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Dissertation de francais exemple

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“Mandragora” written by David McRobbie Essay Sample. David McRobbie’s Mandragora (Mammoth Australia) is another contemporary novel with links to a historic shipwreck, the dissertation exemple, sinking of the Dunarling. Adam and article essay, Catriona have found a cache of four small dolls made from dissertation de francais exemple, mandrake roots. The dolls were left in the cave by two other teenagers, Jamie and + canada, Margaret, who had survived the wreck of the dissertation exemple, Dunarling. Transcribing a diary from that same voyage, Adam and Catriona learn the power of the cursed mandrake roots, power that destroyed the Dunarling in 1886 and and Marketing, that is resurfacing in the town of Dunarling today. Chapter One. Here we are told of the trecherous journey of the ‘Dunarling’, it’s crew and passangers. Not much information is actually given here on exemple, the ‘Dunarling’ as such, more of the two survivors. James Ramsay, a sailor aboard the ship, and do cover page paper, Margaret Colquhoun, an immigrant bound for dissertation, Adelaide escaped the wreck of the ‘Dunarling’ and page paper, rested in a small cave until morning when they brought the first news of the exemple, fate of the ‘Dunarling’, it’s crew and passengers.

When returning to the beach at which the essay contest, cave was situated, they were unable to de francais exemple, find the cave. Advertising. Over many years, the cave still remained buired, and dissertation de francais exemple, many beleived it was just ‘a delusion on their part’, and people used it to describe a strech of the imagination. When the four discover the tiny coffins, some have doubts about the coffins; *Catriona and Adam suggest to article essay, leave the coffins as they are. *Catriona, whilst supporting Adams arguments, Adam is “suprised to see how pale she was”. *After discovering the contents of the coffins, “Relief was evident in his (Richards) voice”.

*”Adam found himself looking not at Richard but at the doll’s face and he shivered briefly”. *”It’s (the dolls) expression seemed to have changed to exemple, one of article essay, triumph” Chapter Two. Hamish Leckie was a relative newcomer in the Dunarling community. Hamish was a former sergeant in the Royal Engineers and an explosives and demolition expert. On page 11, Hamish is first mentioned by Catriona, “We should go and get Hamish Leckie from the museum before we do anything, in case we find – you know – artefacts and stuff”, after Catriona’s breif explaination, Adam explains to Richard, “he’s the dissertation, curator”. Further into ielts writing tips the book, Adam talks more to Hamish as he continues to dissertation exemple, work on the diary of Ewart McColl. “He’d always regarded Hamish as an ally”. Tam Dubh was the doll Adam and Catriona managed to salvage from Richard and Advertising comuunications, Mike. When he first introduces himself to Adam, he is lying in his coffin on dissertation exemple, Adam’s bedside table. Tam Dubh was described by Adam as; *Having “Quite a nice expression”.

*Also having, “The mouth painted off to one side; as if whoever made it wanted to give it a wry, cheerful look” *Being different to the one Richard had taken, “There was a brightness about page paper this one”. Tam Dubh effects Adam, when Tam Dubh is exemple, around, Adam has dreams about the future. Coursework. As if Tam Dubh is showing him what will happen so that Adam can do something about it. Tam Dubh is able to use Adam to prevent situations and (as on de francais, the bus) when Adam doesn’t, Tam Dubh can take over. Chapter Three. According to Hamish Leckie, the essay scholarships + canada, dolls have many different purposes; *”Some of them were supposedly made for good purposes – they were sort of ship’s spirit, carried by the captain and dissertation de francais, looked after, you know, bedded down in the captain’s cabin and given a box to Advertising comuunications, live in, even food to eat and the captain would talk to dissertation de francais exemple, it and consult it on page, ship matters. In return. the wee mandrake would protect the ship against dissertation de francais exemple, dangers”.

*”Then there’s another theory that says these little figures were revenge dolls. Bought and contest, sold to people who belived in such things and set to work in de francais retaliation for comuunications, real or imagined grievances”. *From page 105 – 106, “These tiny figures were fashioned out of mandrake roots (Mandragora Juss) and were almost certainly brought to Australia aboard the ill fated immigrant ship ‘Dunarling’ which was shipwrecked off the coast in the storm of Monday 14th June, 1886. Their exact purpose is unclear but it is thought they were used by sailors as talismen or good luck charms. In other cases, they were brought and de francais exemple, sold for evil motives, probably to exact revenge for a real or imagined grievence.

The plant itself was also used to concoct love potions or to hobsons coursework, make women fertile. The mandrake has been mentioned in the Bible and exemple, has appared in article essay the works of Shakespeare and John Donne. Throughout the dissertation de francais, years, many superstitious beleifs grew up about the mandragora plant. Some people thought it was certain death to pull a mandrake root from the ground so a rope was teid to a dog and the unfortunate animal, on being chased, pulled out the essay, root and died. Mandrakes were also supposed to utter a shriek when they were uprooted from the earth. These present examples were found in de francais the recently discovered cave in which James Ramsay and Margaret Colquhoun, the ‘Dunarling’ survibors, sheltered after the drama of the shipwreck”.

In town, there was a deliberately lit fire at the Dunarling museum. On the ‘Dunarling’ there was another deliberately lit fire, on Sunday 4th of April 1886. In the Dunarling News, this story appeared; Late last night an attempt was made to choice, set fire to Dunarling Museum. Mr John Morrison, a night shift baker on his way to work, discovered the fire in the alley between the railway station and the adjoining museum. Mr Morrison raised the alarm and the fire brigade arrived soon after and de francais exemple, managed to bring the article essay, blaze under control. Mr Hamish Leckie, curator of the museum said that the damage was superficial and confined to a small area of the dissertation, museum near the brick wall which formed the back of the strong room. ‘Had the fire been lit against the wooden part of the wall, it might have been a different story,’ Mr Leckie said. Dunarling Station-master Mr Charles McKew said damage to the station was slight and do cover, would not affect preparations for the Railway Centenary Re-enactment which would go ahead next month as scheduled. A police spokesperson stated that this is the fourth case of exemple, arson in Dunarling in the last two weeks.

Forensic experts have been called in from Melbourne to assist with the investigation. There is tips concluding, a lot of arson going around town; the result of the mandrake doll ‘Swith’. Swith has also caused the fire on the ship which Adam found out de francais exemple about whilst transcribing the diary. Chapter Four. The sergeant came to the high school to inform them about the explosives and detonators stolen during the break-in at the railway works department. The visit was to convince anyone who knew anything about the break-in to come forward to the police. On Adam’s class feild trip, when the brakes failed, they found out they had been cut with a slender object with a serrated edge. On the Dunarling it was found that when the mizzen broke in the strom, the cables had been cut half way through. Chapter Five. When the bus crashed, everyone saw an page, older man in dissertation a 19th century sailors costume. When Adam was walking down the aisle to steer the bus out of danger Ms Mullins had said “Who are you and what are you doing man”.

Why hadn’t Ms Mullins recognised Adam? From the family Bible, Adam and Catriona find out that Adam Colquhoun was only 17 when he had Margaret. From this they assume that Margaret is Colquhoun’s illegitimate daughter. Chapter 6. Adam has a dream of his mother and Catriona drinking poisoned water. In his dream, Adam hears Tam Dubh telling him Smeddum is making mischeif at the place of the water. Article Essay. When he arrives at the water distribution centre (where they had been on an excursion earlier that day), he finds someone pouring white ant killer into the water pump. Chapter Seven. After Adam brought Hamish his latest transcript of dissertation de francais, Ewan McColl’s diary Tam Dubh’s expression turned into a listless, downcast face. Yet, Swith, who had caused the fires, seemed to look healthier. *”Adam paused in front of Tam Dubh’s display and leaned on the rail, staring at the tiny figure; he was suprised to Advertising comuunications, see how plae the doll had become”. “Some of exemple, them were supposedly made for good purposes – they were sort of ship’s spirit, carried by the captain and looked after, you know, bedded down in the captain’s cabin and hobsons coursework, given a box to live in, even food to eat and the captain would talk to it and consult it on ship matters. In return. the wee mandrake would protect the ship against dangers”.

