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ap english 4 essays Welcome to the Ars OpenForum. I'm taking the AP English Test tomorrow, got any last minute tips? Anyone have any tips from personal experience that might help me? How tough was the starvation, multiple choice? How did you do on the essay portion? I'm not too worried about it, but I would like to do my best. Any help would be appreciated. Dr.
Rev. Krule, MD. The multiple choice part wasn't that hard. The essay most people had some problems with, expect to have to pull deep meaning out of rather trivial pieces. Also don't expect to pay research papers on line, do ANYTHING after the test, as your brain will be 100% fried.
I went home after the starvation essays, test and promptly slept through my last high school concert, where I had a solo. Oops. i took the pop essays, test too, i hated every second of starvation essays, it. Does Violent Video Cause Essay? give your hand a good excersize beforehand. you will be writin' like 3 essays. take your time tho, if yer a fairly compitent reader, you should still have enough time to finish the test. make sure your writing expresses the fact that you totally understood the readings, an' if you have compare/contrast essay, try to analyze as many points of both as possible. it's been like 3-4 years since i took the essays, test so i can' much remember much else 'bout it. Dr. Rev. Krule, MD. Any advice on dissertation interview, the English Language AP? Not that I need any. it's been a while, but I think I may have done decently on that particular exam. Let's see, here are a few of the starvation, strategies I remember using (apologies if you've heard them before) If you're a fast reader, I think reading the questions beforehand can be pretty useful. The AP asks for causes, a very specific interpretation (esp. on multiple choice). hopefully your prof. has clued you in how to starvation, approach it the College Board way.
Read the questions (if you can answer a few without reading, go ahead), go to transcription, the passage, skim it for the pertinent sections and move on. The essay option, I think, could be a bit more difficult to starvation essays, prepare for. aside from all the practice essays you may have taken. I usually read the question/passage first, then made a quick outline, skimmed for character names and locations (familiarity with subject), quickly thought of related analogies/comparisons to causes of global warming essay, other works and started analyzing. The only snag (and this probably does not apply to you at starvation, all lay in the fact I had taken the AP Language test earlier and kept thinking of causes of global warming, diction, style, etc. Oh yeah, remember the AP vocabulary. you might want to throw it in even if it seems silly. Aside from starvation essays, that, don't worry too much . Most schools accept a 3 and above, and a 4 should at least get you out of the requisite writing classes. Creative 101 Pdf? If a 3 doesn't happen, you still have the cachet of taking an AP class to begin with. a useful little addition to your transcript IMHO. The prompt was something really weird, like Describe a mystery and the characters interactions with each other in starvation essays, solving the mystery. Does Video Cause? It really had nothing to do with Waiting for Godot at essays, all, but I wrote something about transcription it. Find a book that you know inside and out - one that you did a research paper on or something - and write about it at all costs. I did my junior research paper on WF Godot , so I knew that book.
I used exact quotes and starvation exact quotes from criticisms of it. I was really pushing it as far as writing about the topic, but I think my knowledge of the book helped more than anything else. Dissertation Transcription? I knew that book so well that I could put page numbers on a few quotes (I didn't though). completely forgot about that, i think. excellent point tl , lots of comparisons. show your variety of knowledge. don't know if this is essays, helpful at all, but use all of that silly English jargon. Creative? diction, onomotopeia (sp?), style, etc. homonym, i don't know, it's been a while. Starvation Essays? good luck for you as well. Im gonna do what I did on the test last year.
Nothing, well not quite. I looked over papers, the notes that I took and relaxed, get to essays, bed earyly and smart eat breakfast. Essays? Other than that english is not exactly the subject that you can cram for. If you have a list of vocab on tone, theme, and smart pop essays rehtorcial devices that would be somthing good to look over too. Starvation Essays? I got a 4 last year. Im a little concerned about my essay writeing skills though. Antwone Fisher? I have a tendency to be vague sometimes. Starvation? But confidenct is improtant, so be confident in your self and you should do well. My teacher gave my class an AP test that was one of the hardest ever given (my teacher said he usually misses one or two qustions on the entire test, he missed 17 on this exam). I got a 50% on the multiple choice (that was the only part we took).
The highest grade in the class was a 54%. I was pretty happy about pop essays that. The history one, OTOH, will be a bitch. Ars Legatus Legionis. The essays can be pretty hard, but the good news is that these two tests are among the most curved of any of them - in essays, a typical year, if you do well on writing 101 pdf, the multiple choice (say, less than 5 wrong) you can get scores of 5, 5, 6 on the three essays and starvation essays still make a 5. (If you didn't know, essays are scored from 1 to 9, with 8's up being pretty damn hard to write in 40 minutes.) Pick one or two books you know really well and plan on using one for the free-response essay. Do not write about creative writing Shakespeare. Assuming you've got the starvation, mechanics of writing down, the most important things to get right are a coherent rhetorical structure and good detail / elaboration within your main arguments. (That's why it's important to write about a book you know backwards forwards, and why you shouldn't write about Shakespeare - rest assured the English teachers grading these things have studied his works a million times and pay research on line will immediately seize upon any wrong inferences you make.) For the multies, make sure you know your vocab, words like syntax, diction, and poetry words like the essays, word for a fond poem about someone who died, which actually escapes me at the moment. For the essays, pick books that the teachers are not likely to know as well as others. Fifth Business is a good one, so is writing 101 pdf, The Scarlet Letter (I know that one is very famous, but it is still good).
You can adapt pretty much any book to any question you get, so just pick two, make sure you know the characters, and essays most of all, don't worry. I'm going to get plently of sleep too, something I haven't done for a while, and that will help immensely. I'll see how I feel after the test tomorrow. Holy fucknut congrats! I'm not taking it because my school decided to charge $100 to write it.
Good luck on yours, and remember; it's okay to fail. The essay portion is another story. Does Games Cause Essay? I tried to have an original opening on each essay, because a first impression is essays, important. I think my first essay on the poetry was decent, but the other two were sorta blah. My brain was getting to be mush by then, and I'm not terribly good at answering vague questions. I'm hoping for writing, a 4, but I'll be happy with a 3. Even if I don't get that I'll be ok, but I would like to get some college credit if possible. Starvation? How'd the interview, other people that took it today do? The multiple choice portion was some sauce. It was like the SAT Verbal on essays, crack. Smart? Didn't expect that, and starvation started relying on SAT skills midway into the test.
The essays were okay. Really started getting into it after I realized Mrs. Wilkins was a bitch and could explain why. Powered by phpBB and. 2017 Condé Nast. All rights reserved.
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parade com homework This page is just one of essays, this website's 5,000 pages of factual documentation and resources on corporal punishment around the world. Have a look at the site's front page or go to the explanatory page, About this website. Note: you can search within certain pages of this website, including this one, for items that are new at the latest update. Just type New! into your web browser's search box. Miscellaneous corporal punishment pictures. This page features photographs or drawings that are too interesting not to show, but for violent video, which we don't have the usual standard of verification or details of sources that normally apply on this website, or which currently don't quite fit anywhere else on the site, or which belong with an article that hasn't yet been written. Readers should bear in starvation essays, mind that we cannot always be certain that pictures like this are what they claim or appear to of global be. Any help with identifying them would be appreciated.
Click on starvation, the thumbnail image to see the full picture in each case. The picture will open in a new window. Thank you to the readers who kindly supplied these items. School punishment book extract. This is interview transcription said to be from Kalgoorlie School, in the Australian outback, c.1900. Canings were mostly given on the hand, punishment on the buttock apparently being reserved for serious defiance. Getting licks for lateness. October 2009: A student gets the cane on the seat of his shorts for starvation essays, arriving late at St Leonard's Boys' School. Does Video Cause Violence! This is a less tightly cropped version of one of the photos in essays, this news item. Instituto Americano, La Paz. Picture said to be from 1972 at creative, an American college in Bolivia.
Even if (as I assume) this is starvation meant in causes of global warming essay, fun, it is quite intriguing that what is being acted out essays, here is an smart, English-style caning, rather than a US-style paddling. Public whipping of essays, a slave, 1830s. This contemporary engraving is captioned in French, L'execution de la punition du fouet (Carrying out the punishment of whipping), but it is said to papers depict an starvation essays, event in Brazil. The slave's posterior has been bared for punishment. The instrument appears to does violent video cause violence be something akin to a cat-o'-five-tails. Other slaves, at left in chains and guarded by soldiers, are perhaps waiting their turn to be disciplined. In the background are the audience, presumably the bourgeoisie, in their hats and essays fine clothes. Whipping a Slave, Brazil, 1825. This is said to be from The Story of My Life by Mary Ashton Rice Livermore (Hartford CT, 1897).
It is remarkably similar to the previous item as far as the modus operandi is concerned, the slave being tied to a post with his buttocks bared. Note the smart pop essays spare whips on top of the post. A high-school whipping. Cameroon is a culturally mainly French country in starvation essays, West Africa. An unusual and rather cumbersome-looking modus operandi , apparently requiring the assistance of four students, is shown in this picture from pop essays a local website (now removed) in 2013. Mayoral candidates with cricket bat. Rival Toronto 2014 mayoral candidates, Doug Ford and John Tory, paddle each other with a cricket bat.
School straps, Alberta. This collection of straps came from Edmonton public schools, which abolished CP in 1990. A caption on the Montreal Gazette website described them as leather straps but they are clearly the standard Canadian rubber/canvas mixture. School paddle in British Columbia. Recipients' names on a paddle.
This one is interesting in starvation, that it comes from Canada, not generally known for school paddling, the pop essays strap being the usual instrument there, at any rate in public schools. It appeared on a web page about the demolition of Richmond High School in Vancouver, and was captioned The crazy paddle they used in the 50s, though this was apparently as well as, rather than instead of, the starvation essays strap. The school strap. A school punishment strap on display in the museum at Melfort, Saskatchewan. This looks as if it is probably made of leather, whereas more recent ones tended to be made of smart pop essays, rubber and canvas, as in these pictures. Correction straps for sale. This newspaper advertisement, evidently for essays, a stationers, shows that the Regulation strap especially prepared for school requirements in rubber and canvas was available in 1919 for 25 cents. Staged picture of a school strapping. Claiming to be from Alberta in dissertation interview transcription, 1978, this picture is obviously posed but it has had appended to it a few lines from a punishment book (five strappings in three days) which may or may not be genuine.
Punishment at Shaolin martial arts academy, allegedly. For possible explanation see this video clip. Punishment of slave in Cuba. This appeared on a Unesco web page about slavery. The date given is essays 1868 and the picture is credited to Harper's Weekly in the US Library of Congress. Smart! It appears that the slave is being held down on a horizontal frame or ladder. It may be that his trousers have been pulled down ready for a whipping on his bare buttocks, but it looks as if he may already have been whipped on his upper back too. La Fessee means The spanking.
This is said to be a propaganda postcard from essays World War I representing England and France beating Germany. A classroom spanking. This, entitled by pay research papers, one picture agency Illustration of a Teacher Spanking a Student, is claimed to date from 1886 (though one of my readers thinks 1850 is more likely) and to starvation have appeared in a Paris magazine called La Jeunesse Illustree . Dissertation! There are two problems with this: first, La Jeunesse Illustree was not published until 1903, according to starvation essays French Wikipedia; second, schools in France are supposed to have stopped using CP in essay, the 1870s. Anyway, the modus operandi depicted is quite impractical. In reality the teacher would surely find it much easier to sit down and starvation essays spank the child over his knee. Note that another, older, boy and fisher movie a girl have been ordered to face the wall. Perhaps they have already been spanked, or are about to be. Preparation for punishment.
Painting called In the Village School by essays, Hubert Salentin (1822-1910). The schoolmaster is about to punish the boy with his stick, which looks too rigid to be a rattan cane. The student has tried to conceal his slate up the back of causes of global warming, his shirt, and not down the back of his trousers, which seems odd. The tables turned. This drawing from an 1867 article in American Educational Monthly supposedly represents the one day a year when, by tradition, German schoolboys were permitted to get back at their schoolmasters with their own birches and starvation switches. School caning re-enacted in a play. Scene from a play, captioned Prugel in pay research, der Schule (corporal punishment in school). Essays! This is somewhat unrealistic.
It is causes of global warming a common error, in modern re-enactments or drawings, to suppose that a caning could properly be administered with the essays culprit in an over-the-knee position. In reality, the person inflicting the punishment has to stand back from the target in order to have room for an effective swing of the cane. A schoolroom caning. This is from a school museum in Germany. Present-day kids visit it to see what school used to be like in the old days. Papers! The lucky ones get a chance to essays be caned! Another school museum scene. Another school museum -- or possibly the same one. This is Schlossbergschule in Landsberg (Bavaria). The caption reads You can see how the interview teacher hits a pupil with a stick on his back, but the stick is much too big and thick, and back seems likely to be a mistranslation or a euphemism: as far as I am aware, such classroom punishment was always delivered to the seat of the boy's trousers.
Yet another school museum scene . This one is at Sulzbach-Rosenberg in starvation, Bavaria and papers on line is supposed to represent the situation in 1875, when a hazel rod was used for punishment, according to a 2008 newspaper article in German that is no longer on line. Of course, in 1875 the starvation schoolmaster would not have had to contend with students wearing jeans not pulled up properly. This is the Bauernhofmuseum in Illerbeuren, Bavaria. Here, neither the teacher nor the student seem to does video games cause have quite got the hang of this corporal punishment business. A schoolroom strapping. A student is stretched across a bench for a strapping by the master in this old German print, which has been reproduced in numerous places. This picture, presumably posed, purports to show punishment over a boy's trousers with a carpet-beater, here seen sideways on. Despite the title meaning the essays school, such an implement would seem more appropriate to a domestic than to a school setting. In any event, the thing is dissertation interview transcription surely too big to be able to be administered in the close-up manner shown, other than as a joke.
Painting of guilty schoolboys. I have seen this painting before somewhere but cannot remember where. It looks to be from Germany between the wars -- it has a Weimar Republic look about essays it -- and shows a schoolmaster holding a whippy rattan behind his back as he lectures four naughty boys, who look sorry for themselves. Are they about to get the dissertation interview transcription cane or have they just had it? The boy on the right is essays already holding his bottom. Contrary to popular myth, school corporal punishment was never abolished in pay research papers on line, Weimar Germany, as discussed here. Though found on sale in starvation essays, Scotland, this instrument turns out to be probably a German Peitsche, somewhat resembling the French martinet. A German reader suggests that, more specifically, it is a Klopfpeitsche or beating whip, notionally for beating the dust out of uniforms, but also used for punishment in the compulsory Reichsarbeitsdienst, a kind of political bootcamp in the Nazi era. School canes in smart, Ghana?
These are claimed to be canes for use in schools in Ghana. They do look as if they might be punishment canes: they seem to be the right sort of length, though perhaps a bit on the thick side. Whether it is really believable that a photographer would happen upon so many of them in one place is perhaps open to question. More bundles of school canes. Thanks to the An Africanist Perspective blog for this picture of essays, bundles of school punishment canes found in a bookshop in Nkwanta in 2013. A present-day classroom caning in Ghana. This picture is from a junior secondary school in Ghana, and comes from a website in which pupils there were asked to games essay document what they dislike about the starvation essays school. It illustrates item 1 in their list -- We don't like it when the teacher canes us. The student being caned in this case is a girl. Impossible to of global tell whether it is posed or the real thing, but it looks authentic enough, and from the context it can be deduced that caning is starvation a more or less daily occurrence. At least it is clear that the treatment here is being applied with care and a degree of precision across the dissertation interview offender's seat and only the seat, which is by no means always the case in starvation essays, Africa.
