you may present a set of findings either as a table or as a figure, but not as both. Make sure that your text is on america not redundant with your tables/figures. For instance, if you present a table of means and standard deviations, you do not need to also report these in the text. However, if you use a figure to elkins intermountain represent your results, you may wish to Media Report report means and standard deviations in the text, as these may not always be precisely ascertained by examining the figure. Do describe the trends shown in the figure. Do not spend any time interpreting or explaining the elkins newspaper, results; save that for the Discussion section. (labeled, centered, bold)

The goal of the discussion section is to interpret your findings and place them in on america, the broader context of the literature in the area. A discussion section is like the reverse of the introduction, in that you begin with the specifics and work toward the more general (funnel out) . Some points to consider: Begin with a brief restatement of your main findings (using words, not numbers). Did they support the hypothesis or not? If not, why not, do you think?

Were there any surprising or interesting findings? How do your findings tie into intermountain, the existing literature on how to problems, the topic, or extend previous research? What do the results say about the elkins newspaper, broader behavior under investigation? Bring back some of the literature you discussed in the Introduction, and Analysis, show how your results fit in (or don’t fit in, as the case may be). If you have surprising findings, you might discuss other theories that can help to intermountain explain the findings. Customs? Begin with the assumption that your results are valid, and explain why they might differ from others in the literature. What are the limitations of the study? If your findings differ from those of other researchers, or if you did not get statistically significant results, don’t spend pages and pages detailing what might have gone wrong with your study, but do provide one or two suggestions.

Perhaps these could be incorporated into the future research section, below. What additional questions were generated from this study? What further research should be conducted on the topic? What gaps are there in the current body of research? Whenever you present an idea for a future research study, be sure to explain why you think that particular study should be conducted.

What new knowledge would be gained from elkins intermountain, it? Don’t just say, “I think it would be interesting to essays toronto re-run the study on a different college campus or It would be better to elkins run the study again with more participants.” Really put some thought into essay on america, what extensions of the research might be interesting/informative, and why. What are the theoretical and/or practical implications of your findings? How do these results relate to larger issues of human thoughts, feelings, and elkins intermountain, behavior? Give your readers “the big picture.” Try to answer the question, “So what?” Final paragraph: Be sure to sum up your paper with a final concluding statement. Don’t just trail off with an idea for Report Analysis, a future study. End on a positive note by reminding your reader why your study was important and newspaper, what it added to the literature. (labeled, centered, not bold)

Provide an alphabetical listing of the references (alphabetize by last name of first author). Double-space all, with no extra spaces between references. The second line of each reference should be indented (this is called a hanging indent and is easily accomplished using the ruler in Microsoft Word). See the APA manual for how to format references correctly. Paper? Examples of references to journal articles start on p. Elkins Intermountain? 198 of the manual, and examples of thomas on the influenced references to books and intermountain, book chapters start on pp. 202. Digital object identifiers (DOIs) are now included for Report Analysis, electronic sources (see pp.

187-192 of APA manual to elkins newspaper intermountain learn more). [Note that only the first letter of the first word of the article title is capitalized; the steps in writing research, journal name and volume are italicized. If the journal name had multiple words, each of the major words would be capitalized.] Ebner-Priemer, U. W., Trull, T. J. Elkins Newspaper Intermountain? (2009). Ecological momentary assessment of brief essay on america mood disorders and mood dysregulation. Psychological Assessment , 21, 463-475. doi:10.1037/a0017075. Book chapter example: [Note that only the first letter of the first word of both the chapter title and book title are capitalized.] Stephan, W. G. (1985). Intergroup relations.

In G. Lindzey E. Aronson (Eds.), The handbook of elkins intermountain social psychology (3 rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. Customs Essays Toronto? 599-658). New York: Random House. Gray, P. (2010). Psychology (6 th ed.). Intermountain? New York: Worth.

There are various formats for tables, depending upon solve problems the information you wish to include. See the elkins intermountain, APA manual. Be sure to provide a table number and table title (the latter is italicized). Tables can be single or double-spaced. If you have more than one figure, each one gets its own page. Use a sans serif font, such as Helvetica, for any text within your figure. Be sure to label your x- and y-axes clearly, and make sure you’ve noted the units of measurement of the DV.

Underneath the figure provide a label and brief caption (e.g., ?Figure 1. Mean evaluation of job applicant qualifications as. a function of how to personal applicant attractiveness level?). Elkins Newspaper Intermountain? The figure caption typically includes the IVs/predictor variables and the DV. Include error bars in your bar graphs, and note what the bars represent in Media Analysis, the figure caption: Error bars represent one standard error above and below the mean. (see pp. Newspaper Intermountain? 174-179 of APA manual) When citing sources in your paper, you need to include the authors’ names and publication date. Essay? You should use the following formats: When including the citation as part of the sentence, use AND: “According to Jones and Smith (2003), the” When the citation appears in intermountain, parentheses, use “”: “Studies have shown that priming can affect actual motor behavior (Jones Smith, 2003; Klein, Bailey, Hammer, 1999).” The studies appearing in parentheses should be ordered alphabetically by the first author’s last name, and thomas malthus's 1798 on the principle influenced darwin, should be separated by semicolons.

If you are quoting directly (which you should avoid), you also need to include the page number. For sources with three or more authors, once you have listed all the authors’ names, you may write “et al.” on subsequent mentions. For example: “Klein et al. (1999) found that. ” For sources with two authors, both authors must be included every time the source is cited. When a source has six or more authors, the first author’s last name and “et al.” are used every time the elkins, source is cited (including the first time). “Secondary source” is the term used to describe material that is customs cited in another source. If in elkins newspaper intermountain, his article entitled “Behavioral Study of customs essays toronto Obedience” (1963), Stanley Milgram makes reference to the ideas of elkins newspaper Snow (presented above), Snow (1961) is the primary source, and Milgram (1963) is the secondary source. Try to avoid using secondary sources in your. papers; in other words, try to find the primary source and on america, read it before citing it in your own work. If you must use a secondary source, however, you should cite it in the following way: Snow (as cited in Milgram, 1963) argued that, historically, the cause of most criminal acts. The reference for intermountain, the Milgram article (but not the Snow reference) should then appear in the reference list at the end of your paper.

Youngest Editor in Media Analysis, Journal's History. In 2009, the American College of Physicians (ACP) named Hamilton alumna Christine Laine '83, MD, MPH, FACP editor of its flagship journal Annals of Internal Medicine .