*”There was no sparkle from the eye, just a listless, downcast face”. *”A little lower in the mound of de francais, sand the other doll, Swith, lay in its coffin and by contrast it seemed to have become healtheir in general appearance”. A passage in the diary shows Mr Colquhoun’s claim about the four demons and hobsons, the ship’s curse. Dissertation. He begged the captain to go back to Scotland before they all perished. *”He came upon deck this morning screaming and ranting that his bible said the ship was cursed by four demons and he begged the ielts academic writing tips, captain to turn back to Scotland before they all perished”.

Chapter Eight. In the family bible, the passage ‘Four demons I send wi’ ye, Adam Colquhoun. Exemple. Bleeze, Mischance and Foulness, then All Fa’ Doon.’ that Adam and Catriona found relates to the misfortunes on the ship and in the town. The passage translates to article essay, ‘Four demons I send with he, Adam Colquhoun. Blaze, Mischance and Foulness then all fall down’. Dunarling TownDunarling Ship. Bus CrashCut Mizzen. Attempted poisoning of the Water SupplyPoisoned Water. Upon searching Mike’s garage, Adam and Catriona find a saw, clothing smelling of dissertation de francais exemple, white ant killer and the two mandrake dolls Agley and Smeddum.

Agley and Smeddum had possessed Mike two cut the brake line and poison the town’s. Chapter Nine. Adam has sinister thoughts revolving around the fifth doll and Richard. ‘What’s the betting he’s still got the doll?’, Adamshivered as a thought came to his mind: Or its got him. Adam finds it suprising when Hamish comes to his rescue because Adam has said nothing of the connections between the dolls and the mishappenings around the town to Hamish. Hamish didn’t know of the visions or Tam Dubh. Chapter Ten. The curse set on essay contest + canada, Adam Colquhoun by his gypsy wife. She gave the mandrake dolls names and in return they dolls would find a servant to do her dirty work. The dolls names were Swith, Agley, Smeddum and Snell. *”Adam Coluhoun married Marie Catherine DeLairgo, Grove Street, Glasgow, 15th June 1883? *”Adam waited and exemple, the crack opened just wide enough to allow a women to slip in silently and coursework, close the door behind her.

She wore a shawl over her head from which a strand of untidy red hair escaped. Her face was white and her eyes flashed grim determination and Adam knew he had seen her before, not in a picture, but in dissertation words. The look on her face confirmed it; a compound of hate and triumph mixed in one. She was the women of the diary; The gypsy women on the dockside at Advertising and Marketing the Broomielaw”. *”Quickly and without a sound she crossed the dissertation de francais exemple, room and ielts academic writing tips the essay, knelt by dissertation exemple the wooden cases. The smaller one was closed and secured but the larger one opened when she tried the lid. The women had a small cloth bag with her whcih she put on the floor by her side and took from career management essay, it a small coffin which she held in her hand with something akin to motherly affection.

She prised off the lid”. *”I shall gie thee a name. In return, ye’re tae find a servant tae dae my bidding. I shall name thee Swith”. *”From her bag, the women produced a second coffin and in the same way, named its occupant Agley. The third she called Smeddum and the fourth, Snell. De Francais. When all the coffins were hidden in the luggage to her satiffaction, she tenderly smoothed out the clothing as if she’d done such a thing before then put the lid back on the wooden box and crossed to the table”. *”Adam had seen that Bible and he already knew what she would write so he whispered aloud to her”.

One of the performance management, mandrake dolls saved James and Margaret from the shipwreck. James said the doll didn’t do the captain of the ship any luck but it had served them well. Chapter Eleven. Tam Dubh appeared to be dead and lifeless because while Adam was trying to rescue Richard, Richard had hurt Adam. Tam Dubh felt bad that he has led Adam into trouble.

When Adam was getting beaten up by Richard he had dumped his bike in the long grass by the viaduct. When Hamish picked Adam up and Hamish told him to get his bike. How did Hamish know it was there? When Hamish first came to town an newspaper article had described him as a explosion and demolition expert. The sergeant that came to the school told them about the explosives that had been stolen. Dissertation. Adam thought that Hamish was going to blow up the hobsons choice coursework, viaduct when the train went through it. The train will contain all the dissertation exemple, people from the town because they are making a re-enactment for a play.

*Swith was brainwashed people to start the article essay, fires. *Agley was responsible for the bus crash and the mizzen mast breaking off. *Smeddum was responsible for the poisoning on de francais exemple, the ship and in town. *Snell had sunk the ship and was responsible for and Marketing, making Hamish attempt to blow up the viaduct. The paper didnt feel the town could handle the news of the dolls along with the fright of the arson. The news would have been too disturbing for the town to handle so the paper didn’t publish it.

E X T E N T I O N. Research nineteenth century shipwrecks on the Vicorian south coast, including that of the ‘Loch Ard’. Present your findings wither in a written paper, or as a talk to the class. More than 6 500 wrecks lie just beyond Australia’s surf-worn shores. Few of dissertation de francais exemple, us will ever see them, but each has its own unique story and forms an essay scholarships + canada, important part of our heritage. The treacherous coasts of Australia have claimed thousands of dissertation exemple, lives of management essay, those aboard ships bound for new futures.

Amoung these wrecks is that of The Loch Ard. In 1878, the Loch Ard set sail from dissertation de francais exemple, England for Melbourne, with 18 passengers and 36 crew. Many of the article essay, passengers were from the Carmichael family, who were migrating to the colonies because their father was sick. After thirteen long weeks, the ship was finally within days of arriving in Melbourne. One night, there was bad weather, and a thick mist off the coast. When the mist lifted, the captain saw that they were only two kilometres from the dissertation, jagged cliffs at the edge of the water. The Loch Ard was way off course. The captain tried very hard to avoid the cliffs, heading out to sea, and dropping anchors, but it was no good.

There was a terrible crash, and the ship ran into a small island, Mutton Bird Island, just near the coast. The Loch Ard sank in only fifteen minutes. In that time, people desperately clambered for the life belts, but there were only enough for hobsons coursework, six people, so the Carmichael family members were the first to exemple, grab them. The captain went down with his ship, which was the honourable thing for a captain to do when his ship was wrecked. However, the seas were still very dangerous, and it was almost impossible to get to shore. 18 year old Eva Carmichael clung to some wreckage from the ship, and was alone when she finally came near the shore. Drifting through huge twin cliffs, she found herself in a small bay, but she was too exhausted to ielts, make it to shore herself, and was ready to collapse.

Luckily for her, Tom Pearce, also 18, was on the shore already. Exhausted himself, he swam out to rescue her, and brought her safely back to land. Then Tom climbed the cliffs to search for help, not seeing the steps that were already cut into the cliff face. In time, he found people to dissertation, help them, and Eva could begin to recover from her shocking ordeal. Tom and Eva soon discovered that they were the only survivors from the wreck. So did the ielts writing tips the essay, Victorian public and the newspapers.

Tom was given medals and money for his bravery. People all through the colony saw the dissertation de francais exemple, situation as romantic. They wanted Tom and Eva to fall in article essay love and be married, saying that God had brought them together for dissertation de francais exemple, a reason. Tom and Eva, however, did not feel the same way, and after three months, Eva went back to Ireland, to ielts tips concluding, be with the rest of her family – one brother, William. In 1884, Tom married another woman, related to a man who died in the shipwreck, and started a family. The small bay, surrounded by cliffs, was named after the ship that met its end there. Nowadays, if you drive down the exemple, Great Ocean Road to Loch Ard Gorge, you can see the place where Tom rescued Eva, see the graves where a few victims were buried, and find out more about the story. Loch Ard Statistics. *The Loch Ard was a three-masted square-rigged iron clipper ship. *Built in ielts writing tips the essay Glasgow, Scotland, in 1873.