Contrary to some reports, CP is does violent video cause essay still legal in Ghanaian schools. My Parents love to punish me: Guide to the punishment of children Cover of a recent Indonesian book for parents on how to punish their kids. The scene illustrated looks peculiarly draconian and formalised for starvation, parental CP, and indeed I'm told the text does not support the hard line implied by the cover but is actually rather modern Western-style in tone, with spanking somewhat frowned upon. Caning on the soles of the feet (Bastinado/Falaka) From an online photo album about Persia (now Iran) between 1870 and 1930, this is captioned Administering discipline by bastinado at the rashti-duzi workshop, needlework, Rasht ca. Pay Research Papers On Line! 1880. Rasht is the capital city of Gilan province. Caning the soles of the starvation feet, rather than the of global warming essay safe place provided by nature, is in my view a very perverse, inhumane and dangerous punishment. It requires two helpers to hold the feet up with a bar, as shown here. Religious Jews Prepare For Yom Kippur.
Agency photo (2007) captioned: An ultra-orthodox Rabbi whips a Jewish boy with a leather strap as symbolic punishment for his sins during the traditional Malkot ceremony in Jerusalem. Punishment at Bicycle Racing School. A young man bending to receive discipline at the Japan Bicycle Racing School in essays, Shuzenji. Note the appreciative audience. See this video clip. A punishment at Mr Watanabe's crammer.
This picture of punishment with the kendo sword is causes from the essays same establishment as that illustrated in this magazine article and fisher movie this one as well as this picture. Those are all from the 1970s; we don't know whether this one is from the same era or a bit more recent, but it is known that the school closed quite a while ago when Mr Watanabe died. A similar punishment. Here we seem to be in a more ordinary kind of school than the above, but the use of starvation essays, a kendo sword is the same. Interview Transcription! However, the hands on the wall method is being used instead of the bending over position. The picture looks as if it may be more recent than those we know to be from Mr Watanabe's establishment. Starvation! Formal CP seems to be very rare in ordinary schools in Japan these days, having been outlawed for more than 60 years, and it may be that this is a posed picture rather than the real thing. Midas Table Tennis Academy. At this Tokyo sports school for youngsters, recalcitrant students are liable to receive One Whack for Encouragement administered, once again, with a kendo sword, according to this page in Japanese.
Martial Arts punishment. The US flag notwithstanding, this is claimed to be a martial arts lesson in Japan. Pay Research Papers On Line! We do not know whether this is a real punishment, or an starvation essays, initiation ceremony, or just a picture posed for fun. Japan is one of few countries outside the USA where baseball is very popular. I am not at all certain this picture has anything to violent games essay do with CP.
The main clue that it might do comes from the player at far left, who is clutching his buttocks as though he has just been whacked with the bat. Jocular re-enactment of essays, a school caning, with the student adopting the hands on seat of chair posture and the teacher embracing the does video violence essay task with undue enthusiasm. Kiboko means the cane in starvation, several African countries. Fisher! In Kenya it was banned in starvation essays, 2001, in dissertation transcription, theory. Caning at the blackboard. A schoolgirl is caned at the blackboard as other students look on. This may be posed, or it could be the real thing. Samuel caned for talking in class. From the Calvary Chapel Mission School in Liberia, this picture was taken in January 2010. The ad hoc nature of the modus operandi is typically African. From an starvation essays, unknown secondary school in Malaysia comes this 2012 picture of a boy being caned across the seat of pay research, his trousers as he assumes the hands on the wall upright position.
Caning upon late arrival. This 2013 picture was taken at St John's Institution, a well-known boys' secondary school in starvation, Kuala Lumpur. Pop Essays! Corporal punishment is a mainstay of the regime. Students line up to be disciplined upon starvation, arriving late for school in the morning. The fellows in dark suits are prefects; one of smart pop essays, them is smiling at the photographer. The master holding the cane (in shirt sleeves with wristwatch) is partly obscured in this view by the boy who has just been caned (right foreground). The next recipient, on starvation, the left of the picture, is walking forward to causes warming essay receive his dose.
See also these external links. Discipline master with cane. The sign says Bilik disiplin (discipline room). Starvation! The jolly fellow on the right is the guru disiplin (discipline master) holding his cane, which has been taped at both ends. I think this is from a secondary school. Hands on the desk. A classic hands on the desk caning under way in interview transcription, a Malaysian secondary classroom in 2009. The teacher is taking careful aim at starvation, the boy's rear end.
Hukuman Rotan (Caning punishment) This drawing appeared on a Malaysian blog, but the original source is violent video games unknown. It shows a hands on the desk caning. The various captions in Malay appear to be quoting official rules, and translate as follows. Starvation! Adult at left: A witness to assist and to causes of global essay record the essays number of fisher essay, strokes. Bending student: Position of the student: Both hands holding the table and body leaning forward. Adult at starvation essays, right: Swing from creative shoulder level, apply cane to starvation covered buttocks or palm of hand. The cane: Dimensions of pop essays, cane approx. 1 metre long, diameter 0.5 cm, and the end must not be split. Starvation! Caption at lower right: Only headmaster or principal or teacher with written authorisation may give a caning.
The proposed caning shall be a learning experience, not just retribution. Transcription! A cane only half a centimeter in diameter would be unusually thin, and this does not seem to tally with the pictures we have seen, e.g. the two previous items. Essays! Also, one official rule not mentioned here is that school caning in Malaysia is supposed to be limited to three strokes per occasion (cf. six in dissertation interview, Singapore and ten in South Korea). A caning demo to warn new students. A Malaysian secondary school orientation class. This is not the starvation essays real thing, as it appears at first glance, but a demonstration for new first-year students to show what will happen to them if they misbehave. The Powerpoint presentation projected on the wall lists, I think, the names of the seven teachers empowered to cane in 2009. Bend over and touch your toes
This posed newspaper photograph shows a young student touching his toes while a teacher wields a unfeasibly long cane. It appeared in the Wellington Evening Post on 2 March 1981 to illustrate, somewhat irrelevantly, a quite muddled kids' page article asking readers if they approved of judicial (not school) corporal punishment, headlined Birching: where do you stand?. The strap was also used in New Zealand, especially in primary schools. This one, date unknown, is in a museum. Caning of boys and girls under way at a school in Osogbo, supposedly for being late with their assignments. From African Eye magazine, July 2016.
Caning in transcription, the schoolyard. A boy and starvation essays a girl being caned at Ojora Memorial Senior Secondary School, Tolu Complex, Lagos, in interview, 2010. This is a better-quality version of the picture that came with this Feb 2011 news item. The random and starvation essays inefficient lying flat on the ground position is smart typically African. ROMANIA: Religious/domestic CP. Satan applying some over-the-knee discipline. Essays! Fresco on writing, the church of the essays Brancoveanu Monastery at Sambata de Sus. Acknowledgements to interview A. Galan. A domestic birching in the 19th century.
In what is starvation clearly an upper-class home, two servants hold down a miscreant youth on the settee while his mother, or perhaps it is a governess, punishes him with the birch. Painting on show at the Kaluga Art Museum. Fun and games in the Russian Army. Strapping the bare buttocks with a belt seems to be a thing in the Russian military, usually as an initiation ceremony (see these video clips) but sometimes just for fun, as evidently here. Medical treatment by corporal punishment. Picture from a Russian magazine, title and date unknown. I presume that it is supposed to illustrate this March 2005 news story about a supposed discovery by writing, Russian scientists that a beating on the buttocks with a strong cane is the perfect way to cure everything from starvation essays depression to antwone fisher movie alcoholism. However, the photo is clearly posed.
Apart from anything else, the implement depicted here is some sort of starvation, birch, rather than a strong cane. Furthermore, you can't use a birch over causes of global, a person's trousers. So it's probably all a bit of tabloid nonsense. Fuzzy mobile phone picture taking during the starvation essays delivery of warming essay, CP to three 15-year-olds for smoking at Hillgrove Secondary School in July 2008, which took place in essays, front of the whole student body, and a computer-generated artist's impression of it which makes more clear what is to be seen in the photo. For other pictures from the same caning session, see the left-hand side of this article about does video games violence essay Singapore schoolboy caning.
The above from starvation essays other angles. Uses computer graphics software to view the same scene from different angles. Here the transcription bending over with hands on seat of chair position is seen, as used by some Singapore schools; others require hands on the desk or elbows on the desk, as seen in some of these video clips. Note: the essays clothing is not supposed to be correct. School uniform is compulsory in Singapore, and jeans are certainly not allowed. Caning outside the office. Caught on a student's surreptitious mobile phone in Sep 2007, this partly obscured view is from dissertation a neighbourhood secondary school.
A student is receiving a caning on his backside from the Discipline Master as he bends over a bench in the corridor outside the school office. This kind of punishment (for boys only) is routine in many Singapore schools. Another neighbourhood secondary school. At this one, class caning is the normal punishment -- where the student is disciplined in his own classroom in front of his classmates. Starvation! This scene (Jan 2007) is a little blurred, but it looks as if the Discipline Master is getting the boy to bend lower across the desk before inflicting the strokes. This is a secondary 3 class (normally the year in which students turn 15).
For more real Singapore school canings, see these video clips. School courtyard - scene of canings. A recently-left secondary school student revisits her old school and interview takes a picture of the courtyard. This is where we used to stand and sing the national anthem, say the pledge, and watch bad boys get caned. Several Singapore schools hold their assemblies outdoors and conduct so-called public canings there. SOUTH AFRICA: School CP. A student in traditional school uniform bends over for a caning. Presumably this photograph is posed, but the positioning looks very authentic, unlike many attempts to reproduce such scenes (usually the master is placed much too close to starvation essays the culprit). An example of the most common, though by no means universal, punishment position in present-day South Korean schools.
Two boys undergoing a caning at the front of their mixed class. Not sparing the rod. The rod being used in of global, this Nov 2009 scene is starvation essays too thick and rigid to be called a cane in the British sense. The teacher is wielding it with both hands, which would be both impractical and unnecessary with a flexible rattan cane. Mass punishment with baseball bat. Another example of the all-fours position in use at a South Korean secondary school. It seems to be common for several offenders to be made to take up this position in a line, sometimes outside in the school yard where passers-by can watch. Here, a staff member goes along the interview transcription line disciplining each student across the seat of the grey uniform trousers with a baseball bat. Seoul High School. A senior student is being caned at the school gatehouse, so perhaps this was for arriving late. It looks as if the student walking away on the left of the picture has perhaps just been caned, while two others await their turn.
The master wields a long stick with both hands. The photo comes from starvation a website for alumni of Seoul High School, and dates from a time (1960s?) when South Korean students still had to wear military-style uniforms with peaked caps. Note the position adopted by the recipient here is on line simply standing up straight, which seems to be unusual nowadays in South Korea. The other pictures that were previously here have now been incorporated into the article South Korea: Corporal punishment in schools . Escena de escuela (School scene) Painting c.1780 by Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, now on display at the museum in Zaragoza. A student is hoisted on starvation, the back of another for a pants-down whipping in the schoolroom.
The schoolmaster is bringing the whip back over his shoulder ready for the next stroke. A third student holds up the offender's shirt to expose the bare buttocks to the whip. On the right, two other students who have already been punished are rearranging their clothes and crying. Tram-line caning weals shown by a student at Hualien County High School. The teacher has accurately spaced out the strokes. From Apple Daily , 5 March 2015. The caption to this undated agency picture reads Students lean their legs on the teacher's desk whilst reciting an academic lesson during a lesson [sic] in writing, Taiwan. Starvation Essays! Why they should be doing so is pay research not explained, but anyway the essays teacher seems to creative writing threatening to starvation essays beat them with his paddle. There was a culture of British-style caning across the backside in Taiwan (school CP was theoretically banned in 2006), and -- as with Thailand and smart Vietnam -- we do not know how it got there. This fuzzy photograph looks as if it was snatched surreptitiously by a classmate as a boy adopts the hands on starvation, the desk posture for punishment while the lady teacher lifts the tail of his shirt a little clear of the seat of his trousers. A second student awaits his turn.
Another classroom caning. Another hands on the desk caning under way in pop essays, a Taiwanese classroom. Notice how far away from the recipient the administering teacher has to stand in real life to get a suitable swing, unlike the starvation essays way canings are often portrayed in violent video cause, fictional films and posed pictures. Teacher with cane. Girls line up for school assembly in starvation, Tanzania (2004).
In the causes doorway stands a teacher with a cane. Corporal punishment is legal, and head teachers are empowered to administer up to four strokes at a time. A senior student bends over in touch toes mode for starvation essays, a caning from the interview lady teacher. Two views. A secondary boy receives punishment across the seat of his shorts at the front of the starvation essays class. His lady teacher wields a flexible rattan.
A student receives corporal punishment in creative, the school office. The classic position for undergoing a school caning in Thailand is standing up straight, either with hands on the wall, as here, or with arms folded, as in this video clip. Either way, the punishment is applied to the seat of the starvation shorts. Creative 101 Pdf! The boy on the right may be waiting his turn, or perhaps he has already had it and is now holding his painful bottom. Starvation Essays! These rather baggy brown school shorts are quite a common sight in Bangkok. Mass caning of boy scouts. From a blog (July 2010) by a Western visiting teacher, who says that these members of the pay research papers school scout troop were being punished for losing their scout hats. Each boy came forward in turn, Wai'd [bowed to] the Scout Leader and prostrated himself on the ground and he was given one stroke of the cane; a few received two strokes. Punishment given, each boy got to his feet and Wai'd again in almost one swift movement and starvation dashed off rubbing his bottom and, this being Thailand, smiling.
They beat you with a stick From a book, Schooling in Uganda Through Children's Eyes . It consists of photographs taken by school students in Kampala. Pay Research On Line! This picture is entitled Discipline and subtitled They beat you with a stick. Evidently the boys are queuing up for a caning on essays, their bottoms, but some of them are not taking it terribly seriously. Prefect with switch. A school prefect stands in morning assembly, holding his switch behind his back ready for use on pop essays, any recalcitrant juniors. Taken in 2009 at Kyamulinga. UNITED KINGDOM: Folklore CP.
Beating the bounds. An ancient English tradition, once common but now more or less extinct, partly because of ludicrous political correctness -- see this Sep 2004 news item. The intention was to impress on youngsters where the parish boundaries lay, each generation thus passing this knowledge down to the next. UPDATE: A correspondent kindly informs me that this is St Mary-of-the-Angels Song School in starvation, Addlestone, Surrey, c.1950. Video Games! The smock uniform was worn by all the choristers. More beating the bounds. Another picture from the starvation essays same place, in pop essays, the 1950s.
This time the headmaster himself is performing the caning ceremony, apparently known as sealing. Beating the bounds, again. This parish clearly borders on a mainline railway. Straw boater hats are or were an item of the uniform at a few boys' schools. UPDATE: Now discovered to be a Founders Day tradition at Emanuel School in essays, Battersea, South London, a boys' school also noted for plenty of caning and slippering in earnest into the late 1970s. UNITED KINGDOM: Military CP. The information and the picture that were here have been transferred to the Corporal punishment in the British Army page. UNITED KINGDOM: School CP.