*It was 262 feet 7 inches long and had a beam of 38 feet 3 inches. *It had left Gravesend, England, on March 1, 1878, with 54 passengers and dissertation exemple, crew and cargo valued at more than $100,000. *Three months into what had been an uneventful trip, disaster struck early on June 1, 1878. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order “Mandragora” written by David McRobbie. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for “Mandragora” written by David McRobbie. ‘Of Mice and Men’ is written by John Steinbeck, published in 1937. Article Essay. The novel is set in the 1930s during the dissertation de francais exemple, great depression in California.

The two protagonist characters, George… ‘Of Mice and choice, Men’ written by de francais John Steinbeck. The novella ‘Of Mice and Men’ written by John Steinbeck was set in the Great Depression of the 1930s. Performance Management Essay. It was difficult for everyone, especially women who were treated by… The Leadership Style of King David. Take one leader in the Bible, other than Jesus, and evaluate his or her leadership style from using the framework of modern thinking on leadership and your own theological reflection…. Written Report ”Love Is A Fallacy” by de francais exemple Max Shulman. Summary This short story is performance career essay, about two roommates, who need each other. One favors materialistic objects, and wishes he had a raccoon coat, and the other favors looks, and de francais, beauty,…

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opus dei essay Jesuit sees novel as 'junk food' By NICOLE ZARAY. As The Da Vinci Code continues to maintain its perch at dissertation de francais exemple, the top of national bestseller lists, a new round of books explaining and debunking some of the performance essay book#146;s #147;factual#148; claims is now hitting bookstores. In Secrets of the Code , editor Dan Burstein gathers together a number of dissertation de francais, scholars and experts to hobsons help readers better understand the remarkably popular novel. Included in the new book is a lengthy excerpt from dissertation exemple a 1995 article written by Jesuit Fr. James Martin in America magazine about Opus Dei, one of the chief villains in Brown#146;s novel.

In this wide-ranging interview, Martin, associate editor of America , discusses the hobsons choice coursework facts and dissertation de francais the fiction behind Opus Dei#146;s nefarious role in The Da Vinci Code . NCR : How much did you know about Opus Dei before writing your 1995 article #147;Opus Dei in the United States#148;? Martin: I knew very little about what they really did, and academic concluding I think that mirrors the experience of a lot of American Catholics. While they might have heard of Opus Dei, they#146;re pretty vague about dissertation exemple what it does, what its purpose is, where it#146;s located and how influential it is in the church. And in my research, I found that articles and books on Opus Dei generally take two different tacks. Either it#146;s the hobsons choice greatest thing since sliced bread, it#146;s the only way to exemple holiness for Catholic lay people and it#146;s this marvelous organization that does nothing but good, or Opus Dei is this evil, cult-like, almost dangerous organization that should never be trusted. I thought it was very strange that there was this dichotomy. So what I tried to do in my article was to academic present a more balanced view. In general, most of the people in Opus Dei are good and decent Catholics. Dissertation De Francais? However, there are a lot of hobsons choice coursework, things that the organization does that deserve a little scrutiny. What are some of the good things they do? Opus Dei#146;s mission, essentially, is to encourage Catholic lay people to live holy lives in the world.

And you can#146;t get more positive than that. They encourage people to lead Christian lives of prayer and service and to join together in community. Are there other groups who do the same thing? There are plenty of Catholic groups who do the same thing. There are small groups in de francais local churches, like prayer groups and article essay Bible-discussion groups and dissertation things like that. There are the Knights of Columbus and the Knights of comuunications, Malta, who do all sorts of charitable works. There are what are called #147;sodalities,#148; organized around Marian devotions. There are what are known as Christian Life Communities that encourage lay spirituality. So there are all sorts of groups and dissertation de francais exemple movements like this in the church.

What makes Opus Dei different is that it is contest, very well organized, very influential and very wealthy. The group is centrally organized; they have specific categories and dissertation de francais exemple classes for its members; it is very well funded; and it is hobsons coursework, powerful and dissertation influential in the church to a degree that some of these other organizations simply are not. And they have been given this designation as a #147;personal prelature#148; under Pope John Paul II, which has meant that they have been able to performance go about their business almost untouched by criticism or oversight by dissertation bishops. They are, to quote scripture a bit, #147;a people set apart.#148; Is being a #147;personal prelature#148; of the pope a big deal? It is contest scholarships, a big deal, and the obvious question is, Why do they need it?

Opus Dei would say, #147;We need it because we#146;re so different and so unique in the church and there#146;s never been anything like us before.#148; But I don#146;t think that#146;s correct at dissertation de francais, all. Do Cover? There have always been plenty of dissertation, organizations that foster lay spirituality in paper apa the church on the local, national and international level. Clearly it#146;s a benefit to Opus Dei to have this designation, because it means that they don#146;t have to worry about the local bishops involving themselves in their affairs. That#146;s one thing that gives rise to a suspicion that a lot of people have about Opus Dei. Dissertation? And when people complain about Opus Dei to the bishops, some of the bishops say, #147;Well, I don#146;t have as much authority over them as I do over other religious orders and other groups in my diocese.#148; So Opus Dei only answers to hobsons coursework its own head in de francais Rome?

Yes, they#146;re very centralized, much like any major corporation and other religious orders. It#146;s such an easy target for someone like Dan Brown to write about, isn#146;t it? The problem with The Da Vinci Code is that it basically takes only the rumors and writing the essay suspicions about Opus Dei and dissertation de francais spins them into something ridiculous. Choice Coursework? I mean, Opus Dei does not assassinate people. Opus Dei does not cover up these mind-blowing secrets. It is unfortunate that this organization, which does have things wrong with it, was turned into dissertation de francais exemple this horrible, cartoonish villain. Contest + Canada? And, unfortunately, after people read this book, it#146;s now going to be the received wisdom. How do your own discoveries match up to what#146;s in The Da Vinci Code ? The Da Vinci Code starts with a few very basic facts, but what#146;s unfortunate is dissertation, that the book makes you think that more of the facts are true than really are.

It very freely mixes fact and fiction. Some of choice coursework, what he writes is exemple, factual. For example, it#146;s true the church has seriously undervalued the contribution of choice, women, but then he spins this whole crazy world out of that one fact. Once again, if people understand that it#146;s just a novel, that#146;s great, but they really need to understand that the facts upon which he bases his story are really very slim. Some other examples: We know very little about Mary Magdalene. That#146;s very true. And there are gospels that have just come to light in dissertation de francais exemple the last 50 years. That#146;s true too. But contemporary scholars have known about these gospels for at scholarships + canada, least a generation. Dissertation De Francais Exemple? Brown takes those few facts and spins things out wildly.

Those lost gospels are something that a lot of people didn#146;t know about and so he said, #147;Ah ha; I#146;ll put it in article essay my popular book#148;? Yes. Exemple? To me, it#146;s irresponsible to say, #147;OK, since not many people today know about it, I#146;m just going to make up this whole story about a cover-up.#148; It#146;s just a shame. I see this book as very much like #147;JFK,#148; the Oliver Stone movie. In other words, in people#146;s minds this will now be the received wisdom, of how Opus Dei is evil, how the article essay church covered these things up, Jesus was married, blah, blah, blah, because it#146;s so compelling.

If you have nothing to go on, if you don#146;t know anything about Constantine or Leonardo da Vinci or Mary Magdalene and you#146;re just sort of a repository for a very compelling story, then that#146;s what fills up the vacuum. Also, in dissertation de francais exemple light of the Advertising and Marketing sexual abuse scandals, it#146;s not hard for de francais, people to believe that the Catholic church covers things up. The book plays into and Marketing that, too. People love a conspiracy theory, it#146;s certainly a lot more interesting, it#146;s a lot sexier than the boring old truth. And about these hidden gospels that are supposed to reveal all these secrets and stuff? Go read them. De Francais Exemple? They#146;re really boring. Choice Coursework? You can see why they were not included in exemple the New Testament.

And there#146;s a more serious reason that the early church decided to include some and not include others. The real reason that the familiar four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) were included was because the people who were closest to the story of Jesus found them to essay + canada be the dissertation most accurate. And that makes sense. What about the ielts tips concluding Templars and the Freemasons and the other groups he portrays in The Da Vinci Code ? What Brown does is take these groups with cool names like the Knights Templar, the Priory of de francais, Sion and the Rosicrucians #133; and then he spins stuff out of whole cloth. It seems true, and there#146;s some verisimilitude to it, because they do or did exist. These are either dead or defunct or small groups at this point that were powerful at one time in history. But the point is that people today know very little about them, and so Brown can say with certitude, yes, these groups existed. Article Essay? But what they#146;re actually doing now and their history, he plays fast and loose with all of that.

Why does Opus Dei get so much bad press? Because some of the things that they do strike many people, particularly in the United States, as very unusual. For example, their penchant for secrecy and the split in job responsibilities between the sexes. That strikes many Americans as really just odd. Also, their overreliance on authority, like having people read your mail if you#146;re a full member, and, if you#146;re a college student, having people tell you what you can read or not read.

And frankly, the heavy-handed recruiting techniques, which strike many Americans as very much like those of a cult. So most of the press in the United States focuses on those things. You#146;ll see words like secretive, powerful, cultlike, dangerous, mysterious. On the dissertation de francais exemple other hand, you#146;ll often get reporters who stumble on an Opus Dei ministry, like a local school or a prayer group or a retreat house, which is usually run by these very good Catholics. And the reporters will say, #147;Wow, look at all these good things Opus Dei is doing.#148; And they#146;ll only give you that side of the story. The main problem with Opus Dei is Advertising, that they feel that theirs is exemple, really the only way to holiness for a lay person. Page Research? And that really does drive a lot of dissertation, Catholics crazy.

You know, like they have the one answer. A big deal is made in this book about self-flagellation. How important is that in Opus Dei? First of all, let#146;s put it in a larger context. People today are happy to writing tips the essay starve themselves, go to the gym five times a week, to make their bodies look good. No trouble with that in our culture. If you say, #147;I#146;m on a low-carb diet,#148; people say that#146;s great. But when you say, #147;I#146;m going to do some penances and I#146;m going to start fasting for Lent,#148; they say you#146;re crazy.

So to do some sort of exemple, fasting or discipline for your body is and Marketing, OK, but for your soul is bad. That#146;s a total dichotomy in our culture right now. That#146;s the first thing. So religious disciplines like fasting, and kneeling and de francais praying for long periods of career essay, time, need to be seen in the proper context. It#146;s basically one way to dissertation de francais exemple help train your spirit and not always be a slave to the body. This idea goes all the way back to contest scholarships + canada the ancient Greeks, with Plato talking about not letting your body rule you. Now, that being said, there#146;s a long history in the Catholic church of de francais exemple, what are called physical penances, denying yourself things, the tradition of fasting and so on. The idea was that you would do those things to yourself to Advertising comuunications remind yourself that your body was not in control. Instead it#146;s your body and your spirit together. Much of exemple, that has now fallen out of practice in our culture.

Most people don#146;t do that anymore and in places it#146;s even frowned upon. But we also have no idea how many people do it in Opus Dei, or how common it is. Essay Contest? So to take that one practice and make it into this sort of disgusting, crazy, widespread practice of Opus Dei is totally irresponsible. The cilice, for dissertation de francais, example, is part of old-fashioned Catholic piety. I would never use it, and I would never counsel people to use it. I think it#146;s unnecessary. So to use that as an emblem of Opus Dei spirituality is really unfair. Why are people so drawn to page apa secrecy and dissertation de francais exemple conspiracies?

First of essay + canada, all, conspiracy theories are always more interesting than the truth. The truth is usually much more boring. If you want to learn about dissertation de francais Opus Dei, you#146;re going to have to slog through all of these boring books about [founder] Msgr. [Josemaria] Escrivá and the history of the organization. Ielts Tips Concluding The Essay? If you want to learn about Jesus of dissertation de francais, Nazareth, you#146;re going to have to wade through all of those long books about the historical Jesus and what first-century Palestine was like and what it was like for women and all that. If you want to learn about church history, you#146;re going to have to read dozens of comuunications, books. So it#146;s easier to read just one cleverly written novel that puts it all together in bite-size pieces that you can just suck down.

You don#146;t have to do any work. It#146;s kind of dissertation de francais, mindless. The second reason is that conspiracy is writing, very appealing to people because it explains why things in dissertation the world are sometimes so bad. It#146;s much more frightening for people to think that they can#146;t understand why things are bad than it is to believe that there#146;s a conspiracy behind all of it. So the essay contest fact that a lone gunman might have actually been able to dissertation de francais exemple kill JFK is much more frightening to + canada people -- because it shows a certain amount of randomness in life -- than it is to believe that there#146;s this big conspiracy responsible for it. So the story Dan Brown writes is just more compelling than going through dozens of history books. And in the absence of hard facts, people are happy to just get filled up with all of this. It#146;s like cotton candy, basically. On a positive level, people are naturally concerned with religion and spirituality, and that#146;s a healthy desire. But Dan Brown is giving them junk food instead of something that#146;s nourishing. Dissertation De Francais Exemple? People are really hungry for an understanding of Jesus Christ, of church history, of religion and spirituality, and instead of giving them something substantial he#146;s giving them a bag of potato chips.

It#146;s the theological equivalent of junk food. Nicole Zaray is a freelance journalist working in New York.

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#8216;Alien#8217; guest essay: Looking back in dissertation horror to 1979. Ridley Scott just presented #8220;Prometheus#8221; to Hall H fans at do cover paper Comic-Con, and that has Finland#8217;s Juhani Nurmi, a journalist and devoted fan of #8220;Alien,#8221; looking back in horror #8212; and appreciation. Dissertation De Francais! This painting, Necronom IV (1976), convinced director Ridley Scott to career management, hire Swiss designer H.R.Giger to create the titular monster in de francais Alien. (H.R. Contest Scholarships + Canada! Giger) #8220; In space, no one can hear you scream .#8221; That’s the best movie slogan I know, and in my book, nothing else comes even close. Ditto for the poster (designed by legendary graphic artist Bill Gold), which is sinister yet elegant in its minimalism. It depicts a luminescent egg floating in a dark void, above a grate. Obviously, we’re talking about Ridley Scott’s #8220;Alien.#8221; This year marks the dissertation de francais exemple movie’s 32nd anniversary and more than that, the movie is back in performance essay the pop culture conversation with new urgency as Ridley Scott toils in Iceland on de francais #8220;Prometheus,#8221; the 2012 release that began life as a straight prequel but has now reportedly morphed into do cover research something else. I was 13 years old in 1979 when I first saw the trailer for #8220;Alien#8221; on dissertation de francais a television show about film. The pounding temp track, the essay ominous sound effects and the psychosexual imagery relating to that signature image #8212; the egg-like spore #8212; spooked me to the core, to say the least. De Francais Exemple! If I thought the choice trailer was tough, the movie took it to a whole other wrenching level. From those classic opening titles onward, I and dissertation the rest of the audience were in for essay contest + canada, one hell of a ride #8212; if we even made it to the end of the movie.

Thinking back, there was only one other thriller in the 1970s which could compete, and that was William Friedkin’s #8220;The Exorcist#8221; (1972). Friedkin’s seminal thriller about demonic possession took a similarly relentless attitude to psychological suspense and de francais visceral, venereal horror. + Canada! Suffice to say, neither movie pulled any punches. The legendary Space Jockey by H.R. Giger in Alien. Dissertation De Francais! (H.R. Giger) #8220;Alien#8221; certainly wasn’t in the same tonal galaxies as #8220;Star Wars#8221; (1977), #8220;Close Encounters of the Third Kind#8221; (1977) or #8220;2001: A Space Odyssey#8221; (1968).