Walsall is a town in the English West Midlands that was unusual in that part of the country for using the tawse instead of the cane. Unlike in interview transcription, some other places, in essays, Walsall it was administered to smart the clothed seat for boys, but to the hands for girls. Essays! This one is now in a local museum, which says that the school from which it came in 1988 had to sign to say that no tawses or canes remained at the school. Papers! See also these June 1975 news items. Price list of school straps. Scottish school CP enters the modern European age with the introduction of Value Added Tax in 1973. But why has the starvation extra heavyweight strap been withdrawn? Caning at Lord Wandsworth College.
John Merriman (Master of School House) administering a caning in c.1970 at this boys' boarding school in pay research papers, Hampshire where The cane or the slipper ruled, according to a reminiscence on the alumni website. The photo is presumably posed, but no doubt gives an authentic impression of the modus operandi except that the starvation implement is not a proper rattan cane. An interesting detail is the lifting of the rear flap of the bending miscreant's double-vent jacket to facilitate access by the cane to the seat of the trousers without the boy having to dissertation take his jacket off in essays, order to receive punishment, as with single-vent jackets or, as at games violence, my own school, with school-uniform blazers that had no vent at starvation, all (ventless blazers). Prefect's caning at Repton. Repton is a private (so-called public) boarding school for boys in violent games cause essay, the English Midlands.
It used to have quite a reputation for CP, somewhat magnified by the writings of starvation essays, Roald Dahl, who was educated there. Here a prefect is disciplining a boy in essay, his pyjamas. This is in line with much anecdotal evidence that many boarding schools used to starvation essays administer corporal punishment at bedtime. The picture is said to date from the 1960s and is very likely staged, but since it comes from the school's official archives we can probably assume it to be an dissertation, authentic representation of the modus operandi . The cane appears unduly thick and rigid compared with the typical school rattan. Strap from essays St Joseph's College, Blackpool. An Irish-style thick multi-ply strap applied to games cause violence essay the students' hands at this English Catholic boys' grammar school.
Christian Brother wielding strap at starvation, St Joseph's College, Blackpool. Known all over the world for pop essays, their cruelty, the Christian Brothers were an originally Irish Catholic order whose speciality was brutal and random beatings of the hands with a heavy leather strap. Poster advertising the 1960 British comedy film Bottoms Up!, starring Professor Jimmy Edwards as the crooked, cane-wielding headmaster of a tenth-rate boarding school for boys. The title is a double entendre , referring both to the position adopted by the students when bending over for starvation essays, posterial punishment, and to a phrase sometimes said as a toast when people are drinking together (Edwards's character is portrayed as frequently drunk). See the interview transcription trailer here.
Pictures (c.1979) from open day at Sheldon School, then as now a large comprehensive in Chippenham, Wiltshire. To raise money for charity, students offered to receive a caning, presumably with sponsors agreeing to pay up a given amount per stroke received. It is starvation possible that the school was still using CP in real life at this point. Photo on the cover of the papers on line June 1937 issue of Play Pictorial shows Frederick Leister as Donkin (master) and Tony Wickham as Bimbo Faringdon (boy) in the caning scene from Ian Hay's play, Housemaster. Hay's stage directions precisely describe this somewhat unusual modus operandi whereby two chairs are placed back to back. The recipient kneels on starvation essays, one of them (on a book if necessary, as here) and reaches over to place his hands on the seat of the warming essay other chair. Starvation Essays! This position was also accurately reproduced when the of global essay play was made into a film in 1938 . Hay himself had been educated at Fettes College in essays, Edinburgh in the early 1890s, but his model for the school in Housemaster is said to have been Durham School, where he taught from smart pop essays about 1902 to 1906. In this picture, as so often in imagined or posed caning scenes, the master is standing too close to the boy and much too far forward. Misery, an etching by John Augustus Adamson, 1807, illustrates the essays technique of creative, horsing, where the student to be punished is hauled up on the back of starvation, another person.
For a 20th-century version of the violent video games cause violence method, see this artist's impression. Punishment at essays, school in the Tudor age. Gouache for the children's educational magazine Look and Learn (1968) by Peter Jackson. A 16th-century schoolboy bends over a stool to smart pop essays be birched. As usual, the illustration is inaccurate: in reality, he would have had to bare his posterior. Schoolroom birching -- woodcut. A probably more realistic view of mediaeval or maybe Tudor schoolroom CP comes in essays, this (contemporary?) woodcut. A birching is under way at left, with the culprit being held down over a bench, his nether garments lowered to expose the smart buttocks. His hands are being held out of the way. Starvation! The other schoolmaster, at right, is also holding a birch, and there is yet a third birch on the floor behind his chair. Another Look and Learn artist's impression; I am not sure what period of history this is supposed to represent.
Once again, we have the nonsense of the birch shown as being applied over trousers, giving a quite false impression. Shakespeare being disciplined as a boy. Also from Look and Learn . Illustrator C.L. Does Violent Video Cause Essay! Doughty imagines William Shakespeare being ordered by starvation essays, his schoolmaster to bend over for a birching. Smart Pop Essays! We know that the teenage Shakespeare attended his local grammar school in Stratford-on-Avon in the late 1570s, but I do not think we really know whether he was birched there, nor do we have any idea what he looked like as a boy. Prefect with cane at starvation essays, Winchester College.
Photograph for pop essays, LIFE magazine in 1951 by Cornell Capa. Winchester is one of starvation, England's ancient elite private boys' boarding schools. The original caption reads: Senior Roger James, standing in hall with a bamboo stick waiting to beat Junior. This is a very common misconception: in reality, bamboo is much too stiff and brittle for this purpose. Punishment canes have usually been made of rattan or something similarly flexible. Essay! There used to be a tradition at essays, Winchester that the canes were made from branches of the ash tree and were applied, bizarrely, to the small of the dissertation back rather than the buttocks, but I don't think that was still the case in 1951. Cane supplied by the Bognor Cane Co. Allegedly found at a grammar school in essays, Kent, this punishment cane is 33 inches long.
The label (see close-up) shows that it comes from Felpham Bazaar in Bognor Regis, aka the Bognor Cane Company, prop. Eric Huntingdon -- see this April 1981 news item. Birch at Westminster School. This birch sticking out of movie essay, a drawer is starvation essays said to 101 pdf be at Westminster School in starvation essays, London. A reader who attended there in the 1950s now kindly informs me that this table was still in situ then, but the creative writing birches had been removed a few years earlier. Starvation! By his time, only the cane was used.
See also this Oct 1801 news item. The Eton birching block, with birches. Picture taken at the Eton College museum. The block lived in the Library, to which miscreants were summoned for a birching by the Head Master. The boy knelt on the step of the block, took his trousers down and reached over to smart the other side, with two helpers to starvation hold up his shirt-tails, who could also hold the boy down if it proved necessary. I believe some observers claim that this block is a replica, and not the causes of global warming essay real thing, believed lost.
Birching at Eton ended in about 1964. The same exhibit at the Eton museum, somewhat reorganised. Unfortunately the caption is not legible in either view. Older pictures of Eton birching blocks. Early 20th-century postcards of, respectively, the Lower School with its own birching block, where younger boys would be birched by the Lower Master, and the Head Master's Room, aka Library, with the main birching block, for starvation essays, older students. A slightly more recent photo of creative writing, Eton lower schoolroom. Taken from starvation virtually the same vantage point as the picture above left, in antwone fisher movie essay, this one we can see that electric lights have been installed. Starvation Essays! Everything else is exactly the same except that the birching block has a birch standing ready for use. The Eton birching block in the 19th century.
Picture of the Head Master's Room, thought to be taken between 1860 and 1880. The birch appears quite different in design from the fisher movie ones shown in the present-day museum. The Eton block in 1939. Photographs taken at essays, Eton by Margaret Bourke-White for LIFE magazine at 101 pdf, the beginning of World War 2. The block would still have been in regular use then, and is already looking rather decrepit. The Eton Lower School block in starvation essays, 1948. The Lower School birching block photographed at Eton for Time-Life by John Phillips in pay research papers on line, 1948. More from the Eton College museum. An old photograph, possibly from the 1940s or 1950s, showing the library of a particular House at Eton, not to be confused with the Head Master's library (see previous items). Senior boys of the House, here shown reading and starvation working, had the power to summon offending members to this room for a ceremonial caning over pay research papers, trousers, usually known at Eton as a beating. Essays! Note copious supply of canes hanging on the wall.
This is a page from the punishment book of a school in Staffordshire, c.1920s. Robbing graves - 6 strokes is certainly an unusual entry! Well well Tomo getting whacked again Picture taken in a classroom at a boys' secondary school in South London, c.1970, and submitted to F.R. by the culprit himself, though he evidently has no recollection of the incident, and of global warming says he cannot even remember who the teacher is. While there was no lack of real CP at the school in question at the time, this particular event looks to me more jocular than serious. Firstly, if this was a real punishment the teacher would need to starvation fold the fisher boy's blazer back above his backside and essays get the boy to bend a bit tighter.
Secondly, the teacher is wielding only a thin 12-inch ruler, which would not have much effect on a trousered bottom. Indeed, it would probably break on impact if you attempted to apply it with any vigour through the arm's-length arc shown. Thirdly, if a real whacking were under way, all eyes would be riveted to the action, but the only other boy in the picture is watching the cameraman! One reader suggests the cause photo was taken secretly, but I think the picture quality is too good for a hidden camera in that era. On balance I think it is starvation most likely an end-of-term jape that the teacher was in on. UNITED STATES: College CP (or fraternity hazing) Five boys getting a jocular over-the-knee paddling from their fraternity housemother. Said to be from Alabama in 1949. I doubt if administering corporal punishment is normally part of the does games cause job description of these redoubtable ladies. Fraternity hazing or initiation New!
Pants down in this relatively modern college fraternity scene, source unknown. Fraternity ritual at Pomona College, Calif. New! From the Nu Alpha Phi fraternity, c.1940. The backhanded paddling technique seems unlikely to be very effective.
Paddling at Wake Forest University, N. Carolina. This picture is dated 1943, found in Forsyth County Public Library, Winston-Salem, NC. A fraternity paddling. The source and date of this small picture are unknown. From the clothing it looks as if it could be 1920s or 1930s.
The fraternity is starvation essays Alpha Sigma Delta, according to the Greek letters on the bungalow. The recipient is being held in a bent-over posture by two colleagues. Paddling at Simmons College. A student is held bending over creative writing, the porch railings while two others wield wooden planks, and a third some other implement the nature of which is unclear. Essays! I think this is probably posed for a joke. It seems unlikely that such huge paddles would be used seriously. From Simmons College in Abilene, Texas, which dates the picture to pay research on line 1892-1925 (it is now Hardin-Simmons University). Another vintage college paddling picture. More fun with paddles, date and place unknown. A corps of cadets paddling in Texas.
A junior at Texas AM in starvation essays, 1982 forces a resigned grin as he obeys the order to assume the position for creative 101 pdf, a bruising posterial encounter with an ax handle wielded by a 4th-year senior. There is an appreciative audience, apparently including casual passers-by and even their young children. Notice the young spectator at far left clutching his own backside, as though in sympathy, or maybe he's just had it, or perhaps he's next (cf. schoolboys in Japan unconsciously holding their bottoms as they queue up for essays, a caning). This procedure is described by my informant as the traditional method of discipline at the university until the mid-1980s. More from Texas AM. Another picture of Texas AM punishment (see previous item), but this one is said to date from 1919. The implement is much smaller.
Freshman paddle, The Citadel. A museum display at The Citadel, the famous military academy in Charleston, South Carolina. The caption says Freshmen were called Rats. The 'Palmetto Paddle' was used by 101 pdf, the upperclassmen on the Rats to make them conform to The Citadel ways. It does not say when this went out of use. UNITED STATES: Domestic CP. Punished for essays, wrecking the fence. Old photo, surely posed for amusement, showing a small boy bending over for maternal retribution by writing, means of a short stick (rather ineffectual, I should have thought), while the bigger lad at left appears to have had his punishment already. Spare the rod and spoil John
Mom, sis and big brother (wielding broom) are all grinning at the camera while young John gets his spanking, in this obviously posed jokey photo from perhaps 1920. The Southern Baptist view. Sign outside the First Free Will Baptist Church in Northport, Alabama, c.2011. It is not certain that this is a domestic rather than a school paddle, but the essays jocular inscription Attitude Adjuster suggests that it was not really intended for serious educational punishment. This paddle comes from Midlothian, Virginia. I'm told it was specially made for family rather than school use. Another domestic punishment paddle.
This one is probably for joke purposes only. Does Video Cause Essay! It comes with its own special display stand, and bears the starvation message Don't get behind with homework. Emerging from a whacking. Old cartoon shows crying boy holding his behind as he emerges from a room where he has evidently just been spanked. A cartoon showing what appears to be a multiple domestic whipping, source and date unknown. Double photograph meant for use in a stereoscopic viewer to smart give a 3-D effect. It is captioned He protests vigorously and dated 1902. Picture agency photo of a son's over-the-knee spanking.
The agency caption is Father punishing a child and the date is estimated at starvation essays, 1915 to 1930. Does Video Essay! Obviously posed for jocular purposes. Mom and dad spank junior. A domestic scene, plainly staged for jocular purposes, probably c.1930s, probably from a mainstream movie. Does anyone know which one? Boy Getting Spanked by Mother. Agency picture dated circa 1896 - presumably in America, though that is not stated. The stick the mother is using looks too small to starvation essays be very effective.
A father uses the dissertation shingle on his son, c.1897 A US picture presumably posed for the purposes of the starvation photograph. I first thought this an unusual technique, with the dissertation boy on all fours. However, several other pictures showing the recipient in this posture have now turned up (see next item). Starvation! (It is also, by the way, the position that present-day students are often required to assume for school CP in South Korea.) The shingle, which Webster defines as a small thin piece of building material, appears to be for all practical purposes a makeshift paddle. The same picture has also appeared, with an 1897 copyright, as a stereoscopic double image for 3-D viewing, with the jokey title Meeting of the board of education. A mother does the transcription same, c.1897 Companion piece to the previous item, but this one is an over-the-knee paddling. Another all-fours paddling. The earlier on all fours item prompted a reader to send me this, just to show that such a position might not have been as unusual as I thought.
The source and date are unknown, but from the look of it, I would say it predates colour photography, so the colour was probably added artificially. There also seems to be something a bit wrong with the perspective, but that might be because it was originally part of a stereoscopic double image for essays, use in a 3-D viewer. Another picture remarkably similar to the previous one. Pop Essays! This one is captioned A special meeting of the essays board of education and dated 1902. The same, animated. Somebody has taken the above picture and turned it into this animated gif to bring the 3-D effect to life (NB. this file is 772 kilobytes) . A young boy is enthusiastically spanked by, presumably, his father. Possibly USA in the 1960s, to judge from the boy's clothes. This looks as if it could be a still from does violent games a film. Small boy paddled.
Date and provenance unknown. The boy looks happy, perhaps because he visibly has some protection stuffed down the back of essays, his shorts. The implement appears to be a table-tennis bat. Yours with all my sole This postcard dates from 1906. A cartoon of a domestic slippering, with typical punning title. I do not know what the significance of the black cat is. It is not an advertisement for Black Cat cigarettes, because they did not exist in 1906. A small boy gets an over-the-knee spanking, date unknown.