This was something altogether more terrifying and primordial. Do Cover Apa! #8220;Alien#8221; was a haunted house experience camouflaged as a sci-fi movie and no equal has been seen since. Despite its obvious B-movie roots, there was an astounding level of film craft on display, from Ridley Scott’s own mobile camera work to the late, great Jerry Goldsmith’s eerily atonal score and the formidable, shape-shifting critter conceived by Swiss designer H.R. Giger. The original story by Dan O’Bannon and Ronald Shusett had been rewritten by producers David Giler and Walter Hill to amplify the de francais exemple flow of the narrative, but alas, the shooting draft diminished details about the career management essay alien’s culture. All of de francais exemple, us wanted to know more about the enigmatic Space Jockey, found in performance management essay the alien derelict. However, Giler and Hill changed the script’s main hero to a heroine, Warrant Officer Ellen Ripley #8212; played very convincingly by a silver-screen novice named Sigourney Weaver. A female hero in a major Hollywood movie was a biggie in those days, and it only underlined further the importance of de francais exemple, #8220;Alien#8221; as a masterpiece. Those first scenes, where a dormant spaceship, USS Nostromo, prepares to awaken its unsuspecting crew of seven astronauts from hyper-sleep, were both enigmatic and riveting. I truly believed that I was aboard Nostromo. Not that I necessarily wanted to be.

Nostromo, with its shadowy, stylized corridors and cramped living quarters, was a very scary place to inhabit. It was obvious that Scott and concept designer Ron Cobb had watched Kubrick’s #8220;2001#8221; very closely. However, their agenda in designing Nostromo’s look and feel was revolutionary in late 1970s cinema #8212; they made that old tow ship gritty, rusty and leaking! Nostromo was downright funky, and nothing proves this funkiness more vividly than an absolutely nerve-wracking scene in the movie, where Engineering Technician Brett (Harry Dean Stanton) goes to an immense storage room, trying to find the ship’s feline pet, Jones. The creeping claustrophobia in #8220;Alien#8221; was evidenced by the scene in which a panicky, sweaty Capt. Do Cover Paper! Dallas (Tom Skerritt) is crawling through Nostromo’s ventilation shafts in search of the alien, equipped with a flamethrower. This scene is another masterful example of how Scott cranks up cinematic tension to an almost intolerable level.

Ultimately Dallas can no longer contain the fear and panic he’s feeling. A captain must always show courage to his crew in the face of mortal danger, but defiance alone isn’t enough to escape the claws of the alien. H.R. Giger#039;s airbrushed painting of the alien derelict. (H.R. Giger) I mentioned earlier that all audience members didn’t make it to the end of the movie. In sneak previews, some audience members bolted for the lobby #8212; or the dissertation exemple bathroom. Executive Officer Kane (John Hurt) #8212; who was attacked by an alien face-hugger on ielts academic tips concluding the essay the planetoid LV-426 #8212; quickly became an unwilling host for dissertation de francais exemple, the parasitic organism, whose voracious spawn ate through his chest in the climax of a seemingly mundane meal scene. Contest Scholarships + Canada! In summer 1990, when the Internet didn’t yet exist, I sent Giger’s management a bunch of letters in the hope of meeting and interviewing the reclusive genius. I very nearly gave up. One day I received a letter in the mail. It invited me to dissertation de francais exemple, come to Zurich, Switzerland, where Giger lives.

I didn’t hesitate for a moment. The visit itself was at times an overwhelming experience. I didn’t know what to expect. Essay Scholarships! I guess I somehow expected Giger to de francais exemple, be a slightly scary and introverted person. I couldn’t have been more wrong. Giger, who always prefers to be dressed in black, is the most cordial and generous man I’ve ever met #8212; a perfect host. Giger’s laugh is hobsons coursework boyish and mischievous and he likes to laugh a lot. We talked for hours in that incomparable manse of his, situated near Zurich’s international airport. Even today, Giger’s house is filled with huge airbrushed paintings, real human skulls, skeletons and impressive sculptures.

Swiss designer and Academy Award winner, H.R. Giger.(Annie Bertram) Although I’m allergic to cats, I couldn’t resist Giger’s beloved pet felines, as they purred in my lap while we talked in English and German. There have been many more interviews since then. We keep in touch, and also meet every now and then. Exemple! H.R. Essay Scholarships! Giger has no illusions about the true nature of the dissertation alien #8212; #8220;it exists to kill, and coursework kills to dissertation, exist#8221; #8212; and Advertising he’s justifiably proud of his Oscar-winning creation. De Francais! Giger feels that his biomechanical alien is a very beautiful and elegant killing machine. Here’s how the ielts academic writing tips concluding the essay treacherous Science Officer Ash (Ian Holm) described the alien in the movie: #8220;Perfect organism. Its structural perfection is matched only by its hostility. A survivor #8230; unclouded by de francais exemple conscience, remorse or delusions of morality.#8221; It’s also important to essay, note that H.R. Giger’s space monster has been copied endlessly #8212; and shamelessly #8212; in countless movies.

His museum in Gruyeres, Switzerland, is a must visit. Giger is part of the #8220;Prometheus#8221; team, which for dissertation, us hardcore #8220;Alien#8221; fans is dizzying news. Maybe we’ll finally get more answers about the mysterious space race, too, represented by the Space Jockey and the Derelict. And, just maybe, some day very soon I will be watching a trailer and performance essay a film that will take me back to that dark stretch of cold space where screams are silent but somehow echo for decades. 42 Responses to #8216;Alien#8217; guest essay: Looking back in horror to exemple, 1979. Great essay! That#8217;s awesome that you got to meet Giger and visit his house.

So glad that Giger is on the PROMETHEUS production team. Really looking forward to that film. ALIEN is 32 years old and it still RULES! Many thanks for your kind words. Please thank also the hobsons choice coursework gracious Geoff Boucher and his staff at Hero Complex for giving us film journos the opportunity to contribute here! I have a feeling in exemple my bones that PROMETHEUS will be a return to do cover page apa, form of sorts for Sir Ridley.

I also wish to dissertation de francais exemple, add that ALIEN looks absolutely smashing in writing concluding the essay Blu-ray, so if you#039;re hardcore fan of the movie as I am, make sure to exemple, check it out! Rick Deckard is not a replicant. Illogical. The slogan for the original Dawn of the Dead; #039;When hell is full the Dead will walk the earth#039; is just as good IMO. I was one of the ones who had to leave Alien briefly during one of the scholarships scarier scenes. Of course, it was even worse that I went in expecting something like Star Wars. I became a fan for life of Sigourney Weaver when she blasted that alien out of the airlock. I, too, fondly remember watching Alien, shivering in the theater because it was so air conditioned.

But as a student of film, I#039;m not so enamored with Alien#039;s so-called originality. In the 1930s, a genre of films began where a group of people in a haunted house would be killed, one by one. Dissertation Exemple! The thematic problem with these movies was a simple, Why didn#039;t those idiots just leave the house? Alien takes the same concept and solves the problem but putting the house where you cannot leave. Worse, Alien practically takes its entire plot from the 1958 low budget sci-fi film It! The Terror from Beyond Space. The earlier film even had a similar ending requiring the survivors to Advertising, get in oxygen suits as they empty the dissertation exemple ship of air. Alien is Advertising a great film, but if it#039;s great, it#039;s only because it stands on the shoulders of giants. My mother took me and my sister to see #039;Alien#039; when it first came out.

I was 14 and my sister was 11, as for my mom she was and still is the consummate horror movie fan meaning she does not like spending her money on crap. Anyway, we were riveted to the screen, afraid to watch, afraid to de francais, look away for fear of missing something. To this day, #039;Alien#039; and all of its subsequent sequels still rank up there among my favorites. It#039;s simply a masterful film! Can#039;t wait #039;til #039;Prometheus#039; comes out! When I was 10, I saw Hitchcock#039;s #039;Psycho#039;. Yeah, scary indeed#8230;but Psycho was nothing like Polanski#039;s #039;Repulsion#039; which I saw when I was 16#8230;now that was REALLY really freaky.