UNITED STATES: Judicial CP. Mother spanking Tom Bradley This intriguing agency photo, taken on essay, 25 May 1938, was captioned By Order of the starvation Court. New York: Tom Bradley, 16, of 100 West 96th Street, pulled an video games, emergency cord in a subway train; here's what the court told his mother to starvation do as punishment -- and does violent games violence essay she did. Starvation! Is this a re-enactment, perhaps posed at a pressman's request, or did the court really require a newspaper photographer to attend the does violence essay punishment, in what looks like Mrs Bradley's own Manhattan home? It is rather mysterious. There is nothing about this case in the New York Times , the only NY paper whose archive I can currently access from here. Have we any readers in New York who can track this down? Please let me know.
UNITED STATES: Reformatory CP. Denver reform school straps, 1941. This came with a caption reading Denver reform school scandal, straps used in flogging, 1941. I do not know what scandal is alluded to here -- can anyone throw any light on this? UNITED STATES: School CP.
A senior at Valley View High School in Arkansas getting posterial discipline from essays Dean Huggins's paddle in c.2007, two weeks before graduation. Or so he says. At any rate it is a fair demonstration of the smart hands on the desk position. From a school in Colorado Springs, date unknown. School principal with paddle. Evidently taken in recent years (note modern digital phone), this shows the principal or assistant principal in the office of an unidentified junior high school in Texas.
A posed photograph from an essays, unknown high-school yearbook. Such jocular pictures in yearbooks seem to have been common in the 1960s and 1970s. Pleasant Valley School Museum, Oklahoma. Young visitors to this school museum can grab their ankles and pretend to get paddled. This might give the impression that there is interview no longer any paddling today in real-life Oklahoma schools, but that would be incorrect. Antique School Paddle.
This paddle is starvation said to be from Springfield High School, Ohio, in the early 1930s. It is 22 inches long and essay two-and-a-half inches wide. Columbus, Georgia 1968. From the 1968 yearbook of Hardaway High School. Essays! Mr.
Moon, Dean of Men, resorts to the 'Board of Education' to help boys remember Hardaway's rules. Jocular staged pictures of paddlings, being demonstrated by the teachers who administered them for real, quite commonly got printed in high-school yearbooks in those days. Another yearbook photo. Another staged paddling picture from a high-school yearbook, date and fisher movie source unknown. 1965 sixth-grade paddling demonstration. A mock simulation by a real teacher who did use the paddle in earnest at that period. Students loved him, even if they had been on the receiving end of his board of education. An unusual position. A still from the formal paddling scene in the 1989 fictional film Dead Poets Society , set in an elite 1950s US boys' boarding school. In the film, this scene (which you can see on YouTube here or here ) is very poorly lit; this brightened-up screen grab enables us to see what is happening. The student (Gale Hansen), on being invited by the principal (Norman Lloyd) to starvation assume the position, stands far back from the desk, feet well apart, with his arms outstretched and his hands on the edge of the desk.
This is writing 101 pdf quite different from the usual version of hands on the desk, giving a tighter bend and a better presentation of the target area for punishment. It would be interesting to know where the film director (the Australian Peter Weir) got this concept from, and whether such a method was ever adopted in reality. Magdalina Sara Jungck as a School Teacher. This is posed, not the real thing. Ms Jungck was a student at Menomonie High School, Wisconsin, in 1905, and this photo appeared in the yearbook, imagining her future career as a schoolteacher. Starvation! A boy bends over the back of a chair; she holds down his neck with her left hand and does video games cause essay is about to discipline him across the buttocks with the starvation essays cane or switch in smart pop essays, her right hand. In reality, she would need to stand back somewhat from starvation that position to writing get a proper swing. Board of Applied Psychology. Caroline Tolbert of Anderson holds a paddle used for essays, corporal punishment when her father, Carroll F. 'Frog' Reames, was principal of Boys High School in warming essay, Anderson, South Carolina. See this Sep 2011 news item. Paddle in red oak.
Made to starvation essays be hung on the classroom wall as an Awful Warning to students, this is from Alabama. Not that there isn't still plenty of real CP in some Alabama schools, but I don't think they usually allow paddles with holes nowadays. Very old paddle with names. A paddle that was for on line, sale on starvation, eBay. The seller thought it was at least 50 years old. Antwone! It is 17 inches long and 4 wide at the widest point and has been taped over, perhaps to prevent it from cracking, or perhaps it already was cracking.
The recipients' names are hard to see in this picture. School paddle inscribed with numbers. This paddle turned up in a charity shop. My informant writes: It would appear the big number represents the total number of swats -- for a year? a semester? -- administered altogether. The paddle itself is serially numbered. It seems the pupil counts from the last signature the number of swats administered to him and signs by the appropriate number. Starvation Essays! In this way, the last name on the list also indicated the total number of swats administered by all paddles in the series. Smart! So in essays, a way the paddle incorporates its own punishment book. It has been photographed against creative a boot to give an idea of its size. A better view of the essays above.
Here I have enlarged the picture, rotated it and turned up the brightness to make it easier to see the names and numbers. One student in this list got six swats, quite a few received only one, and 101 pdf the rest fall between those two extremes. Joke giant school paddle. At least, I hope it is a joke. From the starvation yearbook of a high school in Ohio, 1970. Staged paddling from school yearbook. This looks a lot more realistic, but still presumably not the real thing -- from Chattooga High School (Georgia) yearbook in 1965. Another yearbook photo.
I think we can guess from the smart happy look on this boy's face that this hands on the desk scene was staged for the camera and essays that he was not being punished in real life; at least not on this particular occasion. From the 1982 yearbook of an unidentified US school. Board of correction Two different versions of a pine paddle, 18 inches long, 3 in. wide, half an inch thick, vintage unknown. It comes from Tahquamenon Falls, Michigan, and is inscribed Board of pay research on line, Correction for essays, managing monsters, corralling cowboys, and walloping wolves. Essay! There is essays a small picture of antwone, a little boy and girl bent over for a swat.
Probably originated as an advertising souvenir. A punishment paddle in an Oklahoma classroom, date unknown. Some names, presumably of recipients, have been written on starvation, it. Described as a twelve-holed paddle used to spank school children, this undated item came from the webpage of a museum in Alaska that now seems to have gone. Jocular school paddle. This maybe should have gone in my CP in advertising section, but in this case the paddle is itself the advertisement -- for the Chicago school furniture company named on it, who presumably distributed samples of this jokey Board of education free to schools. I am not sure whether it was of the right dimensions for serious CP use or whether it was just a sort of novelty toy item. My hunch would be the latter. The graphic design has a 1960s look about it. The Board of Education An over-the-knee paddling, source and date unknown.
Father Fozenlogen's Board of Education Said to be from a Catholic school - evidently in cause, the chemistry lab. The holes are to essays reduce air resistance during the paddle's swing. Allegedly, students that had a meeting with the 'board of smart pop essays, education' three times in a semester got to sign the paddle, and indeed a number of signatures can be glimpsed if you look closely. Scene from a play.
Scene captioned Master Crane dealing with the starvation tardy Mr. Warming! Hans from a play called Icabod at the Brewster Theater Company in New York State. I infer from the starvation costumes that the causes of global play is set in the 19th century, before the paddle superseded the cane or switch in American schools. American school paddle. This American paddle is said to be from a school in essays, Washington State around 1930. It is a rather unusual shape, crafted from a light springy wood, about 18 inches long and just under 4 inches wide at fisher essay, the broadest point, says the reader who possesses it. Some of essays, its recipients have signed it - intriguingly, at least as many girls as boys. The names that can be deciphered include Kit Williams, Martha Bodine, Roy Satchwell, Bud Frolin, Esther Schumacher and Elden Cutler. 1940s school paddle. Another school paddle on which the recipients have written their names. It comes from Mount Pleasant School in North Carolina, and dates from the 1940s or 1950s.
What is interesting about this paddle, when you look at the picture of smart, two chaps holding it up, is how small it is -- surely too small to have much effect. Starvation! Several instances of the surname Eller can be seen, and the picture comes from a page that was on an Eller family website. A classroom caning. The writing on the blackboard is in English and the clothes have an American look. Papers! They, and the sepia tones, perhaps suggest the early 20th century. Of course, it could be a clever reconstruction, possibly for a film. A US schoolroom punishment. The owner of an original of this picture tells me that it is a postcard, definitely American, with the words UNION CENTER SCHOOL written on the back. Starvation Essays! (Unfortunately there are dozens of writing, schools with this name in different US States.) He dates it from 1907 to starvation essays 1915. The presence of three adults and two spectating students on the stage seems to indicate that this is not an ordinary classroom scene but rather an assembly of some sort. The implement being used looks like a stick, and too small to have much effect.
The facial expressions don't convey any sense of a very sombre or serious occasion -- maybe this is a birthday spanking? My correspondent agrees that this is a likely explanation, but anyway he is sure the picture was taken in a real school and not on a film set. Walk softly and carry a big stick This, dated 2005, is from Concord High School in Arkansas. Neither the school district's CP policy nor the school's student handbook was on line at the time, so whether the school really used this paddle we do not know; obviously the picture was posed as a joke. A school paddling in Texas, 1977. This picture (larger size not available) is said to be from the 1977 Year Book of fisher movie, Calallen High School, Corpus Christi, Texas. Starvation! In the 1960s and 1970s it was not unknown for 101 pdf, photographs of apparent paddlings to appear in US school yearbooks.
However, all the others I have seen were clearly posed for more or less jocular purposes. This one seems quite different and starvation essays has a definite look of being the real thing, perhaps furtively snatched sur le vif by a student who happened to be passing with a camera for some other purpose. Hence, among other things, the movie murky quality of the image. If I am right about this, we have here an extremely rare, possibly even unique, document of enormous historical value. Note the staff member acting as witness, who I think has possibly just spotted the intruder with the camera and is not quite sure what to do about it. Starvation Essays! The half-leaning, half-bending, hands-on-the-wall posture of the boy being punished ties in exactly with myriad anecdotal accounts of modern-day southern US school paddling. Papers On Line! Doing it in the corridor seems to have been typical of the era, whereas nowadays these things, where they happen at all, are more often confined to starvation the privacy of an office. The boy, in his very 1970s flares, looks as if he has just been given the traditional instruction to put his feet apart and stick his rear end out a bit -- or maybe he was a regular customer and didn't need to causes of global warming essay be told.
It would be interesting to know what discussions took place later with the photographer, and essays how comfortable the school authorities were with the idea of including the picture in the yearbook. A school paddling out of doors. This is allegedly from a Kansas (USA) school in 1915, but we have no way of checking that. Note students peeking round the corner of the schoolhouse, giggling nervously. The scene was clearly posed for the photographer. Teacher is looking straight at the camera, holding the paddle still in the air. I don't think the boy is seriously being punished, though he is putting on quite a good wriggling act. Student takeover day 1971 The Class of 1971 from dissertation transcription Lafayette High School, Lexington, Kentucky.
On student takeover day, this is Kenny Gullette getting a paddling from Luanne Azevedo. And here is starvation a front view of Kenny round about the same time, with an unidentified friend: Teacher Spanking Boy in Classroom Picture in the Corbis collection dated 1906. Presumably from the USA. Clearly posed for jocular effect. UNITED STATES: Slave CP.
Slave with paddle in 1863. Branded slave Wilson Chinn in irons, from the Library of Congress. A deeply shameful and video games cause violence shocking state of affairs. What is interesting for our purposes here is the paddle (with holes in it) on the floor at starvation essays, left. UNITED STATES: Miscellaneous CP. Paddle at summer camp. Picture captioned Boys' counsellors at Camp de Sales, Brooklyn, Michigan, 1950s. One of the counsellors holds a big paddle while one of the boys obligingly bends over as if to receive it. Obviously posed for fun, but the paddle looks real enough, and one has heard suggestions that corporal punishment was not unknown at writing 101 pdf, some summer camps in the past.
Probably from a sports team of some kind, this is an illustration of a spanking tunnel, sometimes confusingly called a spanking machine. Starvation! The person to be punished crawls along the tunnel made by the legs of the transcription other members, and starvation essays is spanked by each of them as he or she passes through. Hunting camp spanking. A stereoview card that was for sale on eBay. The seller titled it Camp discipline? What kind of deal is antwone fisher essay this?. Starvation Essays! The man being paddled looks as if he could be much younger than the others, though it's hard to be sure. Presumably the picture is American, from the late 19th century (it has an early days of photography look about it) -- a reader suggests 1890s. Another reader, who claims personal experience of US hunting camps, suggests this sort of thing was not uncommon in the 1920s and not entirely unknown even more recently, though this picture is clearly much earlier.
His view is that the event is probably not as jocular as it may appear and that the punishment could be a real one, but on the other hand it could be some sort of initiation ceremony. Either way, I haven't yet found any other corroboration of this tradition, if it is a tradition. COUNTRY UNKNOWN: School CP. Pretend caning at a school museum. At a school museum, location unknown, a small boy is bending over to pretend to be caned in movie essay, front of the class by the teacher. Another school museum.
Another pretend caning at another unidentified school museum. Muslim boys with paddles. From an unspecified Muslim country in North Africa. This appeared on an evangelist website devoted to converting the starvation essays Third World to Christianity. So, clearly not an unbiased observer. The caption, for whose accuracy I cannot vouch, claimed: These Muslim boys memorize the causes of global verses from the Koran written on their paddles. If they don't measure up they are spanked with the paddles. A little boy gets spanked by his lady teacher in front of the class.
This appeared in the Vienna paper Der Standard (2 November 2001) to illustrate a news item about the Liverpool Christian school that was trying to get the UK school CP ban overturned. However, my feeling is that the picture is not from Britain. Then again, nor are such things supposed to essays go on in Austria. The picture has also appeared on some Russian websites about CP so it might be from there. Teacher angry punishment violence This picture of a female student supposedly being rulered over the knuckles comes from a photography website (you can buy it for $195).
It definitely looks posed rather than real. Not clear what all this is for? Please read the About this website page.
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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Starvation. Unfortunately, the vast majority of interview transcription, them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and starvation essays, Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in creative 101 pdf today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an idea of starvation, how the hiring process typically works in fisher movie order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to starvation, the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job.
In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pay research, pass along the starvation essays “best” candidates to the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the 101 pdf resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the starvation process. It’s important to note that missing these details is essay not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is starvation essays very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Smart Pop Essays. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail.
Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to essays, include in their resumes. Skimming the interview transcription list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of starvation essays, potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of antwone, Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over essays others. 9. Smart. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments:
As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Essays. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Creative 101 Pdf. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of your resume.
8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the essays degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Papers. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is starvation essays because the information is often required for the resume to move through the process and fisher essay, it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the starvation earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the antwone movie education section of your resume.
Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to starvation, a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is causes essay highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on starvation essays, resume License expiration date License number If the license is interview part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of privacy.
However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume. Providing the license number simply makes the starvation recruiter’s job easier. And in antwone movie essay a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to essays, convey the shifts you’re willing to pay research on line, work on your nursing resume. Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift.
You never know if the starvation essays employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic.
Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on smart, the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the starvation most commonly listed skills in job advertisements.
So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to causes of global, your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. You should know the essays exact designation of smart pop essays, all the facilities you worked with and starvation essays, if you don’t, now is the fisher movie essay time to find out. Short term acute care?
Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). Essays. If you worked at movie essay, a teaching hospital, then you should include this information.
Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. Starvation Essays. For example, if the creative 101 pdf job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in starvation essays the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the number of total beds at does violent video games essay, the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about essays, your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Unfortunately, only on line people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload.
What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from starvation essays, overflow?
1. 101 Pdf. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on starvation essays, incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to smart, this, nurses are in essays the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to smart, make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the essays highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the smart pop essays same time, they too want to know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to include details about the starvation specific day-to-day duties you performed.
However, at the same time, you don’t want to smart pop essays, fall into the trap of starvation essays, creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in papers this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of essays, duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in essay nursing resumes. Starvation. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at on line, one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to consider when determining the types of duties to include on your resume.
This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of starvation essays, specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro?
Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements.
There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and pay research papers, duties to include on the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Starvation Essays. Next, do some research on pay research papers, the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Use the essays company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to 101 pdf, determine the types of patients, processes and starvation, procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the dissertation transcription duties narrowed down, there are a couple of starvation essays, ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the of global warming duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties.
While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. Essays. For example, you might include the fisher essay following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the essays healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. Causes Of Global. You can view a sample here.
They’re a great way to starvation, convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in dissertation order to knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about starvation essays, how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from creative, your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that?
When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements.
Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the essays two approaches. In any case, it’s important to creative writing 101 pdf, provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of starvation, your primary area of expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to antwone fisher, provide some reference to starvation essays, the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into writing 101 pdf, a standard resume.
However, nursing is not a standard profession and starvation essays, concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and does violent video cause violence essay, employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is essays even prevalent on essay, the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and starvation essays, other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes.
For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is does games cause violence essay greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and starvation, other healthcare professionals who.
How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and antwone movie essay, nicu. How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and essays, skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU.
The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of does, positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to essays, apply to of global warming, the new nurse position and starvation, i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. Causes Of Global Warming. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of starvation, my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and dissertation interview, pop so to starvation, speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else.
Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for writing, the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume. The order for starvation, listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the antwone acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over and over essays that because I have been out of the acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the papers on line positions that I have applied for. Starvation. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for pop essays, the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and essays, occasionally drawing blood. Antwone Essay. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job.
I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and essays, have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. Antwone Movie Essay. One of the biggest hurdles to applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal.
Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about essays, whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to pay research, include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for starvation essays, the hospital’s certification/recognition. On Line. If so, how would you go about starvation essays, including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is does violent games cause violence definitely something you can include on your resume.
If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of starvation essays, your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to movie essay, the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Open heart to essays, Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at on line, a busy hospital and starvation, also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to fisher essay, have been able to take off time to stay home and starvation essays, be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. Dissertation Interview Transcription. How would you go about starvation, filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from creative, organizing an starvation Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current.
Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the writing job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on how to essays, handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to antwone, list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. Essays. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history.
You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. Dissertation Interview Transcription. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to draw attention to starvation, your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. Pay Research On Line. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to starvation, embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps!
I have worked in home health and corrections for about 5 years now. Antwone Movie Essay. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from starvation essays, blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and does violent cause violence, large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to starvation, make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to dissertation interview transcription, be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce.
How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Starvation Essays. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into dissertation, civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the starvation awards to your resume.
You could do one of smart, two things. Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for starvation, the award on creative writing, the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to essays, include only the highest ranking awards. Does Video Games Cause. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in starvation essays civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in causes of global a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations.
That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to essays, guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is causes of global essay split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and starvation, babies); inpatient rehab) and smart, critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for starvation essays, each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into fisher movie essay, each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for essays, me to creative writing, cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out starvation essays, or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet.
My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to antwone fisher movie essay, convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to essays, specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for transcription, your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to essays, the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on creative writing, a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the starvation essays time and ICU patients 50% of the time.
The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and antwone fisher movie essay, general ICU. Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to essays, 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to pay research papers, upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there.
You can complete and starvation, save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for antwone movie, 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to essays, move. Dissertation Transcription. Should he address the clinical gap in starvation his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in pop essays 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes.
Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to starvation, employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the 101 pdf experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. Starvation Essays. I hope this information helps! I am applying for papers on line, RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on my resume? You may want to starvation essays, add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the papers exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you!
I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for starvation essays, the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to pop essays, your nursing resume. We discuss this in essays our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. Pop Essays. It is essays HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over essay because you included your high GPA. Starvation. Meanwhile, many hospitals and antwone fisher, hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to starvation essays, it.
So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the dissertation interview general number, the starvation unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of interview, beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to starvation essays, find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for video cause violence essay, your response. Thanks for posting these great questions!
First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the starvation general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume. In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either. The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an pay research papers applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Essays. Again though, that’s separate from games violence essay, your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to starvation essays, find current information for antwone fisher, your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool.
I recommend using the “advanced search” for best results. Starvation Essays. Please note that the causes of global warming essay links to starvation, these pages are underlined in dissertation transcription blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the essays information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site. Antwone Fisher Movie. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the starvation essays last 10 years of does games cause, work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of essays, work history because you don’t want to date yourself.
They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to on line, include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for essays, the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to creative writing 101 pdf, extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to essays, get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and smart, the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience.
What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to starvation essays, build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on does violent video essay, your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and starvation, state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in creative writing 101 pdf your situation.
Also, review the specific details of starvation essays, each job opening and tailor your resume to essay, include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the starvation Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and warming essay, would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine!
P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the starvation essays comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the creative one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though.
As for starvation essays, the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on papers, the members’ profiles and resumes. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. Starvation. It may not be as easy to pop essays, locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the information.
We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to starvation essays, move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for pop essays, 9 years in ER. Starvation. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and creative, medical college? I work in a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. Starvation Essays. My question is what should the graduates highlight on violent games violence essay, their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience. Starvation Essays. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern.
I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume. I don’t know what to interview, include. Starvation Essays. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and does violent video, active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to starvation, include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to essay, the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences.
Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to starvation essays, do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Indeed, the fisher essay day of the one page crammer is starvation essays passe’. Especially with the value of the video cause essay keyword in electronic filing.
Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is starvation useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. However, in writing 101 pdf most cases, people are attaching their resume in starvation essays an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Don’t be overly verbose and creative 101 pdf, don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about essays, a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for interview, this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by essays reading this.
I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. Movie. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in starvation essays my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers.
That’s a valid concern. Writing 101 Pdf. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is starvation essays another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for writing, dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is starvation essays typically the document they’re working off of. Of Global Warming Essay. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at starvation essays, that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do.
Utltimatly, the interview decision is essays yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of papers, why you left in your cover letter. Essays. It’s all about the story you tell. We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. Writing 101 Pdf. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin.
We’re glad to essays, hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience. Creative. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. Starvation Essays. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. Warming. For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to starvation, include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship.
On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of dissertation interview transcription, professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of essays, luck!!
Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to smart pop essays, prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to starvation essays, get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the papers on line topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter?
We’re glad to essays, hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for free as a member of 101 pdf, BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. How far back should I go?
None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school!
Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an starvation instructor to smart pop essays, be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. Starvation. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of does video games essay, career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. Essays. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the dissertation transcription single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!!
Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to starvation, work.
I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. Does Violent Video Games. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Starvation. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful. On Line. We wish you the best of essays, luck in your job search.
We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for does violent games cause essay, free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in starvation essays 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting!
I have gotten some feedback from ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to smart, apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. Starvation. How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the causes three major ‘players’ in this area, is to starvation, lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at does games cause, least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by starvation essays the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in dissertation transcription 1977 and BSN in 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the starvation essays years you have been a nurse.
AND, that was the last I heard from them. I contend she realized I would have to start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Dissertation. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and essays, delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to smart, these concerns. Starvation. I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much!
Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. Transcription. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to starvation, hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for does violent video cause violence, formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on starvation, resume length.
You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to essay, NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the starvation essays unique technical skills required for these units. Papers On Line. You could look for starvation essays, volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and dissertation transcription, getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article.
I have been an RN for starvation, 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to papers on line, your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and starvation essays, not just those found in pop essays the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in essays which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to creative 101 pdf, have some difficulties ranking highly in starvation the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience.
Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to interview, leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to essays, enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!!
i have a question regarding applying to antwone essay, nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Starvation. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the antwone fisher essay hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from starvation, that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is pay research on line not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. Starvation Essays. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile.
Either way, you may also want to smart pop essays, give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to essays, other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is pay research papers on line applying to starvation essays, work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to creative writing, put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is starvation a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume.
The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an papers on line edge over other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on cover letters for starvation, nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Pay Research Papers On Line. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the job applied for starvation, isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to interview, availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. Starvation Essays. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to pay research on line, accurately display the shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end.
So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in starvation all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the dissertation transcription candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of starvation, jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is fisher movie being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to starvation, a contact who has connections with the employer in question. The resume is pay research on line reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and starvation essays, the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and creative, hiring managers are looking for.
Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and essays, related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great!
Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for of global warming, a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the starvation Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to dissertation transcription, the work field. Essays. I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to movie essay, know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful!
Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for essays, a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. Dissertation. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship.
Be at your best and use the opportunity to essays, network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is pop essays great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of essays, these critical care elements, but just not a ton of 101 pdf, it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of starvation essays, 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume?
It seems juvenile but pertinent to does violent video games, add some experience. Thanks! We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in starvation essays the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare.
Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Pop Essays. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of starvation essays, whether or not it was healthcare related. Antwone Fisher Movie Essay. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the starvation information at some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps!
This information is very helpfull. Hi. Interview Transcription. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. Starvation. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. Creative 101 Pdf. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story.
Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for starvation, the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to the blog at this time. Causes Of Global. However, we will work on starvation, getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and writing, have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong.
I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for essays, example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to violent games cause essay, your resume.
I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation.
As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is starvation essays a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to smart, your state board of starvation essays, nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the human resources rep to antwone essay, skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in starvation secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications).
I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. Causes Of Global Warming Essay. I already have a BA and essays, MSW, which I will include on causes essay, my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and starvation, don’t have credits towards the antwone essay degree. Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on starvation essays, your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Antwone Fisher Essay. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. Essays. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have.
Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by of global essay anyone. I’m an older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of starvation essays, my resumes and give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). Creative Writing 101 Pdf. In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the starvation essays other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for violent video games essay, undergrad and grad studies, not to essays, mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. Warming. It seems like the RN to essays, BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of employment history.
Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to pay research papers, the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and starvation, when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). Does Cause Essay. I would greatly appreciate your insight and starvation essays, recommendation.
My sincerest apologies for the delay. Smart Pop Essays. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation. Essays. Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and writing 101 pdf, cover letter are all about telling your story in essays a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the writing 101 pdf information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here.
You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and essays, other will appreciate it another. Pay Research. However, I’m of the starvation essays belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps. We’d love to hear back about dissertation interview, how it all works out!!
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Essay On Starvation - MBLC
Activity diagrams: What they are and how to use them. Published on April 22, 2004. In its basic form, an activity diagram is a simple and intuitive illustration of what happens in a workflow, what activities can be done in starvation essays parallel, and whether there are alternative paths through the workflow. Activity diagrams as defined in the Unified Modeling Language 1 are derived from various techniques to visually illustrate workflows; see, for example, Johansson et al. 2 . And much of the pay research papers basis for the definition of the activity diagram notation is found in Martin and Odell.
3 . In the Rational Unified Process 4 , we talk about how you can use activity diagrams to visualize the workflow of a business use case. A complete workflow description will have a basic flow, and one or several alternative flows. This workflow has a structure that we can define textually, using informal if, if-then-else, or do-until statements of various kinds. For a simple workflow with a simple structure, such textual definitions may be quite sufficient, but in the case of starvation essays, more complex structures, activity diagrams help to causes of global essay clarify and make more apparent what the workflow is. Historically, activity diagramming techniques have mostly been used in the business process modeling domain, but this article will also briefly discuss how you can use it in the system modeling domain. The purpose of this article is to show how you can use activity diagrams within the Rational Unified Process for business modeling as well as system modeling. Activity diagrams are often mentioned almost as a synonym to business modeling. Essays. For a more complete introduction to what business modeling is we refer to Kruchten, 5 and for details to Jacobson et al. Does Violent Video Games Cause. 6 . The reader of this article is assumed to be familiar with the basics of the Unified Modeling Language (UML). As is essays common for most notations, the activity diagram notation has some elements that are necessary for fisher, you to understand if you want to essays be conversant about activity diagrams.
Those elements are presented in this section. The next section talks about additional goodies you may find useful. Figure 1 shows a basic activity diagram. Figure 1: An Activity Diagram for the Business Use Case Individual Check-In in the Business Use-Case Model of Airport Check-in. Pop Essays. Click to enlarge. Consistently deliver high-quality software faster using DevOps services on IBM Bluemix. Sign up for a free Bluemix cloud trial, and get started. Activity states , which represent the performance of a step within the essays workflow. Transitions that show what activity state follows after another. This type of smart pop essays, transition can be referred to starvation as a completion transition. Antwone Movie. It differs from a transition in starvation that it does not require an explicit trigger event; it is triggered by the completion of the activity that the activity state represents.
Decisions for essay, which a set of guard conditions are defined. Starvation Essays. These guard conditions control which transition of a set of alternative transitions follows once the activity has been completed. You may also use the on line decision icon to starvation show where the of global essay threads merge again. Decisions and starvation, guard conditions allow you to show alternative threads in the workflow of a business use case. Synchronization bars , which you can use to show parallel subflows. Synchronization bars allow you to show concurrent threads in pop essays the workflow of a business use case. Starvation. In more complex examples, you would often make use of the following constructs: Conditional threads Nested activity diagrams Partitions. Guard conditions can be used to show that one of a set of concurrent threads is conditional. For example, in the individual check-in example from Figure 2, the transcription passenger checking in starvation essays might be a frequent flyer member.
In that case, you need to award the passenger frequent flyer miles. Figure 2: Awarding Frequent Flyer Miles: a Conditional Thread in the Individual Check-In Workflow. Click to enlarge. An activity state may reference another activity diagram, which shows the 101 pdf internal structure of the activity state. Another way to say this is that you can have nested activity graphs. You can either show the sub-graph inside of the activity state (Figure 3), or let the starvation essays activity state refer to another diagram (Figure 4). Figure 3: A Nested Activity Graph Shown Within an warming Activity State. Click to enlarge. Figure 4: Alternative: Put the starvation Sub-Graph in a Separate Diagram and Let the Activity State Refer to It.
Click to enlarge. Showing the sub-graph inside the activity state is convenient if you want to see all details of the workflow in the same diagram. But if there is any level of complexity presented in the workflow, this can make the diagram hard to of global warming read. To simplify the workflow graph, you may instead choose to put the sub-graph in a separate diagram, and let the essays activity state sub-graph details refer to antwone fisher movie that diagram. The contents of an activity diagram may be organized into partitions (swimlanes) using solid vertical lines. A partition does not have a formal semantic interpretation, but is, in business modeling, often used to represent an organizational unit of some kind (Figure 5).
Figure 5: An Activity Diagram Illustrating the Workflow of a Business Use Case that Represents a (Generic) Sales Process. In this example, the partitions represent departments in the organization. Starvation. Click to enlarge. Background: A business use-case model describes the processes of a business and their interactions with external parties like customers and partners. The processes of the business are represented as business use cases, and the external parties are represented as business actors. Describing a business use case includes, among other things, giving it a name, a brief description, defining its performance goals, and its workflow.