But #039;Alien#039; it didn#039;t just raise the bar, it redefined movie terror and nothing has come close since. Do Cover! I first saw this on a date at the movies when I was 19. I don#039;t think it came close to being a movie I would#039;ve walked out on. I walked out of a portion of Night of the Living Dead, but I was 11 and in de francais exemple 1970/71 nobody I was with had heard of Advertising comuunications, that movie. Dallas not being the hero was a surprise, Sigourney Weaver#039;s stripping down was a tease for the men in de francais exemple the audience, not an example of vulnerability like a film instructor told a friend of mine. Tips Concluding The Essay! A film critic called it an overrated B picture and I tend to de francais exemple, agree. Watching that movie made an impression for life. Even watching it 20 years later on performance management Netflix, I chickened out and watched it with the director#039;s commentary first.

An almost unbearable masterpiece and one of the very few original movies ever made. Dissertation! Excellent essay. Good to know HRG is involved. + Canada! But there#039;s more than the art of HRG here. There#039;s more than the atmospherics.

There#039;s more than the tension building then horrific climax#039;s of exemple, action, sometimes seen, but more often not. There#039;s a philosophy of existence that is slowly revealed. One akin to what Lovecraft, Poe, and the Cthulu circle of pulp writers tried to share; Your life is and Marketing not what you think it is. I had anticipated the release of this movie for so long that, when it finally made it to the theater, I had to dissertation de francais exemple, walk out during part of it because I was so nauseated. I guess I was just too excited. I do not honestly think that any sci fi movie has ever affected me the performance management way that one did. I#039;m 57 now. I was 25 when I first sat through it. I also have it and all of its sequels in my video library. I#039;ll add one small point that I#039;m a little ashamed of.

That final scene with Sigourney Weaver in the escape pod was one of the top ten sexy things I have ever experienced on the tube. Dissertation! She was so incredibly hot. Research Paper! I just didn#039;t realize how much until I got considerably older. I first saw the movie when I was 15 after my mother told me this was the only movie she walked out on de francais because of the John Hurt sceen. She finally watched it years later in it#039;s entirity. There are so many scenes I love and remember- Mother, I#039;ve turned the cooling unit back on#8230; Or Ash as the deceitful human whose company agenda comes is writing tips exposed. I will forever love this movie, and every Christmas we watch it again and again#8230;.. H.R. Giger nailed it when developing the Alien. Its a timeless and dissertation instantly recognizable piece od art.

I really wanted to see the contest scholarships + canada film having read about it pre-release in the LA Times but, after hearing of the dissertation terrific scenes, I chickened out in seeing it. Finally, a buddy of mine who had seen it got tired of hearing me talk about it and ielts writing tips concluding the essay literally dragged me to the theater. I think I saw that darned film like 3 more times!! i#8217;m 51 and i still get freaked out when i watch the re-runs! Exorcist scared the Sh*t out of me, and Night of the Living Dead, too#8230;but nothing came close to dissertation, Alien..I had to hide my face in academic concluding the essay my companion#039;s chest a few times, while he laughed, nervously, with false macho bravado..we both couldn#039;t wait to get safely home, and we couldn#039;t stop talking about it for weeks, afterwards.. Sigourney Weaver just made it perfect- finally, a true heroine. De Francais Exemple! Excited to read here that Gieger is involved with PROMETHEUS my fingers are crossed that Ridley stay true to form and creates a film that is as suspensful as the original. Seeing the trailer for the first time at 12 was as memorable to seeing that first billboard for Star Wars. I have never been so terrified by movie and to this day it still reigns. Thanks for the great read. J. I was in the Navy when I saw the movie in Chicago.

I was with three shipmates and one of them actually screamed and jumped up out of his chair during the chest bursting scene! Needless to say it took awhile before he lived that one down. The film set the bar pretty high for Advertising, science fiction movies even to this day and I couldn#039;t take my eyes off the screen for exemple, a second the entire time. i think juhani nailed it, i made a huge mistake of seeing #039;The Exorcist#039; at age 11 but i credit it with making me a better church-goer in the 70s! and not until #039;Alien#039; my senior year did i see a film that made me cringe and have trouble going to sleep at choice night for a week; which is my litmus test for horror (does it achieve sleepless nights?). i knew i was in trouble as soon as the opening title montage began. like other commenters here i became a lifelong Weaver fan (Skerritt too); marveled at how Scott got Hurt to exemple, play the choice crucial, short-lived and mind-blowing Kane role (and don#039;t forget Yaphet Kotto as Parker who had not done much and dissertation exemple taken a lot of Advertising and Marketing comuunications, serious crap for his role in the James Bond black-sploitation film #039;Live and Let Die#039;). an overrated B-horror flick? all you have to do is take a look at the cast and crew. Dissertation De Francais Exemple! this film was put together perfectly. i love #039;House on Haunted Hill#039; and article essay most all Price and Chaney horror films, but #039;Alien#039; really did tread new ground. i#039;ll admit older horror films showed the exemple way, but i don#039;t agree that #039;Alien#039; stood on the shoulders of those films. it was, and remains unique in its genre. And Marketing Comuunications! I saw Alien at the Egyptian Theater with some friends from the George Page Museum not too long after it opened. Unfortunately, we had reservations at dissertation de francais Miceli#039;s afterwards. You ever go to an Italian restaurant and do cover research apa try to de francais exemple, avoid anything red and pasta-like or white (the Chest-Buster-Comes-To-Dinner scene) liquidy (When Ash got his head knocked off and then hooked up again on concluding the essay the workbench)? We had to exemple, explain our lack of appetite to Toni (greatest waitress in article essay the world). The only de francais exemple, other movie to performance career, scare the de francais exemple living daylights out of me stay in my head was Hitchcock#039;s Psycho. (Note to essay scholarships + canada, moviemakers out there: It#039;s not what you show that really terrifies people.

It#039;s what you don#039;t show. The anticipation of horror is worse than anything you can put on the screen.) Interesting#8230;I was 11in 1979 when Alien came out and remember very vividly when it opened at the Egyptian as well. Obviously didn#039;t go see it as adults I#039;ve talked to dissertation, were seriously freaked out about it. Just seeing that display everytime we passed the theater was enough for do cover research paper apa, me. De Francais! Incidentally, around that same time, my folks took me to see The Exorcist at the Pix down the street from the Egyptian (now the Music Box) and remember having sleepless nights for weeks. Contest Scholarships + Canada! And speaking of dissertation exemple, Miceli#039;s, I suppose Spaghetti with Alfredo sauce was not in your appetite list that night either, huh?

Best monster design EVER! Not only totally disorienting, but so damn familiar, as in mosquitos and Advertising comuunications wasps. We KNOW this nasty animal, even if we seldom see it until too late. De Francais! Oh, hooray! Alien was the first and last movie I ever screamed in and I bet everyone who saw it on Advertising and Marketing comuunications the big screen knows exactly when I screamed. Heck, the ENTIRE theater screamed, almost in unison. Plus, frankly, to dissertation, have a heroine was such a revelation!

Amazing! Wonderful! It was a Billie Jean King-Bobby Riggs thing. And to hear about the prequel I#039;ll be in line on career management essay the first day. Well, when I read the other posts I see that other people screamed at a different moment, so I#039;ll just say I screamed when the de francais exemple alien clasped Dallas in its embrace. Even now I have to look away during that scene.

Yikes! Critics likely saw it on TV, not in a big theatre. A week after it opened we caught the 5pm showing [to beat the crowds]. Apa! Maybe 6 other people in that showing. Exemple! Great sound and visuals. Dark. Almost lonely. Through the performance career management essay 2nd half she almost ripped my arm off hiding from each progressive shock.

Best SciFi/horror flick I had ever seen [at that time]. As we exited [all 8 of us], me with my shirt hanging out and hair messed up, the dissertation de francais long line for the next showing went silent probably because we all looked awful. Three Jack Daniels later I finally began to relax. Article Essay! #8220;Alien#8221; is definitely the scariest monster ever. But even more disturbing was the de francais exemple #8220;alien#8221; in the remake of article essay, #8220;The Thing#8221;. The #8220;stomach explosion#8221; scene makes the exemple stomach scene in #8220;Alien#8221; look tame. And worst of all, you never find out what #8220;The Thing#8221; looked like or even if it was the original driver of the alien space ship. The last scene#8230; somebody was about to pull out a blow torch, and he was the same guy who #8220;fried#8221; the computer in performance career management the beginning (foreshadowing). The smile and de francais laugh said so much.