The most time-important and time-consuming aspect to describe is the workflow. Which comes first, the activity diagram or the textual description of the workflow? This is somewhat dependent on how you are used to working, and whether you think graphically or not. Antwone Movie Essay. Some prefer to starvation outline the structure visually in a diagram first, and then develop the details in the text. Others start with a bulleted list of the activity states first, and agree on those (like a step-by-step outline to dissertation interview the use case), then define the structure using a diagram. A valid question is starvation also whether you really need both the textual document and the diagram.
The activity diagram technique allows you to write brief descriptions of each activity state, which should make the textual specification of the warming workflow obsolete. Here, you need to be sensitive to your audience and the format in which they expect the specification. Essays. To understand what an activity diagram adds to the understanding of a workflow, we present a sample workflow description, and then an activity diagram for that workflow (Figure 6). Of Global. This example is a proposal process, taken from an organization that sells telecom network solutions, individually configured to each customer. We have simplified the example by removing the detailed text in starvation most of the subsections, but tried to keep enough so you can understand the structure of the workflow. The full text of this example can be found in The Rational Unified Process, version 5.1.1. Figure 6: An Activity Diagram for pay research on line, the Business Use Case Proposal Process. Click to enlarge. Essays. Sample Basic Workflow for the Business Use Case Proposal Process (Figure 6)* This process starts with an initial contact between the customer and the company.
This may happen in papers one of the following ways: 1.2. Initial Opportunity Work. 1.2.1 Gather Preliminary Customer Requirements. 1.2.2 Create Sales Plan (optional) 1.2.3 Perform Opportunity Analysis. Essays. 1.3. Create Proposal Project Plan. Does Violent Video Violence. 1.4. Create Delivery Project Plan.
1.6. Compile Additional Information. 1.7. Analyze and Finalize the Proposal. 1.9. Obtain Customer Decision. Starvation Essays. 2.1 Business Opportunity Rejected. If, in 1.2., it turns out the business opportunity is antwone fisher essay rejected, the essays following actions may be taken: 2.2 Unable to Meet Customer Requirements. If, in Perform Opportunity Analysis or Prepare a Quote, the company is unable to suggest a solution to the customer requirements, then the following actions may happen: 2.3 Critical Information Not Known.
If at any point in the Proposal Process the company identifies some critical information not known or available then it does one of the does games cause following: 2.4. New/Incomplete or Incorrect General Customer Profile. If the company determines that the general customer profile is inaccurate for some reason, the following actions may be taken. *(See the Rational Unified Process, v.5.1.1, for essays, more detail.) An activity diagram for the workflow is shown in Figure 6. We use basic notation only in this diagram. Activity states correspond to sections in of global warming the workflow description: The activity state Initial opportunity work consists of three sub-steps that can be done in parallel. This is illustrated in essays a sub-graph to this activity state. See Figure 7. Figure 7: Sub-Diagram to the Activity State 'Initial Opportunity Work.' Creating a sales plan is optional, which is dissertation transcription indicated by a guard condition on essays the incoming transition.
Click to enlarge. An activity state can represent a fairly large procedure (with substructure), as well as something relatively small. Transcription. If you are using activity diagrams to define the structure of a workflow, you should not attempt to explore several levels of activity graphs down to their most atomic level. Starvation Essays. This will most probably make the diagram (or set of diagrams, if you are using separate sub-graphs) very hard to interpret. You should aim at having one diagram that outlines the does games whole workflow, where a few of the activity states have sub-graphs. Documenting Business Use-Case Realizations. Essays. Background: A business use-case realization describes how a particular business use case is realized within the business object model, in video terms of starvation, collaborating business workers and business entities. A business worker represents a set of responsibilities typically carried by one individual. Video Games Essay. A business entity represents a thing that is created, managed, or used. The realization of a business use case can be described textually, but is more commonly explained with diagrams -- collaboration diagrams, sequence diagrams, activity diagrams, or a combination.
Which diagram type you choose depends on the complexity of the starvation essays workflow and where you are in the process. You are using the activity diagram to document business use-case realizations, rather than business use cases, if you are using partitions and the partitions are coupled to classes (business workers mainly) in the business object model (Figure 8). Compared to violent games violence essay a sequence diagram, which could be perceived to have a similar purpose, an activity diagram with partitions focuses on starvation how you divide responsibilities onto classes, while the sequence diagram helps you understand how objects interact and in what sequence. Activity diagrams give focus to antwone essay the workflow, while sequence diagrams give focus to the handling of business entities. Activity diagrams and sequence diagrams could be used as complementary techniques, where a sequence diagram shows what happens in an activity state.
Figure 8: The Same Workflow Presented in Figure 6, But with Activities Organized in starvation essays Partitions. Click to enlarge. Background: The use-case model is a model of a system's intended behaviors. A use case tells the story of how a user (represented as an actor in the model) can use the system to achieve a particular purpose. Describing a use case includes giving it a name, a brief description, and defining the flow of events of the use case. Just as you would use an activity diagram to show the structure of of global warming, a workflow, you could also use it to essays show the structure of a flow of events of a system use case (Figure 9). Papers. Figure 9: A Simplified Activity Diagram for the Use Case Withdraw Money in the Use-Case Model of an Automated Teller Machine (ATM) Click to enlarge. In the first stages of identifying objects and classes based on the use cases (use-case analysis), activity diagrams can be useful when exploring responsibilities of analysis classes.
You might use the starvation activity diagram technique to draw a first sketch of class responsibilities, a sketch that you then throw away. This article has given you an overview of: Basic and advanced elements of the activity diagram notation. Of Global Warming. Basic elements of activity diagrams are activity states, transitions, decisions, and synchronization bars. How activity diagrams allow you to show concurrent threads, and alternative threads, as well as conditional threads in a workflow. How you can use activity diagrams in business modeling. You can illustrate the starvation essays workflow of a business use case. You can describe how a business use case is realized by causes of global warming essay business workers and business entities. How you can use activity diagrams in system modeling.
You can illustrate the flow of events of starvation essays, a use case. You can define how a use case is realized by creative writing analysis classes. 1. OMG UML Specification. 2. H. Johansson, P. McHugh, J. Pendlebury, and W. Wheeler, III, Business Process Reengineering. Breakpoint Strategies for Market Dominance . John Wiley and Sons, 1993. 3. J. Martin and J. Odell, Object Oriented Methods: a Foundation, the UML Edition . Prentice Hall, 1996. 4. Rational Unified Process , version 5.1.1. 5. Philippe Kruchten, The Rational Unified Process: An Introduction . Addison-Wesley, 1998.
6. Ivar Jacobson, Maria Ericsson, and Agneta Jacobson, The Object Advantage: Business Process Reengineering with Object Technology . Addison-Wesley, 1994. *NOTE: This article was originally published on Rational Developer Network, the starvation learning and support channel for pop essays, the Rational customer community. Rational Developer Network is now available to all Rational customers. Sign in starvation or register to add and subscribe to comments.
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Representational State Transfer (REST) This chapter introduces and elaborates the Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural style for distributed hypermedia systems, describing the software engineering principles guiding REST and the interaction constraints chosen to retain those principles, while contrasting them to the constraints of other architectural styles. Essays? REST is a hybrid style derived from several of the network-based architectural styles described in Chapter 3 and combined with additional constraints that define a uniform connector interface. Smart Pop Essays? The software architecture framework of Chapter 1 is used to define the architectural elements of REST and examine sample process, connector, and data views of prototypical architectures. The design rationale behind the Web architecture can be described by starvation essays an architectural style consisting of the set of constraints applied to elements within the architecture.
By examining the impact of each constraint as it is added to the evolving style, we can identify the properties induced by the Web's constraints. Additional constraints can then be applied to form a new architectural style that better reflects the warming desired properties of a modern Web architecture. This section provides a general overview of REST by walking through the starvation essays process of pop essays, deriving it as an architectural style. Later sections will describe in more detail the specific constraints that compose the REST style. There are two common perspectives on the process of architectural design, whether it be for buildings or for software. The first is that a designer starts with nothing--a blank slate, whiteboard, or drawing board--and builds-up an architecture from familiar components until it satisfies the starvation needs of the intended system. The second is that a designer starts with the system needs as a whole, without constraints, and smart then incrementally identifies and essays applies constraints to elements of the system in order to differentiate the design space and allow the forces that influence system behavior to flow naturally, in does violent cause, harmony with the system. Where the first emphasizes creativity and unbounded vision, the second emphasizes restraint and understanding of the system context. REST has been developed using the latter process. Figures 5-1 through 5-8 depict this graphically in terms of how the applied constraints would differentiate the process view of an architecture as the incremental set of constraints is applied.
The Null style (Figure 5-1) is simply an empty set of constraints. From an architectural perspective, the null style describes a system in which there are no distinguished boundaries between components. It is the starting point for our description of REST. The first constraints added to our hybrid style are those of the client-server architectural style (Figure 5-2), described in Section 3.4.1. Separation of concerns is the principle behind the starvation essays client-server constraints. By separating the user interface concerns from the data storage concerns, we improve the portability of the user interface across multiple platforms and improve scalability by does violent video cause simplifying the server components. Perhaps most significant to the Web, however, is that the starvation essays separation allows the components to evolve independently, thus supporting the Internet-scale requirement of multiple organizational domains. We next add a constraint to the client-server interaction: communication must be stateless in nature, as in the client-stateless-server (CSS) style of Section 3.4.3 (Figure 5-3), such that each request from client to server must contain all of the information necessary to understand the request, and cannot take advantage of any stored context on antwone fisher movie the server. Session state is therefore kept entirely on the client.
This constraint induces the starvation properties of visibility, reliability, and scalability. Visibility is improved because a monitoring system does not have to look beyond a single request datum in order to determine the full nature of the request. Reliability is movie essay improved because it eases the task of recovering from partial failures . Scalability is improved because not having to store state between requests allows the server component to essays quickly free resources, and further simplifies implementation because the server doesn't have to manage resource usage across requests. Like most architectural choices, the stateless constraint reflects a design trade-off. The disadvantage is that it may decrease network performance by increasing the repetitive data (per-interaction overhead) sent in pop essays, a series of requests, since that data cannot be left on the server in a shared context. In addition, placing the application state on the client-side reduces the server's control over consistent application behavior, since the application becomes dependent on the correct implementation of semantics across multiple client versions.
In order to improve network efficiency, we add cache constraints to form the starvation essays client-cache-stateless-server style of Section 3.4.4 (Figure 5-4). Cache constraints require that the data within a response to a request be implicitly or explicitly labeled as cacheable or non-cacheable. If a response is cacheable, then a client cache is given the right to reuse that response data for later, equivalent requests. The advantage of adding cache constraints is that they have the potential to smart pop essays partially or completely eliminate some interactions, improving efficiency, scalability, and user-perceived performance by essays reducing the average latency of a series of creative writing, interactions. The trade-off, however, is that a cache can decrease reliability if stale data within the cache differs significantly from the data that would have been obtained had the request been sent directly to the server. The early Web architecture, as portrayed by the diagram in starvation essays, Figure 5-5 , was defined by the client-cache-stateless-server set of constraints. That is, the design rationale presented for the Web architecture prior to 1994 focused on stateless client-server interaction for the exchange of static documents over the Internet. The protocols for communicating interactions had rudimentary support for non-shared caches, but did not constrain the interface to creative writing a consistent set of semantics for all resources.
Instead, the Web relied on the use of a common client-server implementation library (CERN libwww) to maintain consistency across Web applications. Developers of Web implementations had already exceeded the early design. In addition to starvation essays static documents, requests could identify services that dynamically generated responses, such as image-maps [Kevin Hughes] and server-side scripts [Rob McCool]. Causes Of Global Warming Essay? Work had also begun on intermediary components, in essays, the form of proxies  and shared caches , but extensions to does violent violence essay the protocols were needed in order for them to essays communicate reliably. The following sections describe the transcription constraints added to the Web's architectural style in order to guide the extensions that form the modern Web architecture. The central feature that distinguishes the REST architectural style from starvation, other network-based styles is its emphasis on a uniform interface between components (Figure 5-6). By applying the software engineering principle of generality to the component interface, the overall system architecture is interview transcription simplified and the visibility of interactions is essays improved. Implementations are decoupled from the fisher services they provide, which encourages independent evolvability. The trade-off, though, is that a uniform interface degrades efficiency, since information is transferred in a standardized form rather than one which is specific to an application's needs. Starvation Essays? The REST interface is designed to be efficient for large-grain hypermedia data transfer, optimizing for the common case of the Web, but resulting in an interface that is not optimal for other forms of architectural interaction.
In order to obtain a uniform interface, multiple architectural constraints are needed to guide the behavior of components. REST is defined by four interface constraints: identification of resources; manipulation of smart pop essays, resources through representations; self-descriptive messages; and, hypermedia as the engine of application state. These constraints will be discussed in Section 5.2. In order to further improve behavior for Internet-scale requirements, we add layered system constraints (Figure 5-7). As described in Section 3.4.2, the layered system style allows an architecture to be composed of hierarchical layers by constraining component behavior such that each component cannot see beyond the immediate layer with which they are interacting.
By restricting knowledge of the system to a single layer, we place a bound on the overall system complexity and promote substrate independence. Essays? Layers can be used to essay encapsulate legacy services and to starvation protect new services from legacy clients, simplifying components by creative moving infrequently used functionality to a shared intermediary. Essays? Intermediaries can also be used to papers improve system scalability by enabling load balancing of services across multiple networks and starvation processors. The primary disadvantage of layered systems is that they add overhead and latency to the processing of data, reducing user-perceived performance . For a network-based system that supports cache constraints, this can be offset by the benefits of shared caching at intermediaries. Placing shared caches at the boundaries of an organizational domain can result in significant performance benefits . Such layers also allow security policies to be enforced on of global essay data crossing the organizational boundary, as is required by starvation essays firewalls . The combination of layered system and uniform interface constraints induces architectural properties similar to those of the uniform pipe-and-filter style (Section 3.2.2). Although REST interaction is creative two-way, the large-grain data flows of hypermedia interaction can each be processed like a data-flow network, with filter components selectively applied to the data stream in order to transform the content as it passes .
Within REST, intermediary components can actively transform the content of messages because the messages are self-descriptive and their semantics are visible to starvation intermediaries. The final addition to papers our constraint set for REST comes from the code-on-demand style of Section 3.5.3 (Figure 5-8). REST allows client functionality to be extended by downloading and executing code in the form of applets or scripts. This simplifies clients by reducing the number of essays, features required to be pre-implemented. Allowing features to be downloaded after deployment improves system extensibility. However, it also reduces visibility, and thus is does games only an optional constraint within REST. The notion of an optional constraint may seem like an essays, oxymoron. However, it does have a purpose in on line, the architectural design of a system that encompasses multiple organizational boundaries. It means that the architecture only gains the benefit (and suffers the disadvantages) of the optional constraints when they are known to be in effect for some realm of the overall system. For example, if all of the essays client software within an organization is known to support Java applets , then services within that organization can be constructed such that they gain the benefit of enhanced functionality via downloadable Java classes.
At the causes of global essay same time, however, the organization's firewall may prevent the starvation transfer of Java applets from external sources, and thus to the rest of the Web it will appear as if those clients do not support code-on-demand. An optional constraint allows us to design an architecture that supports the fisher movie desired behavior in the general case, but with the understanding that it may be disabled within some contexts. REST consists of a set of architectural constraints chosen for the properties they induce on candidate architectures. Starvation? Although each of these constraints can be considered in movie, isolation, describing them in terms of their derivation from common architectural styles makes it easier to understand the rationale behind their selection. Figure 5-9 depicts the derivation of REST's constraints graphically in terms of the network-based architectural styles examined in Chapter 3. The Representational State Transfer (REST) style is an abstraction of the architectural elements within a distributed hypermedia system.
REST ignores the essays details of component implementation and protocol syntax in order to focus on the roles of components, the causes essay constraints upon their interaction with other components, and starvation their interpretation of antwone, significant data elements. It encompasses the fundamental constraints upon components, connectors, and data that define the basis of the Web architecture, and thus the essence of starvation essays, its behavior as a network-based application. Unlike the distributed object style , where all data is of global warming essay encapsulated within and hidden by starvation essays the processing components, the warming essay nature and state of an essays, architecture's data elements is a key aspect of writing, REST. The rationale for this design can be seen in the nature of essays, distributed hypermedia. When a link is selected, information needs to be moved from the creative writing 101 pdf location where it is stored to the location where it will be used by, in most cases, a human reader. This is unlike many other distributed processing paradigms [6, 50], where it is possible, and usually more efficient, to move the processing agent (e.g., mobile code, stored procedure, search expression, etc.) to the data rather than move the data to the processor. A distributed hypermedia architect has only three fundamental options: 1) render the data where it is located and send a fixed-format image to the recipient; 2) encapsulate the data with a rendering engine and send both to the recipient; or, 3) send the raw data to the recipient along with metadata that describes the data type, so that the recipient can choose their own rendering engine. Each option has its advantages and disadvantages. Option 1, the traditional client-server style , allows all information about the true nature of the data to remain hidden within the sender, preventing assumptions from starvation essays, being made about the data structure and making client implementation easier. However, it also severely restricts the functionality of the recipient and places most of the processing load on the sender, leading to scalability problems. Option 2, the mobile object style , provides information hiding while enabling specialized processing of the data via its unique rendering engine, but limits the dissertation interview functionality of the recipient to what is essays anticipated within that engine and may vastly increase the amount of data transferred.
Option 3 allows the sender to remain simple and scalable while minimizing the bytes transferred, but loses the advantages of antwone movie essay, information hiding and requires that both sender and recipient understand the starvation same data types. REST provides a hybrid of all three options by focusing on a shared understanding of data types with metadata, but limiting the scope of what is violent video games violence revealed to a standardized interface. Starvation? REST components communicate by transferring a representation of a resource in a format matching one of an on line, evolving set of standard data types, selected dynamically based on the capabilities or desires of the recipient and starvation the nature of the resource. Whether the representation is in the same format as the raw source, or is derived from the source, remains hidden behind the interface. The benefits of the interview transcription mobile object style are approximated by starvation sending a representation that consists of on line, instructions in the standard data format of an encapsulated rendering engine (e.g., Java ). REST therefore gains the separation of concerns of the client-server style without the server scalability problem, allows information hiding through a generic interface to enable encapsulation and evolution of essays, services, and provides for creative writing, a diverse set of functionality through downloadable feature-engines. REST's data elements are summarized in Table 5-1.
18.104.22.168 Resources and Resource Identifiers. The key abstraction of information in REST is a resource . Essays? Any information that can be named can be a resource: a document or image, a temporal service (e.g. today's weather in Los Angeles), a collection of other resources, a non-virtual object (e.g. a person), and so on. Games? In other words, any concept that might be the target of an author's hypertext reference must fit within the definition of a resource. A resource is a conceptual mapping to a set of entities, not the entity that corresponds to the mapping at essays any particular point in time. More precisely, a resource R is a temporally varying membership function M R (t) , which for interview transcription, time t maps to a set of entities, or values, which are equivalent. The values in the set may be resource representations and/or resource identifiers . A resource can map to the empty set, which allows references to starvation essays be made to a concept before any realization of that concept exists -- a notion that was foreign to most hypertext systems prior to the Web . Some resources are static in the sense that, when examined at any time after their creation, they always correspond to creative the same value set. Others have a high degree of starvation, variance in their value over time. The only thing that is interview transcription required to be static for a resource is the semantics of the mapping, since the semantics is what distinguishes one resource from another.
For example, the authors' preferred version of an academic paper is a mapping whose value changes over time, whereas a mapping to the paper published in the proceedings of essays, conference X is static. These are two distinct resources, even if they both map to the same value at some point in time. The distinction is necessary so that both resources can be identified and referenced independently. A similar example from software engineering is the separate identification of a version-controlled source code file when referring to the latest revision, revision number 1.2.7, or revision included with the Orange release. This abstract definition of a resource enables key features of the Web architecture. First, it provides generality by encompassing many sources of information without artificially distinguishing them by type or implementation. Second, it allows late binding of the reference to pay research papers on line a representation, enabling content negotiation to take place based on characteristics of the request. Finally, it allows an author to reference the starvation concept rather than some singular representation of dissertation, that concept, thus removing the need to change all existing links whenever the representation changes (assuming the author used the right identifier). REST uses a resource identifier to identify the starvation essays particular resource involved in an interaction between components. REST connectors provide a generic interface for accessing and manipulating the value set of a resource, regardless of how the membership function is defined or the creative writing type of software that is handling the request. The naming authority that assigned the resource identifier, making it possible to reference the resource, is responsible for maintaining the semantic validity of the mapping over time (i.e., ensuring that the starvation essays membership function does not change).
Traditional hypertext systems , which typically operate in a closed or local environment, use unique node or document identifiers that change every time the information changes, relying on link servers to maintain references separately from the content . Since centralized link servers are an anathema to the immense scale and video essay multi-organizational domain requirements of the Web, REST relies instead on starvation the author choosing a resource identifier that best fits the nature of the concept being identified. Naturally, the quality of an identifier is often proportional to the amount of money spent to retain its validity, which leads to broken links as ephemeral (or poorly supported) information moves or disappears over time. REST components perform actions on a resource by using a representation to capture the current or intended state of that resource and transferring that representation between components. Dissertation Interview? A representation is a sequence of bytes, plus representation metadata to starvation describe those bytes. Other commonly used but less precise names for a representation include: document, file, and HTTP message entity, instance, or variant. A representation consists of data, metadata describing the movie essay data, and, on occasion, metadata to describe the starvation metadata (usually for the purpose of verifying message integrity). Metadata is in the form of smart pop essays, name-value pairs, where the name corresponds to essays a standard that defines the value's structure and semantics. Pay Research On Line? Response messages may include both representation metadata and resource metadata: information about the resource that is not specific to the supplied representation. Control data defines the purpose of a message between components, such as the action being requested or the meaning of a response.
It is also used to parameterize requests and override the starvation essays default behavior of antwone fisher essay, some connecting elements. For example, cache behavior can be modified by starvation control data included in the request or response message. Depending on the message control data, a given representation may indicate the current state of the requested resource, the antwone fisher movie essay desired state for the requested resource, or the value of starvation, some other resource, such as a representation of the input data within a client's query form, or a representation of some error condition for a response. For example, remote authoring of a resource requires that the author send a representation to 101 pdf the server, thus establishing a value for that resource that can be retrieved by later requests. If the value set of starvation, a resource at a given time consists of multiple representations, content negotiation may be used to select the best representation for inclusion in a given message. The data format of a representation is known as a media type . A representation can be included in a message and processed by the recipient according to antwone fisher movie the control data of the message and essays the nature of the media type. Some media types are intended for automated processing, some are intended to be rendered for viewing by a user, and a few are capable of essay, both.
Composite media types can be used to starvation enclose multiple representations in creative, a single message. The design of a media type can directly impact the user-perceived performance of a distributed hypermedia system. Any data that must be received before the recipient can begin rendering the representation adds to the latency of an starvation essays, interaction. A data format that places the most important rendering information up front, such that the initial information can be incrementally rendered while the rest of the information is being received, results in much better user-perceived performance than a data format that must be entirely received before rendering can begin. For example, a Web browser that can incrementally render a large HTML document while it is papers on line being received provides significantly better user-perceived performance than one that waits until the entire document is completely received prior to rendering, even though the network performance is the same. Note that the rendering ability of a representation can also be impacted by the choice of content. If the dimensions of dynamically-sized tables and embedded objects must be determined before they can be rendered, their occurrence within the viewing area of a hypermedia page will increase its latency.
REST uses various connector types, summarized in Table 5-2, to encapsulate the activities of accessing resources and transferring resource representations. The connectors present an abstract interface for essays, component communication, enhancing simplicity by providing a clean separation of concerns and hiding the underlying implementation of resources and communication mechanisms. The generality of the interface also enables substitutability: if the users' only access to the system is via an abstract interface, the implementation can be replaced without impacting the of global warming essay users. Since a connector manages network communication for a component, information can be shared across multiple interactions in essays, order to fisher movie improve efficiency and responsiveness. All REST interactions are stateless. Starvation Essays? That is, each request contains all of the information necessary for a connector to understand the request, independent of any requests that may have preceded it. This restriction accomplishes four functions: 1) it removes any need for the connectors to retain application state between requests, thus reducing consumption of papers on line, physical resources and improving scalability; 2) it allows interactions to starvation be processed in parallel without requiring that the processing mechanism understand the interaction semantics; 3) it allows an movie, intermediary to view and understand a request in isolation, which may be necessary when services are dynamically rearranged; and, 4) it forces all of the information that might factor into the reusability of a cached response to be present in each request. The connector interface is similar to procedural invocation, but with important differences in the passing of parameters and results. The in-parameters consist of request control data, a resource identifier indicating the target of the essays request, and an optional representation. The out-parameters consist of response control data, optional resource metadata, and an optional representation. From an abstract viewpoint the invocation is synchronous, but both in and out-parameters can be passed as data streams.
In other words, processing can be invoked before the value of the warming parameters is essays completely known, thus avoiding the latency of creative writing 101 pdf, batch processing large data transfers. The primary connector types are client and server. The essential difference between the two is starvation essays that a client initiates communication by making a request, whereas a server listens for connections and responds to requests in games violence, order to supply access to its services. A component may include both client and server connectors. A third connector type, the cache connector, can be located on the interface to a client or server connector in order to save cacheable responses to current interactions so that they can be reused for later requested interactions.
A cache may be used by a client to avoid repetition of network communication, or by a server to avoid repeating the process of starvation essays, generating a response, with both cases serving to reduce interaction latency. A cache is typically implemented within the address space of the connector that uses it. Some cache connectors are shared, meaning that its cached responses may be used in answer to a client other than the one for which the response was originally obtained. Shared caching can be effective at reducing the impact of flash crowds on the load of pop essays, a popular server, particularly when the caching is arranged hierarchically to cover large groups of users, such as those within a company's intranet, the customers of an Internet service provider, or Universities sharing a national network backbone. Essays? However, shared caching can also lead to errors if the cached response does not match what would have been obtained by a new request. REST attempts to balance the desire for transparency in cache behavior with the desire for violent games violence, efficient use of the network, rather than assuming that absolute transparency is always required. A cache is able to determine the starvation cacheability of a response because the interface is generic rather than specific to each resource. By default, the response to a retrieval request is cacheable and the responses to other requests are non-cacheable. If some form of user authentication is part of the request, or if the response indicates that it should not be shared, then the on line response is only cacheable by a non-shared cache. A component can override these defaults by including control data that marks the interaction as cacheable, non-cacheable or cacheable for only a limited time. A resolver translates partial or complete resource identifiers into the network address information needed to establish an starvation, inter-component connection.
For example, most URI include a DNS hostname as the mechanism for identifying the naming authority for the resource. In order to initiate a request, a Web browser will extract the hostname from the URI and make use of a DNS resolver to obtain the Internet Protocol address for that authority. Another example is that some identification schemes (e.g., URN ) require an intermediary to translate a permanent identifier to a more transient address in order to access the identified resource. Use of does violent video games violence, one or more intermediate resolvers can improve the longevity of resource references through indirection, though doing so adds to the request latency. The final form of starvation, connector type is a tunnel, which simply relays communication across a connection boundary, such as a firewall or lower-level network gateway. The only reason it is modeled as part of REST and not abstracted away as part of the network infrastructure is that some REST components may dynamically switch from active component behavior to essay that of a tunnel.
The primary example is an HTTP proxy that switches to a tunnel in response to a CONNECT method request , thus allowing its client to essays directly communicate with a remote server using a different protocol, such as TLS, that doesn't allow proxies. Creative Writing 101 Pdf? The tunnel disappears when both ends terminate their communication. REST components, summarized in Table 5-3, are typed by their roles in starvation essays, an overall application action. A user agent uses a client connector to initiate a request and becomes the ultimate recipient of the response. The most common example is a Web browser, which provides access to antwone fisher essay information services and essays renders service responses according to the application needs. An origin server uses a server connector to govern the namespace for a requested resource. It is the definitive source for representations of its resources and must be the ultimate recipient of any request that intends to modify the value of its resources.
Each origin server provides a generic interface to its services as a resource hierarchy. The resource implementation details are hidden behind the interface. Intermediary components act as both a client and a server in order to forward, with possible translation, requests and responses. A proxy component is an intermediary selected by a client to provide interface encapsulation of other services, data translation, performance enhancement, or security protection. A gateway (a.k.a., reverse proxy) component is an intermediary imposed by the network or origin server to violent violence essay provide an interface encapsulation of other services, for data translation, performance enhancement, or security enforcement. Note that the difference between a proxy and a gateway is starvation that a client determines when it will use a proxy. Now that we have an understanding of the REST architectural elements in dissertation interview, isolation, we can use architectural views  to describe how the elements work together to form an architecture.
Three types of view--process, connector, and starvation data--are useful for illuminating the pop essays design principles of REST. A process view of an architecture is primarily effective at eliciting the interaction relationships among components by revealing the path of data as it flows through the system. Unfortunately, the interaction of a real system usually involves an extensive number of components, resulting in an overall view that is obscured by the details. Figure 5-10 provides a sample of the process view from essays, a REST-based architecture at a particular instance during the processing of three parallel requests. REST's client-server separation of causes essay, concerns simplifies component implementation, reduces the complexity of connector semantics, improves the effectiveness of performance tuning, and increases the scalability of pure server components. Layered system constraints allow intermediaries--proxies, gateways, and firewalls--to be introduced at various points in starvation, the communication without changing the interfaces between components, thus allowing them to pay research on line assist in starvation essays, communication translation or improve performance via large-scale, shared caching.
REST enables intermediate processing by constraining messages to be self-descriptive: interaction is stateless between requests, standard methods and media types are used to indicate semantics and smart exchange information, and responses explicitly indicate cacheability. Since the components are connected dynamically, their arrangement and essays function for a particular application action has characteristics similar to a pipe-and-filter style. Although REST components communicate via bidirectional streams, the processing of each direction is independent and therefore susceptible to stream transducers (filters). The generic connector interface allows components to be placed on the stream based on the properties of transcription, each request or response. Services may be implemented using a complex hierarchy of intermediaries and multiple distributed origin servers. Starvation? The stateless nature of REST allows each interaction to be independent of the others, removing the need for dissertation, an awareness of the starvation overall component topology, an impossible task for an Internet-scale architecture, and allowing components to act as either destinations or intermediaries, determined dynamically by the target of each request. Connectors need only be aware of each other's existence during the scope of their communication, though they may cache the existence and capabilities of papers on line, other components for performance reasons.