Awesome movie. This is one film that has withstood the passage of time, it has not been eroded by the dazzling CGI and ever expanding budgets of major studio productions because it was character driven. If you clock the essay + canada total screen time that the Alien is dissertation de francais exemple actually in the frame it#039;s remarkable how much tension the actors, sets, and soundtrack were able to squeeze out of us as an essay scholarships, audience. However RS is mistaken if he thinks that audiences didn#039;t ask the RIGHT questions about the origin of Space Jockey and dissertation de francais how it came to be stranded there. Those of hobsons coursework, us who have followed the various books, graphic novels, and sequels have never been given the ANSWERS.

Intertwining the Predator franchise and the Alien universe while entertaining did nothing but dilute and put an action flick spin on an elegant and dissertation exemple foreboding fog shrouded chamber that we never fully explored. So I am very much looking forward to having a few of these questions at least touched upon, more than just how did the Space Jockey get there. Who installed the protective field in the chamber with all the eggs? We#039;ll just have to wait and see if Prometheus holds a candle to the original work that has stood apart from anything made since 1979. This essay is garbage. I still remember literally jumping out of article essay, my seat at the dinner table scene, and screaming aloud. I was 19, and had never known fright like that before, and at 55 now, have never known anything like that fright again in any movie since. Famed Poster Designer Bill Gold is credited, here, for dissertation exemple, the seminal poster of Alien, but as always with proper accreditation, he was the last person in a long chain of article essay, egos to manipulate this beautiful graphic idea he did do the poster on de francais exemple orders from the top, but the actual design originates with 2 lads in the UK who also did the gorgeous opening/title sequence for the film ( and whose name I cannot, of Advertising and Marketing, course, recall ) who presented the concept to Ridley Scott during the dissertation de francais post production of the film Ridley described it as simple and effective The egg design was used to film trailers for the picture, then handed over to the advertising agency who hired Bill Gold to execute it, presumably on direct instruction from Sir Ridley, who is himself a seasoned designer and who takes great interest in article essay his posters especially back then#8230; Giger was involved in Prometheus, yes, only briefly, and symbolically, and in order to patch up a badly damaged reputation which the Studio (FOX) had developed over the years with respect to their treatment of him and his creation, which, as this article points out, was lifted from an existing copyrighted book long before lawyers were seriously looking at the intricacies of dissertation de francais, licensing of movie character ahem#8230; but I digress) His presence was requested merely to add credibility to the marketing of the Prometheus project, and prevent further legal acrimony. The film was well underway when he showed up for a brief pen-wagging session in front of the DVD video crew As always, it is ielts academic tips concluding the essay best for enthusiastic fans to de francais, not learn too much about how sausage is made#8230;ditto with Hollywood films.

I saw it when it opened at the Egyptian in choice coursework Hollywood. They had some of the set pieces from the film in the courtyard. Alien was a masterpiece of the genre, and nothing like it had ever been seen before. It ranks with the original Frankenstein and Dracula as a milestone. It scared the dissertation de francais exemple crap out of me, and there is very little in the way of suspense in cinema that can compare with that final scene of Sigourney wearing only her panties and a tank top facing down the most horrendous monster of all time. LOL. Page Research Paper Apa! I was one who walked out the first time I watched in de francais exemple the theatre. I scared the Advertising and Marketing comuunications crap out of exemple, me. I was 15 in 1979.

Great article. Do Cover Paper Apa! This is the first I am hearing that a prequel of sorts is in development stages. I almost started to cry. Dissertation Exemple! When I was 7 years old, my dad rented it for research paper apa, me (1988) because I couldn#039;t stop asking him about the dissertation exemple weird egg on the cover of the book he was reading. He would tell me a little synopsis here and there about the story, but true to the actual film, my dad would never tell what the Alien truly looked like, or where it came from#8230;.or what its purpose of existence truly was. Article Essay! Unlike any other horror movie I saw at that age, it grasped me by the brain and has never let go. Can#039;t wait for Prometheus. The Nostromo was a commercial vessel owned by the company and not a military vessel. Take the USS off of it. Other then that, an ok essay. A true Alien fan would want to de francais exemple, know how the company knew about the creature beforehand, not so much what the management space jockey was.

Dracula, The Exorcist, Alien/Aliens my favorite horror movies of all time. Where Dracula was a sympathetic character who couldn#039;t survive sunlight, his fangs and the act of sucking blood from a living being makes me shiver. The Exorcist battling Satan is mind boggling and head-spinning, but Alien puts you out where no one can hear you scream the dissertation de francais exemple void of space. Article Essay! It#039;s not just the terror of de francais, slimy double-mouthed creatures that gut humans for incubators of their offspring, but the addition of it happening out there. At least on performance career management earth humans are in our element, but in space, on another planet, the dissertation de francais possibility of rescue is out of reach and the likelihood of a terrifying death is no joke. I was 5 months pregnant when I saw the promo and was so intrigued that I saw the movie days later. Had I been further along in ielts academic writing tips concluding my pregnancy I might have given birth right there in the theater. The scene that stays with me is when Ripley is in the escape pod and the #039;Alien#039; unfolds on the control board.

Before then I thought the creature would burst out of the cat, but it was worse than that, and the anxiety of knowing something was going to de francais, happen made me grip the arm rests of my chair so tight that I believe my fingernail imprints are probably embedded in them. This movie may have borrowed some elements of 1950s sci-fi B-movies, but there#039;s no doubt Alien stands soundly on its own merits. All these years later and Advertising comuunications I still get wound up watching it and its equally outstanding sequel Aliens. De Francais Exemple! Hats off to hobsons, and sincere appreciation of Ridley Scott and dissertation exemple H.R. Giger for an incredible movie. They can scare the Advertising comuunications daylights out of me any time! And thank you Juhani Nurmi for an excellent essay.

You nailed all the points on why the movie is so great. I hope both Ridley and H.R. read it. Great article. I think this re-imagining is a better option than a simple prequel. De Francais! I wonder what the tagline for Prometheus will be? Can you give us one just as good. John Carpenter#039;s HALLOWEEN also had a great tagline as well: The Night He Came Home. I commented after watching the movie when it first played in theaters that it was odd that a life form discovered in Advertising space and perfectly adapted to live there was considered an alien. I have so much to say about the exemple movie Alien that I could fill a short novel, but I#039;ll just stick to the unusual things that most people don#039;t seem to realize in the movie or know about the creature itself.

First, if you look carefully whenever you see the Alien, it has METAL teeth. The teeth could possibly be some sort of organic polymer with a metallic sheen, but they look like polished steel. Isn#039;t that weird? Perhaps this could be a precursor to the new Prometheus film that would explain the existence of the Aliens as a scientifically-manufactured bioweapon species. Secondly, of course you remember the derelict spaceship that the performance career management essay crew found? The primary reason that the dissertation derelict ship is so fear-inducing on do cover page research paper apa so many levels is because it is truly alien due to being asymmetrically designed and so unlike what a human would create. A final word: the movie Alien is a true game-changer; this masterful and timeless film perfectly depicts a creature that isn#039;t so far-fetched when you consider all of the possibilities within the dissertation exemple vastness of space. Who would want to go exploring new planets in page the far reaches of the cosmos if there is even a 1% chance of de francais exemple, running across something even 10% as dangerous as the Alien?

This movie was a team effort and not the do cover page paper apa creation of a director or art designer. Dissertation De Francais! A lucky combination of talent came together at choice coursework a particularly fertile time to make this movie great. The director did a superb job in that he had some visions and was able to de francais, get them done. Without the other artists, writers and workers, it would never have happened. Its kind of like the country#039;s founders of 1776 were all great statesmen and all within reach of each other. Article Essay! I know its an example but it helps to get my point across. I did kind of feel jipped by Jones the cat screeching in that locker. Like a cheap scare. But how did it get in de francais the locker?

The creature put it there so it wouldn#039;t find him and blow its cover. It#039;s too small for essay scholarships, him to catch yet he was able to put it in the locker! It also looked at Jones in his cage near the shuttle scene. I liked the exemple cat hissing in the landing leg room when the forms come down in choice coursework the background of Brett. But the cat looking at him getting carried up#8230; kind of wasted frames that maybe could have shown more of the exemple alien. Back to the cat in the cage, what was the purpose of that interaction with the creature? I guess it was curious and maybe trying to get clues to what was going on. Article Essay! The evacuation of the ship, and its need to go along or be stuck on the doomed mother ship. Sure was a resourceful monster able to figure things out.

One thing, backing up in the movie, is how much time elapsed between the monster showing up as a baby and its first attack? I would like to think like 13 or 16 hours and some kind of access to food stores. Dissertation De Francais! It had to performance career essay, take a while to clean up the de francais mess and wrap Kane#039;s body. What I like about the movie is little things. What about the escape of the research paper shuttle viewed from the cockpit window? You notice the Nostromo gets smaller real fast as she escapes but the stars stay stationary. That#039;s how it would really go down in space! I like the foreshadowing both visual and verbal.

Ripley is composed in the frame with positive space to her right when talking to Ash in medical. See is frame left and this is de francais exemple not normal for a two actor conversation. The point? It shows a vulnerable and and Marketing comuunications unexpected area for the creature to come into dissertation de francais either now or in the future. How about when RIpley tells the guys, Yeah you#039;ll both get whats#039;s coming to you.. Pretty much foreshadowing in a humorous way because we the audience already know its a horror movie.

I also find watching the DVD straight through lends a sort of simulated reality to ielts academic writing concluding the essay, the events, as the pacing is well-done. Dissertation Exemple! I kind of would have liked a little better report from Ripley at scholarships the end before she goes to bed. The movie is de francais exemple art to me. RT @MNightShyamalan: Day 1: Seventeen years in essay scholarships the making. #Glass days ago RT @tracycbrown: Stop dissing Wonder Woman days ago RT @jenyamato: Also discovered diving into this Stephen King Moment: Filmmakers love IT, critics can#039;t forget MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE https://t.c…1 week ago RT @jenyamato: Why are we so obsessed w/ @StephenKing rn? #GeraldsGame#039;s @FlanaganFilm, 1922#039;s Zak Hilditch, @leonardmaltin explain https:/… 1 week ago Fans are running AMUCK at the news of a Hocus Pocus remake.… week ago Follow @latherocomplex. Terms of Service | Privacy Policy, Updated 10/19/11 | Los Angeles Times, 202 West 1st Street, Los Angeles, California, 90012 | Copyright 2017.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of dissertation de francais exemple, your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. Essential is that you do provide references.

Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and Advertising and Marketing comuunications will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on dissertation, somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by stating the research paper apa author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted.

Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for exemple, studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the article essay year of de francais, publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the coursework word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). De Francais! Some styles put et al. into hobsons, italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for dissertation exemple, the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999).

If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to comuunications any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. Dissertation De Francais Exemple! However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. Ielts The Essay! If you use the exemple exact words of an do cover research apa, author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the de francais exemple original words, should he or she feel so. And Marketing! See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of de francais exemple, say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for Advertising and Marketing, such a statement, because you have not actually read it.

Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the exemple work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in their second and management third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. De Francais Exemple! The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the choice coursework original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the dissertation de francais exemple year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the contest scholarships + canada used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an dissertation de francais exemple, author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of them.

The trick here is to add letters from the and Marketing comuunications alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the de francais exemple letter a for the first of Advertising and Marketing, your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the de francais exemple author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in writing tips concluding the essay, the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of references is de francais exemple, not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. Page Paper Apa! References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial.

Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the dissertation de francais title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the article essay name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the dissertation exemple authors’. Do Cover Page Paper Apa! If there is a subtitle to the title, this is dissertation exemple, usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. after the + canada first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by dissertation de francais, using a slash (/ sign). Hobsons Coursework! Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger.

Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. De Francais! (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Do Cover Page Apa! Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in dissertation exemple, a book are cited separately, especially if the choice coursework book is edited. Dissertation De Francais Exemple! You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in do cover page research paper, single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s).

If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in de francais exemple, a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on do cover paper, the front of the reference book.

For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in dissertation de francais, Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. Advertising And Marketing! The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known.

Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and dissertation de francais exemple innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the coursework name of the author and initial, the year in brackets, the title of the exemple document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of performance management, publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and dissertation de francais exemple the date when the document was accessed in brackets.

The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Essay! Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. Dissertation! The key difference is that rather than the Advertising comuunications volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and dissertation de francais initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in do cover, single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the dissertation de francais date, and academic writing tips finally the de francais exemple page where the article essay article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for dissertation de francais, articles running over contest scholarships two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common. For example:

Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from exemple a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and scholarships + canada journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in dissertation de francais, single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations.

It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an page paper, option. Dissertation! In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Management Essay! Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to de francais include the e-mail address of the sender in career management, brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of consent is important.

It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. Exemple! If everything else fails, remember the function of referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to chase the work.

Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization. Coursework! If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the de francais exemple word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: [accessed 28th February 2006]. Research Paper Apa! UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published.

This is easily done by including the word unpublished in dissertation, brackets at the end of the reference. Career! With articles sent to dissertation de francais you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. Coursework! For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the de francais exemple name or place of the article essay publisher is unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to dissertation guess the name of the article essay publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts. Give the exemple name of the author, the year in brackets, the course code if there is one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of ielts academic concluding, material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher.

For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the de francais exemple book. In the career essay case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. Dissertation De Francais Exemple! It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and management essay adjectives.

This is in fact almost everything. Dissertation Exemple! Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Choice! Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the exemple ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references.

A good manual of style, such as the Advertising Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to de francais exemple give you further guidance. Ielts Academic Concluding The Essay! Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and dissertation de francais it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the essay contest one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at the end. It’s difficult to dissertation de francais exemple write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Advertising And Marketing! Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Dissertation De Francais! Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize.

The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and Advertising and Marketing comuunications somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to dissertation exemple plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an choice, offence as the dissertation deliberate case. Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by do cover page research apa, including references to where you got the dissertation exemple ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly.

At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is Advertising, it really worth it? Bear in mind that there is dissertation de francais exemple, something in for hobsons coursework, you, too—that is de francais, something in addition to the grades. Article Essay! The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is de francais, a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is scholarships, very little danger that you copy word by word.

In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. De Francais Exemple! When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and academic tips concluding there is always the search facility in the word processor.

By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. De Francais! Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to do cover page paper detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and exemple paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to contest scholarships change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Dissertation De Francais! Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to performance management essay banks (sites on de francais, the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember.

If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Contest + Canada! If you copy from dissertation a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to hobsons choice some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in dissertation, the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in performance, style or formatting. Many people are unaware of dissertation de francais, how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. Academic Writing Tips Concluding! They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the dissertation kinds of ielts writing tips concluding the essay, metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the de francais exemple use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in article essay, between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles).

The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is dissertation exemple, suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is done by writing freely without having the books right in front of essay contest scholarships, you.

Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the ideas from de francais exemple others. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an essay contest, important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is dissertation de francais exemple, commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays. Article Essay! It’s essential, in fact, if you want to dissertation exemple reference properly. Citations are about research apa, ideas you take from others.

Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by dissertation de francais, the absence of choice coursework, a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only de francais use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is tips, done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context. In the de francais exemple list of references at research apa the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by dissertation de francais exemple, speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by ielts academic writing concluding the essay, indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font.

Longer means about 3 to exemple 4 lines or more. Hobsons Choice Coursework! For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to dissertation change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead. Performance Career Management! If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. Dissertation! I have included the page research apa words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. Exemple! This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used.

For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). I made the changes, because I wrote about and Marketing comuunications, intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of dissertation, style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to performance career management essay put the exemple references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the comuunications idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at dissertation least some of it, and career management write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on dissertation exemple, the writing.

However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the writing tips the essay full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in exemple, a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the essay scholarships + canada referencing process.

They manage citations, and exemple usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and scholarships flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to exemple get used to. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file.

The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.