A connector view of an architecture concentrates on the mechanics of the communication between components. For a REST-based architecture, we are particularly interested in the constraints that define the generic resource interface. Client connectors examine the resource identifier in order to select an appropriate communication mechanism for each request. For example, a client may be configured to connect to a specific proxy component, perhaps one acting as an annotation filter, when the identifier indicates that it is a local resource. Essays? Likewise, a client can be configured to reject requests for does violent video games violence essay, some subset of identifiers. REST does not restrict communication to a particular protocol, but it does constrain the interface between components, and hence the scope of interaction and implementation assumptions that might otherwise be made between components.
For example, the Web's primary transfer protocol is HTTP, but the architecture also includes seamless access to resources that originate on starvation essays pre-existing network servers, including FTP , Gopher , and WAIS . Interaction with those services is restricted to the semantics of a REST connector. This constraint sacrifices some of the advantages of other architectures, such as the stateful interaction of a relevance feedback protocol like WAIS, in order to pay research retain the advantages of a single, generic interface for connector semantics. In return, the generic interface makes it possible to starvation access a multitude of services through a single proxy. Antwone Movie? If an application needs the additional capabilities of another architecture, it can implement and invoke those capabilities as a separate system running in parallel, similar to how the Web architecture interfaces with telnet and mailto resources. A data view of an architecture reveals the application state as information flows through the starvation components. Since REST is specifically targeted at distributed information systems, it views an application as a cohesive structure of information and violent video violence essay control alternatives through which a user can perform a desired task. For example, looking-up a word in an on-line dictionary is one application, as is touring through a virtual museum, or reviewing a set of class notes to study for an exam. Each application defines goals for the underlying system, against starvation which the pay research system's performance can be measured. Component interactions occur in the form of dynamically sized messages. Small or medium-grain messages are used for starvation, control semantics, but the of global warming bulk of application work is accomplished via large-grain messages containing a complete resource representation.
The most frequent form of request semantics is that of retrieving a representation of a resource (e.g., the GET method in starvation essays, HTTP), which can often be cached for creative, later reuse. REST concentrates all of the starvation control state into the representations received in response to interactions. The goal is to creative writing 101 pdf improve server scalability by eliminating any need for the server to starvation maintain an awareness of the client state beyond the current request. An application's state is therefore defined by does violent video violence its pending requests, the topology of connected components (some of starvation, which may be filtering buffered data), the active requests on those connectors, the movie essay data flow of representations in response to essays those requests, and the processing of those representations as they are received by the user agent. An application reaches a steady-state whenever it has no outstanding requests; i.e., it has no pending requests and dissertation interview transcription all of the responses to its current set of requests have been completely received or received to the point where they can be treated as a representation data stream. For a browser application, this state corresponds to a web page, including the primary representation and ancillary representations, such as in-line images, embedded applets, and style sheets. The significance of application steady-states is seen in their impact on both user-perceived performance and the burstiness of network request traffic.
The user-perceived performance of a browser application is determined by the latency between steady-states: the period of time between the starvation essays selection of video violence, a hypermedia link on one web page and essays the point when usable information has been rendered for the next web page. The optimization of browser performance is therefore centered around reducing this communication latency. Since REST-based architectures communicate primarily through the transfer of representations of resources, latency can be impacted by both the design of the pay research papers communication protocols and the design of the representation data formats. The ability to incrementally render the response data as it is received is determined by the design of the media type and the availability of layout information (visual dimensions of in-line objects) within each representation. An interesting observation is that the most efficient network request is starvation essays one that doesn't use the network. In other words, the ability to reuse a cached response results in a considerable improvement in application performance. Although use of a cache adds some latency to each individual request due to lookup overhead, the average request latency is significantly reduced when even a small percentage of requests result in usable cache hits. The next control state of an application resides in the representation of the first requested resource, so obtaining that first representation is antwone a priority. REST interaction is therefore improved by protocols that respond first and think later.
In other words, a protocol that requires multiple interactions per user action, in order to do things like negotiate feature capabilities prior to sending a content response, will be perceptively slower than a protocol that sends whatever is most likely to be optimal first and then provides a list of alternatives for the client to retrieve if the first response is unsatisfactory. The application state is controlled and stored by the user agent and can be composed of representations from multiple servers. In addition to freeing the server from the scalability problems of storing state, this allows the essays user to directly manipulate the state (e.g., a Web browser's history), anticipate changes to that state (e.g., link maps and interview prefetching of representations), and jump from one application to another (e.g., bookmarks and URI-entry dialogs). The model application is therefore an engine that moves from one state to the next by examining and choosing from among the alternative state transitions in the current set of representations. Not surprisingly, this exactly matches the user interface of a hypermedia browser. However, the style does not assume that all applications are browsers. In fact, the application details are hidden from the server by the generic connector interface, and thus a user agent could equally be an essays, automated robot performing information retrieval for an indexing service, a personal agent looking for data that matches certain criteria, or a maintenance spider busy patrolling the information for broken references or modified content . Bass, et al. Pop Essays?  devote a chapter on essays architecture for the World Wide Web, but their description only encompasses the implementation architecture within the CERN/W3C developed libwww (client and server libraries) and Jigsaw software. Although those implementations reflect many of the design constraints of REST, having been developed by 101 pdf people familiar with the Web's architectural design and rationale, the real WWW architecture is independent of essays, any single implementation. The modern Web is writing defined by its standard interfaces and protocols, not how those interfaces and protocols are implemented in a given piece of software. The REST style draws from many preexisting distributed process paradigms [6, 50], communication protocols, and starvation essays software fields.
REST component interactions are structured in a layered client-server style, but the added constraints of the generic resource interface create the opportunity for dissertation, substitutability and inspection by intermediaries. Requests and starvation responses have the appearance of fisher, a remote invocation style, but REST messages are targeted at a conceptual resource rather than an implementation identifier. Several attempts have been made to model the Web architecture as a form of distributed file system (e.g., WebNFS) or as a distributed object system . Essays? However, they exclude various Web resource types or implementation strategies as being not interesting, when in fact their presence invalidates the smart pop essays assumptions that underlie such models. REST works well because it does not limit the implementation of essays, resources to certain predefined models, allowing each application to choose an movie essay, implementation that best matches its own needs and enabling the replacement of implementations without impacting the user. The interaction method of sending representations of resources to consuming components has some parallels with event-based integration (EBI) styles. The key difference is that EBI styles are push-based.
The component containing the state (equivalent to starvation an origin server in REST) issues an creative writing, event whenever the state changes, whether or not any component is actually interested in or listening for such an starvation, event. In the REST style, consuming components usually pull representations. Although this is of global less efficient when viewed as a single client wishing to monitor a single resource, the starvation scale of the dissertation interview Web makes an unregulated push model infeasible. The principled use of the starvation essays REST style in the Web, with its clear notion of components, connectors, and representations, relates closely to the C2 architectural style . The C2 style supports the development of distributed, dynamic applications by focusing on structured use of connectors to obtain substrate independence. C2 applications rely on asynchronous notification of warming, state changes and request messages. As with other event-based schemes, C2 is nominally push-based, though a C2 architecture could operate in REST's pull style by only emitting a notification upon receipt of a request. However, the C2 style lacks the intermediary-friendly constraints of REST, such as the generic resource interface, guaranteed stateless interactions, and intrinsic support for caching.
This chapter introduced the Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural style for distributed hypermedia systems. REST provides a set of architectural constraints that, when applied as a whole, emphasizes scalability of component interactions, generality of interfaces, independent deployment of components, and intermediary components to essays reduce interaction latency, enforce security, and encapsulate legacy systems. I described the movie software engineering principles guiding REST and the interaction constraints chosen to retain those principles, while contrasting them to the constraints of other architectural styles. The next chapter presents an evaluation of the REST architecture through the experience and lessons learned from applying REST to the design, specification, and deployment of the modern Web architecture. This work included authoring the current Internet standards-track specifications of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1) and starvation essays Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI), and antwone movie implementing the architecture through the libwww-perl client protocol library and Apache HTTP server.
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Essay On Starvation - MBLC
Essay on Female Genital Mutilation. Circumcision is the removal of the prepuce or the hood of the starvation clitoris. This is the does cause essay mildest of all type of mutilation (Cutting the starvation essays Rose). Video Games Cause? This is the type of mutilation that can be correctly called circumcision, because it would be the equivalent to male circumcision (Cutting the starvation Rose). The next type and a little more drastic is excision, which means partial or total cutting of the clitoris and smart pop essays, all or part of the labia minor (Cutting the Rose). This is the most widely done of all the circumcision practices. The range of people getting this type of operation done on them is 80 percent. Infibulation is starvation essays another type of circumcision. This involves the cutting of the clitoris, labia minora and at least two-thirds of the labia majora (Cutting the Rose).
During this procedure the two sides of the vulva are pinned together by silk or catgut sutures, or thorns. Once this is done there is a small opening that is left so that the female will be able to pass, urine and menstrual blood. Creative 101 Pdf? The next type of mutilation is Intermediate infibulation. It is called intermediate because it varies on the degrees of stitching. In one type the clitoris is removed and the surface of the labia minora is roughened to allow stitching. Essays? In another situation the clitoris is left intact but the labia minora are removed. In other words the insides of the labia majoa are removed and stitched with the clitoris buried underneath (Cutting the transcription Rose). With Regard to your recent coverage of female circumcision, while in starvation Malawi a couple of months ago I came across the story of a fourteen year-old girl of the Yao tribe tat inhabits land in the southern end of the country. She was diagnosed HIV-positive although she was a virgin. Blame was laid on movie, the fact that during tribal circumcision the same razor would be used on starvation, any number of children at the same time.
The solution the chief offered to take up was that in future each child was to bring its own razor (Cutting the Rose). Essay on Genetically Modifying Crops. Essay on Genetically Modifying Crops. Our Service Can Write a Custom Essay on GM Crops for You! Genetically modifying crops can improve the science of farming in several different ways. One way we would benefit is that by implanting a certain bug-repelling gene into crops, farmers are able to use fewer pesticides than with regular non-GM crops. Creative? With non-GM crops farmers have to spray pesticides five or six times before it becomes fully effective. This is a very time and starvation, money consuming process. Pay Research On Line? With the GM crops, only essays one or two applications of antwone essay, pesticide are needed. This allows farmers to have more time to do other things and essays, also saves money.
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Joan left her home town without telling her parents and managed to get to the King and convince him of her mission. She was given an army to attack Orlines to antwone essay start to get Reim. Even though the dissagreements and little of faith of her own soldiers the attack was still done. From there it seemed that Joan could do nothing wrong in battle until she reached Reim and the King was crowned. After doing this Joans great war victoires started declining mainly from the lack of support from King Charles 6th. She was captured at Compiene when the starvation drawbridge was raised to fast causing Joan being left outside.
Our Service Can Write a Custom Essay on Hazing for writing 101 pdf You! With that said I feel that hazing is a necessary and good practice in certain organizations, especially college Greek lettered organizations. Considering the above, the University of Missouri-Rolla could be considered a hazing institution. I know people, including myself, that have excessive stress due to the activities and expectations made by the university and its staff. In the pamphlet it also states that other examples of hazing include, but are not limited to, physical brutality, whipping, beating, exposure to the elements, calisthenics, forced consumption of any food, liquor, or any substance, forced smoking or chewing tobacco products, etc (Smith). Starvation Essays? Are students not exposed to the elements while walking to and from class? Is physical activity such as calisthenics not required for certain courses and athletic teams? Who is to call it excessive or abusive, and at what point? It is not for membership to a specific organization but it is all done to become a member of a financially active organization. Is that not hazing as described by causes of global, the pamphlet?
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The English found out about the invasion plan that the Spanish were about to perform. So therefore, they tried to prevent the armada from sailing by attacking it at the port in Cadiz, Spain. Interview? The English delayed it for about a year, causing the Spanish to regroup and recover. Thus, giving the English time to “set-up.” Our Service Can Write a Custom Essay on Stonehenge! Stonehenge was built with blue stone. Ironically the essays only place that the stone was found was in the Welsh Mountains which is about a hundred miles away from the site of Stonehenge. One theory was that the does violent video violence stones were brought over by a glacier but there are no remains of the starvation essays glacier. I believe they moved the stones by papers, hand to the site. The stones formed an arc and were eventually replaced.
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The prisoner’s quarters were small, and windowless; they never knew if it was day or night outside. At 10 P.M. it was time to lockup, and all privileges were denied. The mock prison was designed in order to bring out the psychological aspects of imprisonment. The prisoners were given sixteen basic rules to follow that would be followed. Of Global Essay? There were hidden video cameras and microphones that recorded the starvation prisoners and dissertation, guards conversations. Our Service Can Write a Custom Essay on Standardized Testing! Students are not the only ones who are adversely affected by improper motivation. Educators are harmed as well. When schools and teachers are rated by their students’ test scores, the emphasis that was once placed learning and understanding, is forced to be placed on test preparation instead. Teachers have to choose between teaching well and teaching for the test. Some states have taken the opportunity to plac even more unwarranted pressure upon teachers by giving more money to the schools whose students score higher on the tests.
Since students attending schools located in poor areas tend to starvation essays score lower, distributing funds thi way is the equivalent of deliberately denying financial aid to those schools that most need it. Furthermore, since much of the student body in these schools consists of movie essay, minorities, this unfair distribution policy is, essentially, discrimination. Since schools rely upon state grants to cover many of their expenses, when they receive less money, students suffer. Thus, educators who teach in starvation poor areas are further pressured to provide a superficial education, covering only areas which are tested, so that the school will receive more funding. Of Global Warming Essay? On this topic, Alfie Kohn, a former educator and opponent of standardized testing, states that.
those who teach low-scoring populations will. be most likely to be branded as failures. If. excellent teachers and principals decide to. leave the profession as a result of incessant. pressure to raise scores, we would expect. minority and low-income students to be. disproportionately affected by starvation, the departure of. these educators. (Poor Teaching) Standardized testing, as the of global warming essay most abundant method of evaluation, is grossly flawed. A study that was published in the Journal of Educational Psychology stated that students who think “superficially,” that is, those who guess at or copy answers and skip harder parts, tend to score higher on standardized tests than those who ask questions and try to connect present lessons with previous ones.
These tests are measuring and starvation, rewarding superficial thinking more than active thinking. Moreover, tests such as the antwone movie CAT, MAT, and starvation essays, SAT were not designed to measure teaching or learning. They were designed in such a way that only causes essay one half of students would answer correctly, resulting in a wide range of scores. Kohn asserts that “The main objective of these tests is to rank, not to rate; to spread out the scores, not to gauge the quality of a given student or school” (Standardized Testing). this issue. The reasons for essays the concern on behalf. of the federal government are astounding. This. policy states, “Research has shown that English. language learners, when compared to their English- fluent peers, tend to receive lower grades and.
often score below the average on standardized. math and creative writing, reading assessments.” First of all, it. is incredible that this finding comes as a surprise to anyone. If we sent American.